H T Chang

Ping-Tung Christian Hospital, P’ing-tung-chieh, Taiwan, Taiwan

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Publications (26)52.5 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Riluzole is a drug used in the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; however, its in vitro action is unclear. In this study, the effect of riluzole on intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells was investigated using the Ca2+ -sensitive fluorescent dye, fura-2. Riluzole (100-500 microM) caused a rapid and sustained increase of [Ca2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner (EC50 = 150 microM). Some 40 and 50% of this [Ca2+]i increase was prevented by the removal of extracellular Ca2+ and the addition of La3+, respectively, but was unchanged by dihydropyridines, verapamil and diltiazem. In Ca2+ -free medium, thapsigargin - an inhibitor of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Caz+ -ATPase--caused a monophasic [Ca2+]i increase, after which the increasing effect of riluzole on [Ca2+]i was attenuated by 70%; in addition, pre-treatment with riluzole abolished thapsigargin-induced [Ca2+]i increases. U73122, an inhibitor of phospholipase C (PLC), abolished ATP (but not riluzole)-induced [Ca2+]i increases. At concentrations of 250 and 500 microM, riluzole killed 40 and 95% cells, respectively. The cytotoxic effect of riluzole (250 microM) was unaltered by pre-chelating cytosolic Ca2+ with BAPTA. Collectively, in MDCK cells, riluzole rapidly increased [Ca2+]i by stimulating extracellular Ca2+ influx via an La3+ -sensitive pathway and intracellular Ca2+ release from the ER via, as yet, unidentified mechanisms. Furthermore, riluzole caused Ca2+ -unrelated cytotoxicity in a concentration-dependent manner.
    Human &amp Experimental Toxicology 09/2006; 25(8):461-9. · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Econazole is an antifungal drug with different in vitro effects. However, econazole's effect on osteoblast-like cells is unknown. In human MG63 osteosarcoma cells, the effect of econazole on intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) was explored by using fura-2. At a concentration of 0.1 microM, econazole started to cause a rise in [Ca2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner. Econazole-induced [Ca2+]i rise was reduced by 74% by removal of extracellular Ca2+. The econazole-induced Ca2+ influx was mediated via a nimodipine-sensitive pathway. In Ca2+ -free medium, thapsigargin, an inhibitor of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca+ -ATPase, caused a [Ca2+]i rise, after which the increasing effect of econazole on [Ca2+]i was abolished. Pretreatment of cells with econazole to deplete Ca2+ stores totally prevented thapsigargin from releasing Ca2+. U73122, an inhibitor of phospholipase C, abolished histamine (an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-dependent Ca2+ mobilizer)-induced, but not econazole-induced, [Ca2+]i rise. Econazole inhibited 76% of thapsigargin-induced store-operated Ca2+ entry. These findings suggest that in MG63 osteosarcoma cells, econazole increases [Ca2+]i by stimulating Ca2+ influx and Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum via a phospholipase C-independent manner. In contrast, econazole acts as a potent blocker of store-operated Ca2+ entry.
    Human &amp Experimental Toxicology 10/2005; 24(9):453-8. · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of celecoxib on renal tubular cells is largely unexplored. In Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, the effect of celecoxib on intracellular CaCa2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and proliferation was examined by using the Ca(2 +)-sensitive fluorescent dye fura-2 and the viability detecting fluorescent dye tetrazolium, respectively. Celecoxib (> or =1 micro M) caused an increase of [CaCa2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner. Celecoxib-induced [CaCa2+]i increase was partly reduced by removal of extracellular CaCa2+. Celecoxib-induced CaCa2+ influx was independently suggested by MnCa2+ influx-induced fura-2 fluorescence quench. In Ca(2 +)-free medium, thapsigargin, an inhibitor of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2 +)-ATPase, caused a monophasic [CaCa2+]i increase, after which celecoxib only induced a tiny [CaCa2+]i increase; conversely, pretreatment with celecoxib completely inhibited thapsigargin-induced [CaCa2+]i increases. U73122, an inhibitor of phospholipase C, abolished ATP (but not celecoxib)-induced [CaCa2+]i increases. Overnight incubation with 1 or 10 micro M celecoxib decreased cell viability by 80% and 100%, respectively. These data indicate that celecoxib evokes a [CaCa2+]i increase in renal tubular cells by stimulating both extracellular CaCa2+ influx and intracellular CaCa2+ release and is highly toxic to renal tubular cells in vitro.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 02/2005; 25(4-6):237-49. · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of the environmental toxicant, triethyltin, on Ca2+ mobilization in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells have been examined. Triethyltin induced an increase in cytosolic free Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) at concentrations larger than 2 microM in a concentration-dependent manner. Within 5 min, the [Ca2+]i signal was composed of a gradual rise and a sustained phase. The [Ca2+]i signal was partly reduced by removing extracellular Ca2+. In Ca(2+)-free medium, pretreatment with thapsigargin (1 microM), an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor, reduced 50 microM triethyltin-induced [Ca2+]i increase by 80%. Conversely, pretreatment with triethyltin abolished thapsigargin-induced Ca2+ release. Pretreatment with U73122 (2 microM) to inhibit phospholipase C-coupled inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate formations failed to alter 50 microM triethyltin-induced Ca2+ release. Incubation with triethyltin at a concentration (1 microM) that did not increase basal [Ca2+]i for 3 min did not alter ATP (10 microM)- and bradykinin (1 microM)-induced [Ca2+]i increases. Collectively, this study shows that triethyltin altered Ca2+ movement in renal tubular cells by releasing Ca2+ from multiple stores in an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-independent manner, and by inducing Ca2+ influx.
    Human &amp Experimental Toxicology 09/2002; 21(8):457-62. · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of histamine on intracellular free Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) in PC3 human prostate cancer cells and the underlying mechanism were evaluated using fura-2 as a Ca2+ dye. Histamine at concentrations between 0.1 and 50 microM increased [Ca2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner with an EC50 value of 1 microM. The [Ca2+]i response comprised an initial rise and a slow decay, which returned to baseline within 3 min. Extracellular Ca2+ removal inhibited 50% of the [Ca2+]i signal. In the absence of extracellular Ca2+, after cells were treated with 1 microM thapsigargin (an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor), 10 microM histamine did not increase [Ca2+]i. After pretreatment with 10 microM histamine in a Ca2+-free medium for several minutes, addition of 3 mM Ca2+ induced [Ca2+]i increases. Histamine (10 microM)-induced intracellular Ca2+ release was abolished by inhibiting phospholipase C with 2 microM 1-(6-((17 beta-3- methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl)amino)hexyl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (U73122), and by 10 microM pyrilamine but was not altered by 50 microM cimetidine. Collectively, the present study shows that histamine induced [Ca2+]i transients in PC3 human prostate cancer cells by stimulating H1 histamine receptors leading to Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum in an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-dependent manner, and by inducing Ca2+ entry.
    Pharmacological Research 01/2002; 44(6):547-52. · 4.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 1. The effects of the antianginal drug fendiline (N-[3,3-diphenylpropyl]-alpha-methyl-benzylamine) on intracellular free Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+](i)) in Chang liver cells were evaluated using fura-2 as a fluorescent Ca2+ indicator. 2. Fendiline (1-100 micromol/L) increased [Ca2+](i) in a concentration-dependent manner, with an EC50 of 25 micromol/L. 3. The [Ca2+](i) response was composed of an initial rise and a slow decay to a sustained phase. Removal of extracellular Ca2+ partly reduced the [Ca2+](i) signals. 4. Fendiline (10 micromol/L)-induced release of intracellular Ca2+ was reduced by 65% following pretreatment with 1 micromol/L thapsigargin (an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor) to deplete Ca2+ stored in the endoplasmic reticulum. 5. After pretreatment with 10 micromol/L fendiline in Ca2+-free medium for several minutes, addition of 3 mmol/L Ca2+ induced an increase in [Ca2+](i) of a magnitude four-fold greater than control. This increase in [Ca2+](i) was not reduced by 10 micromol/L SKF96365, econazole, nifedipine or verapamil. 6. Fendiline (10 micromol/L)-induced release of intracellular Ca2+ was not altered by inhibition of phospholipase C with 2 micromol/L 1-(6-((17beta-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl)amino) hexyl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (U73122). 7. The results of the present study show that fendiline induces an increase in [Ca2+](i) in Chang liver cells by releasing stored Ca2+ in an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-independent manner and by causing extracellular Ca2+ influx.
    Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 10/2001; 28(9):729-33. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the antifungal drug bifonazole on Ca2+ homeostasis in Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells was investigated. Cell suspensions were loaded with the Ca2+-sensitive dye fura-2, and the fluorescence changes were measured with a spectrofluorophotometer. At concentrations between 10-80 microM bifonazole increased cytosolic free Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) in a concentration-dependent manner. The Ca2+ signals were partly inhibited by removing extracellular Ca2+. Bifonazole (40 microM) released Ca2+ from the store sensitive to 1 microM thapsigargin, an endopolasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor. Bifonazole (40 microM) per se induced capacitative Ca2+ entry while reduced 1 microM thapsigargin-induced capacitative Ca2+ entry. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate may be involved in bifonazole-induced Ca2+ release because inhibiting phospholipase C with 2 microM U73122 partly reduced the bifonazole response. Together, bifonazole increased [Ca2+]i in renal tubular cells by inducing intracellular Ca2+ release and extracellular Ca2+ influx.
    The Chinese journal of physiology 10/2001; 44(3):97-101. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of the anti-anginal drug fendiline on intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in human PC3 prostate cancer cells were examined. [Ca2+]i was measured using the fluorescent dye fura-2. Fendiline (0.5-100 microM) increased [Ca2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner. Ca2+ removal partly inhibited the Ca2+ signals. In Ca2+-free medium, pretreatment with 100 microM fendiline inhibited most of the [Ca2+]i increase induced by 1 microM thapsigargin (an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor), and pretreatment with thapsigargin abolished the fendiline-induced [Ca2+]i increases. Adding 3 mM Ca2+ increased [Ca2+]i in cells pretreated with 0.5-200 microM fendiline in Ca2+-free medium. Pretreatment with 1 microM U73122 to block the formation of inositol-1.4.5-trisphosphate (IP3) did not alter fendiline-induced internal Ca2+ release. The anti-anginal drug fendiline induced internal Ca2+ release and external Ca2+ entry. Because prolonged increases in [Ca2+]i may lead to cell injury and death, the long-term effect of fendiline on the function of prostate cancer cells should be investigated.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 08/2001; 48(1):37-41. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES) on cytosolic free Ca(2+) levels ([Ca(2+)](i)) in MG63 human osteoblasts was explored by using fura-2 as a Ca(2+) indicator. DES at concentrations between 5--20 microM induced an immediate increase in [Ca(2+)](i) in a concentration-dependent manner with an EC(50) of 10 microM. Removing extracellular Ca(2+) reduced the Ca(2+) signal by 70%. Pretreatment with 50 microM La(3+) or 10 microM of nifedipine, verapamil and diltiazem did not change 20 microM DES-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increases. Addition of 3 mM Ca(2+) increased [Ca(2+)](i) in cells pretreated with 20 microM DES in Ca(2+)-free medium. Pretreatment with 1 microM thapsigargin (an endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) pump inhibitor) to deplete the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) store partly inhibited 20 microM DES-induced Ca(2+) release, but addition of carbonylcyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP; a mitochondrial uncoupler) and thapsigargin together abolished DES-induced Ca(2+) release. Conversely, pretreatment with 20 microM DES abrogated CCCP- and thapsigargin-induced Ca(2+) release. Inhibition of phospholipase C activity with 2 microM U73122 did not alter 20 microM DES-induced Ca2+ release. Another estrogen 17beta-estradiol also increased [Ca(2+)](i) in a concentration-dependent manner with an EC50 of 7 microM. Together, the data indicate that in human osteoblasts, DES increased [Ca(2+)](i) via causing Ca(2+) release from both mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum in a phospholipase C-independent manner, and by causing Ca(2+) influx.
    Toxicology Letters 08/2001; 122(3):245-53. · 3.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effect of the anti-anginal drug, fendiline, on intracellular free Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) in HA/ 22 human hepatoma cells by using fura-2 as a fluorescent Ca2+ dye. Fendiline (1-100 microM) increased [Ca2+]i with an EC50 of 25 microM. Removal of extracellular Ca2+ reduced the [Ca2+]i signals by 51 +/- 5%. Fendiline (10 microM)-induced Ca2+ release was abolished by pretreatment with 1 microM thapsigargin (an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor). Inhibition of phospholipase C with 2 microM 1-(6-((17beta-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl)amino)hexyl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (U73122) did not alter 10 microM fendiline-induced Ca2+ release. Several other calmodulin antagonists, such as phenoxybenzamine (100-200 microM), trifluoperazine (5-50 microM), and fluphenazine-N-chloroethane (2-100 microM), had no effect on [Ca2+]i. Together, it was found that fendiline increased [Ca2+]i in human hepatoma cells by discharging Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum in an inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-independent manner and by inducing Ca2+ entry. This effect of fendiline does not appear to be via antagonism of calmodulin.
    Human &amp Experimental Toxicology 08/2001; 20(7):359-64. · 1.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of clomiphene, an ovulation-inducing agent, on cytosolic free Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) in MG63 human osteosarcoma cells was explored by using fura-2 as a Ca2+ indicator. Clomiphene at concentrations between 5-75 microM increased [Ca2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner with an EC50 of 50 microM. The [Ca2+]i signal consisted of an initial rise and a sustained phase. Ca2+ removal reduced the Ca2+ signal by 40+/-10%. The [Ca2+]i increase induced by 50 microM clomiphene was inhibited by 80+/-5% by 10 microM nifedipine, but was insensitive to 50 microM La3+ or 10 microM verapamil. In Ca2+-free medium, pretreatment with 50 microM brefeldin A (to disrupt the Golgi complex Ca2+ store), 1 microM thapsigargin (to inhibit the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump), and carbonylcyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP; to uncouple mitochondria) inhibited 51+/-3% of 50 microM clomiphene-induced Ca2+ release; conversely, pretreatment with 50 microM clomiphene abolished the [Ca2+]i increase induced by thapsigargin, CCCP, and brefeldin A. The Ca2+ release-induced by 50 pM clomiphene was unchanged by inhibition of phospholipase C with 2 microM 1-(6-((17beta-3-methoxyestra-1,3,5(10)-trien-17-yl)amino)hexyl)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione (U73122). Collectively, the results suggest that clomiphene increased [Ca2+]i, in osteoblast-like cells, by releasing intracellular Ca2+ in a phospholipase C-independent manner and by causing nifedipine-sensitive Ca2+ influx.
    The Chinese journal of physiology 07/2001; 44(2):67-72. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the antidepressant fluoxetine on Ca2+ signaling in cultured cells was largely unknown. The effect of various concentrations of fluoxetine on [Ca 2+] i in populations of bladder female transitional cancer (BFTC) cells was evaluated by using fura-2 as a Ca2+ probe. Fluoxetine increased [Ca 2+] i concentration dependently (20-100 microM) with an EC50 value of 30 microM. The response was inhibited by 50-60% on extracellular Ca2+ removal. In Ca2+ -free medium, pretreatment with 1 microM thapsigargin (an inhibitor of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump) abolished 50 microM fluoxetine-induced Ca2+ release; whereas pretreatment with fluoxetine did not alter the thapsigargin-induced Ca2+ response. Addition of 3 mM Ca2+ increased [Ca 2+] i after pretreatment with 50 microM fluoxetine in Ca2+ -free medium, suggestive of fluoxetine-induced capacitative Ca2+ entry. Suppression of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate formation by 2 microM U73122 (a phospholipase C inhibitor) did not affect 50 microM fluoxetine-induced Ca2+ release. Collectively, this study shows that fluoxetine increased [Ca 2+] i in bladder cancer cells in a concentration-dependent fashion, by releasing Ca2+ from thapsigargin-sensitive Ca2+ stores in an IP3-independent manner, and by inducing Ca2+ influx from extracellular medium.
    Pharmacological Research 06/2001; 43(5):503-8. · 4.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the effect of tamoxifen, an anti-breast cancer drug, on Ca2+ handling in bladder female transitional cancer cells. Changes in cytosolic free Ca2+ levels were recorded by using the Ca2+-sensitive dye fura-2. In a dose-dependent manner, tamoxifen induced intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) increases between 5 and 20 microM with an EC50 of 10 microM. External Ca2+ removal reduced the response by 60+/-6%. Addition of 3 mM Ca2+ caused a [Ca2+]i increase after pretreatment with 10 microM tamoxifen in Ca2+-free medium. In Ca2+-free medium, pretreatment with 10 microM tamoxifen abolished the [Ca2+]i increase induced by 1 microM thapsigargin, an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor. Conversely, pretreatment with 1 microM thapsigargin prevented tamoxifen from releasing more Ca2+. Inhibition of phospholipase C-dependent inositol 1,4,5-tris-phosphate formation with 2 microM U73122 did not alter 10 microM tamoxifen-induced Ca2+ release. The [Ca2+]i increase induced by 5 microM tamoxifen was not altered by 10 microM La3+, nifedipine, verapamil, and diltiazem. Collectively, it was found that tamoxifen increased [Ca2+]i in bladder cancer cells by releasing Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores in a manner independent of phospholipase C activity, and by inducing Ca2+ entry from external medium.
    Archive für Toxikologie 06/2001; 75(3):184-8. · 5.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of fendiline, an anti-anginal drug, on cytosolic free Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) in A10 smooth muscle cells was explored by using fura-2 as a Ca2+ indicator. Fendiline at concentrations between 10-50 microM increased [Ca2+]i in a concentration-dependent manner with an EC50 of 20 microM. External Ca2+ removal reduced the Ca2+ signal by 75%. Addition of 3 mM Ca2+ increased [Ca2+]i in cells pretreated with fendiline in Ca2+-free medium. The 50 microM fendiline-induced [Ca2+]i increase in Ca2+-containing medium was inhibited by 10 microM of La3+, nifedipine, or verapamil. In Ca2+-free medium, pretreatment with 1 microM thapsigargin (an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor) to deplete the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ store partly inhibited 50 microM fendiline-induced Ca2+ release; whereas pretreatment with 50 microM fendiline abolished 1 microM thapsigargin-induced Ca2+ release. Inhibition of phospholipase C activity with 2 microM U73122 did not alter 50 microM fendiline-induced Ca2+ release. Incubation with 50 microM fendiline for 10-30 min decreased cell viability by 10-20%. Together, the findings indicate that in smooth muscle cells fendiline induced [Ca2+]i increases. Fendiline acted by activating Ca2+ influx via L-type Ca2+ channels, and by releasing internal Ca2+ in a phospholipase C-independent manner. Prolonged exposure of cells to fendiline induced cell death.
    The Chinese journal of physiology 04/2001; 44(1):19-24. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the risk factors that influence mortality from perforated peptic ulcer. Retrospective study. General hospital, Taiwan. 179 patients who had their perforated peptic ulcers operated on and who had minimum follow-up of one year. Mortality. The overall mortality was 15% (26/179). Of the 26 patients who died, the cause of death was uncontrolled systemic infection in 21 (81%), hypovolaemic shock in 2, and fatal arrhythmia and heart failure in 1 each. 15 of the patients who died of sepsis did not have fulminant abdominal sepsis. Most deaths occurred early after operation, (range 1-96 days). Old age, preoperative shock, and type of operation seemed to be related to these deaths on univariate analysis, but multivariate analysis showed that coexisting medical illness, delayed treatment, and low albumin concentration were independent risk factors for mortality. To improve the result of treatment of perforated peptic ulcer, the diagnosis and treatment should not be delayed, the associated medical illnesses should be treated, and nutritional support should be given.
    The European Journal of Surgery 03/2000; 166(2):149-53.
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a retrospective review of all early-stage breast cancer patients treated at the Veterans General Hospital-Kaohsiung to determine overall and disease-free survival rates, and to evaluate prognostic factors for these outcomes. During the period of October, 1990, to December, 1997, 332 patients with early-stage breast cancer were treated at our institution. Cox's multivariate regression analysis was used to select prognostic factors significant for overall survival and disease-free survival. The survival rate for breast cancer patients was 88.35% at five years. Prognostic factors predicting breast cancer mortality included poorly differentiated histologic grade, four or more lymph nodes positive for metastasis and negative progesterone-receptor status. For disease recurrence, prognostic factors included positive nodes, aneuploidy and poorly differentiated histologic grading. We conclude that a combination of lymph node status, DNA ploidy, histologic grading and progesterone-receptor status help to evaluate the possible outcomes for patients with breast cancer and to plan for optimal therapy.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi = Chinese medical journal; Free China ed 11/1999; 62(10):717-23.
  • K C Lee, H T Chang, C J Chen, K T Mok
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    ABSTRACT: We report two patients with primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the breast who were treated with breast conservation therapy. These two patients were diagnosed with primary breast lymphoma by fine-needle aspiration cytology and underwent tumorectomy followed by adjuvant chemoradiation therapy. Follow-up studies showed that the two patients were free of disease for two and three years, respectively. To date, there exists no therapeutic standard for this disease and there is no survival advantage for patients who undergo radical mastectomy. Despite the rarity of lymphoma in the breast, a preoperative accurate diagnosis is essential so that unnecessary, extended breast ablation or delayed treatment is avoided. Cytologic diagnosis of breast lymphoma is an easy procedure and provides guidance for appropriate preoperative management. Early diagnosis combined with breast conservation therapy and systemic adjuvant therapy results in a favorable outcome for patients with breast lymphoma.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi = Chinese medical journal; Free China ed 10/1999; 62(9):633-8.
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 18 families with multiple cases of breast cancer were identified from southern Taiwan, and 5 of these families were found to carry cancer-associated germline mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. One novel cryptic splicing mutation of the BRCA1 gene, found in two unrelated families, was shown to be a deletion of 10 bp near the branch site in intron 7. This mutation causes an insertion of 59 nucleotides derived from intron 7 and results in a frameshift, leading to premature translational termination of BRCA1 mRNA in exon 8. Deletions of 2670delC, 3073delT and 6696-7delTC in the BRCA2 gene were found in three other breast cancer families. All three deletions are predicted to generate frameshifts and to result in the premature termination of BRCA2 protein translation. Several genetic polymorphisms in both BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes were also detected in this investigation.
    Human Genetics 04/1999; 104(3):201-4. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Operating for bleeding gastric ulcer remains controversial. Gastric resection bears a higher surgical risk while limited operation may result in more postoperative hemorrhage. There has been little discussion of effective risk assessment of patients. The aim of this study is to define surgical risk by using the APACHE II scoring system, and to determine optimal management. Records from October 1990 to December 1996 were retrospectively reviewed for patients (n=101) with bleeding gastric ulcer who had undergone emergency operation after failed endoscopic therapy. Mortality rates were examined according to different APACHE II scores, and the surgical risk was defined. From January 1997 to December 1997, 35 consecutive patients were enrolled for prospective study. Partial gastric resection (PGR) was performed for patients with huge ulcers (>2 cm) and for low-risk patients with ulcers at the antrum or angularis, while limited operation (oversewing or excision of bleeding ulcer) was reserved for others. The results were compared with the retrospective study. In the retrospective study, the mortality rates for the group with a score < 15 and > or = 15 were 5% (3 of 63) and 58% (22 of 38), respectively (p < 0.05). In the group with a score < 15, PGR was performed on 27 patients, and one died. For those patients with a score > or = 15, PGR carried a lower mortality than limited operation, although this was not statistically significant (47% vs 65%). Limited operation resulted in an overall rate of 22% postoperative hemorrhage and 12% reoperation rate, in which all patients with a score > or = 15 died. In the prospective study, the mortality rates in those scoring <15 and > or = 15 were 6% and 50%, respectively. This is not significantly different than the retrospective study. However, the rate of postoperative hemorrhage was diminished (5%). APACHE II score is a useful tool for assessing risk in patients with bleeding gastric ulcer. The mortality is minimal in those with a score <15, and PGR can be performed with low risk. Although high-risk patients have dreadful outcomes, limited operation cannot improve them if postoperative hemorrhage occurs. Decision making in emergency operation for such patients should be based on the ulcer conditions and the patient's hemodynamic status.
    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 10/1998; 187(3):287-94. · 4.50 Impact Factor
  • Chang H.T, Chen J.S, Mok K.T
    European Journal of Cancer 09/1998; 34:53-53. · 5.06 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

170 Citations
52.50 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2006
    • Ping-Tung Christian Hospital
      P’ing-tung-chieh, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 1999–2005
    • VGHKS Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital
      • Department of Surgery
      Kao-hsiung-shih, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
  • 2001
    • Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
      • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan
    • Taipei Veterans General Hospital
      • Department of Medicine
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1995–2000
    • National Yang Ming University
      • Department of Surgery
      Taipei, Taipei, Taiwan