Jun Heo

Kyungpook National University, Daikyū, Daegu, South Korea

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Publications (15)12.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Endoscopic resection has emerged as an alternative therapeutic option for selected cases of early colorectal cancer. However, even now, few data are available on the comparative effectiveness of endoscopic versus surgical resection of early colorectal cancer. The aim of our study was to compare the clinical outcomes in patients with early colorectal cancer who underwent endoscopic resection and those who underwent surgical resection.
    Surgical endoscopy. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Gastric atypical cell (GAC), an indefinite pathologic finding, often requires repeated biopsy or other diagnostic treatments, such as endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), or operation (OP). The aim of this study was to analyze the initial endoscopic and histologic findings of GAC and to discuss the necessity of EMR/ESD at establishing a correct diagnosis.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 06/2014; · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Resection of rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) less than 1 cm in diameter can be performed using various endoscopic techniques. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) traditionally had suboptimal complete resection rate compared to endoscopic submucosal resection with band ligation (ESMR-L). However, the previous studies did not consider the characteristics of rectal NETs. The aim of our study is to compare the efficacy of ESMR-L and EMR using tailored approach according to the characteristics of rectal NETs.
    Surgical endoscopy. 05/2014;
  • Jun Heo, Seong Woo Jeon
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    ABSTRACT: Standard triple therapy, consisting of a proton pump inhibitor, plus amoxicillin and clarithromycin, has been the most commonly used first-line treatment regimen for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication for many years worldwide. However, as a result of increased resistance to antibiotics, H. pylori eradication rates with use of standard triple therapy have been declining and recently reached < 80% in many countries. Several new strategies to enhance the eradication rate of H. pylori have been studied. Currently, among the alternative first-line eradication regimens, concomitant and hybrid regimens have shown excellent results and could be the optimal treatment option. Although clinical usefulness of rescue therapy for patients in whom eradication of H. pylori with non-bismuth quadruple regimen has failed is unclear, levofloxacin-based quadruple therapy has shown promise as a rescue treatment. The choice of third-line therapy depends on factors such as the local pattern of antibiotic resistance, drug availability, and previous treatment. We hope that a simple method for detection of antibiotic susceptibility using polymerase chain reaction would be a possible alternative to administration of "tailored treatment" in the era of increasing prevalence of antimicrobial resistance.
    World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 05/2014; 20(19):5654-5659.
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    ABSTRACT: Diphyllobothrium latum and Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense are the 2 reported main causes of human diphyllobothriasis in the Republic of Korea. However, the differentiation of these 2 species based on morphologic features alone is difficult. The authors used nucleotide sequencing of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene to diagnose Diphyllobothrium spp. Two patients visited the emergency room at Kyungpook National University Hospital on 3 April and 12 April 2013, respectively, with fragments of parasites found while defecating. The parasites were identified as Diphyllobothrium spp. based on morphologic characteristics, and subsequent cox1 gene sequencing showed 99.9% similarity (1,478/1,480 bp) with D. nihonkaiense. Our findings support the hypothesis that D. nihonkaiense is a dominant species in Korea.
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology 04/2014; 52(2):197-9. · 0.88 Impact Factor
  • Jun Heo, Seong Woo Jeon
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    ABSTRACT: Although, the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in Korea has declined owing to the eradication therapy, recent seropreva-lence of H. pylori infection is still reported to be as high as 54.4%. Until now, "standard regimen" for eradication of H. pylori has been conventional triple therapy consisting of proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin. However, with the increase in antibiotic resistance, especially against clarithromycin, the eradication rate of conventional triple therapy has steadily declined during the past 13 years in Korea. Present eradication rate of standard triple therapy is reported to be less than 80%, which is the Maginot line of efficacy for the currently available regimen. Therefore, new first line eradication regimen is needed to enhance the eradication rate of H. pylori infection. (Korean J Gastroenterol 2014;63:141-145).
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 03/2014; 63(3):141-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Whether the incidence of metachronous gastric dysplasia and cancer could be decreased by eradication of Helicobacter pylori after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer (EGC). To compare the incidence of metachronous gastric lesion in the eradicated group and the persistent group. Second end point is to evaluate the risk factors for metachronous gastric lesions after ESD for EGC. In a single centre, between May 2007 and May 2010, the patients who had evidence of H. pylori infection at the time of ESD for EGC were included, and the follow-up data were analysed retrospectively. We enrolled 283 patients who have shown H. pylori infection at the time of ESD for EGC. Successful eradication was achieved for 214 patients (75.6%) (Eradicated group), and 69 patients (24.4%) showed persistent H. pylori infection (Persistent group). Metachronous gastric lesions developed in 13 (18.8%) in the persistent group and 18 (8.4%) in the eradicated group (P = 0.016). In the ≥60-year-old group, the cumulative incidence of metachronous gastric cancer showed a significant increase (P = 0.012). Cumulative hazard ratio of subsequent gastric metachronous lesions differed between the eradication group and the persistent infection group (OR = 2.322, 95% CI = 1.136-4.744, P = 0.021), and ≥60 age at the time of endoscopic resection (OR = 2.803, 95% CI = 1.207-6.509, P = 0.016). Both persistent H. pylori infection and old age (≥60) are independent risk factors for the increased incidence of metachronous gastric cancer.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 01/2014; · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background As a result of increased resistance to antibiotics, Helicobacter pylori eradication rates using standard triple therapy have been declining. Aim To validate the efficacy and tolerability of a concomitant regimen as a first-line treatment for H. pylori infection. Methods A total of 348 naïve H. pylori-infected patients from six hospitals in Korea were randomly assigned to concomitant therapy and standard triple therapy groups. The concomitant regimen consisted of 30 mg of lansoprazole, 1 g of amoxicillin, 500 mg of clarithromycin, and 500 mg of metronidazole, twice daily for 10 days. The standard triple regimen consisted of 30 mg of lansoprazole, 1 g of amoxicillin, and 500 mg of clarithromycin, twice daily for 10 days. Results Concomitant and standard eradication rates were 78.7% (137/174) vs. 70.7% (123/174) by intention-to-treat (p = 0.084) and 88.7% (133/150) vs. 78.4% (120/153) by per-protocol (p = 0.016), respectively. The two groups were similar with regard to the incidence of adverse events. Conclusions Although 10-day concomitant therapy was validated as a suboptimal treatment option for the treatment of H. pylori infection, this regimen is expected to be a promising starting point in the development of an optimal treatment regimen for H. pylori infection.
    Digestive and Liver Disease. 01/2014;
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    Jun Heo, Seong Woo Jeon
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    ABSTRACT: Diagnosis of gastric subepithelial tumor (SET) has shown a rapid increase worldwide. Although, until now, endoscopic ultrasound guided procedures such as fine needle aspiration have shown relatively high accuracy in diagnosis of SET, the most important modality for diagnosis and treatment of SETs is complete resection such as endoscopic or surgical resection. However, endoscopic resection or laparoscopic wedge resection alone also has some limitations. Endoscopic resection is difficult to perform in cases of gastric SET located within deep portion of the gastric layer or a relatively large (larger than 25 mm diameter). On the other hand, gastric SET in a difficult location, such as the gastroesophageal junction or pyloric ring is challenging for laparoscopic surgical resection. The hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) technique is a combined method, including the advantages of both laparoscopic resection and endoscopic resection for gastric SETs. This method may be performed safely with reasonable operation times, less bleeding, and adequate resection margin and regardless of tumor size. In particular, in the case of a difficult location for resection, such as the esophagogastric junction or pyloric ring, hybrid NOTES is currently believed to be an ideal treatment method.
    World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy. 09/2013; 5(9):428-432.
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    Jun Heo, Seong Woo Jeon
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    ABSTRACT: Nowadays, endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection has shown effectiveness equivalent to that of gastrectomy and has emerged as a popular technique for curative treatment of gastric cancer. However, noncurative resection or resection beyond the indication may lead to lymphatic and extended organ metastasis resulting in loss of the opportunity for full recovery. Therefore, it is an important issue to decide the range of curative resection in the endoscopic resection field. Furthermore, management of noncurative endoscopic resection in early gastric cancer is also important. The most favorable treatment after noncurative resection would be surgery. However, other noninvasive treatments such as argon plasma coagulation, additional endoscopic resection and close observation for recurrence are thought to be the optional treatments after the noncurative resection. In the future, prospective research studies and observations are expected to verify the effectiveness of noninvasive treatments.
    Clinical endoscopy. 05/2013; 46(3):235-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Colonoscopy and polypectomy procedures have effectively reduced the incidence of colorectal cancer. Currently, competence in colonoscopy is an essential part of the education program for gastrointestinal (GI) trainees. However, considerable training is required for the optimal performance of a colonoscopy. This study involved six colonoscopy trainees, three of whom used the cap whereas the others did not. Each trainee managed 100 cases of screening colonoscopy from beginning to end. The cecal intubation success rate, cecal intubation time, polyp detection rate, adenoma detection rate, advanced adenoma detection rate, and adenocarcinoma detection rate were checked. The rate of successful cecal intubation and the cecal intubation time were reviewed every 10 cases. The cecal intubation rate was 80.7 % (242/300) in the cap group and 63.3 % (190/300) in the non-cap group. The average cecal intubation time was 13.7 min in the cap group and 18.7 min in the non-cap group. The statistical analysis of these results suggested that the cap group had a significantly higher success rate (p < 0.001) and a shorter cecal intubation time (p < 0.001) than the non-cap group. However, the two groups did not differ significantly in the detection rate for polyps (45.3 vs 43 %; p = 0.565), adenomas (26.3 vs 25 %; p = 0.709), advanced adenomas (2.6 vs 0.6 %; p = 0.056), or adenocarcinomas (5.3 vs 3 %; p = 0.153). Cap-assisted colonoscopies might help to increase the rate of cecal intubation success and shorten the cecal intubation time for GI trainees.
    Surgical Endoscopy 04/2012; 26(10):2939-43. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity tends to be associated with increased mortality and morbidity in acute pancreatitis. However, in Asian populations, higher morbidity and mortality have been reported in patients with low body mass indexes (BMIs). This study was undertaken to evaluate the relation between obesity and outcome, and to investigate the occurrence of complications by overweightedness in acute pancreatitis. The medical records of 403 patients with acute pancreatitis were reviewed retrospectively, and Ranson's scores, modified Glasgow scores, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II scores and computed tomography severity indexes were calculated. Patients were categorized by BMI for the analysis. When compared with normal patients (BMI 18.5 to 22.9), all categories with a BMI ≥23 had an increased risk of developing a severe form of acute pancreatitis (p=0.003) and all categories with a BMI ≥25 significantly predicted severity (p<0.001). Patients with class 1 obesity (BMI 25 to 29.9) developed significantly more systemic and metabolic complications. Overweightedness and obesity were found to be associated with a higher risk of developing severe pancreatitis. Further studies are needed to establish the precise prognostic value of obesity in members of the population with low BMIs.
    Gut and liver 09/2011; 5(3):335-9. · 1.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is performed as an alternative to surgical resection for primary or secondary liver malignancies. Although RFA can be performed safely in most patients, early and late complications related to mechanical or thermal damage occur in 8-9.5% cases. Hemocholecyst, which refers to hemorrhage of the gallbladder, has been reported with primary gallbladder disease or as a secondary event associated with hemobilia. Hemobilia, defined as hemorrhage in the biliary tract and most commonly associated with accidental or iatrogenic trauma, is a rare complication of RFA. Here we report a case of hemocholecyst associated with hemobilia after RFA for hepatocellular carcinoma that was successfully managed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
    The Korean Journal of Hepatology 06/2011; 17(2):148-51.
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    ABSTRACT: We report herein a case of 35-years-old woman in whom portal hypertension (esophageal varix and splenomegaly) developed after 12 cycles of oxaliplatin based adjuvant chemotherapy for rectal cancer. She was transferred for the evaluation of etiology of new-onset portal hypertension. The esophageal varix and splenomegaly were absent before the oxaliplatin based adjuvant chemotherapy. Thorough history taking and serological exam revealed no evidence of chronic liver disease. Liver biopsy was done and there was no cirrhotic nodule formation. Instead, perivenular fibrosis was noted. Considering new development of esophageal varices and splenomegaly after 12 cycles of oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy, we could conclude that portal hypertension in this patient were due to sinusoidal injury by oxaliplatin. Finally, we recommend regular follow-up with endoscopy and radiologic examination for checking the development of varices and for screening of varices and splenomegaly in patients with colo-rectal cancer who receive oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy.
    The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 04/2011; 57(4):253-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Transient elastography as performed using the Fibroscan is a useful noninvasive method for evaluating hepatic fibrosis. However, recent studies have found that liver stiffness measurement (LSM) values are inappropriately elevated in acute hepatitis or in the acute flare state of chronic hepatitis, suggesting that the LSM value obtained by the Fibroscan is not a reliable marker for fibrosis. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical factors influencing the LSM value obtained using transient elastography as performed using the Fibroscan in patients with chronic liver disease. A total of 298 patients who were followed in Kungpook National University Hospital from November 2007 to May 2008 due to previously established liver cirrhosis or chronic liver disease were investigated using the Fibroscan, laboratory test, ultrasound, and/or abdominal computed tomography. The 298 patients were aged 47.8+/-12.9 years (mean+/-SD). The cut-off value for a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis was 12.5 kPa (as used in previous studies). Thirty-six patients (15%) and 202 patients (85%) with chronic liver disease without clinical manifestation of cirrhosis had LSMs of >12.5 kPa and <12.5 kPa, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that LSM values were unusually increased in patients with chronic liver disease who were older (P=0.007) or who had increased gamma glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) (P=0.022), decreased albumin (P=0.015), or increased total bilirubin (P=0.009). This study reveals that age, GGT, and albumin are clinical factors influencing LSM values. This reinforces the need to interpret LSM values in the context of a defined diagnosis, biochemical data, radiologic examination, and other clinical findings.
    The Korean Journal of Hepatology 06/2010; 16(2):123-30.