[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Schwannomas are peripheral nerve tumors that are typically solitary and benign. Their diagnosis is largely based on surgically resected specimens. Recently, a number of case reports have indicated that retroperitoneal schwannomas could be diagnosed with endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA). We report the diagnosis of three cases of schwannoma using EUS-FNA. Subjects were two males and one female, ages 22, 40, and 46 years, respectively, all of whom were symptom-free. Imaging findings showed well-circumscribed round tumors. However, as the tumors could not be diagnosed using these findings alone, EUS-FNA was performed. Hematoxylin-eosin staining of the resulting tissue fragments revealed bland spindle cells with nuclear palisading. There was no disparity in nuclear sizes. Immunostaining revealed S-100 protein positivity and all cases were diagnosed as schwannomas. Ki-67 indexes were 3%-15%, 2%-3%, and 3%, respectively. No case showed any signs of malignancy. As most schwannomas are benign tumors and seldom become malignant, we observed these patients without therapy. All tumors demonstrated no enlargement and no change in characteristics. Schwannomas are almost always benign and can be observed following diagnosis by EUS-FNA.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 08/2011; 17(29):3459-64. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The controversy over whether and how to perform preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCA) remains unsettled. Arguments against PBD before pancreatoduodenectomy have recently been gaining momentum. However, the complication-related mortality rate is as high as 10% for patients with HCA who have undergone major liver resection, and liver failure is a major cause of postoperative death. This suggests the need for PBD to treat jaundice in HCA patients scheduled for major surgical resection of the liver and that major surgery should be performed only after the recovery of hepatic function. No definite criteria or guidelines outlining indications for PBD are currently available. In patients with HCA, PBD may be performed by either percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) or endoscopic biliary drainage (EBD). No consensus, however, has been reached regarding which drainage method is more appropriate. No reported study has compared the effectiveness of PTBD, endoscopic biliary stenting (EBS), and endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) in patients with HCA. This review summarizes the results of our study comparing the three methods and outlines the preoperative endoscopic management of segmental cholangitis (SC) in HCA patients undergoing PBD.
Journal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic sciences. 06/2011; 18(5):630-5.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and related procedures can cause abdominal pain and discomfort. Two clinical trials have indicated, using the visual analogue scale (VAS) score, that CO(2) insufflation during ERCP ameliorates the suffering of patients without complications, compared with air insufflation. However, differences in patient suffering between CO(2) and air insufflation after ERCP under deep conscious sedation have not been reported. We focused on the gas volume score (GVS) as an objective indicator of gas volume, and designed a multicenter, prospective, double-blind, randomized, controlled study with CO(2) and air insufflation during ERCP.
Between March 2010 and August 2010, 80 patients who required ERCP were enrolled and evenly randomized to receive CO(2) insufflation (CO(2) group) or air insufflation (air group). ERCP and related procedures were performed under deep conscious sedation with fentanyl citrate or pethidine and midazolam or diazepam. The GVS was evaluated as the primary endpoint in addition to the VAS score as the secondary endpoint.
The GVS after ERCP and related procedures in the CO(2) group was significantly lower than that in the air group (0.14 ± 0.06 vs. 0.31 ± 0.11, P < 0.01), as well as the rate of increase in GVS ([GVS after - GVS before]/[GVS before ERCP and related procedures] × 100) (3.8 ± 5.9 vs. 21 ± 11.1%, P < 0.01). VAS scores 3 and 24 h after ERCP and related procedures were comparable between the CO(2) and air groups for abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and nausea. Additionally, VAS scores were not correlated with the GVS.
CO(2) insufflation during ERCP reduces GVS (bowel gas volume) but not the VAS score of suffering compared with air insufflation. Deep and sufficient sedation during ERCP and related procedures is important for the palliation of patients' pain and discomfort.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Controversy exists over the preferred technique of preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCA). The goal of this retrospective study was to identify the preferred technique of PBD for HCA.
A total of 128 consecutive patients with HCA diagnosed between September 1999 and December 2009 who underwent PBD were included in this study. The study compared outcomes of endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD), endoscopic biliary stenting (EBS), and percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in patients with HCA.
There were no significant differences in preoperative laboratory data, rates of major hepatectomy, or decompression periods among the 3 groups. Complications were significantly more frequent in the EBS group compared with either the ENBD or PTBD group (p < 0.05). Drainage tube occlusion with cholangitis was significantly more common in the EBS group compared with either the ENBD or PTBD group (p < 0.0001). Patients in the PTBD group experienced serious complications including vascular injury (8%) and cancer dissemination (4%). Patients in the ENBD and EBS groups had mild post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis (5%). Conversion procedures were significantly more common in the EBS group compared with the ENBD and PTBD groups (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in postsurgical morbidity or mortality among the 3 groups.
Drainage tube occlusion with cholangitis was a frequent complication associated with EBS. PTBD was associated with serious complications such as vascular injury and cancer dissemination. ENBD was found to be the most suitable method for initial PBD management in patients with HCA.
Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2011; 46(2):242-8. · 3.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) participate in many biological and pathological processes. Here we report that the PARP-13 shorter isoform (ZAPS), rather than the full-length protein (ZAP), was selectively induced by 5'-triphosphate-modified RNA (3pRNA) and functioned as a potent stimulator of interferon responses in human cells mediated by the RNA helicase RIG-I. ZAPS associated with RIG-I to promote the oligomerization and ATPase activity of RIG-I, which led to robust activation of IRF3 and NF-κB transcription factors. Disruption of the gene encoding ZAPS resulted in impaired induction of interferon-α (IFN-α), IFN-β and other cytokines after viral infection. These results indicate that ZAPS is a key regulator of RIG-I signaling during the innate antiviral immune response, which suggests its possible use as a therapeutic target for viral control.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autoimmune pancreatitis is commonly associated with immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC). The discrimination between IgG4-SC and pancreatobiliary malignancies or primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is now an important issue. The present study was carried out to examine the usefulness of endoscopic biopsies from Vater's ampulla and the bile duct to diagnose IgG4-SC.
The present study included 29 IgG4-SC patients (26 with both pancreatitis and cholangitis, and 3 with cholangitis only), 6 PSC patients, and 27 pancreatobiliary carcinoma patients. All patients underwent endoscopic biopsies from Vater's ampulla and the common bile duct. Biopsied specimens were histologically examined using immunostaining for IgG4.
For the ampullary and bile duct biopsies, the IgG4-SC samples had a significantly greater number of IgG4-positive plasma cells than the PSC or pancreatobiliary carcinoma specimens. In addition, bile duct biopsies from five patients (17%) with IgG4-SC showed diffuse inflammatory cell infiltration with irregular fibrosis corresponding to the histological features of lymphoplasmacytic sclerosing pancreatocholangitis. Based on the threshold of 10 IgG4-positive plasma cells per high power field, the diagnostic rates of the ampullar and bile duct biopsies were both 52% (15/29 cases). Twenty-one patients (72%) had more than 10 IgG4-positive plasma cells in at least one biopsy. The bile duct biopsy was significantly valuable for IgG4-SC patients with swelling of the pancreatic head.
The present study suggested that ampullar and bile duct biopsies are useful for diagnosing IgG4-SC.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 10/2010; 25(10):1648-55. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and study aims: Localized-type bile duct carcinoma (LBDC) is often accompanied by extensive intraepithelial tumor spread (ITS) ≥2 cm which makes radical resection more difficult. This retrospective case review compared the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) and peroral cholangioscopy (POCS) to detect ITS beyond the visible LBDCs. Patients and methods: Forty-four consecutive LBDC patients diagnosed between April 2004 to October 2008 who underwent radical resection with histopathological analysis were included in this study. Extensive ITS was found histopathologically in one-third of the cases (32%). The outcome parameters were the presence or absence of extensive ITS and the extent of extensive ITS proximal and distal to the main tumor. Results: It was not possible to pass the cholangioscopic through the tumor sites in 6 cases. ERC correctly identified the presence of extensive ITS in 11/14 cases and did not yield any false-positive results. The three ERC-negative cases were all correctly identified by POCS plus biopsy since the cholangioscope could be passed in all three cases. The extent of extensive ITS was correctly diagnosed by ERC alone, ERC with POCS, and ERC with POCS plus mapping biopsy in 22%, 77%, and 100% of cases, respectively. Conclusions: The presence of extensive ITS could be correctly detected in 80% of cases by ERC alone. POCS with mapping biopsy provided perfect diagnostic accuracy of not only the presence/absence but also the extent of extensive ITS. However, POCS has the limitation that the cholangioscope cannot be passed through the tumor sites in approximately 15% of cases.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pancreatic carcinoma associated with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is rare. Here, we report three cases of resected pancreatic carcinoma associated with PVTT. In all three cases, preoperative images obtained using computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasonography revealed a tumor thrombus in the portal vein, which was connected to an irregular mass in the pancreas. All cases underwent surgical resection of the primary lesion and the PVTT. The pathological diagnoses of the tumors were two cases of tubular adenocarcinoma and one case of nonfunctioning endocrine carcinoma. We also retrospectively examined other patients who underwent surgical excision with portal vein resection.
Internal Medicine 02/2009; 48(3):143-50. · 0.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We had three cases of pancreatic groove carcinoma. All cases developed obstructive jaundice. Duodenoscopy showed stenosis of the second portion of the duodenum in every case. Thus, endoscopic bile duct drainage could not be performed in two cases. CT revealed a mass between the duodenum and head of the pancreas, which was not well-defined by contrast-enhancement. Endoscopic ultrasonography revealed a hypoechoic mass which was adjacent to the common bile duct and duodenum in the pancreas head in all cases. Therefore, we could diagnose pancreatic groove carcinoma.
Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology 08/2008; 105(7):1061-9.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 68-year-old woman with a history of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) resected curatively 12 years previously was admitted to our department for scrutiny of pancreatic tumors. Various imaging studies demonstrated heterogeneously well-enhanced masses in the head and tail of the pancreas. The well-enhanced mass in the head of the pancreas was connected with the tumor thrombus in the portal vein. To differentially diagnose the multiple pancreatic lesions, we performed endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNAB). Histopathologic findings of the EUS-FNAB specimens were similar to those of the renal clear cell carcinoma previously resected. The patient underwent a surgical operation with segmental resection of the portal vein with the preoperative diagnosis of RCC metastasis to the pancreas with intraportal growth. Histopathological examination of the resected specimen revealed that the masses in the pancreas were multiple pancreatic metastases with intraportal tumor thrombus of RCC. The pancreas is a rare target for metastasis. This is a rare case of pancreatic metastasis from RCC with intraportal extension, and is the first preoperatively definitely diagnosed case using EUS-FNAB.
Internal Medicine 02/2008; 47(22):1967-70. · 0.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a new category of pancreatic diseases. AIP associated with pseudocysts is rare; only 8 cases have been reported in the literature. A 63-year-old man was admitted to our department because of upper left abdominal pain and back pain. Various imaging studies demonstrated swelling of the tail of the pancreas with hemorrhagic pseudocysts. The patient underwent a surgical operation. A pancreatogram of the specimen revealed total occlusion of the main pancreatic duct in the tail of the pancreas. Histopathological examination revealed that it was AIP with hemorrhagic pseudocysts.
Internal Medicine 02/2008; 47(7):603-8. · 0.97 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori (HP) eradication therapy is a useful treatment for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Some investigators have also reported the effects of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) monotherapy on ITP. We performed a randomized study of HP eradication therapy and PPI monotherapy on ITP. Four of nine patients achieved complete remission (CR), two of nine achieved partial remission (PR) in HP eradication therapy, three of eight achieved CR, and two of eight achieved PR in PPI monotherapy. No significant differences were observed in the CR + PR of these patients between HP eradication therapy and PPI monotherapy. As for cost comparisons, HP eradication therapy is cheaper than PPI monotherapy, but it is less effective.
Annals of Hematology 12/2005; 84(12):807-11. · 2.87 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 47-year-old man was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) follicular B-cell type (stage IVB). Although partial remission was observed after the administration of several combination chemotherapeutic agents, no more improvement was observed. After we finished the FND (fludarabine, mitoxantrone, dexamethasone) regimen, the patient's status improved. After the administration of the FND regimen, thrombocytopenia developed, and the platelet count did not recover to previous levels. After rituximab was administered for the treatment of thrombocytopenia, the platelet count recovered. Then we combined fludarabine and rituximab for the treatment of NHL. Although fludarabine was administered, the platelet count did not decrease when combined with rituximab. In the discussion, we analyze the characteristics and the treatment outcome of the thrombocytopenia induced by fludarabine reviewed in the literature.
Annals of Hematology 05/2005; 84(4):269-71. · 2.87 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Interferon (IFN) is one of several drugs effective in treating multiple myeloma (MM), and propagermanium is an IFN inducer. We report on 10 MM patients who were treated with propagermanium at doses from 10 to 40 mg. Two patients achieved complete remission (CR), two patients achieved partial remission (PR), and the condition of four patients was stable (stable disease, SD). After discontinuation of propagermanium, the status of MM progressed in two patients who were in SD and in two patients who had achieved PR. The administration of propagermanium was restarted in one patient resulting in a decrease in her paraprotein.
European Journal Of Haematology 01/2005; 73(6):397-401. · 2.55 Impact Factor