Hsiao-Ching Nien

National Taiwan University Hospital, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (4)22.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Gastrointestinal bypass changes the gut microbiota and decreases systemic endotoxemia in obese subjects. Epithelial barrier integrity is crucial for confining enteric bacteria in the lumen and preventing gut-derived endotoxemia. The effect of bypass surgery on intestinal barrier functions remains poorly understood. This study aimed to evaluate the changes in intestinal permeability and gut barrier between rats receiving Roux-en-Y duodenojejunal bypass (DJB) or sham operation (SO). Methods: Eighteen Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to DJB or SO groups. Tissues of the alimentary, biliopancreatic, and common limbs in the small intestine, and the colon, were collected 2 weeks after operation. Mucosa-associated bacteria were quantified by colony forming units. Intestinal permeability was determined by mucosal-to-serosal dextran flux measured in Ussing chambers. Expression of occludin and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the intestinal mucosa was examined by western blots. Results: Enteric bacterial numbers were increased in the alimentary and common limbs after DJB. Reduced dextran permeability was found in the alimentary limb, common limb, and colon after DJB. Moreover, increased villus height and crypt depth were found to be associated with higher mucosal levels of occludin and PCNA levels in the alimentary and common limbs after DJB. Conclusions: DJB in rats altered gut microbiota and reduced intestinal permeability due to increased epithelial proliferation and tight junctional protein expression. Our results show that bypass surgery led to fortification of the intestinal barrier functions, which may provide an explanation for the decreased risk of systemic endotoxemia in postoperative patients.
    Obesity Surgery 11/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11695-015-1968-0 · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies showed that fetuin-A and matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) are type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-associated markers. Bariatric surgery not only reduces body weight but also improves T2DM. This study aimed to investigate the changes of fetuin-A and MMP-7 in obese subjects with and without T2DM after bariatric surgery. We enrolled 130 obese subjects that received bariatric surgery, including 41 Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), 67 mini-gastric bypass (MGB), and 22 sleeve gastrectomy (SG) patients. Forty-three patients suffered from T2DM prior to surgery. The fasting serum fetuin-A and MMP-7 levels were measured before and 1 year after surgery. Only five of 43 patients remained diabetic after surgery. Preoperative T2DM patients had higher fetuin-A and MMP-7 levels than non-T2DM subjects. RYGB, MGB, and SG all decreased the fetuin-A levels 1 year after the operation. The MMP-7 levels were not changed after RYGB, MGB, or SG. In multivariate analyses, the preoperative fetuin-A was significantly related to the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), while the postoperative fetuin-A was independently related to the waist-to-hip ratio and HbA1c. Moreover, the preoperative MMP-7 level was significantly related to age, DBP, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, and gamma-glutamyl transferase (rGT), while the postoperative MMP-7 level was independently related to age and rGT. The fetuin-A and MMP-7 levels are both higher in obese T2DM than non-T2DM subjects. The level of fetuin-A is reduced after RYGB, MGB, and SG, but the level of MMP-7 remains unchanged.
    Obesity Surgery 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11695-015-1688-5 · 3.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several viral factors are associated with disease progression in hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers. Compared with Taiwanese Han Chinese, Taiwanese aborigines have a higher prevalence of chronic HBV infection and a higher standardized mortality rate of chronic liver diseases but a lower standardized mortality rate of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to investigate whether aboriginal Taiwanese HBV carriers have more favorable viral factors which reduce the risk for HCC than Han Chinese carriers. Blood samples from 3,488 HBV carriers (1,527 aborigines and 1,961 Han Chinese) were assayed for aminotransferases, hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), HBV DNA, and HBV genotype. Aboriginal HBV carriers had a lower HBeAg-positive rate (5.3% vs. 10.2%, P < 0.0001) and a lower viral load of HBV DNA > 2,000 IU/ml (27.4% vs. 36.7%, P < 0.0001) but a higher rate of alcohol consumption (40.0% vs. 19.3%, P < 0.0001) than Han Chinese carriers. The prevalence of HBV genotype B in aboriginal carriers (92.7%) was significantly higher than that in Han Chinese carriers (72.7%) in all age groups (P < 0.05). In addition, patients with rare genotype D infections were clustered in a township in southern Taiwan. In conclusion, aboriginal Taiwanese HBV carriers have more favorable viral factors than Han Chinese carriers, which may be partly responsible for the lower standardized mortality rate of HCC in Taiwanese aborigines.
    Journal of Medical Virology 08/2011; 83(8):1326-31. DOI:10.1002/jmv.22135 · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • Hsiao-Ching Nien · Huang-Chun Lien · Chien-Hung Chen ·

    Gastroenterology 10/2010; 139(6):1836, 2227. DOI:10.1053/j.gastro.2009.12.062 · 16.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis is one of the main treatments for end-stage renal disease. To correct mechanical outflow obstruction after open surgical methods of catheter insertion, laparoscopic techniques are widely employed. ♢ Between January 2001 and December 2006, 228 open Tenckhoff catheter implantations were carried out by mini-laparotomy in 218 patients at our medical center. The procedures were all performed by an experienced surgeon, and the postoperative care, patient education, and long-term follow-up were all conducted by the same peritoneal dialysis team. ♢ Infection of the exit site or tunnel was the most common complication (27/228, 11.8%), followed by peritonitis (18/228, 7.9%) and refractory mechanical catheter obstruction (9/228, 3.9%). The main causes of catheter removal were successful renal transplantation (21/228, 9.2%), peritonitis (18/228, 7.9%), and infection of the exit site or tunnel (7/228, 3.1%). In the 9 cases of refractory mechanical catheter obstruction, laparoscopic surgery was performed to identify the pathology and to rescue the catheter at the same time. Omental wrapping was the major cause (8/9) of catheter obstruction, with blood clot in the lumen and tube migration occurring in the remaining case (1/9). Partial omentectomy was performed in 5 patients to prevent recurrent obstruction. Neither technique failure nor operation-related complications were noted in our laparoscopic rescue group. For 20 of the 25 patients with refractory infection of the exit site or tunnel, the salvage technique of partial re-plantation was performed, with an 85% (17/20) technique survival rate. ♢ With an experienced surgeon and a good postoperative care team, open paramedian placement is a simple, safe, and effective method for Tenckhoff catheter insertion, with a low complication rate. Laparoscopic surgery is effective as rescue for mechanical obstruction, and partial re-plantation is effective as salvage for exit-site or tunnel infection.
    02/2010; 30(5):513-8. DOI:10.3747/pdi.2009.00033