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ABSTRACT: A sequence processor (SP) is described as part of a larger computer-controlled conformal radiotherapy system (CCRS). The SP provides the means to accept and then translate highly sophisticated radiation therapy treatment plans into vendor specific instructions to control treatment delivery on a computer-controlled treatment machine.
The sequence processor (SP) is a small workstation computer that interfaces to the control computer of computer-controlled treatment machines, and to other parts of the larger CCRS system. The system reported here has been interfaced to a computer-controlled racetrack microtron with two treatment gantries, and also to other linear accelerator treatment machines equipped with multileaf collimators. An extensive design process has been used in defining the role of the SP within the context of the larger CCRS project. Flexibility and integration with various components of the project, including databases, treatment planning system, graphical simulator, were key factors in the development. In conjunction with the planned set of treatment fields, a procedural scripting language is used to define the sequence of treatment events that are performed, including operator interactions, communications to other systems such as dosimetry and portal imaging devices, and database management.
A flexible system has been developed to allow investigation into procedural steps required for simulating and delivering complex radiation treatments. The system has been used to automate portions of the acceptance testing for the control system of the microtron, and is used for routine daily quality assurance testing. The sequence processor system described here has been used to deliver all clinical treatments performed on the microtron system in 2 years of clinical treatment (more than 200 patients treated to a variety of treatment sites).
The sequence processor system has enabled the delivery of complex treatment using computer-controlled treatment machines. The flexibility of the system allows integration with secondary devices and modification of procedural steps, making it possible to develop effective techniques for insuring safe and efficient computer-controlled conformal radiation therapy treatments.
International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 01/1996; 33(5):1159-72. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Equipment developed for use with computer-controlled conformal radiotherapy (CCRT) treatment techniques, including multileaf collimators and/or computer-control systems for treatment machines, are now available. The purpose of this work is to develop a system that will allow the safe, efficient, and accurate delivery of CCRT treatments as routine clinical treatments, and permit modifications of the system so that the delivery process can be optimized.
The needs and requirements for a system that can fully support modern computer-controlled treatment machines equipped with multileaf collimators and segmental or dynamic conformal therapy capabilities have been analyzed and evaluated. This analysis has been used to design and then implement a complete approach to the delivery of CCRT treatments.
The computer-controlled conformal radiotherapy system (CCRS) described here consists of a process for the delivery of CCRT treatments, and a complex software system that implements the treatment process. The CCRS system described here includes systems for plan transfer, treatment delivery planning, sequencing of the actual treatment delivery process, graphical simulation and verification tools, as well as an electronic chart that is an integral part of the system. The CCRS system has been implemented for use with a number of different treatment machines. The system has been used clinically for more than 2 years to perform CCRT treatments for more than 200 patients.
A comprehensive system for the implementation and delivery of computer-controlled conformal radiation therapy (CCRT) plans has been designed and implemented for routine clinical use with multisegment, computer-controlled, multileaf-collimated conformal therapy. The CCRS system has been successfully implemented to perform these complex treatments, and is considered quite important to the clinical use of modern computer-controlled treatment techniques.
International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 01/1996; 33(5):1139-57. · 4.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The design and implementation of a system for electronically tracking relevant plan, prescription, and treatment data for computer-controlled conformal radiation therapy is described.
The electronic charting system is implemented on a computer cluster coupled by high-speed networks to computer-controlled therapy machines. A methodical approach to the specification and design of an integrated solution has been used in developing the system. The electronic chart system is designed to allow identification and access of patient-specific data including treatment-planning data, treatment prescription information, and charting of doses. An in-house developed database system is used to provide an integrated approach to the database requirements of the design. A hierarchy of databases is used for both centralization and distribution of the treatment data for specific treatment machines.
The basic electronic database system has been implemented and has been in use since July 1993. The system has been used to download and manage treatment data on all patients treated on our first fully computer-controlled treatment machine. To date, electronic dose charting functions have not been fully implemented clinically, requiring the continued use of paper charting for dose tracking.
The routine clinical application of complex computer-controlled conformal treatment procedures requires the management of large quantities of information for describing and tracking treatments. An integrated and comprehensive approach to this problem has led to a full electronic chart for conformal radiation therapy treatments.
International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics 01/1996; 33(5):1181-94. · 4.52 Impact Factor