Jenq-Kuen Huang

National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (22)59.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase (GFD) from Taiwanofungus camphorata plays important roles in formaldehyde detoxification and antioxidation. The enzyme is bifunctional. In addition to the GFD activity, it also functions as an effective S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR) against nitrosative stress. We investigated the modulation of HEK (human embryonic kidney) 293T cells under nitrosative stress by transfecting a codon optimized GFD cDNA from Taiwanofungus camphorata (Tc-GFD-O) to these cells. The parental and transfected HEK 293T cells were then subjected to S-nitrosoglutathione treatment to induce nitrosative stress. The results showed that in Tc-GFD-O-transfected 293T cells, the expression and activity of GFD increased. Additionally, these cells under the nitrosative stress induced by S-nitrosoglutathione showed both higher viability and less apoptosis than the parental 293T cells. This finding suggests that the Tc-GFD-O in HEK 293T cells may provide a protective function under nitrosative stress.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2014; 15(8):14166-79. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    10/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-398-9
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    ABSTRACT: A cDNA encoding a putative arsenate reductase homologue (IbArsR) was cloned from sweet potato (Ib). The deduced protein showed a high level of sequence homology (16-66%) with ArsRs from other organisms. A 3-D homology structure was created based on AtArsR (PDB code 1T3K ) from Arabidopsis thaliana. The putative active site of protein tyrosine phosphatase (HC(X)(5)R) is conserved in all reported ArsRs. IbArsR was overexpressed and purified. The monomeric nature of the enzyme was confirmed by 15% SDS-PAGE and molecular mass determination of the native enzyme via ESI Q-TOF. The IbArsR lacks arsenate reductase activity but possesses phosphatase activity. The Michaelis constant (K(M)) value for p-nitrophenyl phosphate (pNPP) was 11.11 mM. The phosphatase activity was inhibited by 0.5 mM sodium arsenate [As(V)]. The protein's half-life of deactivation at 25 °C was 6.1 min, and its inactivation rate constant K(d) was 1.1 × 10(-1) min(-1). The enzyme was active in a broad pH range from 4.0 to 11.0 with optimum activity at pH 10.0. Phosphatase would remove phosphate group from nucleic acid or dephosphorylation of other enzymes as regulation signaling.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 03/2011; 59(7):3087-91. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a family of antioxidant peroxidases. The functions of Prxs comprises of cell protection against oxidative stress and regulation of cell proliferation. A putative 2-Cys Prx isozyme (Prx1) cDNA was cloned from Taiwanofungus camphorata (commonly known as Niu-chang-chih in Taiwan). The deduced amino acid sequence is conserved amongst the reported Prxs. A 3-D homology structure was created for this Prx1. To characterise the T. camphorata Prx1, the coding region was subcloned into a pAVD10 and transformed into Escherichia coli. The recombinant 6His-tagged Prx1 was expressed and purified by Ni2+-nitrilotriacetic acid sepharose. The purified enzyme showed two forms using a 15% SDS–PAGE. The enzyme retained 60% activity at 60 °C for 2.5 min. The enzyme was stable under a broad pH range from 5 to 11. The enzyme showed 57% activity after 40 min of incubation at 37 °C with trypsin. The ability of the enzyme to protect intact supercoiled plasmid DNA from ·OH induced nicking was demonstrated.
    Food Chemistry. 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: A cDNA encoding a putative glutathione reductase (GR) was cloned from sweet potato (Ib). The deduced protein showed high level of sequence homology with GRs from other plants (79-38%). A three-dimensional (3-D) homology structure was created. The active site Cys residues are conserved in all reported GR. Functional IbGR was overexpressed and purified. The purified enzyme showed an active monomeric form on a 10% native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). The monomeric nature of the enzyme was confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and molecular mass determination of the native enzyme. The Michaelis constant (K(m)) values for GSSG (glutathione disulfide) and NADPH (β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, reduced form) were 0.114 and 0.056 mM, respectively. The enzyme activity was inhibited by Cu(2+) and Zn(2+), but not by Ca(2+). The protein's half-life of deactivation at 70 °C was 3.3 min, and its thermal inactivation rate constant K(d) was 3.48 × 10(-1) min(-1). The enzyme was active in a broad pH range from 6.0 to 11.0 and in the presence of imidazole up to 0.8 M. The native enzyme appeared to be resistant to digestion by trypsin or chymotrypsin.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 05/2009; 57(10):4403-8. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Francisella tularensis is an extremely infectious airborne pathogen that has long been considered as a potential biological weapon. Enzymes of fatty acid synthesis (FAS) pathway are attractive targets for the development of new antibacterial agents because of differences between the biosynthesis pathways of bacteria and mammals. We report here the first expression of three functional enzymes in F. tularensis FAS-II pathway: FabH (3-oxoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase III) which initiates elongation in FAS-II; FabD (Malonyl-CoA-acyl carrier protein transacylase) which catalyzes the transfer of a malonyl moiety from malonyl-CoA to ACP generating malonyl-ACP, and FabI (enoyl-ACP reductase) which catalyzes the reduction of enoyl-acyl-ACP derivatives. The genes encoding the FabD, FabH, and FabI were custom synthesized and cloned in pET15b expression vector. Each recombinant His-tagged fusion protein was overexpressed by IPTG induction, and then purified by affinity chromatography on a Ni-NTA column. The purified FabH and FabI have been used as targets for new drug development. Screening of a class of indole-2-carboxylic acid compounds has led to the discovery of several new compounds with promising activity against F. tularensis FabH or FabI enzymes. For example, indole derivative WIUAKP-001 inhibited 80% the FabH enzyme at 40 microM with IC(50) value of 2 microM whereas WIUAKP-031 inhibited 98% the FabI enzyme at 37.5 microM with IC(50) value of 6 microM. These compounds hold great promise for future development of new indole derivatives as inhibitors of type II FAS enzymes, and as potential new treatment for tularemia.
    Protein Expression and Purification 01/2009; 65(1):83-91. · 1.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eighteen Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains were examined for their ability to convert oleic acid to produce 10-hydroxy-8(E)-octadecenoic acid (HOD), which was structurally confirmed by GC-MS, NMR, and FTIR. There were no substantial amounts of other new compounds found in the fermentation broths in addition to HOD and 7,10-dihydroxy-8(E)-octadecenoic acid (DOD). The results demonstrated that P. aeruginosa strains possessed varying levels of activity for producing HOD. Under the experimental conditions, strain NRRL B-14938 isolated from sheep manure was the best HOD producer exhibiting the highest HOD to DOD product ratio in the medium most suitable for purifying HOD. Using strain B-14938 as a model system for further characterization, optimum conditions for producing HOD were found to be at 26 degrees C and pH 7.0 after 60 h of reaction time using a medium containing EDTA as a chelating agent. This study has identified a high-yielding P. aeruginosa strain and provided the reaction characteristics needed to develop a scale-up production process of HOD for testing its properties and potential new uses.
    Current Microbiology 09/2008; 57(5):437-41. · 1.52 Impact Factor
  • Tsung Min Kuo, Sunil K. Khare, Jenq-Kuen Huang
    Journal of Biotechnology - J BIOTECHNOL. 01/2008; 136.
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    ABSTRACT: Deoxyhypusine hydroxylase is the second of the two enzymes that catalyzes the maturation of eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A). The mature eIF5A is the only known protein in eukaryotic cells that contains the unusual amino acid hypusine (N(epsilon)-(4-amino-2(R)-hydroxybutyl)lysine). Synthesis of hypusine is essential for the function of eIF5A in eukaryotic cell proliferation and survival. Here, we describe the cloning and characterization of bovine deoxyhypusine hydroxylase cDNA and its homologs. The deduced bovine deoxyhypusine hydroxylase protein is 87% identical to human enzyme and 45% identical to yeast enzyme. The overexpressed enzyme showed activity in catalyzing the hydroxylation of the deoxyhypusine residue in the eIF5A intermediate. An amino acid substitution from Glu 57 to Gly located at one of the four conserved His-Glu (HE) pairs, the potential metal coordination sites, resulted in severe reduction of deoxyhypusine hydroxylase activity. A deletion at the HEAT-repeats 1-3 resulted in complete losses of deoxyhypusine hydroxylase activity.
    Protein Expression and Purification 07/2007; 54(1):126-33. · 1.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) play important roles in antioxidation and cell signaling. A gene encoding a novel 2-Cys Prx was identified based on sequence homology in an expressed sequence tag database of the Antrodia camphorata, a medicinal mushroom found only in Taiwan. The 2-Cys Prx cDNA (940 bp) encodes a protein of 188 amino acid residues with calculated molecular mass of 20,965 Da and a pI of 5.89. The coding region was subcloned into pAVD10, transformed into Escherichia coli, and expressed as a His-tagged fusion protein. The purified enzyme was characterized under various conditions. The Prx retained 68% activity after being heated at 60 degrees C for 2 min. It was stable under a broad pH range from 5 to 11. The enzyme activity was slightly decreased in the presence of 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate. The enzyme was somewhat susceptible to chymotrypsin treatment but resistant to digestion by trypsin.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 03/2007; 74(1):84-92. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A cDNA clone of 1081 bp encoding a second putative superoxide dismutase (SOD) from diatom Thallassiosira weissflogii was cloned by the polymerase chain reaction technique. The cDNA encodes a protein of 286 amino acid residues. Alignment of the truncated SOD sequence containing 217 amino acid residues with Mn-SODs from Vibrio mimicus and Escherichia coli, as well as two Fe-SODs from E. coli and Photobacterium leiognathi, this SOD showed greater homology to Mn-SOD. The residues required to coordinate the manganese ion were conserved in all reported Mn-SOD. The recombinant SOD has a half life of deactivation of 14.7 min at 65 degrees C. Its thermal inactivation rate constant Kd was 3.21 x 10(-2) min(-1). The enzyme was stable in a broad pH range from 4 to 12. The presence of imidazole (up to 0.8 M) and sodium dodecylsulfate (up to 4%) had little effect on the enzyme's activity. The atomic absorption spectrometric assay showed the presence of 0.3 atom of iron/manganese (2:1) in each SOD subunit. Reconstituted activity suggested that diatom SOD was cambialistic Fe/Mn-SOD.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 09/2005; 53(16):6319-25. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mature eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) is the only known protein in eukaryotic cells that contains the unusual amino acid hypusine (Nepsilon-(4-amino-2(R)-hydroxybutyl)lysine). The synthesis of hypusine is essential for the function of eIF5A in eukaryotic cell proliferation and survival. Deoxyhypusine synthase is the first of the two enzymes that catalyzes the maturation of eIF5A. We have subcloned the cDNA encoding bovine and human deoxyhypusine synthase into a pET-11a expression vector, separately. T7-tagged bovine and human deoxyhypusine synthase have been overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity using T7 antibody affinity chromatography. Activities of the enzyme from both human and bovine have been measured by their ability to convert the eIF5A precursor protein to the intermediate, deoxyhypusine form of eIF5A. Our results have shown that bovine deoxyhypusine synthase has considerably higher activity than human deoxyhypusine synthase in catalyzing the synthesis of deoxyhypusine.
    Protein Expression and Purification 06/2004; 35(1):32-8. · 1.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Deoxyhypusine synthase is the first of the two enzymes that catalyzes the maturation of eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF5A). The mature eIF5A is the only known protein in eukaryotic cells that contains the unusual amino acid hypusine (N(epsilon)-(4-amino-2(R)-hydroxybutyl)-lysine). Synthesis of hypusine is essential for the function of eIF5A in eukaryotic cell proliferation and survival. Here we describe the cloning and characterization of bovine eIF5A and bovine deoxyhypusine synthase. The deduced bovine eIF5A protein is 100% identical to human eIF5A-1, and the deduced bovine deoxyhypusine synthase protein showed a 93% identity to the human protein.
    DNA Sequence 03/2004; 15(1):26-32. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serine proteinase protein inhibitors follow the standard mechanism of inhibition (Laskowski M Jr, Kato I, 1980, Annu Rev Biochem 49593-626), whereby an enzyme-catalyzed equilibrium between intact (I) and reactive-site hydrolyzed inhibitor (I*) is reached. The hydrolysis constant, Khyd is defined as [I*]/[I]. Here, we explore the role of internal dynamics in the resynthesis of the scissile bond by comparing the internal mobility data of intact and cleaved inhibitors belonging to two different families. The inhibitors studied are recombinant Cucurbita maxima trypsin inhibitor III (rCMTI-III; Mr 3 kDa) of the squash family and rCMTI-V (Mr ∼ 7 kDa) of the potato I family. These two inhibitors have different binding loop-scaffold interactions and different Khyd values—2.4 (CMTI-III) and 9 (CMTI-V)—at 25°C. The reactive-site peptide bond (P1-P'1) is that between Arg5 and Ile6 in CMTI-III, and that between Lys44 and Asp45 in CMTI-V. The order parameters (S2) of backbone NHs of uniformly 15N-labeled rCMTI-III and rCMTI-III* were determined from measurements of 15N spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation rates, and {1H}-15N steady-state heteronuclear Overhauser effects, using the model-free formalism, and compared with the data reported previously for rCMTI-V and rCMTI-V*. The backbones of rCMTI-III (〈S2〉 = 0.71) and rCMTI-III* (〈S2) = 0.63) are more flexible than those of rCMTI-V (〈S2〉 = 0.83) and rCMTI-V* (〈S2) = 0.85). The binding loop residues, P4-P1, in the two proteins show the following average order parameters: 0.57 (rCMTI-III) and 0.44 (rCMTI-III*); 0.70 (rCMTI-V) and 0.40 (rCMTI-V*). The P1'-P4' residues, on the other hand, are associated with (S2) values of 0.56 (rCMTI-III) and 0.47 (rCMTI-III*); and 0.73 (rCMTI-V) and 0.83 (rCMTI-V*). The newly formed C-terminal (Pn residues) gains a smaller magnitude of flexibility in rCMTI-III* due to the Cys3-Cys20 crosslink. In contrast, the newly formed N-terminal (Pn' residues) becomes more flexible only in rCMTI-III*, most likely due to lack of an interaction between the P1' residue and the scaffold in rCMTI-III. Thus, diminished flexibility gain of the Pn residues and, surprisingly, increased flexibility of the Pn' residues seem to facilitate the resynthesis of the P1-P1' bond, leading to a lower Khyd value.
    Protein Science 12/1997; 7(1):132 - 141. · 2.74 Impact Factor
  • Plant Molecular Biology 01/1992; 18(4):813-814. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 35 kD chitinase has been purified to apparent homogeneity from extracts of rice bran of cv New Bonnet by ammonium sulfate fractionation, chitin affinity chromatography, cation exchange chromatography on carboxymethyl cellulose and gel filtration. The purified enzyme has an isoelectric point of 8.8. The enzyme inhibited the growth of Rhizoctonia solani (the sheath blight pathogen), Trichoderma viride, T. harzianum, Fusarium graminaerum and F. culmorum in vitro. A cDNA clone for chitinase was isolated from a developing rice seed cDNA library by probing with a barley chitinase cDNA probe. The nucleotide sequence of this 654 bp clone was determined, it contains an open reading frame of 519 nucleotides. The protein product encoded by this clone is homologous to chitinases from tobacco, bean and barley. Southern blot analysis of rice genomic DNA with this probe revealed that chitinases are encoded by a small multi-gene family in the rice genome.
    Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology 01/1992; 1(1). · 0.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A gt11 cDNA library, constructed from poly(A)+ RNA isolated from immature rice seed endosperm, was screened with affinity-purified antibodies against the rice storage protein called -globulin (previously), or the 19 kDa globulin (our term). A positive clone was isolated and sequenced and shown to encode a 21 kDa precursor for the 19 kDa globulin, based on the identity of portions of the inferred amino acid sequence and the sequence of three cyanogen bromide peptides of the 19 kDa globulin. Analysis of genomic DNA by Southern blotting using the cDNA clone probe revealed one hybridizing band inEco RI,Hind III, andBam HI digests. This strongly suggests that the 19 kDa globulin is encoded by a single-copy gene. Because of its single-copy nature and its abundance of Arg and lack of Lys, the 19 kDa rice globulin appears to be a particularly attractive target for genetically engineering increased Lys content in rice seeds.
    Plant Molecular Biology 12/1991; 18(1):151-154. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Monoamine oxidases, type A and type B, are principal enzymes for the degradation of biogenic amines, including catecholamines and serotonin. These isozymes have been implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders. Previously, cDNA clones for both MAO-A and MAO-B have been sequenced and the genes encoding them have been localized to human chromosome Xp11.23–Xp11.4. In this work, we isolated human genomic clones spanning almost all the MAOA gene from cosmid and phage libraries using a cDNA probe for MAO-A. Restriction mapping and sequencing show that the human MAOA gene extends over 70 kb and is composed of 15 exons. The exon structure of human MAOA is similar to that described by others for human MAOB . Exon 12 (bearing the codon for cysteine, which carries the covalently bound FAD cofactor) and exon 13 are highly conserved between human MAOA and MAOB genes (92% at the amino acid level). Earlier work revealed two species of MAO-A mRNA, 2.1 kb and 4.5–5.5 kb. We now report on further cDNA isolation and sequencing, which demonstrates that the longer message has an extension of 2.2 kb in the 3′ noncoding region. This extended region is contained entirely within exon 15. The two messages therefore appear to be generated by the use of two alternative polyadenylation sites. Results from the present work should facilitate the mutational analysis of functional domains of MAO-A and MAO-B. Knowledge of the gene structure will also help in evaluating the role of genetic variations in MAO-A in human disease through the use of genomic DNA, which is more accessible than the RNA, as a template for PCR-amplification and sequencing.
    Nucleic Acids Research 09/1991; · 8.81 Impact Factor
  • Plant Molecular Biology 02/1991; 16(3):479-480. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    Nucleic Acids Research 03/1990; · 8.81 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

192 Citations
59.79 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2011
    • National Taiwan Ocean University
      Keelung, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 1991–2010
    • Western Illinois University
      • Chemistry
      Macomb, Illinois, United States
    • Kyoto Prefectural University
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 1990–1991
    • Kansas State University
      • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics
      Kansas, United States