ABSTRACT: Co-infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has an adverse effect on liver disease progression. This study investigated the prevalence of HBV and/or HCV co-infection in HIV-infected patients in Central China. A total of 978 HIV-infected patients from Hunan Province were enrolled. HBV serum markers, anti-hepatitis-C-virus antibody (anti-HCV), HBV DNA, and HBV genotypes were analyzed. The prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-HCV in HIV-infected patients was 19.4 % and 62.4 %, respectively. The prevalence of anti-HCV in HIV-positive intravenous drug users was 93.6 %. Among HBsAg-positive patients, 88.1 % were found to have at least one HBV serum marker. The rates of HIV mono-infection, HBV/HIV dual infection, HCV/HIV dual infection, and HBV/HCV/HIV triple infection were 30.4 %, 7.2 %, 50.2 %, and 12.2 %, respectively. Antibody to HBsAg (Anti-HBs) was more common in anti-HCV-positive than anti-HCV-negative patients (53.3 % vs 40.2 %, P = 0.000), but isolated hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) was more common in anti-HCV-negative than anti-HCV-positive patients (24.2 % vs 12.3 %, P = 0.000). Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and sexual transmission were independent risk factors for active HBV replication. Intravenous drug use and male sex were independent risk factors, but old age and presence of HBeAg were independent protective factors for anti-HCV. Co-infection of HBV and/or HCV with HIV infection is common in central China. HCV status is associated with anti-HBs and isolated anti-HBc in co-infected patients.
Archives of Virology 04/2013; · 2.11 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To survey the prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance in patients newly diagnosed as HIV positive and who were younger than 25 years of age but had not received treatment with antiretroviral treatment (ART) in Hunan province.
Serum specimens of HIV infected individuals were collected and HIV-1 pol genetic mutations associated with drug resistance were identified with PCR and interpreted with Stanford HIV Drug Resistance Database.
A total number of 69 patients whose HIV sequences were amplified successfully with 2 (2.9%) specimens appeared mutations associated with HIV-1 drug resistance in the reverse transcriptase region, including one as V75M and the other one as K103N and V181C. Data showed that the prevalence of drug resistance in Hunan was 2.9%.
The first line regiments of national ART seemed still effective. Most of the AIDS patients did not need to be tested on drug resistance status before starting ART. However, it is important to start HIV drug resistance surveillance in no time.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 09/2008; 29(8):787-9.
ABSTRACT: To estimate the number of drug users in Hongjiang, Hunan and to develop strategy for drug reduction in the future.
Two capture-recapture methods were used to estimate the numbers of drug addicts. Random stratified sampling survey was used to verify the optimum allocation. The first capture-recapture method (CR1) referred to the number from optimum allocation random stratified sampling survey conducted in the communities and the number from local Public Security Bureau list being the second capture. The second capture-recapture method (CR2) referred to the collection of records in the detoxification unit with an interval of 4 months. The estimated number was calculated under Seber's adjustment formula. Face to face interview was carried out during the optimum allocation random stratified sampling survey process.
Of 1388 interviewed in the communities, 24 (1.73%) were identified as drug addicts under the optimum allocation random stratified sampling survey. When the figure 1.73% was applied to the total population (72,709) in Hongjiang, the result yielded an estimation of 1258 drug addicts. The estimated numbers of CR1 and CR2 were 904 and 1069 respectively. However, the number was 1.3 to 1.6 fold higher than the reported number (687) by local Public Security Bureau.
The capture-recapture method seemed a better method in estimating the number of drug addicts.
Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi 07/2005; 26(6):417-20.