[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Among the currently available prognostic models for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), we investigated to determine which is most adoptable for DLBCL patients treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) followed by upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT).
We retrospectively evaluated survival differences among risk groups based on the International Prognostic Index (IPI), the age-adjusted IPI (aaIPI), the revised IPI (R-IPI), and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network IPI (NCCN-IPI) at diagnosis in 63 CD20-positive DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP followed by upfront auto-SCT.
At the time of auto-SCT, 74.6% and 25.4% of patients had achieved complete remission and partial remission after R-CHOP, respectively. As a whole, the 5-year overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 78.8% and 74.2%, respectively. The 5-year OS and PFS rates according to the IPI, aaIPI, R-IPI, and NCCN-IPI did not significantly differ among the risk groups for each prognostic model (P-values for OS: 0.255, 0.337, 0.881, and 0.803, respectively; P-values for PFS: 0.177, 0.904, 0.295, and 0.609, respectively).
There was no ideal prognostic model among those currently available for CD20-positive DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP followed by upfront auto-SCT.
Blood Research 10/2015; 50(3):160. DOI:10.5045/br.2015.50.3.160
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background/aims:
The purpose of this study was to determine the correlations between inflammatory factors-including absolute lymphocyte count, lactate dehydrogenase, β2-microglobulin, albumin, C-reactive protein, and ferritin-and the prognosis for survival in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated with induction chemotherapy containing thalidomide and who underwent autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT).
Data from patients at 13 university hospitals in South Korea were collected retrospectively between December 2005 and May 2013.
The median age of the 232 patients was 57 years (range, 33 to 77) and the male to female ratio was 1.09:1. In the multivariate analysis, fewer than two combined abnormal inflammatory factors was the only independent prognostic factor for superior progression-free survival (relative risk [RR], 0.618; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.409 to 0.933; p = 0.022), and platelet count > 100 × 10(9)/L and fewer than two combined abnormal inflammatory factors were independent prognostic factors for superior overall survival (RR, 4.739; 95% CI, 1.897 to 11.839; p = 0.001 and RR, 0.263; 95% CI, 0.113 to 0.612; p = 0.002, respectively).
Patients with two or more than two combined inflammatory factors who were treated with thalidomide induction chemotherapy and who underwent ASCT showed significantly shorter survival compared to those with fewer than two combined inflammatory factors. These results could be helpful for predicting prognosis in patients with MM.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine 09/2015; 30(5):675-83. DOI:10.3904/kjim.2015.30.5.675 · 1.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone (hyper-CVAD) regimen has been widely used for lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) as a primary treatment. However, there is few data about its treatment outcome in Asian patients. Thus, we conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy of hyper-CVAD induction and stem cell transplantation (SCT) consolidation in LBL patients. The treatment responses of 49 patients treated with the hyper-CVAD regimen were retrospectively analyzed in 13 institutions. Given 24 patients who responded to hyper-CVAD underwent consolidation treatment with SCT, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients who received SCT were compared with patients who did not. The overall response rate was 79 %: 73 % (36/49) complete responses, 6 % (3/49) partial responses, and 4 % (2/49) induction deaths. The major limitation for the delivery of the planned hyper-CVAD cycles was hematological toxicity. Among 39 responders, 24 patients underwent autologous (n = 16) and allogeneic SCT (n = 8) consolidation. Their 3-year OS and PFS rates were 76 and 78 %, respectively, and there was no difference in survival outcomes between autologous and allogeneic SCT. However, 15 patients without SCT consolidation showed poorer PFS even though they all achieved complete response. Thus, only seven patients maintained their response at the time of analysis. In conclusion, the hyper-CVAD regimen is effective for remission induction in LBL, and SCT consolidation after hyper-CVAD induction produced better clinical outcomes than did continuation of hyper-CVAD.
Annals of Hematology 12/2014; 94(4). DOI:10.1007/s00277-014-2258-y · 2.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate outcomes in adult patients with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) or Burkitt-like lymphoma treated with an rituximab plus hyper-CVAD (R-hyper-CVAD) regimen by focusing on tolerability and actual delivered relative dose intensity (RDI).
Patients ≥ 20 years of age and pathologically diagnosed with BL or Burkitt-like lymphoma were treated with at least one cycle of R-hyper-CVAD as the first-line treatment in this study. Eligible patients' case report forms were requested from their physicians to obtain clinical and laboratory data for this retrospective study.
Forty-three patients (median age, 51 years) from 14 medical centers in Korea were analyzed, none of which were infected with human immunodeficiency virus. The majority of patients had advanced diseases, and 24 patients achieved a complete response (75.0%). After a median follow-up period of 20.0 months, 2-year event-free and overall survival rates were 70.9% and 81.4%, respectively. Eleven patients (25.6%) were unable to complete the R-hyper-CVAD regimen, including six patients due to early death. The RDIs of adriamycin, vincristine, methotrexate, and cytarabine were between 60% and 65%, which means less than 25% of patients received greater than 80% of the planned dose of each drug. Poor performance status was related to the lower RDIs of doxorubicin and methotrexate.
R-hyper-CVAD showed excellent treatment outcomes in patients who were suitable for dose-intense chemotherapy. However, management of patients who are intolerant to a dose-intense regimen remains problematic due to the frequent occurrence of treatmentrelated complications.
Cancer Research and Treatment 10/2014; 47(2). DOI:10.4143/crt.2014.055 · 3.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose
To evaluate the efficacy of hydromorphone-OROS (HM-OROS) in reducing sleep disturbance and relieving cancer pain.
Materials and Methods
One hundred twenty cancer patients with pain (numeric rating scale [NRS] ≥ 4) and sleep disturbance (NRS ≥ 4) were evaluated. The initial HM-OROS dosing was based on previous opioid dose (HM-OROS:oral morphine=1:5). Dose adjustment of the study drug was permitted at the investigator’s discretion. Pain intensity, number of breakthrough pain episodes, and quality of sleep were evaluated.
A total of 120 patients received at least one dose of HM-OROS; 74 of them completed the final assessment. Compared to the previous opioids, HM-OROS reduced the average pain NRS from 5.3 to 4.1 (p < 0.01), worst pain NRS from 6.7 to 5.4 (p < 0.01), sleep disturbance NRS from 5.9 to 4.1 (p < 0.01), incidence of breakthrough pain at night from 2.63 to 1.53 times (p < 0.001), and immediate-release opioids use for the management of breakthrough pain from 0.83 to 0.39 times per night (p = 0.001). Of the 74 patients who completed the treatment, 83.7% indicated that they preferred HM-OROS to the previous medication. The adverse events (AEs) were somnolence, asthenia, constipation, dizziness, and nausea.
HM-OROS was efficacious in reducing cancer pain and associated sleep disturbances. The AEs were manageable.
Cancer Research and Treatment 07/2014; 46(4). DOI:10.4143/crt.2013.130 · 3.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM) is a B-cell proliferative malignancy characterized by immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy and bone marrow infiltration by lymphoplasmacytic cells. Clinical features and cytogenetics of WM in Asia including Republic of Korea remain unclear. Moreover, no study has reported treatment outcomes in patients with WM treated with novel agent combined with conventional chemotherapy. This study investigated clinical features and assessed treatment outcomes with novel agent and conventional chemotherapy in Republic of Korea. Data from all (n = 71) patients with newly diagnosed WM at 17 hospitals who received chemotherapy between January 2005 and December 2012 were collected retrospectively. The median age of patients was 66 years (range: 37-92 years) and male to female ratio was 5 : 1. Patients treated with novel agent combined chemotherapy displayed higher overall response rate (ORR) compared to conventional chemotherapy alone (92.9% versus 52.6%, P = 0.006). The 5-year overall survival rate was 62.6% (95% confidence interval: 34.73-111.07). Use of novel agents produced higher ORR but survival benefit was not apparent due to the small number of patients and short follow-up duration. Further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of novel agents in patients with WM.
BioMed Research International 06/2014; 2014:253243. DOI:10.1155/2014/253243 · 1.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
We investigated factors that influence outcomes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients treated with rituximab combined with the CHOP regimen (R-CHOP) followed by upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (Auto-SCT).
We retrospectively evaluated survival differences between subgroups based on the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (aaIPI) and revised-IPI (R-IPI) at diagnosis, disease status, and positron emission tomographic/computerized tomographic (PET/CT) status at transplantation in 51 CD20-positive DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP followed by upfront Auto-SCT.
Patients had either stage I/II bulky disease (5.9%) or stage III/IV disease (94.1%). The median patient age at diagnosis was 47 years (range, 22-66 years); 53.3% and 26.7% had high-intermediate and high risks according to aaIPI, respectively. At the time of Auto-SCT, 72.5% and 27.5% experienced complete (CR) and partial remission (PR) after R-CHOP, respectively. The median time from diagnosis to Auto-SCT was 7.27 months (range, 3.4-13.4 months). The 5-year overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 77.3% and 72.4%, respectively. The 5-year OS and PFS rates according to aaIPI, R-IPI, and PET/CT status did not differ between the subgroups. More importantly, the 5-year OS and PFS rates of the patients who achieved PR at the time of Auto-SCT were not inferior to those of the patients who achieved CR (P=0.223 and 0.292, respectively).
Survival was not influenced by the aaIPI and R-IPI at diagnosis, disease status, or PET/CT status at transplantation, suggesting that upfront Auto-SCT might overcome unfavorable outcomes attributed to PR after induction chemoimmunotherapy.
Blood Research 06/2014; 49(2):107-14. DOI:10.5045/br.2014.49.2.107
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to compare the characteristics of skeletal and soft tissue plasmacytomas, and to analyze clinical outcomes and prognostic factors of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in multiple myeloma (MM) patients with plasmacytoma. We retrospectively reviewed data from 93 myeloma patients with detectable extramedullary (EM) plasmacytoma at diagnosis or during the course of the disease, who underwent ASCT. Soft tissue plasmacytoma occurred more frequently in male patients and had higher levels of serum β2-microglobulin and lactate dehydrogenase, and high frequency of advanced disease according to International Staging System compared to the skeletal plasmacytoma group. Both soft tissue and skeletal plasmacytoma groups showed similar plasmacytoma relapse patterns after ASCT and relapsed with EM plasmacytoma slightly more frequently in the bone compared to soft tissue sites. Compared to patients with skeletal plasmacytoma, patients with soft tissue plasmacytoma had worse median progression-free survival (PFS) (12 months vs. 28 months) (P = 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (37 months vs. 67 months) (P = 0.037) after ASCT. In a multivariate analysis, soft tissue plasmacytoma was an only independent poor prognostic factor for both PFS (HR, 2.398; 95% CI, 1.304–4.410) and OS (HR, 2.811; 95% CI, 1.107–7.135) after ASCT. These results demonstrate that, even though ASCT achieved a strong response in myeloma patients with soft tissue plasmacytoma, the presence of EM disease still contributed to a poor prognosis after ASCT compared to skeletal plasmacytoma, and these poor outcomes were not overcome by ASCT.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
European Journal Of Haematology 05/2014; 93(5). DOI:10.1111/ejh.12377 · 2.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated the clinical features and treatment outcomes of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) in Korea.
We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics and prognosis of 131 patients diagnosed with MCL between January 2004 and December 2009 at 15 medical centers in Korea; all patients received at least 1 chemotherapeutic regimen for MCL.
The median age for the patients was 63 years (range, 26-78 years), and 77.9% were men. A total of 105 patients (80.1%) had stage III or IV MCL at diagnosis. Fifty-two patients (39.7%) were categorized with high- or high-intermediate risk MCL according to the International Prognostic Index (IPI). Eighteen patients (13.7%) were in the high-risk group according to the simplified MCL-IPI (MIPI). The overall incidence of extranodal involvement was 69.5%. The overall incidence of bone marrow and gastrointestinal involvements at diagnosis was 41.2% and 35.1%, respectively. Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone, and rituximab were used frequently as the first-line treatment (41.2%). With a median follow-up duration of 20.0 months (range, 0.2-77.0 months), the overall survival (OS) at 2 years was 64.7%, while the event-free survival (EFS) was 39.7%. Multivariate analysis showed that the simplified MIPI was significantly associated with OS. However, the use of a rituximab-containing regimen was not associated with OS and EFS.
Similar to results from Western countries, the current study found that simplified MIPI was an important prognostic factor in Korean patients with MCL.
Blood Research 03/2014; 49(1):15-21. DOI:10.5045/br.2014.49.1.15
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study to compare the efficacy and toxicity of various chemomobilization regimens: high-dose (HD) cyclophosphamide, HD etoposide (VP-16), and platinum-based chemotherapies. We reviewed the experiences of 10 institutions with 103 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients who had previously only been treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP)-based chemotherapy. The mobilization yields for each regimen were analyzed. HD VP-16 mobilized a significantly higher median number of CD34+ cells (16.22 × 106 cells/kg) than HD cyclophosphamide (4.44 × 106 cells/kg) or platinum-based chemotherapies (6.08 × 106 cells/kg, P <.001). The rate of successful mobilization (CD34+ cell count ≥5.0 × 106 cells/kg) was also significantly higher for HD VP-16 (86%) than for HD cyclophosphamide (45%) or platinum-based chemotherapies (61%, P = .004). The successful mobilization rate on day 1 of 72% for HD VP-16 was significantly higher than the rates for HD cyclophosphamide (13%) and platinum-based chemotherapies (26%, P <.001). In multivariate analysis, HD VP-16 was a significant predictor of successful mobilization (P = .014, odds ratio = 5.25, 95% confidence interval 1.40-19.63). Neutropenic fever occurred in 67% of patients treated with HD VP-16. The incidence was similar for HD cyclophosphamide (58%, P = .454), but was significantly lower for platinum-based chemotherapies (12%, P <.001). However, fatal (grade ≥4) infection and treatment-related mortality were not observed in this study. In conclusion, the mobilization yield was significantly influenced by the chemomobilization regimen and HD VP-16 was a highly effective mobilization regimen in patients with NHL.
Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 10/2013; 20(1). DOI:10.1016/j.bbmt.2013.10.012 · 3.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Elevated levels of serum ferritin have been documented to be an adverse prognostic factor in patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The purpose of this study was to estimate the correlation between elevated levels of serum ferritin and survival outcomes in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
A total of 267 patients who were newly diagnosed with NHL and who received chemotherapy between September 1999 and April 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.
In multivariate analysis, other chemotherapy regimens excluding CHOP-like chemotherapy regimens (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisolone) and RCHOP (rituximab plus CHOP), a high level of β2-microglobulin, a high-intermediate/high risk according to the international prognostic index (IPI), and elevated levels of serum ferritin were all significant independent prognostic factors for 5-year progression-free survival rates. RCHOP and other chemotherapy regimens, a high level of β2-microglobulin, a high-intermediate/high IPI risk, and high levels of serum ferritin were significant independent prognostic factors for 5-year overall survival rates.
Elevated levels of serum ferritin of 500 ng/mL or more as well as the use of chemotherapy regimens besides CHOP-like or RCHOP, a high-intermediate/high risk IPI, and a high level of beta2-microglobulin in NHL may be an important marker for predicting poor survival outcomes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate predictive factors for rapid engraftment after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (alloPBSCT) in patients with acute leukemia. Two hundred sixty-two patients receiving alloPBSCT were analyzed. Subset analyses of donor stem cells were conducted using a flow cytometric method. The correlation between rapid engraftment of neutrophils, platelets, and donor stem cells doses, as well as other recipient and donor clinical factors, was analyzed. In univariate analysis, factors correlated with neutrophil engraftment (≥0.5 × 10(9)/L) by day 12 were achievement of complete remission (CR) after induction chemotherapy (CR1) before hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and high numbers of CD34+ cells, CD3+ T cells, and CD3+/CD4+ T cells. Factors correlated with platelet engraftment (≥20 × 10(9)/L) by day 12 were achievement of CR1 before HCT, donor and recipient sex mismatch, and high numbers of mononuclear cells, CD34+ cells, CD3+ T cells, CD3+/CD4+ T cells, CD3+/CD8+ T cells, and CD56+ NK cells. In multivariate analysis, independent predictive factors for rapid neutrophil and platelet engraftment were CR1 before HCT (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively), high number of donor CD34+ cells (p = 0.005 and p < 0.001, respectively), and high number of CD3+ T cells (p = 0.005 and p = 0.001, respectively). In conclusion, achieving CR1 before HCT, as well as larger quantities of donor CD34+ and CD3+ T cells, may predict rapid neutrophil and platelet engraftment after PBSCT.
Annals of Hematology 07/2013; 92(12). DOI:10.1007/s00277-013-1847-5 · 2.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) can be life threatening, necessitating emergency therapy with prompt diagnosis by morphologic findings, immunophenotyping, cytogenetic analysis, or molecular studies. This study aimed to assess the current routine practices in APL and the clinico-pathologic features of APL.
We reviewed the medical records of 48 Korean patients (25 men, 23 women; median age, 51 (20-80) years) diagnosed with APL in 5 university hospitals between March 2007 and February 2012.
The WBC count at diagnosis and platelet count varied from 0.4 to 81.0 (median 2.0)×10(9)/L and 2.7 to 124.0 (median 54.5)×10(9)/L, respectively. The median values for prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time were 14.7 (11.3-44.1) s and 29 (24-62) s, respectively. All but 2 patients (96%) showed a fibrin/fibrinogen degradation product value of >20 µg/mL. The D-dimer median value was 5,000 (686-55,630) ng/mL. The t(15;17)(q22;q12 and PML-RARA fusion was found in all patients by chromosome analysis and/or multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), with turnaround times of 8 (2-19) d and 7 (2-13) d, respectively. All patients received induction chemotherapy: all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) alone (N=11, 26%), ATRA+idarubicin (N=25, 58%), ATRA+cytarabine (N=3, 7%), ATRA+idarubicin+cytarabine (N=4, 9%).
Since APL is a medical emergency and an accurate diagnosis is a prerequisite for prompt treatment, laboratory support to implement faster diagnostic tools to confirm the presence of PML-RARA is required.
Blood Research 03/2013; 48(1):31-4. DOI:10.5045/br.2013.48.1.31
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Novel agents to treat multiple myeloma (MM) have increased complete respone (CR) rates compared with conventional chemotherapy, and the quality of the response to treatment has been correlated with survival. The purpose of our study was to show how of early response to bortezomib combined chemotherapy influences survival in patients with newly diagnosed MM who are ineligible for stem cell transplantation. We assessed patient responses to at least four cycles of bortezomib using the International Myeloma Working Group response criteria. The endpoints were comparisons of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) between early good response group (A group) and poor response group (B group). We retrospectively analyzed data from 129 patients registered by the Korean Multiple Myeloma Working Party, a nationwide registration of MM patients. The 3 yr PFS for the A and B groups was 55.6% and 18.4%, respectively (P < 0.001). The 3 yr OS for the A and B groups was 65.3% and 52.9%, respectively (P = 0.078). The early response to at least four cycle of bortezomib before next chemotherapy may help predict PFS in patients with MM who are ineligible stem cell transplantation.
Journal of Korean medical science 01/2013; 28(1):80-86. DOI:10.3346/jkms.2013.28.1.80 · 1.27 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives:
There is no confirmed treatment strategy for primary intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL). In this retrospective study, the purpose is to find an appropriate treatment strategy in patients with primary intestinal DLBL undergoing surgery followed by chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone.
Seventy-six patients were newly diagnosed with DLBL and received treatment between March 2004 and June 2011. Forty-seven patients were treated with surgical resection followed by rituximab combined with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP), and 29 patients were treated with R-CHOP chemotherapy alone.
The characteristics of the patients were as follows: the median age was 56.5 years (range, 15 to 85 y) with a female to male ratio of 1.00:1.45. There was no significant difference in patient characteristics between the 2 groups. The estimated 3-year progression-free survival rates (PFS) and overall survival rates (OS) of surgery followed by R-CHOP (surgery/R-CHOP) and R-CHOP alone (R-CHOP) groups were 92.2% and 74.8% (P=0.009) and 94.2% and 80.7% (P=0.049), respectively. In univariate analysis, significant differences were seen in estimated PFS and OS rates when comparing Lugano stages I and II1 with II2 and IIE (P=0.006 and 0.036), low and low-intermediate risk with high-intermediate risk (P=0.004 and 0.000), and surgery/R-CHOP group with R-CHOP group (P=0.009 and 0.049), respectively. In multivariate analysis, there were no independent predictive factors for survival.
Patients treated with surgery followed by R-CHOP seemed to have a higher survival rate than those treated with R-CHOP alone. There were no significant prognostic factors for survival, but there were possible prognostic factors such as Lugano stage, International Prognostic Index risk, and treatment modality for PFS and OS.
American journal of clinical oncology 12/2012; 37(2). DOI:10.1097/COC.0b013e318271b125 · 3.06 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There has been controversy surrounding Waldeyer's ring (WR), especially focused on the question of whether it should be regarded as a nodal or an extranodal site. We conducted retrospective analyses of marginal zone B cell lymphomas involving WR (WR-MZLs) to observe their clinical features and prognosis, with specific regard to the nodal-or-extranodal question. A total of 52 patients with histological diagnosis of WR-MZL were retrospectively analyzed. The most common involvement site was the tonsil (40.4 %). Ann Arbor stage III/VI disease was present in 48.1 % (25 of 52). The response rate of the 27 stage I/II patients was 88.9 %, with 21 complete remissions and three partial remissions. The median time to progression (TTP) was 3.7 years (95 % CI 2.5-4.9 years). The estimated 5-year TTP and overall survival rates were 39.4 and 90.5 %, respectively. In a comparison with the historical data regarding extra-WR MALT lymphoma and nodal MZL (N-MZL), MALT lymphoma showed better TTP results than did WR-MZL and N-MZL (P < 0.001).
International journal of hematology 10/2012; 96(5). DOI:10.1007/s12185-012-1200-0 · 1.92 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the efficacy of bevacizumab in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) who have failed prior chemotherapy without bevacizumab.
Between March 2002 and June 2010, 40 patients in South Korea with MCRC who were treated with bevacizumab plus chemotherapy as a second or later-line treatment were analyzed retrospectively for their overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS). The tumor responses were assessed using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors guidelines.
All of the patients had progressed under prior chemotherapy without bevacizumab. Three patients (7.5%) exhibited an ORR, twenty one patients (52.5%) exhibited stable disease (SD), and fifteen patients (37.5%) exhibited disease progression. The median duration of the OS and PFS were 14.0 mo and 6.13 mo respectively. The median OSs were 16.60, 14.07 and 13.00 mo for second-line, third-line and fourth- or later-line treatments, respectively. The median PFSs were 7.23, 7.30 and 3.87 mo for the second-line, third-line and fourth- or later-line treatments, respectively.
In patients with MCRC, bevacizumab combined chemotherapy may be beneficial during second- or later-line treatment.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2012; 18(10):1104-9. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v18.i10.1104 · 2.37 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is classified as a Philadelphia chromosome-negative classic myeloproliferative neoplasm. ET is a clonal stem cell disorder that is often associated with JAK2 mutations and shares phenotypic and pathogenetic similarities with other myeloproliferative neoplasms. Hemorrhagic complications and arterial and venous thrombosis are common in patients with ET. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to assess the cumulative incidence rate and risk factors for thrombohemorrhagic events in patients with ET based on a multicenter study in Korea.
A total of 239 patients with ET, from February 1995 to April 2011, were retrospectively analyzed from 4 Korean academic institutions. Data were collected through the review of medical records, and vascular events were confirmed by diagnostic procedures for establishing thrombosis and hemorrhagic complications.
Of the patients (median age, 61 years; median follow-up, 51.8 months), 32 (13.4%) experienced thrombohemorrhagic complications. The 10-year cumulative incidence rate showed a 20.6% incidence of thrombohemorrhagic events. In univariate analysis, the presence of JAK2 mutations, high-risk group, previous thrombohemorrhagic events, and >60 years old were shown to have higher incidences of vascular events than any other factors. In multivariate analysis, previous thrombotic events and JAK2 mutations were independent risk factors for vascular events (hazard ratio, 2.907 [95% CI, 1.142-7.406], P =.025; and 4.146 [95% CI 1.227-14.018], P = 0.022).
Previous thrombotic history and the JAK2 V617F mutation were associated with a higher 10-year cumulative incidence rate of thrombohemorrhagic events.