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ABSTRACT: To investigate the value of the cardiac CT examination for decision making in middle-aged and elderly patients before planned transcatheter atrial septal defect (ASD) closure.
Cardiac CT was performed in 63 adult patients [18 males, aged from 50 to 77 years, mean age (56.87 ± 5.79) years] with ASD before planned transcatheter ASD closure. Coronary CT angiography was made for detection of associated cardiovascular diseases, followed by 3D reconstruction of ASD for determination of the defect size in the GE-workstation, results were compared between transthoracic echocardiography measurement, CT measurement, and atrial septal defect occluder waist diameter.
Cardiac CT identified additional cardiovascular diseases in 14 patients and decision making was changed based on cardiac CT results. Coronary artery stenosis was detected in 8 patients by cardiac CT, and proved by coronary angiography, and all of them were given comprehensive management: percutaneous coronary intervention and transcatheter ASD closure were successively performed in 2 cases, and 1 case was referred to surgery for both coronary artery bypass graft and surgical ASD repair, and 5 patients were given pharmacological management for coronary artery disease besides transcatheter ASD closure. Cardiac CT identified large ASD with insufficient rim tissue in 2 cases and transcatheter closures were abandoned. Cardiac CT screened out 1 case from those with insufficient posterior inferior rim by transthoracic echocardiography, and transcatheter ASD closure was successfully performed. Cardiac CT ruled out ASD in 1 patient. In addition, cardiac CT detected 1 partial abnormal pulmonary vein connection and 1 ductus arteriosus in this cohort. A correlation on ASD measurements was found between CT size and TTE size (r = 0.80, P < 0.01; Y = 0.84X + 8.85, R(2) = 0.63, P < 0.05), and between ASO size and CT size (r = 0.92, P < 0.01;Y = 0.93X + 4.78, R(2) = 0.84, P < 0.05).
In middle-aged and elderly patients with ASD for possible transcatheter closure, cardiac CT is valuable on determine ASD size and morphology and could provide incremental information for optimizing clinical management for ASD patients.
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 09/2011; 39(9):830-5.