Jun Hye Kwon

Yonsei University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (4)14.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is an intracellular stress protein with the cytoprotective effect for a variety of noxious stresses. In this study, using a protein delivery system, we demonstrated the potential cytoprotective effect of HSP27 as a therapeutic protein in cardiac cells and ischemia/reperfusion animal model. We constructed a recombinant HSP27 fused to the protein transduction domain (PTD) derived from HIV-1 TAT protein. Purified recombinant TAT-HSP27 protein was efficiently delivered to H9c2 cells, and its transduction showed cytoprotective effect against the hypoxic stress. Moreover, transduction of TAT-HSP27 also attenuated hypoxia-induced apoptosis, which was accompanied by reduced caspase-3 activity. In addition, intraperitoneal injection of TAT-HSP27 into rat resulted in efficient protein transduction in heart tissues, decreased infarcted myocardium (control vs TAT-HSP27, 39.1% vs 29.5%, P<0.05) and preserved heart function (fractional shortening, 15.6% vs 33.4%, P<0.05), as determined at 7 d after I/R. These results suggest that the PTD-mediated delivery of HSP27 protein may represent a potential therapeutic strategy as protein drug for ischemic heart diseases.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 11/2007; 363(2):399-404. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) induces vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration, which has been proposed to initiate the intimal thickening in coronary atherosclerotic lesions. Berberine is an alkaloid in Berberis aquifolium and many other plants. Recently, it has been shown to have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, such as anti-hyperglycemic and cholesterol-lowering activity. In this study, we investigated its effects on lysoPC-induced VSMC proliferation and migration. Berberine inhibited lysoPC-induced DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in VSMCs, as well as migration of the lysoPC-stimulated VSMCs. It also inhibited the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and reduced transcription factor AP-1 activity and the lysoPC-induced increases in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). These results indicate that the inhibitory effects of berberine on lysoPC-stimulated VSMC proliferation and migration are attributable to inhibition of ROS generation and hence of activation of the ERK1/2 pathway. This suggests that berberine has potential in the prevention of atherosclerosis and restenosis.
    Molecules and Cells 01/2006; 20(3):429-34. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytosine bases can be deaminated spontaneously to uracil, causing DNA damage. Uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG), a ubiquitous uracil-excising enzyme found in bacteria and eukaryotes, is one of the enzymes that repair this kind of DNA damage. To date, no UDG-coding gene has been identified in Methanococcus jannaschii, although its entire genome was deciphered. Here, we have identified and characterized a novel UDG from M.jannaschii designated as MjUDG. It efficiently removed uracil from both single- and double-stranded DNA. MjUDG also catalyzes the excision of 8-oxoguanine from DNA. MjUDG has a helix-hairpin-helix motif and a [4Fe-4S]-binding cluster that is considered to be important for the DNA binding and catalytic activity. Although MjUDG shares these features with other structural families such as endonuclease III and mismatch-specific DNA glycosylase (MIG), unique conserved amino acids and substrate specificity distinguish MjUDG from other families. Also, a homologous member of MjUDG was identified in Aquifex aeolicus. We report that MjUDG belongs to a novel UDG family that has not been described to date.
    Nucleic Acids Research 05/2003; 31(8):2045-55. · 8.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloproteinases contribute to vascular remodeling by breaking down extracellular-matrix while new matrix is synthesized. Of the variety of MMPs, stromelysin-1 and gelatinase B may have key roles in coronary artery atherosclerosis. Moreover, The 5A/6A polymorphism in the promoter region of the stromelysin-1 gene may be a pathogenetic risk factor for acute myocardial infarction. Gelatinase B (92-kDa type IV collagenase and MMP-9) is one of the MMPs found to be highly expressed in the disruption-prone regions of atherosclerotic plaques. C- to T substitution at the promoter site (-1562) resulted in the higher promoter activity of the T-allelic promoter. The R279Q polymorphism in exon 6 led to the substitution of adenosine by guanine, and was a common polymorphism in the general population. We evaluated the relation between these polymorphisms and stable angina, the severity of atherosclerosis in coronary artery disease, and in-stent restenosis after percutaneous coronary angioplasty. The study population was composed of 131 patients with stable angina (mean age 61.3 years, 89 males) and 117 control subjects (mean age 59.3 years, 59 males). Coronary angiographies were performed in all cases at Yonsei University Cardiovascular Hospital from February 1998 to June 2000. The genotype for each polymorphism was determined using a SNaPshotTM kit and by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). The prevalence of 5A containing a polymorphism of the stromelysin-1 gene was higher in the stable angina group than in control patients, but no difference in the two polymorphisms of the gelatinase B gene was found between the two groups. By multiple logistic analysis, the 5A-allele of the stromelysin-1 gene was found to be an independent risk factor of stable angina with an odds ratio of 2.29 (95% CI; 1.19-4.38). However, the severity of atherosclerosis in coronary artery or in stent restenosis was not related to any polymorphism of stromelysin-1 or gelatinase B. Our results show that functional genetic variation of stromelysin-1 could be a significant risk factor for stable angina, and might play an important role in coronary atherosclerosis involving vascular remodeling.
    Yonsei Medical Journal 09/2002; 43(4):473-81. · 1.31 Impact Factor