Kyu Sik Jung

Yonsei University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (18)51.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the benefits of successful antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients METHODS: A total of 463 CHC patients who underwent pegylated interferon alfa and ribavirin therapy were classified as sustained virological response (SVR) or non-SVR based on response to antiviral therapy. We investigated disease progression to cirrhosis in non-cirrhotic patients, development of cirrhosis-related complications such as ascites, variceal bleeding, and hepatic encephalopathy in patients with cirrhosis, and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 09/2014; · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a noninvasive method of assessing hepatic steatosis. We defined the normal range of CAP values in healthy subjects and evaluated the associated factors.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 08/2014; · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative resection continues to be a major cause of death. This prospective study is designed to investigate whether histological sub-classification of cirrhosis using the Laennec system could predict recurrence in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC after curative resection. Patients with HBV-related HCC who underwent curative resection and showed Laennec stage 3 to 4 were enrolled and the cases with stage 4 was sub-classified histologically into three groups (stages 4A, 4B, and 4C) according to the Laennec system. Between February 2006 and August 2009, 92 patients were recruited. Stage 3, 4A, 4B, and 4C were identified in 24 (26.1%), 15 (16.3%), 43 (46.7%), and 10 (10.9%) patients, respectively. The cumulative incidence rates of recurrence at 1, 2, and 3 years were 24.2%, 40.5%, and 55.1%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, serum albumin (hazard ratio [HR], 0.528; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.312-0.891; P=0.017) and Edmonson-Steiner grade III-IV (HR, 3.456; 95% CI, 1.123-10.517; P=0.031) were significantly correlated with early recurrence (<1 year), whereas stage 4C (HR, 5.426: 95% CI, 1.030-28.598; P=0.046) was the only independent risk factor for late recurrence (≥1 year). Histological sub-classification of liver cirrhosis using the Laennec system is a significant predictor of late recurrence in patients with HBV-related HCC after curative resection. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 02/2014; · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) can measure hepatic steatosis. However, factors affecting its accuracy have not been described yet. This study investigated predictors of discordance between liver biopsy (LB) and CAP.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(6):e98689. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative liver stiffness (LS) measurement using transient elastography (TE) is useful for predicting late recurrence after curative resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We developed and validated a novel LS value-based predictive model for late recurrence of HCC.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(6):e99167. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 01/2014; 12(1):156–157. · 6.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Synchronous development of primary hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma has been reported rarely. In literature review, there have been only 35 reported cases of synchronous hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and most of these tumors developed in patients with hepatitis C-related liver cirrhosis. Here, we present synchronous development of hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in two patients with chronic B-viral hepatitis. Two patients with chronic hepatitis B were referred to our hospital due to a hepatic mass. Patient 1 had a 6.4 cm multinodular hepatic mass in the left lobe and a small nodule in the right lobe. Patient 2 had a 4.3 cm hypervascular mass in the right lobe and a 1.1 cm nodule in the left lobe. The pre-operative diagnosis of both cases was hepatocellular carcinoma with metastatic nodule, however, surgical resection pathology revealed that hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma existed independently in the other side of the liver in both cases. Additionally, the background liver histology of both cases was hepatitis B-related chronic hepatitis without cirrhotic change. Our cases suggest that hepatitis B virus infection can also predispose to development of double liver cancers.
    BMC Research Notes 12/2013; 6(1):520.
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    ABSTRACT: Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a non-invasive method of measuring hepatic steatosis using a process based on transient elastography. We investigated the diagnostic accuracy of CAP in detecting hepatic steatosis in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). A total of 135 patients with CLD who underwent liver biopsy and CAP were consecutively enrolled in this prospective study. The performance of CAP for detection of hepatic steatosis compared with liver biopsy was calculated using area under receiver operating characteristics curves (AUROC). Steatosis was categorized into S0 (<5%), S1 (5-33%), S2 (34-66%) and S3 (>66% of hepatocytes). Male gender predominated (n = 87, 64%) and the median age was 51 years. The aetiologies of CLD included non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (n = 56, 41.5%) and chronic viral hepatitis because of hepatitis B (n = 47, 34.8%) and C (n = 12, 8.9%). Steatosis repartition was: S0 31.1% (n = 42), S1 43.7% (n = 59), S2 18.5% (n = 25) and S3 6.7% (n = 9) respectively. In the multivariate analysis, steatosis grade and body mass index were independently associated with CAP (all P < 0.001), whereas fibrosis stage and activity grade were not. The AUROCs of CAP were 0.885 for ≥S1 (sensitivity 73.1%, specificity 95.2%), 0.894 for ≥S2 (sensitivity 82.4%, specificity 86.1%) and 0.800 for S3 (sensitivity 77.8%, specificity 84.1%). The optimal cut-off CAP values that maximized the Youden index were 250 dB/m (≥S1), 299 dB/m (≥S2), and 327 dB/m (=S3) respectively. Our data showed that CAP had high diagnostic accuracy for detecting hepatic steatosis in patients with CLD and suggested that CAP is also applicable for Asian patients.
    Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 07/2013; · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether preoperative liver stiffness measurement (LSM) can predict recurrence after curative resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). LSM using FibroScan(®) can assess the severity of liver fibrosis, which is significantly associated with recurrence after curative resection of HCC. METHODS: Between February 2006 and March 2009, 133 patients who underwent preoperative LSM and curative resection for HCC were enrolled in this prospective study. LSM values were analyzed for association with recurrence, together with other clinical variables. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients (117 men and 16 women) was 57 years. During the follow-up period (median, 25.0 (range, 3.0-54.6) months), HCC recurred in 62 (46.6 %) patients. In multivariate analysis, together with satellite nodule and Edmonson-Steiner grade III-IV, LSM was selected as an independent predictor of recurrence (P < 0.05; hazard ratio, 1.034; 95 % confidence interval, 1.007-1.061). When the study population was stratified into two groups using the optimal cutoff value (13.4 kPa) that maximized the sum of sensitivity (64.7 %) and specificity (76.1 %) from time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.676), patients with LSM values >13.4 kPa were at a significantly greater risk for recurrence with a hazard ratio of 1.925 (P = 0.01; 95 % confidence interval, 1.17-3.168) compared with those with LSM values ≤13.4 kPa. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that LSM can be a useful predictor of recurrence after curative resection of HCC.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 07/2012; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using transient elastography (FibroScan) can accurately assess the degree of liver fibrosis and predict the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and variceal bleeding in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We compared the accuracy of noninvasive liver fibrosis prediction methods in predicting the development of HCC or hepatic decompensation in patients with CHB. A total of 1126 patients with CHB who underwent LSMs and attended regular follow-ups to detect the development of HCC and hepatic decompensations (variceal bleeding, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, or hepatorenal syndrome) were enrolled. Noninvasive liver fibrosis prediction methods included, age-spleen-to-platelet ratio index, LSM, LSM-spleen diameter-to-platelet ratio index (LSPI), P2/MS, and FIB-4. During follow-up (median, 30.7 mo), HCC and hepatic decompensation developed in 63 and 68 patients, respectively. The accuracy of LSM and LSPI in predicting the development of HCC or hepatic decompensation was higher than that of aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index, age-spleen-to-platelet ratio index, P2/MS, or FIB-4 (areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve=0.789 and 0.788 vs. 0.729, 0.756, 0.696, and 0.744 for HCC development; areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve=0.820 and 0.848 vs. 0.787, 0.799, 0.812, and 0.784 for hepatic decompensation). On multivariate analyses, LSM and LSPI were identified as independent predictors of the development of HCC [hazard ratio (HR), 1.040 (LSM); HR, 1.001 (LSPI)] and hepatic decompensation [HR, 1.033 (LSM); HR, 1.002 (LSPI)]. Our results suggest that LSM or LSPI may be useful predictors of the development of HCC and hepatic decompensation in patients with CHB.
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology 07/2012; 46(6):518-25. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    Kyu Sik Jung, Seung Up Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic liver disease represents a major public health problem, accounting for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. As prognosis and management depend mainly on the amount and progression of liver fibrosis, accurate quantification of liver fibrosis is essential for therapeutic decision-making and follow-up of chronic liver diseases. Even though liver biopsy is the gold standard for evaluation of liver fibrosis, non-invasive methods that could substitute for invasive procedures have been investigated during past decades. Transient elastography (TE, FibroScan®) is a novel non-invasive method for assessment of liver fibrosis with chronic liver disease. TE can be performed in the outpatient clinic with immediate results and excellent reproducibility. Its diagnostic accuracy for assessment of liver fibrosis has been demonstrated in patients with chronic viral hepatitis; as a result, unnecessary liver biopsy could be avoided in some patients. Moreover, due to its excellent patient acceptance, TE could be used for monitoring disease progression or predicting development of liver-related complications. This review aims at discussing the usefulness of TE in clinical practice.
    Clinical and molecular hepatology. 06/2012; 18(2):163-73.
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) frequently develops in patients with liver cirrhosis; however, there is little data to suggest whether the acquisition site of infection influences the prognosis. This study compared the bacteriology, clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of community-acquired SBP (CA-SBP) and nosocomial SBP (N-SBP). The medical records of 130 patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related liver cirrhosis, who had experienced a first episode of SBP between January 1999 and December 2008, were reviewed. The study population included 111 (85.4%) patients with CA-SBP and 19 (14.6%) patients with N-SBP. Baseline and microbiological characteristics as well as clinical course, including in-hospital mortality, did not differ between patients with CA-SBP and those with N-SBP (all p>0.05). The median survival time was 6.5 months, and 117 (90.0%) patients died during the follow-up period. Patients with CA-SBP and N-SBP survived for median periods of 6.6 and 6.2 months, respectively, without significant difference (p=0.569). Time to recurrence did not differ between patients with CA-SBP and N-SBP (4.7 vs. 3.6 months, p=0.925). The acquisition site of infection did not affect clinical outcomes for patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis who had experienced their first episode of SBP. Third-generation cephalosporins may be effective in empirically treating these patients, regardless of the acquisition site of the infection.
    Yonsei medical journal 03/2012; 53(2):328-36. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reports of metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) without a primary liver tumor are rare. Here we present a case of isolated HCC that had metastasized to the pelvic bone without a primary focus. A 73-year-old man presented with severe back and right-leg pain. Radiological examinations, including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), revealed a huge mass on the pelvic bone (13×10 cm). He underwent an incisional biopsy, and the results of the subsequent histological examination were consistent with metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma. The tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), hepatocyte paraffin 1, and glypican-3, and negative for CD56, chromogranin A, and synaptophysin on immunohistochemical staining. Examination of the liver by CT, MRI, positron-emission tomography scan, and angiography produced no evidence of a primary tumor. Radiotherapy and transarterial chemoembolization were performed on the pelvic bone, followed by systemic chemotherapy. These combination treatments resulted in tumor regression with necrotic changes. However, multiple lung metastases developed 1 year after the treatment, and the patient was treated with additional systemic chemotherapy.
    The Korean journal of hepatology. 03/2012; 18(1):89-93.
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    ABSTRACT: Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using transient elastography (FibroScan®) can assess liver fibrosis noninvasively. This study investigated whether LSM can predict the development of liver-related events (LREs) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients showing histologically advanced liver fibrosis. Between March 2006 and April 2010, 128 CHB patients with who underwent LSM and liver biopsy (LB) before starting nucleot(s)ide analogues and showed histologically advanced fibrosis (≥F3) with a high viral loads [HBV DNA ≥2,000 IU/mL] were enrolled. All patients were followed regularly to detect LRE development, including hepatic decompensation (variceal bleeding, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, hepatorenal syndrome) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The mean age of the patient (72 men, 56 women) was 52.2 years. During the median follow-up period [median 27.8 (12.6-61.6) months], LREs developed in 19 (14.8%) patients (five with hepatic decompensation, 13 with HCC, one with both). Together with age, multivariate analysis identified LSM as an independent predictor of LRE development [P<0.044; hazard ratio (HR), 1.038; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.002-1.081]. When the study population was stratified into two groups using the optimal cutoff value (19 kPa), which maximized the sum of sensitivity (61.1%) and specificity (86.2%) from a time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve, patients with LSM>19 kPa were at significantly greater risk than those with LSM≤19 kPa for LRE development (HR, 7.176; 95% CI, 2.257-22.812; P = 0.001). LSM can be a useful predictor of LRE development in CHB patients showing histologically advanced liver fibrosis.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(5):e36676. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Esophageal intramural pseudodiverticulosis (EIP) is a rare benign disease that is characterized by multiple tiny flask-shaped outpouching lesions of the esophageal wall. The etiology is unknown, but the pathologic findings include dilatation of excretory ducts of submucosal glands. The predominant symptom is dysphagia, and esophageal stricture occurs frequently. Diseases such as diabetes mellitus, esophageal candidiasis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and chronic alcoholism are often combined. Since most EIP cases are benign, the mainstream treatment is symptom relief by endoscopic dilatation or medical treatment of accompanied diseases. This report describes the case of a 68-year-old male patient who suffered from chest tightness for 2 months and was diagnosed with EIP. This symptom disappeared after 2 months of medical treatment, and the patient is now being regularly followed up.
    Gut and liver 03/2011; 5(1):93-5. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using FibroScan accurately assesses the degree of liver fibrosis and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development in patients with chronic hepatitis C. This study investigated the usefulness of LSM as a predictor of HCC development in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). A total of 1,130 patients with non-biopsy-proven CHB who underwent LSM between May 2005 and December 2007 were enrolled in this prospective study. After LSM was performed, patients attended regular follow-up as part of a surveillance program for the detection of HCC. The mean age of the patients (767 men, 363 women) was 50.2 years, and the median LSM was 7.7 kPa. Six hundred seventy-two (59.5%) patients received antiviral treatment before or after enrollment. During the follow-up period (median, 30.7 months; range, 24.0-50.9 months), HCC developed in 57 patients (2.0% per 1 person-year). The 1-, 2-, and 3-year cumulative incidence rates of HCC were 0.80%, 3.26%, and 5.98%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, together with old age, male sex, heavy alcohol consumption (>80 g/day), serum albumin, and hepatitis B e antigen positivity, patients with a higher LSM (>8 kPa) were at a significantly greater risk of HCC development, with the following hazard ratios: 3.07 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-9.31; P = 0.047) for LSM 8.1-13 kPa; 4.68 (95% CI, 1.40-15.64; P = 0.012) for LSM 13.1-18 kPa; 5.55 (95% CI, 1.53-20.04; P = 0.009) for LSM 18.1-23 kPa; and 6.60 (95% CI, 1.83-23.84; P = 0.004) for LSM >23 kPa. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that LSM could be a useful predictor of HCC development in patients with CHB.
    Hepatology 12/2010; 53(3):885-94. · 12.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of treatment failure or recurrence of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) following metronidazole treatment has increased recently. We studied the treatment failure, recurrence rate, and risk factors predictive of treatment failure and recurrence after metronidazole treatment for CDAD. We retrospectively identified consecutive patients who were admitted and treated for CDAD at a single tertiary institution in Korea over a recent 10-year period (i.e., 1998-2008). Metronidazole was administered as the initial treatment to 111 of 117 patients (94.9%) with CDAD. Fourteen patients (12.6%) had no clinical response to the metronidazole treatment, and in 13 patients (13.4%) CDAD recurred after successful metronidazole treatment. Diabetes mellitus (p=0.014) and sepsis (p=0.002) were independent risk factors for metronidazole treatment failure. Patients who had received surgery within 1 month before CDAD developed were more likely to experience a recurrence after metronidazole treatment (p=0.032). Vancomycin exhibited a higher response rate after treatment failure, and metronidazole showed a reasonable response rate in the treatment of recurrence. Treatment failure and recurrence rates increased with time after metronidazole treatment for CDAD over the 10-year study period. Our data suggest that diabetes mellitus and sepsis are independent risk factors for metronidazole treatment failure, and that operation history within 1 month of development of CDAD is a predictor of a recurrence after metronidazole treatment.
    Gut and liver 09/2010; 4(3):332-7. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Intestinal Research. 01/2010; 8(1).