[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: adolescents with excess body fat and eutrophic had the same metabolic changes expected in obese individuals.
to evaluate body composition, anthropometric changes, biochemical and clinical characteristics of female adolescents.
a total of 113 adolescents from public schools in Viçosa, MG, divided into three groups: group 1 - consisting of eutrophic adolescents with excess body fat; group 2 - eutrophic with body fat within normal limits; and group 3 - with excess weight and body fat. Weight, height, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure were measured. The body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio were calculated. The percentage of body fat was obtained by bioelectrical impedance horizontally, following its own protocol for this evaluation. The assessment of the percentage of body fat and biochemistry was performed after 12 hours of fasting, and analyzed the lipid profile, blood glucose and insulin, homocysteine, leptin and C-reactive protein. Insulin resistance was calculated by HOMA index.
the group of eutrophic adolescents, with higher adiposity, behaved in relation to blood pressure, HDL and glucose levels, similarly to adolescents who are overweight. It can be seen that the HOMA index, insulin and leptin increased with increasing body fat. More than half of adolescents had total cholesterol and CRP levels above recommended levels. The most obvious metabolic disorder related to the lipid profile for both groups studied.
excess adiposity in normal weight adolescents may be related to clinical and biochemical changes similar to those found in adolescents who are overweight.
Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia 10/2010; 95(4):464-72. · 1.02 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Assess diagnostic validity of four reference tables for waist circumference in female teenagers in order to detect lipid alterations, hyperinsulin, elevated homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), hyperleptinemia and excess of body adiposity.
A total of 133 female subjects, ranging from 14 to 19 years of age , were evaluated. All adolescents were recruited from public schools in Viçosa/MG. Blood samples were collected for determination of fasting plasma cholesterol total, LDL, HDL, triglycerides, insulin and leptin. Percentage of body fat was determined through tetrapolar electrical bioimpedance. Using the smallest abdominal measure it was possible to determine waist circumference and calculated values of sensibility, specificity, positive and negative predictive values. Waist circumference contingency tables were obtained using four criteria: Freedman et al., 1999; Taylor et al., 2000; McCarthy et al., 2001; and Moreno et al., 2007.
In general, sensibility values were low for circumferences assessed and the highest values were obtained for the table of McCarthy et al., on the other hand, specificity values were high considering the table of Freedman et al. The positive predictive values were more relevant for total cholesterol and body fat percentage.
Cutoffs for waist circumference used by McCarthy et al. were the most appropriate for populational assessments. Freedman's et al. proposal is appropriate for clinical use since it presents higher specificity. In addition, it can substitute high costs exams, out of the professionals' reach such as insulin and leptin.
Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira 01/2010; 56(6):665-9. DOI:10.1590/S0104-42302010000600014 · 0.93 Impact Factor