[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OX40L is an important costimulatory molecule that plays a crucial role in the regulation of T-cell-mediated immunity. The interaction of OX40-OX40L is involved in the pathogenesis of multiple autoimmune and inflammatory diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), carotid artery disease and cancer. The genetic variants of OX40L can increase the risk of SLE, atherosclerosis, systemic sclerosis and show gender-specific effects in some studies. Accordingly, we performed a case-control study including 557 breast cancer patients and 580 age- and sex-matched healthy controls to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the OX40L gene are associated with sporadic breast cancer susceptibility and progression in Chinese Han women. Seven SNPs of OX40L (rs6661173, rs1234313, rs3850641, rs1234315, rs12039904, rs844648 and rs10912580) were genotyped with the method of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The results indicated that rs3850641G allele could increase the susceptibility to breast cancer (P = 0.009662), even in the validation study (P = 0.0001515). A significant association between rs3850641 and breast cancer risk was observed under the additive model and dominant model (P = 0.01042 and 0.01942, respectively). The haplotype analysis showed that haplotype A(rs844648)A(rs10912580) was significantly associated with breast cancer, even after 10,000 permutations for haplotypes in block only (P = 0.0003). In clinicopathologic features analysis, the association between rs1234315 and C-erbB2 status was significant (P = 0.02541). Our data primarily indicates that rs3850641 of OX40L gene contributes to sporadic breast carcinogenesis in a northeast Chinese Han population.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(8):e41277. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) is the most common malignant breast cancer in women, and genetic factors appear to play a significant role in the susceptibility to IDC. Alteration of DNA methylation is an epigenetic change in human cancers, including breast cancer. DNA-methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) is a major enzyme that determines genomic methylation patterns. In order to clarify the association of DNMT1 polymorphisms with IDC, a case-control study was conducted in women from the Heilongjiang Province, in the northeast of China.
We scrutinized the 2 genetic polymorphisms in exons of DNMT1 that may influence the activity of DNMT1. Our research subjects consisted of 305 patients with IDC and 314 age-matched healthy controls. Genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Data were analyzed using the χ2 test by SPSS, version 13.0, and Haploview, version 4.1. The association between DNMT1 polymorphisms and the clinical features of IDC was analyzed.
In rs16999593, the frequency of CT genotype and C allele were lower in patients than in controls (P = .028 and P = .017, respectively). Also, rs2228611 AG genotype was higher in patients than in controls (P = .015). The frequency of haplotype CA was lower in patients than in controls (P = .034). Significant association was shown between the 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms of the DNMT1 gene and progesterone receptor (PgR) and p53 status. No association was found between DNMT1 gene polymorphisms and tumor size or estrogen receptor status.
Our results was a previous study, which suggested that DNMT1 gene polymorphisms in exons may provide valuable information for predicting the sporadic IDC risk and may be associated with prognosis factors such as PgR and p53 status in Chinese Han women in the Heilongjiang Province.
Clinical Breast Cancer 10/2010; 10(5):373-7. · 2.42 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A para-Hâ stimulated Raman laser pumped by a TEA COâ laser was developed. The main factors affecting Raman conversion efficiency are discussed. At a working temperature of 100 K, the maximum output energy of the Stokes beam at 16 ..mu..m was 536 mJ, corresponding to an energy conversion efficiency of 13% and a quantum conversion efficiency greater than 20%.