H-R Lee

Pohang University of Science and Technology, Geijitsu, North Gyeongsang, South Korea

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Publications (7)20.24 Total impact

  • H-R Lee, H-K Jun, B-K Choi
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Tannerella forsythia and its major surface virulence factor, BspA, on the progression of atherosclerosis in ApoE(-/-) mice and the expression of lipid metabolism-related genes. PMA-differentiated THP-1 cells were treated with BspA to detect foam cell formation. The proximal aortas of ApoE(-/-) mice injected with T. forsythia or BspA were stained with oil red O to examine lipid deposition. The serum levels of CRP, HDL, and LDL were detected by ELISA. The liver tissue of T. forsythia- or BspA-injected ApoE(-/-) mice was examined for mRNA expression of lipid metabolism-related genes, such as liver X receptors (LXRα and LXRβ) and ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1). Tannerella forsythia and BspA induced foam cell formation in THP-1 cells and accelerated the progression of atherosclerotic lesions in ApoE(-/-) mice. Mouse serum levels of CRP and LDL were increased, and HDL was decreased by T. forsythia and BspA. The expression levels of LXRα and LXRβ, and ABCA1 in liver tissue were decreased by T. forsythia and BspA. Tannerella forsythia and BspA augmented atherosclerotic lesion progression in ApoE(-/-) mice. This process may be associated with downregulation of lipid metabolism-related gene expression.
    Oral Diseases 11/2013; 20(8). DOI:10.1111/odi.12214 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies demonstrated that reading nutrition labels was associated with healthier food choices, despite some controversy. This study investigated the association between the use of nutrition labels and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: This cross-sectional study included 7756 individuals who participated in the 2007-2009 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). A self-reported questionnaire was used to determine participant's awareness of nutrition labels. Modified Asian criteria based on a harmonizing definition of MetS were adopted. Individuals in the group that read nutrition labels (the Reading Group) were youngest and leanest, but their daily caloric intake fell between that of the group that did not read nutrition labels (the Non-Reading Group) and the group that did not know about them (the Not-Knowing Group). The prevalence of MetS was 16.8% in the Reading Group, 27.2% in the Non-Reading Group, and 47.3% in the Not-Knowing Group. In comparison to participants in the Reading Group, the odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for MetS in the participants in the Non-Reading Group and Not-Knowing Group were 1.85 (1.60-2.14) and 4.44 (3.79-5.20), respectively, when not adjusted. The relationship between the use of nutrition labels and MetS remained statistically significant even after adjusting for covariates such as age, sex and socioeconomic status including household income and education level [1.27 (1.05-1.53) in the Non-Reading Group and 1.34 (1.05-1.70) in the Not-Knowing Group]. CONCLUSION: Reading nutrition labels appeared to be associated with a lower prevalence of MetS in a nationally representative sample of Korean adults.
    Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD 11/2012; DOI:10.1016/j.numecd.2012.06.007 · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The responses to numerous stress signals are important for cellular growth and survival. The p53 tumor-suppressor protein is stabilized under stress conditions and induces transcription of several genes to regulate cell cycle and apoptosis. Regarding p53 protein accumulation, inhibition of proteasomal degradation of p53 protein, which is mainly mediated by Mdm2, has received much attention. Here, we demonstrate that regulation of translation initiation is also crucial for p53 protein accumulation. Furthermore, we report that heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) Q binds to the 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of mouse p53 mRNA and regulates translation efficiency of p53 and apoptosis progression. We also suggest that changes in cytosolic hnRNP Q levels contribute to cell cycle-dependent translational differences in p53 mRNA.Cell Death and Differentiation advance online publication, 31 August 2012; doi:10.1038/cdd.2012.109.
    Cell death and differentiation 08/2012; 20(2). DOI:10.1038/cdd.2012.109 · 8.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Infection and inflammation are risk factors in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Periodontitis is one of the most prevalent chronic inflammations of the oral cavity, and has been reported to be associated with systemic disease. In this study, we evaluated whether the heat-shock protein GroEL of Fusobacterium nucleatum, one of the most prevalent bacteria in periodontitis, induces factors that predispose to atherosclerosis in human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) and apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice. GroEL induced the expression of chemokines such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and interleukin-8 as well as cell adhesion molecules, such as intercellular adhesion molecule 1, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, and E-selectin. GroEL induced the activity of tissue factor and reduced the activity of the tissue factor pathway inhibitor. Foam cell formation was induced by GroEL. GroEL-injected ApoE(-/-) mice showed significant atherosclerotic lesion progression compared with control mice. Serum levels of risk factors for atherosclerosis such as interleukin-6, C-reactive protein, and low-density lipoprotein were increased in GroEL-injected ApoE(-/-) mice compared with control mice, whereas serum levels of high-density lipoprotein were decreased. We could detect significantly higher levels of anti-F. nucleatum GroEL antibody in serum and F. nucleatum DNA in gingival crevicular fluid from patients with periodontitis than in that from healthy subjects. Our results indicate that the host response to the GroEL of periodontal pathogens like F. nucleatum may be a mechanism involved in atherosclerosis, supporting the association of periodontitis and systemic infection.
    04/2012; 27(2):109-23. DOI:10.1111/j.2041-1014.2011.00636.x
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    ABSTRACT: It has been observed that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and insulin resistance. Pulmonary function is also known to be related with cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between NAFLD and pulmonary function. We performed a cross-sectional study to examine the association of NAFLD based on abdominal sonographic findings and pulmonary function in 2119 Korean men between the ages of 30 and 75. Forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) were compared according to the presence of NAFLD. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the relationship of NAFLD with FVC and FEV(1) as pulmonary function tests. The subjects with NAFLD had lower FVC and FEV(1) than their non-steatotic counterparts, and FVC and FEV(1) gradually decreased according to the grade of hepatic steatosis. After adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking status, blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, the FVC and FEV(1) were found to be inversely associated with the presence of NAFLD. NAFLD was independently associated with reduced pulmonary function, and the severity of NAFLD was inversely correlated with pulmonary function.
    Internal Medicine Journal 12/2011; 42(5):541-6. DOI:10.1111/j.1445-5994.2011.02644.x · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Fusobacterium nucleatum plays a pivotal role in dental plaque biofilm formation and is known to be involved in chronic inflammatory systemic disease. However, limited knowledge of F. nucleatum genes expressed in vivo interferes with our understanding of pathogenesis. In this study, we identified F. nucleatum genes induced in vivo using in-vivo-induced antigen technology (IVIAT). Among 30,000 recombinant clones screened, 87 reacted reproducibly with pooled sera from 10 patients with periodontitis. The clones encoded for 32 different proteins, of which 28 could be assigned to their functions, which were categorized in translation, transcription, transport, energy metabolism, cell envelope, cellular process, fatty acid and phospholipid metabolism, transposition, cofactor biosynthesis, amino acid biosynthesis, and DNA replication. Putative virulence factors detected were ABC transporter, butyrate-acetoacetate CoA-transferase, hemin receptor, hemolysin, hemolysin-related protein, LysR family transcriptional regulator, serine protease, and transposase. Analysis of immune responses to the in-vivo-induced (ivi) antigens in five patients demonstrated that most were reactive to these proteins, confirming results with pooled sera. IVIAT-identified F. nucleatum genes in this study may accelerate the elucidation of F. nucleatum-mediated molecular pathogenesis.
    04/2011; 26(2):164-72. DOI:10.1111/j.2041-1014.2010.00594.x
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    ABSTRACT: To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and determine its association with white blood cell (WBC) count as a marker of low-grade systemic inflammation in children and adolescents in Korea. We investigated the prevalence of MS and its association with WBC count in 928 children and adolescents. MS was defined as having 3 or more conditions based on the modified criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III). The odds ratios (ORs) for MS were also calculated using multivariate logistic regression analysis across WBC count quartiles (Q1, <5200; Q2, 5200-6100; Q3, 6200-7200; and Q4, >or=7300 cells/microL for boys; Q1, <5200; Q2, 5200-6000; Q3, 6100-7000; and Q4, >or=7100 cells/microL for girls). The prevalence of MS in children and adolescents in Korea was 6.7% (8.5% in boys, 4.5% in girls, P<0.001). MS was more prevalent in overweight and obese children and adolescents in both boys and girls. The mean WBC counts continuously increased with each additional component of MS in both boys and girls. The ORs (95% CIs) for MS in each WBC quartile were 1.00, 1.56 (0.43-5.67), 4.47 (1.42-14.07), and 5.25 (1.71-16.07) in boys and 1.00, 1.05 (0.15-7.61), 2.89 (0.55-15.17), and 7.47 (1.61-36.67) in girls after adjusting for age, household income, and residential area. In summary, this study shows that a substantial number of children and adolescents in Korea have MS, and elevated WBC count may be a surrogate marker for MS.
    Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD 08/2009; 20(3):165-72. DOI:10.1016/j.numecd.2009.03.017 · 3.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

45 Citations
20.24 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Pohang University of Science and Technology
      • School of Interdisciplinary Bioscience and Bioengineering
      Geijitsu, North Gyeongsang, South Korea
  • 2011–2012
    • Seoul National University
      • Department of Dentistry
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009–2012
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea