Jun-Ning Yang

Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Sheng, China

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Publications (3)11.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli growth is a complicated process involved in many factors including the utilization of glucose. It has been reported that E. coli cell growth rate is closely related with glucose concentrations in the cell culture medium. However, the protein regulation networks in response to glucose concentration changes are largely unknown. In the present study, a sub-proteomic methodology has been utilized to characterize alterations of E. coli OM proteins in response to 0.02, 0.2 and 2% concentrations of glucose. In comparison with E. coli cells treated with 0.2% glucose concentration, downregulation of FhuE, FepA, CirA, TolC and OmpX and upregulation of LamB, FadL, OmpF, OmpT and Dps were detected in the E. coli cells treated with 0.02% glucose, and a decrease of TolC, LamB, OmpF, OmpT, OmpX, Dps and elevation of FhuE, FepA, CirA, YncD, FadL and MipA were found in 2% glucose. TolC, LamB and OmpT showed more important roles than other altered OM proteins. Furthermore, the interaction among these altered OM proteins was investigated, and protein interaction networks were characterized. In the networks, all proteins were interacted and regulated by others. TolC, LamB and Dps were the top three proteins that regulated more proteins than others, whereas CirA and OmpT were the top two proteins that were regulated by others. The protein networks could be modified correspondingly with the changes of glucose concentrations. The modifications included the addition of new OM proteins or the change of regulation direction. These findings suggest the important roles of the bacterial OM protein network in E. coli's responses to glucose concentration changes and other environment stresses.
    Molecular BioSystems 08/2011; 7(11):3087-93. · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To understand the role of calcium-binding proteins of invertebrates in immunological response, amphioxus sarcoplasmic calcium-binding protein (SCP) was investigated in the present study. Following gene cloning, recombinant protein expression and purification and antibody preparation, the expression and alteration of SCP in the response to bacterial challenge were detected using Western blotting. SCP was not detected in the branchia, humoral fluid, gonad or in the gut of wounded animals, but it was abundant in muscle and appeared in the gut of healthy animals using Vibrio parahaemolyticus immunization and challenge. Furthermore, whether gut SCP possessed anamnestic response was investigated using cross-immune challenge between Gram-positive and -negative bacteria. Gut SCP showed stronger anamnestic activity or pattern-recognition in response to Gram-negative bacterium V. parahaemolyticus than Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. The response was faster and more species-specific to V. parahaemolyticus, whereas it was slower and longer to S. aureus. The reason why the response showed significant difference between Gram-positive and -negative bacteria awaits investigation. These results indicate that gut SCP is an immune-relevant molecule involved in the primary immunological memory or pattern recognition in the amphioxus Branchiostoma belcheri.
    Fish &amp Shellfish Immunology 02/2011; 30(2):700-5. · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although some outer membrane (OM) proteins involved in antibiotic resistance have been previously reported, the OM proteins regulating chlortetracycline (CTC) resistance are largely unknown. In this study, we employed a subproteomics approach to identify altered OM proteins of Escherichia coli in response to CTC exposure. Upregulation of TolC and downregulation of LamB, FadL, OmpC, OmpT, and OmpW were found in E. coli strains exposed to CTC at a high concentration that was increased suddenly and at a half-minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) that was kept constant in the culture medium. These changes in the level of protein expression were validated using Western blotting. In addition, the possible roles of these altered proteins and their regulation mechanisms in response to CTC exposure were investigated using genetically modified strains with gene deletion of these altered proteins. It was found that deletion of tolC, fadL, ompC, ompT, or ompW resulted in a decrease in the MICs and survival capabilities of the gene-deleted strains, whereas the absence of lamB led to an improvement of the two abilities. The downregulation of LamB expression in the CTC-resistant E. coli strain and the increased antibiotic resistance in its gene-deleted strain suggested a negative regulation mechanism in E. coli in response to CTC exposure. Meanwhile, the direction of the regulation pattern in response to CTC exposure was different from that in E. coli in response to exposure to other antibiotics. These findings uncover a novel antibiotic-resistant mechanism in which bacteria respond to exposure to antibiotics through alteration of the direction of regulation of OM proteins.
    Journal of Proteome Research 11/2010; 9(11):5952-9. · 5.06 Impact Factor