ABSTRACT: The use of drugs in France is among the highest in developed countries. Among them, psychotropic medication in children has always been a matter of concern. Furthermore, on the basis of concerns about safety and efficacy, international authorities have either advised against the use of cough and cold medication or considered such an action. This survey aims to assess the prevalence of use of psychotropic drugs, antihistamines and medications for cough as well as parents' knowledge about the drugs used in 2009.
The study is based on a representative sample of 6-year-old children who were in kindergarten in 2009. School physicians asked their parents to answer a standardized questionnaire. Data were collected about the child, his or her family, and the consumption of psychotropic drugs, antihistamines, and medications for cough in the past 12 months. The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system was used to classify the drugs used.
The data from 5707 children were analyzed. The proportion of children who consumed at least one psychotropic drug was 0.68% (ATC code N). Antihistamines for systemic use were by far the most frequently consumed drugs (ATC code R06), with a prevalence of 17.54%. The great majority of antihistamines for systemic use were meant to treat cough, not insomnia or agitation.
The use of psychotropic drugs was low in 2009 in the French region of Bas-Rhin. The promotion of alternatives to antihistamines for systemic use to treat cough should nevertheless be strengthened. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 07/2012; 21(10):1112-7. · 2.53 Impact Factor
Journal of Emergencies Trauma and Shock 04/2012; 5(2):208-9.
Journal of Emergencies Trauma and Shock 07/2010; 3(3):307.
ABSTRACT: Acute low back pain is a very common symptom and reason for many medical consultations. In some unusual circumstances it could be linked to a rare aetiology.
We report a 70-year-old man with an 8-month history of left posterior thigh and leg pain who had sudden confusion after a fall from standing. It was due to cerebral fat embolism suspected by computed tomography scan, later confirmed by brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A spinal MRI scan was then performed and revealed a sacral fracture which drained into an unknown perineurial cyst (Tarlov cyst). Under medical observation the patient fully recovered within three weeks.
Sacral perineurial cysts are rare, however they remain a potential cause of lumbosacral radiculopathy.
BMC Emergency Medicine 01/2010; 10:18.