Jingping Sun

Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, United States

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Publications (9)25.01 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This report describes a novel approach to cancer therapy that targets genes that are preferentially alternatively spliced and expressed in leukemia. We developed CD44v6 and CD44v8 splicing constructs fused with GFP or a humanized fragment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (hPE24). Transfection of K562 leukemia cells with the GFP-linked splicing constructs led to subsequent production of detectable levels of GFP. Transfection of K562 cells with the hPE24-linked splicing constructs led to significant reduction of cell viability and an increase in the induction of apoptosis. Normal human PBMCs were unaffected by following transfection with these constructs.
    Leukemia research 07/2013; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Exposure to bacterial superantigens, such as staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), can lead to the induction of acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). In the current study, we investigated the role of CD44 in ALI/ARDS. Intranasal exposure of CD44 wild-type mice to SEB led to a significant increase in the expression of CD44 on lung mononuclear cells. CD44 knockout mice developed significantly reduced SEB-induced ALI/ARDS, through reduced inflammatory cytokine production and reduced lung inflammatory cells, compared to similarly treated CD44 wild-type mice. Mechanistically, deletion of CD44 altered SEB-induced cytokine production in the lungs and reduced the ability of SEB-exposed leukocytes to bind to lung epithelial cells. Finally, treatment of SEB-exposed mice with anti-CD44 mAbs led to significant reduction in vascular permeability, reduction in cytokine production, and prevented inflammatory cell infiltration in the lungs. Together, these results suggest the possibility of targeting CD44 for the treatment of SEB-induced ALI/ARDS.
    Clinical Immunology 05/2012; 144(1):41-52. · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the current study, we examined the potential significance of CD44 expression on lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells in their interaction and killing of melanoma cells. Stimulation of splenocytes with IL-2 led to a significant increase in the expression of CD44 on T cells, NK cells, and NKT cells. Treatment of melanoma-bearing CD44 WT mice with IL-2 led to a significant reduction in the local tumor growth while treatment of melanoma-bearing CD44 KO mice with IL-2 was ineffective at controlling tumor growth. Furthermore, the ability of splenocytes from IL-2-treated CD44 KO mice to kill melanoma tumor targets was significantly reduced when compared to the anti-tumor activity of splenocytes from IL-2-treated CD44 WT mice. The importance of CD44 expression on the LAK cells was further confirmed by the observation that adoptively transferred CD44 WT LAK cells were significantly more effective than CD44 KO LAK cells at controlling tumor growth in vivo. Next, the significance of the increased expression of CD44 in tumor killing was examined and showed that following stimulation with IL-2, distinct populations of cells with low (CD44(lo)) or elevated (CD44(hi)) expression of CD44 are generated and that the CD44(hi) cells are responsible for killing of the melanoma cells. The reduced killing activity of the CD44 KO LAK cells did not result from reduced activation or expression of effector molecules but was due, at least in part, to a reduced ability to adhere to B16F10 tumor cells.
    Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy 09/2011; 61(3):323-34. · 3.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Jingping Sun, Robert J McKallip
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the ability of plumbagin to induce apoptosis in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Plumbagin exposure led to a significant reduction in cell viability and the induction of apoptosis. Mechanistically, plumbagin treatment led to elevated levels of ROS. Plumbagin-induced apoptosis was inhibited by N-acetyl L-cysteine (NAC) and PEG-catalase. Furthermore, plumbagin exposure led to elevated expression of DR4 and DR5 and increased killing through soluble TRAIL. The plumbagin-induced increase in DR4 and DR5 was inhibited by treatment with NAC. Together, this study suggests that plumbagin may be an effective treatment of CML through increased sensitivity to TRAIL-mediated killing.
    Leukemia research 07/2011; 35(10):1402-8. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Moist smokeless tobacco use is associated with various types of oral injury, including leukoplakia and dipper's pouch, although the mechanism by which the injury is caused still remains unclear. One possible mechanism is that moist smokeless tobacco affects the inflammatory response. For example, a study by Johnson et al. demonstrated a reduction in the volume density of macrophages and increased inflammation and redness at the smokeless tobacco placement site when compared to non-placement site. The current study investigated the direct effect of reference moist smokeless tobacco extract (STE) exposure on the viability of MM6 monocyte/macrophage cell line. The exposure of MM6 cells to various concentrations of STE, led to a significant and dose-related decrease in cell viability. Furthermore, STE exposure resulted in an increase in Annexin V/PI positive cells, an increase in TUNEL-positive cells, and cleaved PARP staining all of which were inhibited by pre-incubation with a pan-caspase inhibitor, suggesting that the observed STE toxicity was due to the induction of apoptosis. Next, the role of various moist smokeless tobacco-derived components in STE-induced apoptosis of MM6 cells was investigated. Our findings suggest that STE-induced osmotic stress, but not exposure to nicotine, plays an important role in STE-induced apoptosis of MM6 cells. Together, these data show for the first time that STE exposure leads to the induction of apoptosis in human monocyte/macrophage cells, which appears to be induced in part, by reference STE-mediated osmotic stress.
    International immunopharmacology 09/2010; 10(9):1029-40. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extracts from plants containing plumbagin (PLB) continue to be used as a treatment of a number of chronic immunologically-based diseases. However, most of these claims are supported only by anecdotal evidence with few scientific reports describing the mechanism of action or the efficacy of plumbagin in the suppression of the immune response. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that plumbagin-induced suppression of the immune response was mediated through the induction of apoptosis. Splenocytes from C57BL/6 mice cultured in the presence of 0.5 microM or greater concentrations of PLB significantly reduced proliferative responses to mitogens, including anti-CD3 mAbs, concanavalin A (Con A), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) in vitro. Exposure of naïve and activated splenocytes to PLB led to a significant increase in the levels of apoptosis. In addition, PLB treatment led to a significant increase in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in naïve and activated splenocytes. Furthermore, treatment with the ROS scavenger, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), prevented PLB-induced apoptosis, suggesting a role of ROS in PLB-induced apoptosis. PLB-induced apoptosis led to ROS-mediated activation of both the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways. In addition, plumbagin led to increased expression of Fas. Finally, treatment of mice with PLB (5mg/kg) led to thymic and splenic atrophy as well as a significant suppression of the response to SEB and dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) in vivo. Together, these results suggest that plumbagin has significant immunosuppressive properties which are mediated by generation of ROS, upregulation of Fas, and the induction of apoptosis.
    Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 08/2010; 247(1):41-52. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In postmenopausal women, human 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (3beta-HSD1) is a critical enzyme in the conversion of DHEA to estradiol in breast tumors, while 3beta-HSD2 participates in the production of cortisol and aldosterone in the human adrenal gland. The goals of this project are to determine if Arg195 in 3beta-HSD1 vs. Pro195 in 3beta-HSD2 in the substrate/inhibitor binding site is a critical structural difference responsible for the higher affinity of 3beta-HSD1 for inhibitor and substrate steroids compared to 3beta-HSD2 and whether Asp61, Glu192 and Thr8 are fingerprint residues for cofactor and substrate binding using site-directed mutagenesis. The R195P-1 mutant of 3beta-HSD1 and the P195R-2 mutant of 3beta-HSD2 have been created, expressed, purified and characterized kinetically. Dixon analyses of the inhibition of the R195P-1 mutant, P195R-2 mutant, wild-type 3beta-HSD1 and wild-type 3beta-HSD2 by trilostane has produced kinetic profiles that show inhibition of 3beta-HSD1 by trilostane (K(i)=0.10microM, competitive) with a 16-fold lower K(i) and different mode than measured for 3beta-HSD2 (K(i)=1.60microM, noncompetitive). The R195P-1 mutation shifts the high-affinity, competitive inhibition profile of 3beta-HSD1 to a low-affinity (trilostane K(i)=2.56microM), noncompetitive inhibition profile similar to that of 3beta-HSD2 containing Pro195. The P195R-2 mutation shifts the low-affinity, noncompetitive inhibition profile of 3beta-HSD2 to a high-affinity (trilostane K(i)=0.19microM), competitive inhibition profile similar to that of 3beta-HSD1 containing Arg195. Michaelis-Menten kinetics for DHEA, 16beta-hydroxy-DHEA and 16alpha-hydroxy-DHEA substrate utilization by the R195P-1 and P195R-2 enzymes provide further validation for higher affinity binding due to Arg195 in 3beta-HSD1. Comparisons of the Michaelis-Menten values of cofactor and substrate for the targeted mutants of 3beta-HSD1 (D61N, D61V, E192A, T8A) clarify the functions of these residues as well.
    The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology 06/2010; 120(4-5):192-9. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/isomerase type 1 (3β-HSD1) is a critical enzyme in the conversion of DHEA to estradiol in breast tumors and may be a target enzyme for inhibition in the treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Human 3β-HSD2 participates in the production of cortisol and aldosterone in the human adrenal gland in this population. In our recombinant human breast tumor MCF-7 Tet-off cells that express either 3β-HSD1 or 3β-HSD2, trilostane and epostane inhibit the DHEA-induced proliferation of MCF-7 3β-HSD1 cells with 12- to 16-fold lower IC50 values compared to the MCF-7 3β-HSD2 cells. The compounds also competitively inhibit purified human 3β-HSD1 with 12- to 16-fold lower Ki values compared to the noncompetitive Ki values measured for human 3β-HSD2. Using our structural model of 3β-HSD1, trilostane or 17β-acetoxy-trilostane was docked in the active site of 3β-HSD1, and Arg195 in 3β-HSD1 or Pro195 in 3β-HSD2 was identified as a potentially critical residue (one of 23 non-identical residues in the two isoenzymes). The P195R mutant of 3β-HSD2 were created, expressed and purified. Kinetic analyses of enzyme inhibition suggest that the high affinity, competitive inhibition of 3β-HSD1 by trilostane and epostane may be related to the presence of Arg195 in 3β-HSD1 vs. Pro195 in 3β-HSD2.
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - MOL CELL ENDOCRINOL. 01/2009; 301(1):174-182.
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/isomerase type 1 (3beta-HSD1) is a critical enzyme in the conversion of DHEA to estradiol in breast tumors and may be a target enzyme for inhibition in the treatment of breast cancer in postmenopausal women. Human 3beta-HSD2 participates in the production of cortisol and aldosterone in the human adrenal gland in this population. In our recombinant human breast tumor MCF-7 Tet-off cells that express either 3beta-HSD1 or 3beta-HSD2, trilostane and epostane inhibit the DHEA-induced proliferation of MCF-7 3beta-HSD1 cells with 12- to 16-fold lower IC(50) values compared to the MCF-7 3beta-HSD2 cells. The compounds also competitively inhibit purified human 3beta-HSD1 with 12- to 16-fold lower K(i) values compared to the noncompetitive K(i) values measured for human 3beta-HSD2. Using our structural model of 3beta-HSD1, trilostane or 17beta-acetoxy-trilostane was docked in the active site of 3beta-HSD1, and Arg195 in 3beta-HSD1 or Pro195 in 3beta-HSD2 was identified as a potentially critical residue (one of 23 non-identical residues in the two isoenzymes). The P195R mutant of 3beta-HSD2 were created, expressed and purified. Kinetic analyses of enzyme inhibition suggest that the high affinity, competitive inhibition of 3beta-HSD1 by trilostane and epostane may be related to the presence of Arg195 in 3beta-HSD1 vs. Pro195 in 3beta-HSD2.
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 11/2008; 301(1-2):174-82. · 4.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

29 Citations
7 Downloads
489 Views
25.01 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Old Dominion University
      • Department of Biological Sciences
      Norfolk, VA, United States
  • 2009–2012
    • Mercer University
      • Division of Basic Medical Sciences
      Atlanta, Michigan, United States