[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper we present results of two novel experimental methods to investigate the collisional behavior of individual macroscopic icy bodies. The experiments reported here were conducted in the microgravity environments of parabolic flights and the Bremen drop tower facility. Using a cryogenic parabolic-flight setup, we were able to capture 41 near-central collisions of 1.5-cm-sized ice spheres at relative velocities between 6 and . The analysis of the image sequences provides a uniform distribution of coefficients of restitution with a mean value of and values ranging from ε=0.06 to 0.84. Additionally, we designed a prototype drop-tower experiment for collisions within an ensemble of up to one hundred cm-sized projectiles and performed the first experiments with solid glass beads. We were able to statistically analyze the development of the kinetic energy of the entire system, which can be well explained by assuming a granular ‘fluid’ following Haff’s law with a constant coefficient of restitution of ε=0.64. We could also show that the setup is suitable for studying collisions at velocities of <5 mm s−1 appropriate for collisions between particles in Saturn’s dense main rings.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this work, we report on microgravity studies of particle ensembles
simulating ice-particle collisions in Saturn's dense main rings. We have
developed an experimental method to study the energy dissipation in a many-body
system consisting of approx. one hundred cm-sized glass spheres. The temporal
development of the mean particle velocity, ranging from ~10 cm/s (at the
beginning) to ~0.35 cm/s (after 9s of experiment duration), can be explained by
a constant coefficient of restitution of 0.64. A comparison to values obtained
for pure water-ice bodies shows that future cryogenic ice-collision experiments
can achieve collision velocities of ~0.1 cm/s, and thus will very well simulate
the conditions in Saturn's main rings.