J.-C. Muller

Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (5)26.55 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To determine whether differences in lung morphology assessed by computed tomography (CT) affect the response to positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP).¶Design: Prospective study over a 53-month period.¶Setting: Fourteen-bed surgical intensive care unit of a university hospital.¶Patients and participants: Seventy-one consecutive patients with early adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).¶Measurements and results: Fast spiral thoracic CT was performed at zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) and after implementation of PEEP 10 cmH2O. Hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were measured in both conditions. PEEP-induced overdistension and alveolar recruitment were quantified by specifically designed software (Lungview). Overdistension occurred only in the upper lobes and was significantly correlated with the volume of lung, characterized by a CT attenuation ranging between –900 and –800 HU in ZEEP conditions. Cardiorespiratory effects of PEEP were similar in patients with primary and secondary ARDS. PEEP-induced alveolar recruitment of the lower lobes was significantly correlated with their lung volume (gas + tissue) at functional residual capacity. PEEP-induced alveolar recruitment was greater in the lower lobes with “inflammatory atelectasis” than in the lower lobes with “mechanical atelectasis.” Lung morphology as assessed by CT markedly influenced the effects of PEEP: in patients with diffuse CT attenuations PEEP induced a marked alveolar recruitment without overdistension, whereas in patients with lobar CT attenuations PEEP induced a mild alveolar recruitment associated with overdistension of previously aerated lung areas. These results can be explained by the uneven distribution of regional compliance characterizing patients with lobar CT attenuations (compliant upper lobes and stiff lower lobes) contrasting with a more even distribution of regional compliances observed in patients with diffuse CT attenuations.¶Conclusions: In patients with ARDS, the cardiorespiratory effects of PEEP are affected by lung morphology rather than by the cause of the lung injury (primary versus secondary ARDS). The regional distribution of the loss of aeration and the type of atelectasis –“mechanical” with a massive loss of lung volume, or “inflammatory” with a preservation of lung volume – characterizing the lower lobes are the main determinants of the cardiorespiratory effects of PEEP. Key words Acute respiratory distress syndrome–Positive end-expiratory pressure–Computed tomography–Alveolar recruitment–Lung overdistension
    Intensive Care Medicine 04/2012; 26(9):1215-1227. DOI:10.1007/s001340051340 · 5.54 Impact Factor
  • Neurochirurgie 11/2005; 51(5):517-517. DOI:10.1016/S0028-3770(05)83522-2 · 0.47 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Anaesthesiology 01/2005; 22. DOI:10.1097/00003643-200509001-00078 · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Computed tomography (CT) assessment of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP)-induced alveolar recruitment is classically achieved by quantifying the decrease in nonaerated lung parenchyma on a single juxtadiaphragmatic section (Gattinoni's method). This approach ignores the alveolar recruitment occurring in poorly aerated lung areas and may not reflect the alveolar recruitment of the entire lung. This study describes a new CT method in which PEEP-induced alveolar recruitment is computed as the volume of gas penetrating in poorly and nonaerated lung regions following PEEP. In 16 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome a thoracic spiral CT scan was performed in ZEEP and PEEP 15 cm H(2)O. According to the new method, PEEP induced a 119% increase in functional residual capacity (FRC). PEEP-induced alveolar recruitment was 499 +/- 279 ml whereas distension and overdistension of previously aerated lung areas were 395 +/- 382 ml and 28 +/- 6 ml, respectively. The alveolar recruitment according to Gattinoni's method was 26 +/- 24 g and no correlation was found between both methods. A significant correlation was found between PEEP-induced alveolar recruitment and increase in Pa(O(2)) only when recruitment was assessed by the new method (Rho = 0.76, p = 0.003), suggesting that it may be more accurate than Gattinoni's method.
    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 06/2001; 163(6):1444-50. DOI:10.1164/ajrccm.163.6.2005001 · 11.99 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine whether differences in lung morphology assessed by computed tomography (CT) affect the response to positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). Prospective study over a 53-month period. Fourteen-bed surgical intensive care unit of a university hospital. Seventy-one consecutive patients with early adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Fast spiral thoracic CT was performed at zero end-expiratory pressure (ZEEP) and after implementation of PEEP 10 cmH2O. Hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were measured in both conditions. PEEP-induced overdistension and alveolar recruitment were quantified by specifically designed software (Lungview). Overdistension occurred only in the upper lobes and was significantly correlated with the volume of lung, characterized by a CT attenuation ranging between -900 and -800 HU in ZEEP conditions. Cardiorespiratory effects of PEEP were similar in patients with primary and secondary ARDS. PEEP-induced alveolar recruitment of the lower lobes was significantly correlated with their lung volume (gas + tissue) at functional residual capacity. PEEP-induced alveolar recruitment was greater in the lower lobes with "inflammatory atelectasis" than in the lower lobes with "mechanical atelectasis." Lung morphology as assessed by CT markedly influenced the effects of PEEP: in patients with diffuse CT attenuations PEEP induced a marked alveolar recruitment without overdistension, whereas in patients with lobar CT attenuations PEEP induced a mild alveolar recruitment associated with overdistension of previously aerated lung areas. These results can be explained by the uneven distribution of regional compliance characterizing patients with lobar CT attenuations (compliant upper lobes and stiff lower lobes) contrasting with a more even distribution of regional compliances observed in patients with diffuse CT attenuations. In patients with ARDS, the cardiorespiratory effects of PEEP are affected by lung morphology rather than by the cause of the lung injury (primary versus secondary ARDS). The regional distribution of the loss of aeration and the type of atelectasis -- "mechanical" with a massive loss of lung volume, or "inflammatory" with a preservation of lung volume-- characterizing the lower lobes are the main determinants of the cardiorespiratory effects of PEEP.
    Intensive Care Medicine 10/2000; 26(9):1215-27. · 5.54 Impact Factor