ABSTRACT: An enzymatic hydrolysate of wheat gluten was further digested in vitro with porcine pepsin and pancreatin to obtain an indigestible peptide. Indigestible pyroglutamyl peptide was isolated from the digest by strong cation-exchange, size-exclusion, and reversed-phase chromatographies. The pyroglutamyl peptide was digested with pyroglutamate aminopeptidase, and the digest was reacted with phenyl isothiocyanate. The resultant phenylthiocarbamyl (PTC) peptides were purified by reversed-phase HPLC by using binary gradient elution with ammonium acetate buffer, pH 6.0, and acetonitrile. The PTC peptides were analyzed with an automatic peptide sequencer on the basis of the Edman degradation method with a modified program. Some pyroglutamyl peptides were also analyzed by fast-atom bombardment ionization mass spectrometry without the pyroglutamate amino peptidase digestion. Consequently, pyroGlu-Asn-Pro-Gln, pyroGlu-Gln-Gln-Pro-Gln, pyroGlu-Gln-Pro-Gln, pyroGlu-Gln-Pro-Gly-Gln-Gly-Gln, pyroGlu-Gln, pyroGlu-Gln-Pro, pyroGlu-Ile-Pro-Gln, pyroGlu-Ile-Pro, pyroGlu-Gln-Pro-Leu, pyroGlu-Gln-Phe-Pro-Gln, pyroGlu-Ser-Phe-Pro-Gln, pyroGlu-Phe-Pro-Gln, and pyroGlu-Gln-Pro-Pro-Phe-Ser were identified.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 02/2003; 51(1):8-13. · 2.82 Impact Factor