Keitaro Matsumoto

Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Nagasaki, Japan

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Publications (49)77.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To retrospectively review the clinical, radiological and pathological data in patients who underwent surgical resection for pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma (PC), and to analyse the prognostic predictors of survival. The data were retrospectively examined for 33 consecutive patients (28 males and five females) who had undergone surgical resection for pulmonary PC. Cox's proportional-hazards model was used to analyse the prognostic predictors of survival. The size of the tumours ranged from 1.1 to 12.0 cm (mean 5.4 cm). The majority (26) of the tumours were located at the lung periphery, five tumours had cavitation, two had calcification and 14 had peritumoral ground-glass opacity. Most of the tumours showed heterogeneous enhancement and contained a low-density area (LDA) within the tumour. The 5-year overall survival of surgically resected PC was 36 % (standard error = 0.093). A multivariate analysis revealed the LDA grade [hazard ratio (HR), 2.019], pathological stage (HR, 7.552) and pathological N factor (HR, 0.370) to be significant predictors of a poorer prognosis. A greater component of LDA within the tumour on contrast-enhanced CT is associated with a poorer prognosis in patients with PC. • PC has a poorer prognosis than other conventional NSCLC. • The five-year OS of surgically resected PC was 36 %. • A greater component of LDA on contrast-enhanced CT suggests a poorer prognosis.
    European Radiology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00330-015-3811-3 · 4.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lung herniation is rare. We describe two cases; one cured by surgery, and the other observed without surgery. A 61-year-old man underwent minimally invasive cardiac surgery for mitral valve plasty. Four weeks postoperatively, chest computed tomography (CT) revealed exacerbating lung herniation and emergency surgery was performed. A 75-year-old man with metastatic tumor underwent partial resection of the left lower lobe through a 10-cm access window. Three months postoperatively, follow-up chest CT revealed prolapse of a small part of the upper lobe at the site of incision. However, he remained asymptomatic and was observed on an outpatient basis.
    General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11748-015-0556-5
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    ABSTRACT: Sublobar resection procedures, such as segmentectomy and wedge resection, can be used for resectable lung cancer when the cancer is small or the condition of the patient is poor. In such cases, intraoperative lymph node (LN) exploration is necessary to avoid incomplete resection of potential N1 or N2 disease. The semi-dry dot-blotting (SDB) method was developed to detect intraoperative LN metastasis as a quick, cost-effective procedure that does not require special technical expertise. This study examined whether SDB can sufficiently identify LN metastasis in lung cancer patients. This study prospectively examined 147 LNs from 50 lung cancer patients who underwent surgery at Nagasaki University Hospital between April 2011 and June 2013. The SDB method uses antigen-antibody reactions with anti-pancytokeratin as the primary antibody and detects cancer cells using chromogen. To identify LN metastases, each LN was examined by the SDB method during surgery along with intraoperative pathological diagnosis (ope-Dx) and permanent pathological diagnosis (permanent-Dx). Compared with permanent-Dx, SDB offered 94.7% sensitivity, 97.7% specificity and 97.2% accuracy, while ope-Dx exhibited 84.2% sensitivity, 100% specificity and 98.0% accuracy. For 3 cases, micrometastases were detected by the SDB method but not by ope-Dx. Three LNs from lobar stations showed pseudo-positive results by the SDB method because of the presence of alveolar epithelium. The SDB method offers acceptably high accuracy in detecting LN metastasis, especially for mediastinal LNs, and represents a potential alternative for the intraoperative diagnosis of LN metastasis, even in the absence of a pathologist. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 04/2015; DOI:10.1093/ejcts/ezv118 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The number of patients with cardiovascular comorbidities is increasing due to aged society. We evaluated perioperative management of primary lung cancer patients with cardiovascular comorbidities. Between 2010 and 2013, 458 patients underwent lung cancer surgery at out hospital. 60(13%)patients had cardiovascular comorbidities (excluding hypertension and arrhythmia). Forty three(72%) patients were angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, and 7 (12%)were valve disease. In patients with cardiovascular comorbidities, high age, renal dysfunction, low % diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide and limited lymph node dissection were significantly seen. There was one patient with no symptoms of angina with the calcification of coronary artery detected by chest computed tomography(CT)before surgery. Percutaneous coronary artery intervention followed elective lung surgery was successfully performed. Short-term surgical results of patients with cardiovascular comorbidities were acceptable compared to those without.
    Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery 04/2015; 68(4):249-254.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors contributing to the outcomes of bronchoplasty for lung cancer by analysing a single institution's data for a 30-year period. A retrospective review of 213 patients who underwent bronchoplasty for lung cancer between 1980 and 2010 was undertaken. The patients were divided into two groups by the date of surgery: the first period was 1980-95, and the second period was 1996-2010. Bronchoplasty and broncho-angioplasty were performed in 100 (75.8%) and 32 (24.2%) patients, respectively, in the first period and 61 (75.3%) and 20 (24.7%) patients, respectively, in the second period. Overall 90-day operative morbidity and mortality rates were 25.8 and 9.8%, respectively, in the first period and 45.7 and 2.5%, respectively, in the second period. Thirty-day mortality rates were 6.8% in the first period and 0% in the second period. Five-year survival was 41.1% (n = 132) in the first period and 61.5% (n = 81) in the second period (P = 0.0003). Comparing bronchoplasty and broncho-angioplasty, the 5-year survival was 45.6 and 26.5%, respectively, in the first period (P = 0.0048) and 60.9 and 62.1%, respectively, in the second period (P = 0. 8131). Using multivariate analysis to identify potential prognostic factors, the type of operation (broncho-angioplasty), postoperative complications and histology (non-squamous cell carcinoma) were significant factors affecting survival in the first period, but none of the factors significantly affected survival in the second period. When the rates of pN2 or N3 histological type disease were compared in each period, the rate of pN2 or N3 disease in non-squamous cell carcinoma was 51.4% in the first period and 45.5% in the second period; both were significantly higher than in squamous cell carcinoma (31.6 and 16.9%, respectively; P = 0. 0365 and 0.0073). The present study suggests that progress in the preoperative staging system and perioperative medical management, as well as surgery, has contributed to current improvements in patients undergoing bronchoplasty and broncho-angioplasty. However, since nodal status in non-squamous cell carcinoma is not precisely evaluated before the operation, the indication for bronchoplasty should be considered carefully. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 02/2015; DOI:10.1093/ejcts/ezv065 · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Reactive oxygen species function as key metabolites that can impair biological processes. In lung transplantation, severe oxidative stress is expected when ischemia/reperfusion injury, acute allograft rejection, and various infections occur. Case Report Two clinical cases in which serial measurements of the oxidative stress response (levels of diacron-reactive oxygen metabolites) were taken during hospitalization using a Free Radical Elective Evaluator are reported. In the first case, a 30-year-old man underwent right single lung transplantation for juvenile pulmonary emphysema. Immunosuppression was maintained using tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroid. The oxidative stress response fluctuated significantly (p<0.01) during the infections caused by bronchial stenosis compared to the stable condition. No acute rejection was seen during hospitalization. In the second case, a 44-year-old woman underwent right single lung transplantation for lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Immunosuppression was maintained by the same regimen as in case 1. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, and there was no allograft rejection or infection. The oxidative stress response remained at the non-stress level. Conclusions The oxidative stress response was measured by the levels of diacron-reactive oxygen metabolites in lung transplantation. High oxidative stress responses were seen during exposure to infections. This might become a non-invasive marker of complications after transplantation.
    01/2015; 16:255-8. DOI:10.12659/AJCR.893026
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    ABSTRACT: A 30-year-old man underwent right single-lung transplantation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The bronchial anastomosis developed ischemic change, resulting in stenosis of the intermediate bronchus. A modified Y-shaped airway stent with the fabricated orifice of the upper lobe was inserted by rigid bronchoscopy. Before the operation, a three-dimensional printed bronchial model of this patient was made for surgical simulation. This model enabled us to perform the operation easily, quickly, and successfully. The patient's condition improved after airway stent insertion. The three-dimensional printed airway model provided sufficient preoperative understanding of the patient's anatomy for planning the surgical procedure. Copyright © 2015 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 01/2015; 99(1):e21-3. DOI:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.10.021 · 3.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES The number of elderly lung cancer patients requiring surgery has been increasing due to the ageing society and less invasive perioperative procedures. Elderly people usually have various comorbidities, but there are few simple and objective tools that can be used to determine prognostic factors for elderly patients with clinical stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prognostic factors of surgically treated, over 80-year old patients with clinical stage I NSCLC.
    European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 12/2014; 47(4). DOI:10.1093/ejcts/ezu514 · 2.81 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 10/2014; 74(19 Supplement):CT303-CT303. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2014-CT303 · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury after lung transplantation causes alveolar damage, lung edema, and acute rejection. Poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a single-stranded DNA repair enzyme that induces apoptosis and necrosis after DNA damage caused by reactive oxygen species. We evaluated tissue protective effects of the PARP inhibitor (PARP-i) PJ34 against pulmonary I/R injury. Methods. Rats (total n=45) underwent a thoracotomy with left hilar isolation and saline administration (sham group) or thoracotomy with hilar clamping and saline administration (I/R group) or PJ34 administration (PARP-i group). Parameters were measured for 7 days after reperfusion. Results. Pathologic analysis revealed that reperfusion injury was drastically suppressed in the PARP-i group 2 days after reperfusion. Terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling-positive cells were significantly decreased in the PARP-i group compared to the I/R group (P<0.05). Accordingly, the wet-to-dry lung ratio in the I/R group was significantly higher compared with the PARP-i group (P=0.025). Four hours after reperfusion, serum tissue necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 were significantly suppressed in the PARP-i group compared with the I/R group (P<0.05). Serum derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites increased quickly and remained high in the I/R and PARP-i groups from 4 hr until 7 days after reperfusion. Interestingly, the serum biologic antioxidant potential in the PARP-i group was significantly higher than that in the I/R group from day 2 until day 7. Conclusion. The PARP-i decreased inflammation and tissue damage caused by pulmonary I/R injury. These beneficial effects of the PARP-i may be correlated with its antioxidative efficacy.
    Transplantation 09/2014; 98(6):618-624. DOI:10.1097/TP.0000000000000305 · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of ruptured mycotic thoracic aortic aneurysm that required almost one month for correct diagnosis. A 71-year-old woman who had hemoptysis for several weeks was initially suspected to have lung cancer based on several examinations, including fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography. However, contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a ruptured mycotic thoracic aortic aneurysm in the lower lobe of the left lung. She underwent emergency surgery carried out collaboratively by cardiovascular and general thoracic surgeons. En bloc resection of the aneurysm with the left lower lobe and in situ graft replacement of the descending aorta were performed successfully, although left lower lobectomy was difficult due to the insufficient segmentation of the upper and lower lobes and strong adherence of the aneurysm to the left lung. The clinical course was uneventful. The reason for survival for one month was thought to be that the rupture was covered by the lung. Because the resection of the lung is often difficult in cases in which the aneurysmal rupture shows extensive lung invasion, collaboration with cardiovascular and general thoracic surgeons is important.
    Acta medica Nagasakiensia 07/2014; 59(1):33-36.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) function as key metabolites that can impair biological processes. The aim of this preliminary study was to assess the perioperative oxidative changes in lung cancer surgery. Methods: We measured the levels of blood hydroperoxides, a type of ROS, as an index of oxidative injury to cellular components, as well as the plasma ferric-reducing ability as an index of total antioxidant potential in 32 lung cancer patients. Hydroperoxides were measured by the levels of diacron reactive oxygen metabolites (d-ROMs). The antioxidant potential was determined by the biological antioxidant potential (BAP), which represents the levels of endogenous antioxidant enzymes. Results: Lung cancer patients had slightly affected oxidative stress before surgery. The d-ROM and BAP levels after surgery and were significantly decreased than before surgery (p< 0.001) and the levels recovered preoperatively at third postoperative day. The d-ROM level in video-assisted surgery group (n=17) was significantly decreased than those in thoracotomy group (n=15) at third and seventh post-operative day (p < 0.001, and < 0.02). Conclusions: Lung cancer patients had already exposed oxidative stress before surgery and surgical intervention also generates large amounts of ROS. Video-assisted thoracic surgery can reduce the ROS compared to the standard thoractomy.
    Acta medica Nagasakiensia 07/2014; 59(1):19-25.
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, the prone position has been used for thoracoscopic oesophagectomy for oesophageal cancer because it is known to facilitate mediastinal dissection. We hypothesized that this advantage of the prone position could apply to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, which has been commonly performed with the patient in the lateral position. Forty-six patients with clinical stage I, right-sided, non-small cell lung cancer were enrolled in this study. They were classified into three groups: conventional thoracotomy using rib retractors (n = 17), and the lateral (n = 15) and semi-prone (n = 14) positions in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Surgical parameters, such as operation time, the amount of blood loss, and the number of dissected lymph nodes, of each group of patients were compared. There were three (6.5 %) minor complications in this study, chylothorax and heart failure in the thoracotomy group and atelectasis with the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the lateral position group. No complications were seen in the semi-prone group. The number of dissected lymph nodes was significantly higher in the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the semi-prone position group than in the conventional thoracotomy group for inferior mediastinal nodes (subcarinal, paraeosophageal, and pulmonary ligament, average 8.9 and 5.9 lymph nodes, p = 0.04). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report that has described video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy with the patient in the semi-prone position. Although the number of cases was limited, the results of this study show that the semi-prone position could be attempted especially for right lower lobe lung cancer.
    General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 04/2014; 62(10). DOI:10.1007/s11748-014-0408-8
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    ABSTRACT: The number of young surgeons in Japan has significantly decreased in recent years, which may lead to future problems in the medical field. Therefore, comprehensive training programs for young surgeons are needed. Retrospective study SETTING: We developed a specific education program called the "Recruitment of Young Medical Apprentices" (RYOMA) project. We performed this project between January 2008 and August 2013 on fourth- to sixth-year medical students and internship doctors. The RYOMA project included step-by-step surgical education programs on open and scopic procedures as dry, wet, and animal laboratory training. Our goal was to increase the number of young and specialist surgeons. Based on an interview questionnaire answered by 90 medical students, most young students were interested in surgical training and several chose to become surgeons in the future. The most positive opinions regarding the field of surgery were the impressive results achieved with surgery, whereas negative opinions included the difficulty of the surgical skill, physical concerns related to difficult work environments, and the severity of surgical procedures. The present program has begun to resolve negative opinions through adequate training or simulations. Of the 19 medical students and internship doctors who attended the RYOMA project in 2008, 17 trainees (90%) were satisfied with this special surgical program and 16 (88%) showed interest in becoming surgeons. The number of participants considering the field of surgery increased between 2008 and 2013. Of 23 participants, 19 (83%) had a positive opinion of the program after the training. Gaining experience in surgical training from an early stage in medical school and step-by-step authorized education by teaching staff are important for recruiting students and increasing the number of young surgeons.
    Journal of Surgical Education 04/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jsurg.2013.12.010 · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer surgery in octogenarians has already become common in Japan due to the high proportion of elderly people and the progress in perioperative management, including anesthesia and video-assisted thoracic surgery. However, there have been few reports about the surgical treatment of lung cancer in nonagenarians. Five cases (mean age: 91.2 years; 3 men, 2 women) of non-small cell lung cancer in nonagenarians in whom pulmonary resection was performed are reported. All were adenocarcinomas; three were clinical stage IA, and two were IB. Three patients underwent lobectomy, and two underwent wedge resection. Mediastinal lymph node dissection was omitted in all patients. There were no fatal postoperative complications. During follow-up, one patient died due to fatal arrhythmia, and one patient who underwent wedge resection had local recurrence, but the others are alive in good condition. Pulmonary resection of lung cancer is possible for highly selected, nonagenarian patients without lymph node metastasis.
    02/2014; DOI:10.5761/atcs.cr.13-00267
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The number of young surgeons in Japan has significantly decreased in recent years, which may lead to future problems in the medical field. Therefore, comprehensive training programs for young surgeons are needed. Design Retrospective study Setting We developed a specific education program called the “Recruitment of Young Medical Apprentices” (RYOMA) project. Participants We performed this project between January 2008 and August 2013 on fourth- to sixth-year medical students and internship doctors. The RYOMA project included step-by-step surgical education programs on open and scopic procedures as dry, wet, and animal laboratory training. Our goal was to increase the number of young and specialist surgeons. Results Based on an interview questionnaire answered by 90 medical students, most young students were interested in surgical training and several chose to become surgeons in the future. The most positive opinions regarding the field of surgery were the impressive results achieved with surgery, whereas negative opinions included the difficulty of the surgical skill, physical concerns related to difficult work environments, and the severity of surgical procedures. The present program has begun to resolve negative opinions through adequate training or simulations. Of the 19 medical students and internship doctors who attended the RYOMA project in 2008, 17 trainees (90%) were satisfied with this special surgical program and 16 (88%) showed interest in becoming surgeons. The number of participants considering the field of surgery increased between 2008 and 2013. Of 23 participants, 19 (83%) had a positive opinion of the program after the training. Conclusions Gaining experience in surgical training from an early stage in medical school and step-by-step authorized education by teaching staff are important for recruiting students and increasing the number of young surgeons.
    Journal of Surgical Education 01/2014; · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is considered to be one of the most important mitogens for lung epithelial cells. The objectives of this study were to confirm the effectiveness of intratracheal injection of recombinant human KGF (rhKGF) during compensatory lung growth and to optimize the instillation protocol. Here, trilobectomy in adult rat was performed, followed by intratracheal rhKGF instillation with low (0.4 mg/kg) and high (4 mg/kg) doses at various time-points. The proliferation of alveolar cells was assessed by the immunostaining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the residual lung. We also investigated other immunohistochemical parameters such as KGF, KGF receptor and surfactant protein A as well as terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling. Consequently, intratracheal single injection of rhKGF in high dose group significantly increased PCNA labeling index (LI) of alveolar cells in the remaining lung. Surprisingly, there was no difference in PCNA LI between low and high doses of rhKGF with daily injection, and PCNA LI reached a plateau level with 2 days-consecutive administration (about 60%). Our results indicate that even at low dose, daily intratracheal injection is effective to maintain high proliferative states during the early phase of compensatory lung growth.
    Acta histochemica et cytochemica official journal of the Japan Society of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 12/2013; 46(6):179-185. DOI:10.1267/ahc.13036 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE A statement from the Fleischer Society suggests that the size of the solid component in lung adenocarcinoma is best measured in its largest dimension visible on axial thin-sections with a mediastinal window setting (WS). Tsutani Y et al. stated that the pathologic lymph node (LN) negative status criteria of a size of the solid component were less than 8mm in its maximum dimension with a lung WS.. The purpose of our study was to correlate the size of solid components on thin-section CT (TS-CT) with pathological findings (LN metastasis and local invasion such as lymphatic or vascular invasion) in T1 lung adenocarcinoma, and to evaluate the predictive value of the size of solid components for pathological status. METHOD AND MATERIALS From January 2008 to August 2012, 192 patients with surgical resected T1 lung adenocarcinoma were retrospectively analyzed. Two chest radiologists, who were blinded to the results of pathological findings, measured long and short dimensions of the solid components with a lung (WW 1600, WL -600) and/or a mediastinal (WW 320, WL 30) WS. The average sizes of the solid components measured by the two radiologists were correlated with the pathological findings. RESULTS 7 out of 192 patients (3.6%) had pathological LN metastasis. Patients with a long axis of solid component of less than 5 mm with a mediastinal WS or 8 mm with a lung WS, were observed to have no LN metastasis, resulting in positive predictive value (PPV) for predicting pathologic LN-negative status of 100% with each WS. 62 out of 192 patients (32%) had pathological local invasion. In patients with a long axis of solid component of less than 5 mm with a mediastinal WS or 8 mm with a lung WS, PPV for predicting pathological local invasion-negative status was 91% (40/44) and 90% (55/61), respectively. CONCLUSION The long axis of the solid component with a mediastinal WS bounded by 5mm (Fleischer Society), or that with a lung WS bounded by 8mm was valid for prediction of pathologic LN-negative metastasis. CLINICAL RELEVANCE/APPLICATION The patients who meet these predictive criteria may be optimal candidates for limited resection without the systemic LN dissection.
    Radiological Society of North America 2013 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting; 12/2013
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    ABSTRACT: Chest tube insertion seems to be one important factor leading to intercostal nerve impairment. The purpose of this prospective study was to objectively evaluate intercostal nerve damage using current perception threshold testing in association with chest tube insertion. Sixteen patients were enrolled in this study. Intercostal nerve function was assessed with a series of 2000-Hz (Aβ fiber), 250-Hz (Aδ fiber), and 5-Hz (C fiber) stimuli using current perception threshold testing (Neurometer CPT/C(®)). Current perception threshold values at chest tube insertion were measured before surgery, during chest tube insertion and after removal of the chest tube. Intensities of ongoing pain were also assessed using a numeric rating scale (0-10). Current perception thresholds at each frequency after surgery were significantly higher than before surgery. Numeric rating scale scores for pain were significantly reduced from 3.3 to 1.9 after removal of the chest tube (p = 0.004). The correlation between current perception threshold value at 2000 Hz and intensity of ongoing pain was marginally significant (p = 0.058). This is the first study to objectively evaluate intercostal nerve damage at chest tube insertion. The results confirmed that chest tube insertion has clearly deleterious effects on intercostal nerve function.
    General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 10/2013; 62(1). DOI:10.1007/s11748-013-0328-z
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    ABSTRACT: Epigenetic parameters such as DNA methylation and histone modifications play pivotal roles in carcinogenesis. Global histone modification patterns have been implicated as possible predictors of cancer recurrence and prognoses in a great variety of tumor entities. Our study was designed to evaluate the association among trimethylated histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27me3), clinicopathological variables and outcome in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The expression of H3K27me3 and its methyl-transferase, enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) together with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry in normal lung tissue (n=5) and resected NSCLC patients (n=42). In addition, the specificity of antibody for H3K27me3 was tested by western blot analysis. The optimal cut-off point of H3K27me3 expression for prognosis was determined by the X-tile program. The prognostic significance was determined by means of Kaplan-Meier survival estimates and log-rank tests. As a result, enhanced trimethylation of H3K27me3 was correlated with longer overall survival (OS) and better prognosis (P<0.05). Moreover, both univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that H3K27me3 level was a significant and independent predictor of better survival (hazard ratio, 0.187; 95% confidence interval, 0.066-0.531, P=0.002). Furthermore, H3K27me3 expression was positively correlated with DNA methylation level at CCGG sites while reversely related to EZH2 expression (P<0.05). In conclusion, H3K27me3 level defines unrecognized subgroups of NSCLC patients with distinct epigenetic phenotype and clinical outcome, and can probably be used as a novel predictor for better prognosis in NSCLC patients.
    International Journal of Oncology 08/2013; 43(5). DOI:10.3892/ijo.2013.2062 · 2.77 Impact Factor