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Publications (6)11.88 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Methotrexate is an inhibitor of folic acid metabolism. Homologous recombination is one of the most important ways to repair double-stranded breaks in DNA and influence the radio- and chemosensitivity of tumor cells. But the relationship between methotrexate and homologous recombination repair has not been elucidated. Induction of double-strand breaks by methotrexate in HOS cells is assessed by the neutral comet assay. Inhibition of subnuclear repair foci by methotrexate is measured by immunofluorescence. Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR are conducted to detect whether methotrexate affects the expression level of genes involved in homologous recombination. In addition, we used a pCMV3xnls-I-SceI construct to determine whether methotrexate directly inhibits the process of homologous recombinational repair in cells, and the sensitivity to methotrexate in the Ku80-deficient cells is detected using clonogenic survival assays. The result showed that methotrexate can regulate the repair of DNA double-strand breaks after radiation exposure, and methotrexate inhibition caused the complete inhibition of subnuclear repair foci in response to ionizing radiation. Mechanistic investigation revealed that methotrexate led to a significant reduction in the transcription of RAD51 genes. Treatment with methotrexate resulted in a decreased ability to perform homology-directed repair of I-SceI-induced chromosome breaks. In addition, enhancement of cell death was observed in Ku mutant cells compared to wild-type cells. These results demonstrate that methotrexate can affect homologous recombination repair of DNA double-strand breaks by controlling the expression of homologous recombination-related genes and suppressing the proper assembly of homologous recombination-directed subnuclear foci.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 01/2012; 138(5):811-8. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Osteosarcoma is the common primary bone malignancy in children and young adults in Eastern countries. Resistance to ionizing radiation (IR) or drugs is an underlying mechanism contributing to the failure of therapy in these patients. Rad51 is the key protein of DNA homologous recombination repair. Although high expression of Rad51 is associated with enhanced resistance to DNA damage induced by chemicals and/or ionizing radiation, the relevance of Rad51 expression in osteosarcoma and its relationship with IR sensitivity and chemo-resistance is not well understood. In this study, we elucidated the possibility of using Rad51 in the treatment of human osteosarcoma in vitro. Changes in chemo- and radiation sensitivity in cultured osteosarcoma cells occurred after suppression of Rad51 expression, using a plasmid vector-mediated short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression system. The suppression of Rad51 correlated with cell cycle arrest in the G2 phase and inhibited tumor cell proliferation. Our results suggest that Rad51 expression levels might play an important role in radiation- and chemo-sensitivity of human osteosarcoma.
    Medical Oncology 12/2011; 28(4):1481-7. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate knowledge of the spinal structural functions is critical to understand the biomechanical factors that affect spinal pathology. Many studies have investigated the human vertebral motion both in vitro and in vivo. However, determination of in vivo motion of the vertebrae under physiologic loading conditions remains a challenge in biomedical engineering because of the limitations of current technology and the complicated anatomy of the spine. For in vitro validation, a human lumbar specimen was imbedded with steel beads and moved to a known distance by an universal testing machine (UTM). The dual fluoroscopic system was used to capture the spine motion and reproduce the moving distance. For in vivo validation, a living subject moved the spine in various positions while bearing weight. The fluoroscopes were used to reproduce the in vivo spine positions 5 times. The standard deviations in translation and orientation of the five measurements were used to evaluate the repeatability of technique. The accuracy of vertebral outline matching with metallic marks matching technology was compared. The translation positions of the human lumbar specimen could be determined with a mean accuracy less than 0.35 mm and a mean repeatability 0.36 mm for the image matching technique. The repeatability of the method in reproducing in vivo human spine six degrees of freedom (6DOF) kinematics was less than 0.43 mm in translation and less than 0.65° in rotation. The accuracy of metallic marks and vertebral outline matching did not show significant difference. Combining a dual fluoroscopic and computerized tomography imaging technique was accurate and reproduceable for noninvasive measurement of spine vertebral motion. The vertebral outline matching technique could be a useful technique for matching of vertebral positions and orientations which can evaluate and improve the efficacy of the various surgical treatments.
    Chinese medical journal 06/2011; 124(11):1689-94. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the different miRNA expression profiles of postoperative radiotherapy sensitive and resistant patients of non-small cell lung cancer, explore their potential role and find some radio-sensitivity markers. Thirty non-small cell lung cancer patients who have been treated by postoperative radiotherapy were selected and were divided into radiotherapy sensitive group and resistant group according to overall survival and local or distant recurrence rate. Expression profile of miRNA in these two groups was detected by a microarray assay and the results were validated by quantitative RT-PCR and Northern blot. At the molecular level, the effect of one differently expressed miRNA (miR-126) on the growth and apoptosis of SK-MES-1 cells induced by irradiation was examined. Comparing with resistant patients, five miRNAs (miRNA-126, miRNA-let-7a, miRNA-495, miRNA-451 and miRNA-128b) were significantly upregulated and seven miRNAs (miRNA-130a, miRNA-106b, miRNA-19b, miRNA-22, miRNA-15b, miRNA-17-5p and miRNA-21) were greatly downregulated in radiotherapy sensitive group. Overexpression of miRNA-126 inhibited the growth of SK-MES-1 cells and promoted its apoptosis induced by irradiation. The expression level of p-Akt decreased in miRNA-126 overexpression group. After treating with phosphoinositidyl-3 kinase (PI3K) constitutively activator (IGF-1) and inhibitor (LY294002), miRNA-126 overexpression had no significant effects on the apoptosis of SK-MES-1 cells. We found 12 differently expressed miRNAs in the radiotherapy sensitive and resistant non-small cell lung cancer samples. Moreover, our results showed miRNA-126 promoted non-small cell lung cancer cells apoptosis induced by irradiation through the PI3K-Akt pathway.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 04/2011; 72(1):92-9. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs are short regulatory RNAs that negatively modulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level and are deeply involved in the pathogenesis of several types of cancer. The miRNA-130a has been shown to play a role in antagonizing the inhibitory effects of GAX on endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tube formation, and antagonizing the inhibitory effects of HoxA5 on tube formation in vitro. Here the authors show, for the first time, that miRNA-130a expression is increased in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues. Statistical analysis showed that overexpression of miRNA-130a was strongly associated with lymph node metastasis, stage of tumor node metastasis classification and poor prognosis. Moreover, there was a significant difference in miRNA-130a expression levels between smoking and nonsmoking patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that miRNA-130a was an independent prognostic factor for patients with NSCLC. Together, these data suggest that miRNA-130a may comprise a potential novel prognostic marker for this disease.
    The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 11/2010; 340(5):385-8. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of Ku80 depletion on cell growth and sensitization to gamma-radiation and MMC-induced apoptosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma lines. Six human carcinoma cell lines (LNcaP, K562, MDA-MB-231, MCF-7, EC9706, and K150) and normal HEK293 cell line were examined for basal levels of Ku80 protein by western blotting analysis. The suppression of Ku80 expression was performed using vector-based shRNA in EC9706 cells. Cell proliferation was determined with MTT assay and colony formation assay and tumorigenicity in a xenograft model in vitro and in vivo. Sensitivity of EC9706 cells treated with shRNA vector to gamma-radiation and MMC was determined with colony formation assay and MTT assay. The cell cycle distribution was determined by Flow cytometry. Apoptosis induced by gamma-radiation and MMC was analyzed using GENMED-TUNEL FACS kit. Ku80 showed higher basal levels in six carcinoma cell lines than in HEK293. The suppression of Ku80 expression decreased cellular proliferation, colony formation and inhibited tumorigenicity in a xenograft model. Furthermore, it sensitized apoptosis of the cancer cells induced by gamma-radiation and MMC. Ku80 plays an important role not only in tumorigenesis but also in radiation resistance and chemotherapy resistance in esophageal cancer cells. Hence Ku80 may serve as a promising therapeutic target, particularly for recurrent esophageal tumors.
    Journal of Radiation Research 08/2008; 49(4):399-407. · 1.45 Impact Factor