ABSTRACT: Signaling by phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinases is mediated by 3-phosphoinositides, which bind to Pleckstrin homology (PH) domains that are present in a wide spectrum of proteins. PH domains can be classified into three groups based on their different lipid binding specificities. Distinct 3-phosphoinositides can accumulate upon PI 3-kinase activation in cells in response to different stimuli and mediate specific cellular responses. In Swiss 3T3 mouse fibroblasts, oxidative stress induced by 1 mM H(2)O(2) caused almost exclusive accumulation of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3, 4)P(2)), whereas osmotic stress increased both phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)) and PtdIns(3,4)P(2) levels. The increase in PtdIns(3,4)P(2) levels, caused by oxidative stress, correlated with the activation of protein kinase B, which has a promiscuous PH domain that binds both PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) and PtdIns(3, 4)P(2). p70 S6 kinase, another signaling component downstream of PI 3-kinase, however, was not activated by this oxidative stress-induced increase in PtdIns(3,4)P(2) levels. Increased PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) and PtdIns(3,4)P(2) levels in response to osmotic stress did not correlate with protein kinase B activation, because of concomitant activation of an inhibitory pathway, but p70 S6 kinase was activated by osmotic stress. These results demonstrate that PtdIns(3,4)P(2) can accumulate independently of PtdIns(3,4, 5)P(3) and exerts a pattern of cellular responses that is distinct from that induced by accumulation of PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3).
Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/2000; 274(50):35963-8. · 4.77 Impact Factor