[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An intracranial aneurysm (IA), which results in a subarachnoid hemorrhage with a high mortality on rupture, is a major public health concern. To identify genetic susceptibility loci for IA, we carried out a multistage association study using genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Japanese case-control subjects. In this study, we assessed evidence for association in standard approaches, and additional tests with adjusting sex effects that act between genetic effect and disease. Consequently, five SNPs (P=1.31 × 10(-5) for rs1930095 of intergenic region; P=1.32 × 10(-5) for rs4628172 of TMEM195; P=2.78 × 10(-5) for rs7781293 of TMEM195; P=4.93 × 10(-5) for rs7550260 of ARHGEF11; and P=3.63 × 10(-5) for rs9864101 of IQSEC1) with probabilities of being false positives <0.5 were associated with IA in Japanese population, and the susceptibility genes could have a role in actin remodeling in the ELN/LIMK pathway. This study indicates the presence of several susceptibility loci that deserve further investigation in the Japanese population.
Journal of Human Genetics 10/2010; 55(10):656-61. · 2.37 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently, a genome-wide association study identified associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms on chromosome 9p21 and risk of harboring intracranial aneurysm (IA). Aneurysm characteristics or subphenotypes of IAs, such as history of subarachnoid hemorrhage, presence of multiple IAs and location of IAs, are clinically important. We investigated whether the association between 9p21 variation and risk of IA varied among these subphenotypes.
We conducted a case-control study of 981 cases and 699 controls in Japanese. Four single nucleotide polymorphisms tagging the 9p21 risk locus were genotyped. The OR and 95% CI were estimated using logistic regression analyses.
Among the 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms, rs1333040 showed the strongest evidence of association with IA (P=1.5x10(-6); per allele OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.24-1.66). None of the patient characteristics (gender, age, smoking, and hypertension) was a significant confounder or effect modifier of the association. Subgroup analyses of IA subphenotypes showed that among the most common sites of IAs, the association was strongest for IAs of the posterior communicating artery (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.26-2.26) and not significant for IAs in the anterior communicating artery (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 0.96-1.57). When dichotomizing IA sites, the association was stronger for IAs of the posterior circulation-posterior communicating artery group (OR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.32-2.26) vs the anterior circulation group (OR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.07-1.53). Heterogeneity in these ORs was significant (P=0.032). The associations did not vary when stratifying by history of subarachnoid hemorrhage (OR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.18-1.71 for ruptured IA; OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.00-1.62 for unruptured IA) or by multiplicity of IA (OR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.21-2.03 for multiple IAs; OR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.15-1.61 for single IA).
Our results suggest that genetic influence on formation may vary between IA subphenotypes.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) present in probe-target sequences (SPTS) have been shown to be associated with abnormal genoplot images. We explored the effects of SPTS positions on genoplot images using a data set from a genome-wide association study typed on an Illumina Human Hap300 platform. We screened the physical genomic positions of 308,330 autosomal probes to identify SPTS candidates deposited in dbSNP. The genoplot images across 293 individuals were inspected further in SNPs bearing an SPTS candidate. We identified 35,185 SNPs bearing a single SPTS candidate, including 264 SNPs showing abnormal genoplot images. The frequencies of SPTS at distances within 10 bases from the target SNP were significantly higher in the 264 SNPs showing abnormal genoplot images, than in the remaining 34,921 SNPs (49.62 vs 12.87%; Fisher exact test; P = 2.2 x 10(-16)). Of these 264 SNPs, we randomly selected 20 SNPs and resequenced them in 97 individuals. An SPTS within 10 bases of the target SNP was confirmed in all 20 SNPs, except for one SNP with a small deletion (7 bases) in the probe-target sequence. Taken together, these results suggest an association of a proximal SPTS with an abnormal genoplot image, which could result in spurious genotype detections, highlighting the importance of minimizing systematic errors in microarray experiments.