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Publications (9)4.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Multiple gliomas are uncommon and may be classified according to: a) the time of presentation in early (at diagnosis) or late (during treatment); b) the characteristics of computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI) in multifocal (with evidence of spread) and multicentric (without evidence of spread). From 212 patients with histopathologic diagnosis of glioma evaluated from March/90 to September/99, 15 (7%) had multiple lesions. We describe 4 patients: early multicentric, late multicentric, early multifocal and late multifocal, with emphasis on characteristics of CT/MRI and possible differential diagnosis. The differential diagnosis of multiple lesions in the central nervous system includes mainly infectious/inflammatory diseases and metastasis, however multiple gliomas should always be considered, even in patients with known systemic cancer, as described by others. Considering that CT/MRI features are not definite, the diagnosis should always be confirmed by histopathologic examination.
    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 04/2000; 58(1):150-6. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 03/2000; 58(1):150-156. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Os gliomas múltiplos são relativamente raros e podem ser classificados didaticamente de acordo com: a) a época da apresentação, em precoces (quando presentes desde o diagnóstico inicial) ou tardios (quando presentes durante a evolução); e b) as características dos exames de imagem, em multifocais (quando há evidência de contiguidade das lesões) ou multicêntricos (quando não é possível identificar contiguidade das lesões). Entre os 212 pacientes com diagnóstico anatomopatológico de glioma, acompanhados prospectivamente no setor de neuro-oncologia de março/90 a setembro/99, 15 (7%) apresentaram lesões múltiplas. Descrevemos 4 casos característicos de cada uma das possíveis apresentações: multicêntrico precoce, multicêntrico tardio, multifocal precoce e multifocal tardio, com ênfase nas características de imagem e possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais. O diagnóstico diferencial das lesões múltiplas no sistema nervoso central inclui doenças inflamatórias e infecciosas, além de metástases. A possibilidade de tratar-se de tumores de origem glial, entretanto, deve ser sempre lembrada, mesmo naqueles pacientes com diagnóstico de neoplasia sistêmica conhecida, conforme já descrito na literatura. O diagnóstico histológico se impõe, uma vez que as características de imagem não permitem diagnóstico de certeza.
    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. 01/2000;
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    ABSTRACT: RESUMO -Os gliomas múltiplos são relativamente raros e podem ser classificados didaticamente de acordo com: a) a época da apresentação, em precoces (quando presentes desde o diagnóstico inicial) ou tardios (quando presentes durante a evolução); e b) as características dos exames de imagem, em multifocais (quando há evidência de contiguidade das lesões) ou multicêntricos (quando não é possível identificar contiguidade das lesões). Entre os 212 pacientes com diagnóstico anatomopatológico de glioma, acompanhados prospectivamente no setor de neuro-oncologia de março/90 a setembro/99, 15 (7%) apresentaram lesões múltiplas. Descrevemos 4 casos característicos de cada uma das possíveis apresentações: multicêntrico precoce, multicêntrico tardio, multifocal precoce e multifocal tardio, com ênfase nas características de imagem e possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais. O diagnóstico diferencial das lesões múltiplas no sistema nervoso central inclui doenças inflamatórias e infecciosas, além de metástases. A possibilidade de tratar-se de tumores de origem glial, entretanto, deve ser sempre lembrada, mesmo naqueles pacientes com diagnóstico de neoplasia sistêmica conhecida, conforme já descrito na literatura. O diagnóstico histológico se impõe, uma vez que as características de imagem não permitem diagnóstico de certeza. ABSTRACT -Multiple gliomas are uncommon and may be classified according to: a) the time of presentation in early (at diagnosis) or late (during treatment); b) the characteristics of computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI) in multifocal (with evidence of spread) and multicentric (without evidence of spread). From 212 patients with histopathologic diagnosis of glioma evaluated from March/90 to September/99, 15 (7%) had multiple lesions. We describe 4 patients: early multicentric, late multicentric, early multifocal and late multifocal, with emphasis on characteristics of CT/MRI and possible differential diagnosis. The differential diagnosis of multiple lesions in the central nervous system includes mainly infectious/inflammatory diseases and metastasis, however multiple gliomas should always be considered, even in patients with known systemic cancer, as described by others. Considering that CT/MRI features are not definite, the diagnosis should always be confirmed by histopathologic examination.
    Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 01/2000; 58:150-156.
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    ABSTRACT: We report an unusual case of germinoma arising from the basal ganglia and thalamus with brain stem invasion, with emphasis on computed tomography and magnetic resonance findings. Diagnosis was confirmed by histopathologic examination. Early detection of this tumor is important due to its potential response to treatment.
    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 10/1998; 56(3B):666-70. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral white matter lesions and spinal cord atrophy have been frequently reported in patients with HTLV-I associated myelopathy (HAM). The exact frequency and the clinical relevance of these findings still remain to be elucidated. Twenty-nine patients with HAM were studied by magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and spine. Cerebral white matter lesions equal or over 3 mm in diameter were considered abnormal. The spinal cord size was evaluated using an index we have called "spinal cord index". The radiological findings were correlated to the clinical features of the myelopathy. Cerebral white matter lesions occurred in 52% of the patients, and spinal cord atrophy in 74%. There was no significant correlation between these abnormalities and the clinical features studied. These findings suggest that the resonance imaging is a useful method for detection of cerebral and spinal cord abnormalities in HAM patients. The absence of correlation between cerebral white matter lesions and either patient age or risk factors for cardiovascular disease suggests a possible association between the leukoencephalopathy and the infection.
    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 01/1998; 55(4):728-36. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Descrevemos o caso de um paciente com diagnóstico de germinoma nos núcleos da base e tálamo, com invasão do tronco cerebral, ressaltando as características observadas nos exames de tomografia computadorizada e de ressonância magnética, os possíveis diagnósticos diferenciais, e a necessidade da comprovação anátomo-patológica, por tratar-se de localização pouco frequente de um tumor com possibilidade de evolução favorável após tratamento com quimio e radioterapia.
    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. 01/1998;
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    ABSTRACT: Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS), or painful ophthalmoplegia is associated to a non-specific granulomatosis of unknown etiology, that involves the superior orbital fissure and its nervous and vascular structures. The clinical picture that responds to steroid therapy, is variable and is always associated with pain. Inflammatory conditions, tumors and aneurysms can produce similar symptoms. Computed tomography, cerebral angiography and orbital phlebography are the imaging methods of choice for making the diagnosis. We revised the results of these radiological examinations of eight patients seen at the Hospital São Paulo from 1989 to 1991, with the diagnosis of THS according to Hunt and Hannerz criteria. The analysis of orbital phlebographic changes based upon Hannerz et al. systematization showed non-specific features, but those were able to help the diagnosis.
    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 07/1994; 52(2):231-6. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We had the opportunity to follow a methanol intoxication case with CT scans, at the 1st and 6th day after admission. Symmetrical putaminal and white matter lesions were seen on the last CT examination, and occurred with the worsening of neurological manifestations, despite the appropriated treatment. The CT demonstration of brains lesions disclosed the toxic effect of the methanol and could be a guideline to the neurological prognosis.
    Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 04/1994; 52(1):93-5. · 0.83 Impact Factor