John K DiBaise

Mayo Clinic - Scottsdale, Scottsdale, Arizona, United States

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Publications (153)1124.36 Total impact

  • J K DiBaise · N Patel · J Noelting · A C Dueck · M Roarke · M D Crowell ·
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Symptoms suggestive of gastroparesis are non-specific and conflicting reports exist regarding the ability of symptoms to predict the presence of gastroparesis. Our aim, therefore, was to evaluate the relationships between gastroparetic symptoms and their impact on quality of life and determine their relationship with clinical factors and gastric emptying. Methods: Gastric emptying scintigraphy, sociodemographic features, health care resource utilization, gastroparetic symptoms, and quality of life using validated questionnaires were obtained from consecutive patients referred for gastric emptying testing (GET). Descriptive analyses were conducted and logistic regression was performed to evaluate associations with abnormal gastric emptying after controlling for other covariates. Key results: Two hundred and sixty-six patients participated (195 females; mean age, 49.1 ± 17.6 years); 75% met Rome III criteria for functional dyspepsia. Gastric emptying was delayed in 28.2% at 4 h; the delay was mild in 48%, moderate in 20% and severe in 32%. Nausea/emesis and postprandial fullness, but not bloating, were significantly greater in those with delayed emptying. Postprandial fullness was most severe. Weak correlations were identified between symptom severity and the severity of gastric emptying delay. Quality of life was also lower in the delayed emptying group. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated associations between delayed gastric emptying and lower quality of life and increased symptom severity. Conclusions & inferences: In patients referred for GET, gastroparetic symptoms were more severe in those with delayed emptying. A decrease in quality of life in those with delayed gastric emptying was also present; this was not related to the severity of the delay in gastric emptying.
    Neurogastroenterology and Motility 11/2015; DOI:10.1111/nmo.12718 · 3.59 Impact Factor
  • J K Dibaise · R S Islam · A C Dueck · M C Roarke · M D Crowell ·
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    ABSTRACT: Background: There have been conflicting results from studies that have evaluated psychological disturbances in functional dyspepsia (FD). We conducted a comprehensive survey of psychological measures in patients undergoing gastric emptying testing (GET) in order to determine the relationship among psychological distress, gastric emptying, and dyspeptic symptoms. Methods: Consecutive patients referred for GET were prospectively enrolled. Details regarding patient characteristics, health care utilization, dyspeptic symptoms, quality of life, and psychological dysfunction were obtained. Depression, anxiety, somatization, stress, positive and negative affect, and alexithymia were queried using validated questionnaires. We compared those dyspeptic patients who met Rome III criteria for FD to those who did not meet these criteria. Key results: Two hundred and nine patients (160 female; mean age 46.6 years ± 17.3 years) participated. Around 151 patients (72%) met Rome III criteria for FD. In the entire group, a high level of depression, anxiety, somatization, and perceived stress was present compared to population norms. Health care seeking behavior and symptom severity were greater in those with FD and quality of life was lower compared to non-FD. Gastric emptying did not differentiate the two groups and similar degrees of psychological distress were present whether emptying was delayed or normal. Conclusions & inferences: In patients referred for GET, substantial psychological distress is present. The degree of distress was similar regardless of whether the patient met Rome III FD criteria or not. Further evaluation of psychological dysfunction in FD patients may lead to improved diagnosis and determination of the most appropriate treatment.
    Neurogastroenterology and Motility 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/nmo.12709 · 3.59 Impact Factor
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    S L Shah · B E Lacy · J K DiBaise · M F Vela · M D Crowell ·
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    ABSTRACT: Background Obesity is associated with increased oesophageal acid exposure time (AET) in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux (GER), and may decrease the effects of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs).AimTo evaluate the effects of increased body mass on the ability of PPI therapy to decrease AET in patients with reflux symptoms.Methods Acid exposure time profiles collected from adult patients using wireless pH-metry while on or off PPI therapy was retrospectively reviewed. Patients were separated into five body mass index (BMI) categories as defined by the World Health Organization. A multivariable logistic regression evaluated the association between abnormal AET and BMI groups while controlling for age, gender and pH capsule placement methods.ResultsThe study group comprised 968 patients with 336 (34.7%) studied on a PPI and 632 (65.3%) studied off PPI therapy. AET (total greater than 5.3%) was found more frequently in the overweight (67%) and obese classes (74–80%) compared to those who were normal weight (40%) while off acid-suppressing medications (P < 0.001). No significant differences were found between these groups when studied on acid-suppressing medications, and the proportion of patients with abnormal AET across BMI classes was similar regardless of taking a PPI either once or twice daily.Conclusions This is the largest study to report on the relationship between BMI and oesophageal acid exposure time in patients with GER on and off PPI therapy. We conclude that obesity is related to increased acid exposure time, but with no significant difference in acid exposure time among different weight-based groups when taking a once or twice-daily PPI.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 09/2015; 42(9). DOI:10.1111/apt.13394 · 5.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with gastrointestinal (GI) involvement have a lower quality of life (QoL) and while the impact of upper GI symptoms on QoL in SSc patients has been described few data exist on the presence and impact of lower gastrointestinal (LGI) and pelvic floor symptoms in SSc. Our goal was to assess the prevalence of these symptoms in women with SSc and evaluate their impact on QoL. A secondary hypothesis was that the impact of LGI symptoms on QoL is mediated by depression. Women with SSc (n=175) attending an outpatient scleroderma clinic completed multiple validated questionnaires. Pelvic floor and LGI symptoms included fecal incontinence (FI), urinary incontinence (UI), dual incontinence (DI), chronic constipation, diarrhea, and pelvic pain. The Student t tests adjusted for multiple comparisons were used to evaluate group differences at the 0.05 level. Complete data were available for 160 women. FI was reported by 65, UI by 64, DI by 40, chronic constipation by 94, diarrhea by 82, and pelvic pain by 35 of SSc patients. Overall QoL was reduced in SSc patients with FI (0.96 vs. 0.63; P=0.007), UI (0.96 vs. 0.65; P=0.01), DI (1.11 vs. 0.67; P=0.002), and pelvic pain (1.01 vs. 0.70; P=0.04). Antidepressant use was reported by 26%. The negative impact on QoL in patients with pelvic floor symptoms was partially mediated by depression. Women with SSc suffer from an increased prevalence of LGI and pelvic floor symptoms including FI, UI, diarrhea, constipation, and pelvic pain and this effect seems to be partially mediated by depression.
    Journal of clinical gastroenterology 08/2015; DOI:10.1097/MCG.0000000000000405 · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bowel dysfunction has been recognized as a predominant side effect of opioid use. Even though the effects of opioids on the stomach and small and large intestines have been well studied, there are limited data on opioid effects on esophageal function. The aim of this study was to compare esophageal pressure topography (EPT) of patients taking opioids at the time of the EPT (≤24 h) with chronic opioid users who were studied off opioid medications for at least 24 h using the Chicago classification v3.0. A retrospective review identified 121 chronic opioid users who completed EPT between March 2010 and August 2012. Demographic and manometric data were compared between the two groups using general linear models or χ(2). Of the 121 chronic opioid users, 66 were studied on opioid medications (≤24 h) and 55 were studied off opioid medications for at least 24 h. Esophagogastric junction (EGJ) outflow obstruction was significantly more prevalent in patients using opioids within 24 h compared with those who did not (27% vs. 7%, P=0.004). Mean 4 s integrated relaxation pressure was also significantly higher in patients studied on opioids (10.71 vs. 6.6 mm Hg, P=0.025). Resting lower esophageal sphincter pressures tended to be higher on opioids (31.61 vs. 26.98 mm Hg, P=0.25). Distal latency was significantly lower in patients studied on opioids (6.15 vs. 6.74 s, P=0.044). Opioid use within 24 h of EPT is associated with more frequent EGJ outflow obstruction and spastic peristalsis compared with when opioid use is stopped for at least 24 h before the study.Am J Gastroenterol advance online publication, 2 June 2015; doi:10.1038/ajg.2015.154.
    The American Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2015; 110(7). DOI:10.1038/ajg.2015.154 · 10.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Anti-depressants are frequently prescribed to treat functional dyspepsia (FD), a common disorder characterized by upper abdominal symptoms, including discomfort or post-prandial fullness. However, there is little evidence for the efficacy of these drugs in patients with FD. We performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the effects of anti-depressant therapy effects on symptoms, gastric emptying (GE), and meal-induced satiety in patients with FD. We performed a study at 8 North American sites of patients who met the Rome II criteria for FD and did not have depression or use anti-depressants. Subjects (n=292; 44±15 y old, 75% female, 70% with dysmotility-like FD, and 30% with ulcer-like FD) were randomly assigned to groups given placebo, 50 mg amitriptyline, or 10 mg escitalopram for 10 weeks. The primary endpoint was adequate relief of FD symptoms for ≥5 weeks of the last 10 weeks (out of 12). Secondary endpoints included GE time, maximum tolerated volume in a nutrient drink test, and FD-related quality of life. An adequate relief response was reported by 39 subjects given placebo (40%), 51 given amitriptyline (53%), and 37 given escitalopram (38%) (P=.05, following treatment, adjusted for baseline balancing factors including all subjects). Subjects with ulcer-like FD given amitriptyline were more than 3-fold more likely to report adequate relief than those given placebo (odds ratio=3.1; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-9.0). Neither amitriptyline nor escitalopram appeared to affect GE or meal-induced satiety after the 10 week period in any group. Subjects with delayed GE were less likely to report adequate relief than subjects with normal GE (odds ratio=0.4; 95% confidence interval, 0.2-0.8). Both anti-depressants improved overall quality-of-life. Amitriptyline, but not escitalopram, appears to benefit some patients with FD-particularly those with ulcer-like (painful) FD. Patients with delayed GE do not respond to these drugs. number: NCT00248651. Copyright © 2015 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Gastroenterology 04/2015; 149(2). DOI:10.1053/j.gastro.2015.04.020 · 16.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Few instruments have been developed and validated for the evaluation of multi-dimensional GI symptoms. The Gastrointestinal Symptoms Severity Index (GISSI), a multi-dimensional, self-report instrument, was designed as a brief measure of the frequency, severity, and bothersomeness of individual GI and pelvic floor/urogynecologic symptoms. To report the psychometric properties of the GISSI subscales, including factorial structure, validity, and internal consistency. The GISSI included 32 items that assessed upper and lower GI symptoms and seven items related to pelvic floor/urogynecologic symptoms. A total of 934 patients presenting for upper and lower GI complaints completed the questionnaire between January 2013 and December 2013. The sample was randomly split into derivation (n = 466) and validation datasets (n = 468). A non-patient sample of 200 was collected separately. Exploratory factor analysis supported a six-factor model for the derivation sample that accounted for 69.3 % of the total variance. The six GI symptom clusters were labeled as constipation/difficult defecation (five items), abdominal pain/discomfort (four items), dyspepsia (four items), diarrhea/anal incontinence (four items), GERD/chest symptoms (four items), and nausea/vomiting (two items). Inclusion of additional items related to female pelvic floor/urogynecologic symptoms resulted in a separate factor. Confirmatory factor analysis of the validation dataset supported the a priori hypothesized six-factor measurement model (Χ (2)(428) = 1462.98; P < 0.001; GFI = .88; RMSEA = .051). The GISSI demonstrated good to excellent psychometric properties and provided multi-dimensional scaling of prominent GI symptom clusters. Further validation may provide an efficient, valid, and reliable measure of patient-reported clinical outcomes.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 04/2015; 60(8). DOI:10.1007/s10620-015-3647-3 · 2.61 Impact Factor

  • Gastroenterology 04/2015; 148(4):S-888. DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(15)33016-X · 16.72 Impact Factor

  • Gastroenterology 04/2015; 148(4):S-889. DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(15)33017-1 · 16.72 Impact Factor

  • Gastroenterology 04/2015; 148(4):S-50-S-51. DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(15)30176-1 · 16.72 Impact Factor

  • Gastroenterology 04/2015; 148(4):S-890-S-891. DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(15)33022-5 · 16.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Identifying specific gut microorganisms associated with chronic constipation may be useful for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether or not the gut microbial community of constipated subjects had specific microbial signatures and to assess the effects of lubiprostone treatment on the gut microbial community. Stool diaries, breath H2 and CH4 levels, and stool samples were collected from ten healthy subjects and nine patients meeting the Rome III criteria for chronic functional constipation. Constipated subjects received lubiprostone for four weeks, during which stool diaries were maintained. Stool samples were evaluated for gut microbial communities using pyrosequencing and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) targeting 16S-rRNA gene, along with concentrations of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) using high-performance liquid chromatography. Prior to treatment, gut microbial profiles were similar between constipated subjects and healthy subjects, while iso-butyrate levels were significantly higher in constipated subjects compared with healthy subjects. Despite increases in stool frequency and improvements in consistency after lubiprostone treatment, gut microbial profiles and community diversity after treatment showed no significant change compared to before treatment. While we did not observe a significant difference in either breath methane or archaeal abundance between the stool samples of healthy and constipated subjects, we confirmed a strong correlation between archaeal abundance measured by qPCR and the amount of methane gas exhaled in the fasting breath. Butyrate levels, however, were significantly higher in the stool samples of constipated subjects after lubiprostone treatment, suggesting that lubiprostone treatment had an effect on the net accumulation of SCFAs in the gut. In conclusion, lubiprostone treatment improved constipation symptoms and increased levels of butyrate without substantial modification of the gut microbial structure. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Anaerobe 01/2015; 33. DOI:10.1016/j.anaerobe.2015.01.005 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of the gut microbiome in arresting pathogen colonization and growth is important for protection against Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Observational studies associate proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and CDI incidence. We hypothesized that PPI use affected the distal gut microbiome over time, an effect that would be best explored by time-longitudinal study of healthy subjects on PPI in comparison to treatment-naïve CDI subjects. This study enrolled nine healthy human subjects and five subjects with treatment-naïve CDI. After random assignment to a low (20 mg/day) or high (2× 20 mg/day) dose group, fecal samples were collected from the nine healthy subjects before, during, and after 28 days of PPI use. This was done in conjunction with pre-treatment fecal collection from CDI subjects. High-throughput sequencing (16S rRNA) was performed on time-longitudinal samples to assess changes to the healthy gut microbiome associated with prolonged PPI usage. The healthy samples were then compared to the CDI subjects to explore changes over time to the gut microbiome associated with PPI use and potentially related to CDI. We report that PPI usage at low and high dosages, administered for 28 days, resulted in decreases to observed operational taxonomic unit (OTU) counts after both 1 week and 1 month. This decrease resulted in observed OTU levels that were similar to those found in treatment-naïve CDI patients, which was partly reversible after a 1 month recovery period. We did not detect a dose-dependent difference in OTU levels nor did we detect significant changes in taxa previously reported to be affected by PPI treatment. While our observation of diminishing observed OTU counts during PPI therapy is a preliminary finding in a small cohort, our hypothesis that PPIs disrupt the healthy human gut microbiome is supported in this group. We conclude that decreases in observed species counts were reversible after cessation of PPI usage within 1 month. This finding may be a potential explanation for the association between prolonged PPI usage and CDI incidence.
    11/2014; 2(1):42. DOI:10.1186/2049-2618-2-42
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    ABSTRACT: Functional dysphagia (FD) is characterized by the presence of dysphagia without evidence of mechanical esophageal obstruction, GERD, and histopathology-based esophageal motor disorders. Dysphagia is common in older patients; however, there is a paucity of information regarding the type and frequency of peristaltic abnormalities compared to younger patients. Based on recently validated criteria for classification of weak peristalsis using high-resolution manometry (HRM), we hypothesized that older patients with FD would have more peristaltic defects detected by HRM compared to younger FD patients. A retrospective review of our motility database yielded 65 patients that met inclusion criteria. Patients were divided into two groups based on age (younger: <70 years; older: ≥70 years). Patients were interviewed, completed a quality-of-life questionnaire, and underwent solid-state HRM. The two groups differed in age but in no other demographic characteristics, severity of dysphagia, or quality of life. Dyspeptic symptoms, including nausea (p < 0.001), early satiety (p = 0.01), bloating (p = 0.02), and belching (p = 0.01), were also more prevalent in younger FD patients. Older age was associated with weak peristalsis involving frequent failed peristalsis, small proximal peristaltic defects (2-5 cm), and large proximal peristaltic defects (>5 cm) (p < 0.001). The mean contraction amplitude was also lower in the older group (p < 0.05). These data support the hypothesis that older patients with FD have a higher frequency of peristaltic abnormalities on HRM compared to younger patients. Older age was associated with increased frequency of weak peristalsis with small and large peristaltic defects.
    Dysphagia 06/2014; 29(4). DOI:10.1007/s00455-014-9540-y · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The antibiotic rifaximin is used to treat non-constipated irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Methane production is associated with constipation and its severity in constipation-predominant IBS (C-IBS). A previous retrospective study suggested that rifaximin and neomycin was superior to neomycin alone in improving symptoms in methane-positive subjects. To determine the effectiveness of neomycin alone or with rifaximin in improving symptoms in methane-positive C-IBS subjects. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was performed from 2010 to 2013 at three tertiary care centers. Subjects aged 18-65 with C-IBS (Rome II criteria) and breath methane (>3 ppm) meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited. Subjects completed a baseline symptom questionnaire rating the severity of abdominal and bowel symptoms on a visual analog scale and were randomized to receive neomycin and placebo or neomycin and rifaximin for 14 days. Symptom severity was assessed by weekly questionnaire for 2 weeks of therapy and 4 additional weeks of follow-up. Thirty-one subjects (16 neomycin and placebo, 15 neomycin and rifaximin) were included in the intention-to-treat analysis. Constipation severity was significantly lower in the neomycin and rifaximin group (28.6 ± 30.8) compared to neomycin alone (61.2 ± 24.1) (P = 0.0042), with greater improvement in constipation (P = 0.007), straining (P = 0.017) and bloating (P = 0.020), but not abdominal pain. In the neomycin and rifaximin group, subjects with methane <3 ppm after treatment reported significantly lower constipation severity (30.5 ± 21.8) than subjects with persistent methane (67.2 ± 32.1) (P = 0.020). Rifaximin plus neomycin is superior to neomycin alone in improving multiple C-IBS symptoms. This effect is predicted by a reduction in breath methane.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 05/2014; 59(6). DOI:10.1007/s10620-014-3157-8 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    Gastroenterology 05/2014; 146(5):S-853-S-854. DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(14)63101-2 · 16.72 Impact Factor

  • Gastroenterology 05/2014; 146(5):S-178-S-179. DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(14)60635-1 · 16.72 Impact Factor

  • Gastroenterology 05/2014; 146(5):S-179. DOI:10.1016/S0016-5085(14)60636-3 · 16.72 Impact Factor
  • John K Dibaise ·
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this review is to provide an update of recent advances in the areas of short bowel syndrome (SBS) and small bowel transplantation (SBT). Recent reports from two of the largest multicenter randomized, controlled trials in patients with SBS support the safety and efficacy of teduglutide as an aid to parenteral nutrition weaning. In well selected SBS patients, outcomes as diverse as survival, macronutrient absorption and parenteral nutrition weaning are improved after autologous gastrointestinal reconstructive surgery. SBT is no longer considered investigational and given improved outcomes noted in recent reports, indications for transplantation are expanding. Although SBT early survival rates are approaching those of other organ allografts, long-term graft survival remains suboptimal. Recently available trophic factors hold promise as aids in restoring freedom from parenteral nutrition support; however, their long-term benefits, preferred timing of administration in relation to the onset of SBS, optimal patient selection for use, duration of treatment and cost effectiveness require further study. Despite recent evidence of improved early survival after SBT, more dedicated research is needed to design more effective strategies to better tolerize small bowel grafts, prevent rejection and, ultimately, improve long-term outcomes. Reserved for well selected patients, autologous gastrointestinal reconstruction should be considered complementary and not antagonistic to SBT.
    Current opinion in gastroenterology 01/2014; 30(2). DOI:10.1097/MOG.0000000000000035 · 4.29 Impact Factor

  • Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 11/2013; 38(1). DOI:10.1177/0148607113511273 · 3.15 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
1,124.36 Total Impact Points


  • 2005-2015
    • Mayo Clinic - Scottsdale
      Scottsdale, Arizona, United States
  • 2013
    • Mayo Clinic - Rochester
      Рочестер, Minnesota, United States
  • 2001-2005
    • The Nebraska Medical Center
      Omaha, Nebraska, United States
  • 1998-2005
    • University of Nebraska Medical Center
      • • Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (GI)
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      Omaha, Nebraska, United States
    • University of Nebraska at Omaha
      • Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
      Omaha, NE, United States