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ABSTRACT: The present study is an evaluation of the symptoms and gynecological status, at the time of seeking medical advice, among women of reproductive age diagnosed with ovarian malignancies. The study was based on the medical records of all women in Sweden between 15 and 40 years of age who were diagnosed with ovarian malignancies during a 3-year period (1989-1991). The study focused on the diagnosis and panorama of symptoms. These data were compared to the records of more than 10,000 women in this age group during the same period of time who underwent surgery for ovarian changes that resulted in benign diagnoses. The 152 cases of ovarian cancer included only 1 patient who was without symptoms, had normal pelvic status upon manual examination, and a sonographically diagnosed simple cyst. These data support the conclusion that the majority of young women with ovarian cancer have symptoms and/or clinically detectable adnexal masses at the time when medical advice is sought. These studies suggest that diagnosis of ovarian cancer is unlikely in young healthy women lacking subjective symptoms and an adnexal mass upon pelvic examination. In conclusion, programs for the management of simple cysts and development of noninvasive diagnostic methods for ovarian changes found in patients in the reproductive age group are needed in order to reduce the number of patients subjected to operative intervention.
Gynecologic Oncology 10/1999; 74(3):472-6. DOI:10.1006/gyno.1999.5503 · 3.77 Impact Factor