Ho Sup Lee

Kosin University, Tsau-liang-hai, Busan, South Korea

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Publications (28)41.18 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone (hyper-CVAD) regimen has been widely used for lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) as a primary treatment. However, there is few data about its treatment outcome in Asian patients. Thus, we conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy of hyper-CVAD induction and stem cell transplantation (SCT) consolidation in LBL patients. The treatment responses of 49 patients treated with the hyper-CVAD regimen were retrospectively analyzed in 13 institutions. Given 24 patients who responded to hyper-CVAD underwent consolidation treatment with SCT, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients who received SCT were compared with patients who did not. The overall response rate was 79 %: 73 % (36/49) complete responses, 6 % (3/49) partial responses, and 4 % (2/49) induction deaths. The major limitation for the delivery of the planned hyper-CVAD cycles was hematological toxicity. Among 39 responders, 24 patients underwent autologous (n = 16) and allogeneic SCT (n = 8) consolidation. Their 3-year OS and PFS rates were 76 and 78 %, respectively, and there was no difference in survival outcomes between autologous and allogeneic SCT. However, 15 patients without SCT consolidation showed poorer PFS even though they all achieved complete response. Thus, only seven patients maintained their response at the time of analysis. In conclusion, the hyper-CVAD regimen is effective for remission induction in LBL, and SCT consolidation after hyper-CVAD induction produced better clinical outcomes than did continuation of hyper-CVAD.
    Annals of Hematology 12/2014; · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of hydromorphone-OROS (HM-OROS) in reducing sleep disturbance and relieving cancer pain.
    Cancer research and treatment : official journal of Korean Cancer Association. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated factors that influence outcomes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients treated with rituximab combined with the CHOP regimen (R-CHOP) followed by upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (Auto-SCT).
    Blood research. 06/2014; 49(2):107-14.
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to compare the characteristics of skeletal and soft tissue plasmacytomas, and to analyze clinical outcomes and prognostic factors of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in multiple myeloma (MM) patients with plasmacytoma. We retrospectively reviewed data from 93 myeloma patients with detectable extramedullary (EM) plasmacytoma at diagnosis or during the course of the disease, who underwent ASCT. Soft tissue plasmacytoma occurred more frequently in male patients and had higher levels of serum β2-microglobulin and lactate dehydrogenase, and high frequency of advanced disease according to International Staging System compared to the skeletal plasmacytoma group. Both soft tissue and skeletal plasmacytoma groups showed similar plasmacytoma relapse patterns after ASCT and relapsed with EM plasmacytoma slightly more frequently in the bone compared to soft tissue sites. Compared to patients with skeletal plasmacytoma, patients with soft tissue plasmacytoma had worse median progression-free survival (PFS) (12 months vs. 28 months) (P = 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (37 months vs. 67 months) (P = 0.037) after ASCT. In a multivariate analysis, soft tissue plasmacytoma was an only independent poor prognostic factor for both PFS (HR, 2.398; 95% CI, 1.304–4.410) and OS (HR, 2.811; 95% CI, 1.107–7.135) after ASCT. These results demonstrate that, even though ASCT achieved a strong response in myeloma patients with soft tissue plasmacytoma, the presence of EM disease still contributed to a poor prognosis after ASCT compared to skeletal plasmacytoma, and these poor outcomes were not overcome by ASCT.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    European Journal Of Haematology 05/2014; · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the clinical features and treatment outcomes of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) in Korea. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics and prognosis of 131 patients diagnosed with MCL between January 2004 and December 2009 at 15 medical centers in Korea; all patients received at least 1 chemotherapeutic regimen for MCL. The median age for the patients was 63 years (range, 26-78 years), and 77.9% were men. A total of 105 patients (80.1%) had stage III or IV MCL at diagnosis. Fifty-two patients (39.7%) were categorized with high- or high-intermediate risk MCL according to the International Prognostic Index (IPI). Eighteen patients (13.7%) were in the high-risk group according to the simplified MCL-IPI (MIPI). The overall incidence of extranodal involvement was 69.5%. The overall incidence of bone marrow and gastrointestinal involvements at diagnosis was 41.2% and 35.1%, respectively. Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone, and rituximab were used frequently as the first-line treatment (41.2%). With a median follow-up duration of 20.0 months (range, 0.2-77.0 months), the overall survival (OS) at 2 years was 64.7%, while the event-free survival (EFS) was 39.7%. Multivariate analysis showed that the simplified MIPI was significantly associated with OS. However, the use of a rituximab-containing regimen was not associated with OS and EFS. Similar to results from Western countries, the current study found that simplified MIPI was an important prognostic factor in Korean patients with MCL.
    Blood research. 03/2014; 49(1):15-21.
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    ABSTRACT: Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM) is a B-cell proliferative malignancy characterized by immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy and bone marrow infiltration by lymphoplasmacytic cells. Clinical features and cytogenetics of WM in Asia including Republic of Korea remain unclear. Moreover, no study has reported treatment outcomes in patients with WM treated with novel agent combined with conventional chemotherapy. This study investigated clinical features and assessed treatment outcomes with novel agent and conventional chemotherapy in Republic of Korea. Data from all (n = 71) patients with newly diagnosed WM at 17 hospitals who received chemotherapy between January 2005 and December 2012 were collected retrospectively. The median age of patients was 66 years (range: 37-92 years) and male to female ratio was 5 : 1. Patients treated with novel agent combined chemotherapy displayed higher overall response rate (ORR) compared to conventional chemotherapy alone (92.9% versus 52.6%, P = 0.006). The 5-year overall survival rate was 62.6% (95% confidence interval: 34.73-111.07). Use of novel agents produced higher ORR but survival benefit was not apparent due to the small number of patients and short follow-up duration. Further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of novel agents in patients with WM.
    BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:253243. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study to compare the efficacy and toxicity of various chemomobilization regimens: high-dose (HD) cyclophosphamide, HD etoposide (VP-16), and platinum-based chemotherapies. We reviewed the experiences of 10 institutions with 103 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients who had previously only been treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (CHOP)-based chemotherapy. The mobilization yields for each regimen were analyzed. HD VP-16 mobilized a significantly higher median number of CD34+ cells (16.22 × 106 cells/kg) than HD cyclophosphamide (4.44 × 106 cells/kg) or platinum-based chemotherapies (6.08 × 106 cells/kg, P <.001). The rate of successful mobilization (CD34+ cell count ≥5.0 × 106 cells/kg) was also significantly higher for HD VP-16 (86%) than for HD cyclophosphamide (45%) or platinum-based chemotherapies (61%, P = .004). The successful mobilization rate on day 1 of 72% for HD VP-16 was significantly higher than the rates for HD cyclophosphamide (13%) and platinum-based chemotherapies (26%, P <.001). In multivariate analysis, HD VP-16 was a significant predictor of successful mobilization (P = .014, odds ratio = 5.25, 95% confidence interval 1.40-19.63). Neutropenic fever occurred in 67% of patients treated with HD VP-16. The incidence was similar for HD cyclophosphamide (58%, P = .454), but was significantly lower for platinum-based chemotherapies (12%, P <.001). However, fatal (grade ≥4) infection and treatment-related mortality were not observed in this study. In conclusion, the mobilization yield was significantly influenced by the chemomobilization regimen and HD VP-16 was a highly effective mobilization regimen in patients with NHL.
    Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 10/2013; · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated levels of serum ferritin have been documented to be an adverse prognostic factor in patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The purpose of this study was to estimate the correlation between elevated levels of serum ferritin and survival outcomes in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). A total of 267 patients who were newly diagnosed with NHL and who received chemotherapy between September 1999 and April 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. In multivariate analysis, other chemotherapy regimens excluding CHOP-like chemotherapy regimens (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisolone) and RCHOP (rituximab plus CHOP), a high level of β2-microglobulin, a high-intermediate/high risk according to the international prognostic index (IPI), and elevated levels of serum ferritin were all significant independent prognostic factors for 5-year progression-free survival rates. RCHOP and other chemotherapy regimens, a high level of β2-microglobulin, a high-intermediate/high IPI risk, and high levels of serum ferritin were significant independent prognostic factors for 5-year overall survival rates. Elevated levels of serum ferritin of 500 ng/mL or more as well as the use of chemotherapy regimens besides CHOP-like or RCHOP, a high-intermediate/high risk IPI, and a high level of beta2-microglobulin in NHL may be an important marker for predicting poor survival outcomes.
    Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate predictive factors for rapid engraftment after allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (alloPBSCT) in patients with acute leukemia. Two hundred sixty-two patients receiving alloPBSCT were analyzed. Subset analyses of donor stem cells were conducted using a flow cytometric method. The correlation between rapid engraftment of neutrophils, platelets, and donor stem cells doses, as well as other recipient and donor clinical factors, was analyzed. In univariate analysis, factors correlated with neutrophil engraftment (≥0.5 × 10(9)/L) by day 12 were achievement of complete remission (CR) after induction chemotherapy (CR1) before hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and high numbers of CD34+ cells, CD3+ T cells, and CD3+/CD4+ T cells. Factors correlated with platelet engraftment (≥20 × 10(9)/L) by day 12 were achievement of CR1 before HCT, donor and recipient sex mismatch, and high numbers of mononuclear cells, CD34+ cells, CD3+ T cells, CD3+/CD4+ T cells, CD3+/CD8+ T cells, and CD56+ NK cells. In multivariate analysis, independent predictive factors for rapid neutrophil and platelet engraftment were CR1 before HCT (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively), high number of donor CD34+ cells (p = 0.005 and p < 0.001, respectively), and high number of CD3+ T cells (p = 0.005 and p = 0.001, respectively). In conclusion, achieving CR1 before HCT, as well as larger quantities of donor CD34+ and CD3+ T cells, may predict rapid neutrophil and platelet engraftment after PBSCT.
    Annals of Hematology 07/2013; · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) can be life threatening, necessitating emergency therapy with prompt diagnosis by morphologic findings, immunophenotyping, cytogenetic analysis, or molecular studies. This study aimed to assess the current routine practices in APL and the clinico-pathologic features of APL. We reviewed the medical records of 48 Korean patients (25 men, 23 women; median age, 51 (20-80) years) diagnosed with APL in 5 university hospitals between March 2007 and February 2012. The WBC count at diagnosis and platelet count varied from 0.4 to 81.0 (median 2.0)×10(9)/L and 2.7 to 124.0 (median 54.5)×10(9)/L, respectively. The median values for prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time were 14.7 (11.3-44.1) s and 29 (24-62) s, respectively. All but 2 patients (96%) showed a fibrin/fibrinogen degradation product value of >20 µg/mL. The D-dimer median value was 5,000 (686-55,630) ng/mL. The t(15;17)(q22;q12 and PML-RARA fusion was found in all patients by chromosome analysis and/or multiplex reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), with turnaround times of 8 (2-19) d and 7 (2-13) d, respectively. All patients received induction chemotherapy: all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) alone (N=11, 26%), ATRA+idarubicin (N=25, 58%), ATRA+cytarabine (N=3, 7%), ATRA+idarubicin+cytarabine (N=4, 9%). Since APL is a medical emergency and an accurate diagnosis is a prerequisite for prompt treatment, laboratory support to implement faster diagnostic tools to confirm the presence of PML-RARA is required.
    Blood research. 03/2013; 48(1):31-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Novel agents to treat multiple myeloma (MM) have increased complete respone (CR) rates compared with conventional chemotherapy, and the quality of the response to treatment has been correlated with survival. The purpose of our study was to show how of early response to bortezomib combined chemotherapy influences survival in patients with newly diagnosed MM who are ineligible for stem cell transplantation. We assessed patient responses to at least four cycles of bortezomib using the International Myeloma Working Group response criteria. The endpoints were comparisons of progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) between early good response group (A group) and poor response group (B group). We retrospectively analyzed data from 129 patients registered by the Korean Multiple Myeloma Working Party, a nationwide registration of MM patients. The 3 yr PFS for the A and B groups was 55.6% and 18.4%, respectively (P < 0.001). The 3 yr OS for the A and B groups was 65.3% and 52.9%, respectively (P = 0.078). The early response to at least four cycle of bortezomib before next chemotherapy may help predict PFS in patients with MM who are ineligible stem cell transplantation.
    Journal of Korean medical science 01/2013; 28(1):80-86. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES:: There is no confirmed treatment strategy for primary intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL). In this retrospective study, the purpose is to find an appropriate treatment strategy in patients with primary intestinal DLBL undergoing surgery followed by chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone. METHODS:: Seventy-six patients were newly diagnosed with DLBL and received treatment between March 2004 and June 2011. Forty-seven patients were treated with surgical resection followed by rituximab combined with cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP), and 29 patients were treated with R-CHOP chemotherapy alone. RESULTS:: The characteristics of the patients were as follows: the median age was 56.5 years (range, 15 to 85 y) with a female to male ratio of 1.00:1.45. There was no significant difference in patient characteristics between the 2 groups. The estimated 3-year progression-free survival rates (PFS) and overall survival rates (OS) of surgery followed by R-CHOP (surgery/R-CHOP) and R-CHOP alone (R-CHOP) groups were 92.2% and 74.8% (P=0.009) and 94.2% and 80.7% (P=0.049), respectively. In univariate analysis, significant differences were seen in estimated PFS and OS rates when comparing Lugano stages I and II1 with II2 and IIE (P=0.006 and 0.036), low and low-intermediate risk with high-intermediate risk (P=0.004 and 0.000), and surgery/R-CHOP group with R-CHOP group (P=0.009 and 0.049), respectively. In multivariate analysis, there were no independent predictive factors for survival. CONCLUSIONS:: Patients treated with surgery followed by R-CHOP seemed to have a higher survival rate than those treated with R-CHOP alone. There were no significant prognostic factors for survival, but there were possible prognostic factors such as Lugano stage, International Prognostic Index risk, and treatment modality for PFS and OS.
    American journal of clinical oncology 12/2012; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There has been controversy surrounding Waldeyer's ring (WR), especially focused on the question of whether it should be regarded as a nodal or an extranodal site. We conducted retrospective analyses of marginal zone B cell lymphomas involving WR (WR-MZLs) to observe their clinical features and prognosis, with specific regard to the nodal-or-extranodal question. A total of 52 patients with histological diagnosis of WR-MZL were retrospectively analyzed. The most common involvement site was the tonsil (40.4 %). Ann Arbor stage III/VI disease was present in 48.1 % (25 of 52). The response rate of the 27 stage I/II patients was 88.9 %, with 21 complete remissions and three partial remissions. The median time to progression (TTP) was 3.7 years (95 % CI 2.5-4.9 years). The estimated 5-year TTP and overall survival rates were 39.4 and 90.5 %, respectively. In a comparison with the historical data regarding extra-WR MALT lymphoma and nodal MZL (N-MZL), MALT lymphoma showed better TTP results than did WR-MZL and N-MZL (P < 0.001).
    International journal of hematology 10/2012; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the efficacy of bevacizumab in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) who have failed prior chemotherapy without bevacizumab. Between March 2002 and June 2010, 40 patients in South Korea with MCRC who were treated with bevacizumab plus chemotherapy as a second or later-line treatment were analyzed retrospectively for their overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS). The tumor responses were assessed using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors guidelines. All of the patients had progressed under prior chemotherapy without bevacizumab. Three patients (7.5%) exhibited an ORR, twenty one patients (52.5%) exhibited stable disease (SD), and fifteen patients (37.5%) exhibited disease progression. The median duration of the OS and PFS were 14.0 mo and 6.13 mo respectively. The median OSs were 16.60, 14.07 and 13.00 mo for second-line, third-line and fourth- or later-line treatments, respectively. The median PFSs were 7.23, 7.30 and 3.87 mo for the second-line, third-line and fourth- or later-line treatments, respectively. In patients with MCRC, bevacizumab combined chemotherapy may be beneficial during second- or later-line treatment.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2012; 18(10):1104-9. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is classified as a Philadelphia chromosome-negative classic myeloproliferative neoplasm. ET is a clonal stem cell disorder that is often associated with JAK2 mutations and shares phenotypic and pathogenetic similarities with other myeloproliferative neoplasms. Hemorrhagic complications and arterial and venous thrombosis are common in patients with ET. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to assess the cumulative incidence rate and risk factors for thrombohemorrhagic events in patients with ET based on a multicenter study in Korea. A total of 239 patients with ET, from February 1995 to April 2011, were retrospectively analyzed from 4 Korean academic institutions. Data were collected through the review of medical records, and vascular events were confirmed by diagnostic procedures for establishing thrombosis and hemorrhagic complications. Of the patients (median age, 61 years; median follow-up, 51.8 months), 32 (13.4%) experienced thrombohemorrhagic complications. The 10-year cumulative incidence rate showed a 20.6% incidence of thrombohemorrhagic events. In univariate analysis, the presence of JAK2 mutations, high-risk group, previous thrombohemorrhagic events, and >60 years old were shown to have higher incidences of vascular events than any other factors. In multivariate analysis, previous thrombotic events and JAK2 mutations were independent risk factors for vascular events (hazard ratio, 2.907 [95% CI, 1.142-7.406], P =.025; and 4.146 [95% CI 1.227-14.018], P = 0.022). Previous thrombotic history and the JAK2 V617F mutation were associated with a higher 10-year cumulative incidence rate of thrombohemorrhagic events.
    Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia 11/2011; 12(1):70-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Eosinophils are derived from hematopoietic stem cells. Peripheral blood eosinophilia is defined as an absolute eosinophil count of ≥0.5×10(9)/L. Eosinophilia is classified into primary or clonal eosinophilia, secondary eosinophilia, and idiopathic categories including idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome. Both hematopoietic and solid neoplasms may be associated with peripheral blood eosinophilia, but multiple myeloma is rarely associated with eosinophilia. We now report the case of a 31-year-old man with multiple myeloma associated with marked eosinophilia who developed multiple organ dysfunction with infiltration of eosinophils. He recovered after treatment with chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation.
    Cancer Research and Treatment 09/2011; 43(3):199-203. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Herpesviridae viral infections (HVIs) are particularly common in patients with hematologic malignancies after undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation or receiving chemotherapy. However, there have been few reports on the incidence and risk factors of HVIs in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL) patients treated with rituximab combined chemotherapy. We analyzed 270 patients who were newly diagnosed with DLBL. All of the patients had received rituximab combined chemotherapy between June 2004 and April 2010. Twenty-nine patients (10.7%) developed HVI a median of 5.57 months (range 0.37-30.03) after initial chemotherapy. The estimated cumulative incidence rates of HVIs were 8.3 and 12.8% at 1 and 3 years, respectively, in all patients. Independent risk factors for HVIs were a high international prognostic index risk [p = 0.017, hazard ratio (HR) 2.633, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.185-5.850], neutropenic fever (p = 0.023, HR 2.476, 95% CI 1.134-5.406) and a high cumulative dose of steroids (p = 0.023, HR 2.921, 95% CI 1.162-7.346). A high international prognostic index risk, neutropenic fever and a high cumulative dose of steroids appear to be risk factors for HVI in DLBL patients who are undergoing rituximab combined chemotherapy.
    Acta Haematologica 02/2011; 125(4):230-6. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The herpesviridae family includes, among others, herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus, Epstein-Barr virus, and cytomegalovirus. Herpesviridae viral infections (HVIs) can lead to serious complications in lymphoma patients undergoing chemotherapy. There is no consensus on the dose and duration of antiviral prophylaxis in these patients. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence and risk factors for HVI in lymphoma patients undergoing chemotherapy. We reviewed the records of 266 patients who were newly diagnosed with lymphoma and received chemotherapy without acyclovir prophylaxis between June 1996 and August 2009. The cumulative incidence rate of HVI was 20.16% for 5 years from the start of chemotherapy. Independent predictive factors for HVI in lymphoma patients were: female sex [hazard ratio (HR) 2.394; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.245-4.607; P=0.009], cumulative dose of steroids per body surface area of at least 2500 mg/m(2) (HR 7.717; 95% CI: 3.814-18.703; P<0.001), and history of neutropenic fever (HR 0.297; 95% CI: 0.150-0.588; P<0.001). Female sex, high dose of steroids per body surface area, and neutropenic fever were risk factors for HVI in patients with lymphoma undergoing chemotherapy without acyclovir prophylaxis.
    American journal of clinical oncology 02/2011; 35(2):146-50. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytogenetic abnormalities (CAs) have been reported frequently in patients with otherwise typical aplastic anemia (AA), but their implications in the prognosis and in the evolution to hematologic malignancies are controversial. We retrospectively analyzed 127 adult AA patients who had successful cytogenetic analysis at initial diagnosis. The patients were classified into 3 groups according to the initial and follow-up results of cytogenetic profiles. Group 1 included patients who had persistent AA with normal cytogenetic profiles (N=117); Group 2, those who had a normal cytogenetic profile at initial diagnosis but later acquired CA (N=4, 3.1%); and Group 3, those who had CA at the initial diagnosis, regardless of follow-up cytogenetic status (N=6,4.7%). In Group 2, 2 patients later developed CA without progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS); the other 2 patients later progressed to AML. None of the patients in Group 3 progressed to AML or MDS. There was no significant difference in overall survival between Groups 1 and 3. AA patients with CA at initial diagnosis or follow-up may not be at greater risk for evolution to AML or MDS, or show shorter survival periods. Prospective studies and a larger patient samples are needed to establish the clinical relevance of CA.
    The Korean journal of hematology 12/2010; 45(4):242-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Stage IV marginal zone B-cell lymphomas (MZL) are detected in more than 25% of lymphoma patients. In this study, we conducted retrospective analyses of specific cases of stage IV MZL in order to assess their clinical features, as well as the treatments and prognoses of these cases. A total of 94 patients with histological diagnosis of stage IV-MZL from 17 different institutions in Korea were included. Multiple-mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)-organs-involved MZL (M-MZL) was detected in 34 patients (36.2%). Bone-marrow-involved stage IV MZL (BM-MZL) was detected in 33 patients (35.1%). Median time to progression (TTP) was 2.4years (95% CI, 1.9-2.9). Five- and 10-year overall survival rates were 84.5% and 79.8%, respectively. Patients with lymph node involvement in stage IV MZL appeared to have worse prognoses in TTP (P=0.015). Thirty-one patients were treated with a regimen including rituximab (CTx-R[+]), and 31 with a regimen that did not include rituximab (CTx-R[-]). The CTx-R(+) group showed better responses than the CTx-R(-) group (83.9%versus 54.8%, P=0.026). However, no differences in TTP duration were detected (P=0.113). Stage IV MZL tend to follow an indolent disease course. Therefore, lymph node involvement is a more valuable prognostic factor for TTP. Rituximab appears to contribute to better responses, but not in cases of TTP.
    Cancer Science 11/2010; 101(11):2443-7. · 3.48 Impact Factor