Gábor Jancsó

University of Pécs, Fuenfkirchen, Baranya county, Hungary

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Publications (40)74.71 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In the present study we explored glutathione S-transferase (GST) polymorphisms in selected patients who experienced accelerated myocardial injury following open heart surgery and compared these to a control group of patients without postoperative complications. 758 Patients were enrolled from which 132 patients were selected to genotype analysis according to exclusion criteria. Patients were divided into the following groups: Group I: control patients (n = 78) without and Group II.: study patients (n = 54) with evidence of perioperative myocardial infarction. Genotyping for GSTP1 A (Ile105Ile/Ala113Ala), B (Ile105Val/Ala113Ala) and C (Ile105Val/Ala113Val) alleles was performed by using real-time-PCR. The heterozygous AC allele was nearly three times elevated (18.5 vs. 7.7 %) in the patients who suffered postoperative myocardial infarction compared to controls. Contrary, we found allele frequency of 14.1 % for homozygous BB allele in the control group whereas no such allele combination was present in the study group. These preliminary results may suggest the protective role for the B and C alleles during myocardial oxidative stress whereas the A allele may represent predisposing risk for cellular injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 01/2014; 389(1-2). · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The antioxidant glutathione-S-transferase (GST) is a crucial determinant of the development of ischaemic-reperfusion (I/R) injury, and plays a pivotal role in the regulation of the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways involved in stress response and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether inhibition of GST can abolish the benefit of ischaemic postconditioning (IPoC). A neonatal rat cardiomyocyte cell culture was prepared and divided into 6 groups: (I) control group without treatment; (II) cells exposed to simulated I/R; (III) simulated I/R (sI/R) with IPoC; (IV) ethacrynic acid (EA) alone; (V) sI/R with EA; and (VI) sI/R and IPoC together with EA. Viability of the cells was measured by MTT assay, the quantity of apoptotic cells was assessed by flow cytometry following annexin V-FITC - propidium-iodide double staining. The activation of JNK, p38, ERK/p42-p44 MAPKs, and GSK-3β protein kinase was determined by flow-cytometric assay. GST inhibition markedly increased the apoptosis and decreased the cell viability despite IPoC. The protective effect of IPoC was lost in GST-inhibited groups for all MAPKs and GSK-3β. GST activity is required for the survival of cultured cardiomyocytes under stress conditions. GST inhibition was associated with differential activation of MAP and the protein kinases regulating these pathways in the process of ischaemic postconditioning.
    Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 08/2013; 91(8):625-32. · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CASE REPORT: In this article we present a relatively rare vascular surgical complication and an uncommon treatment of it. In this case we used an aorto-bifemoral bypass on a patient with Leriche syndrome. The implanted Y-graft got infected and we were forced to remove it. Having inserted the abdominal aortic graft, an axillobifemoral bypass was also applied to secure the circulation of the lower limbs. However, the graft occluded later on, and 37 months after the inital surgery a rather large pseudoaneurysm developed at the origin of the graft in the right subclavian artery. Another surgical intervention was indicated to prevent embolisation, rupture and compression. Instead of the conventional surgical method (resection, interposition) we did an endovascular procedure. We removed the false aneurysm by inserting a covered stent, using catheter technique, into the right brachial artery and therefore prevented the previously mentioned complications. DISCUSSION: This minimal invasive method is very useful for high risk patients to prevent the injury of neighbouring anatomical structures in the region as well as minimize blood loss and potential complications of long term anaesthesia when open surgery is done.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 06/2012; 65(3):92-6.
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    Angioplasty, Various Techniques and Challenges in Treatment of Congenital and Acquired Vascular Stenoses, 03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0084-3
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the protective effects of postconditioning (PS) in healthy and hypercholesterolemic rats after renal ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. We aimed to examine cytokine expression and apoptosis in tissue damage after revascularisation (TNF-α levels in serum and tissue). Male Wistar rats (n = 32) were divided into four groups. The animals of normal feed groups (NF) were fed with normal rat chow and the cholesterol feed groups (CF) were fed with 1.5% cholesterol containing diet for 8 weeks. Anaesthetized rats underwent a 45-min cross-clamping in both kidney pedicles. Ischaemia was followed by 120-min reperfusion with or without PS protocol (group PS vs. IR). Postconditioning was induced by four intermittent periods of ischaemia-reperfusion of 15-s duration each. Serum cholesterol, triglyceride, urea and creatinine levels were determined. Proinflammation was characterized by the measurement of serum TNF-α. Tissue injury in kidney was determined by formaline-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Tissue TNF-α levels were determined by immunohistochemistry. Significant elevation was observed in serum TNF-α level after IR injury in normal feed groups, which was reduced by PS. In CF group neither the elevation nor the postconditioning induced reduction were as significant as in the NF groups. In normal feed group PS caused a significant reduction in tissue TNF-α level which was significantly higher in CF. Ischaemic postconditioning proved to be an effective defense against IR in NF groups, but it was ineffective in CF groups in kidney tissue.
    Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation 01/2012; 50(3):167-78. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    Gabor Jancso, Endre Arat�, L�szlo Sinay
    Vascular Surgery, 11/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0328-8
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    ABSTRACT: The challenge against reperfusion injury and tissue oxidative stress, especially in vascular surgical interventions has an essential importance to reach the optimal clinical result. Numerous experimental attempts have proved the positive antioxidant effect of vitamin E in both chronic and acute phase models. In our study we monitored the effect of continuous preoperative treatment with vitamin E, on oxidative stress and tissue inflammation reactions developed after reconstructive operations. 32 patients have been involved in a randomized, prospective study, all suffering from AFS occlusion proved by angiography, and all undergone supragenual reconstruction. Duration of ischemia and amount of tissues under vascular clamping were almost the same in all patients. In the group treated with E-vitamin, we administered 1 x 200 mg of vitamin E p/o from the preoperative day till the 7th post operative day. Patients of the second group did not receive vitamin E. Peripheral blood samples were collected immediately before operation and at the end of the second reperfusion hour (early reperfusion period). Late reperfusion period has been monitored by analyzing blood samples taken at 24th hour and 7th day next to the operative ischemia. Among oxidative stress parameters, direct measurement of reactive oxygen intermediator (ROI) and determination of antioxidant state (GSH, Total-SH group, SOD) have been performed. Malondialdehyde was chosen as marker for lipidperoxidation. Inflammation reactions were monitored up on expression of adhesion molecules (CD11a and CD18). We also controlled the oscillation of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Our study has proved that preoperative (from the preoperative day till the 7th post operative day) administration of 200 mg vitamin E could reduce the level of oxidative stress developed after ischemic-reperfusion insult (lipidproxidation, antioxidant enzymes). According to our results, the prooxidant-antioxidant imbalance also diminished in the group with E-vitamin treatment. We proved that elective administration of vitamin E could decrease the WBC activity (MPO activity, free radicals production, expression of adhesion molecules) and its consequential local inflammation process, during early reperfusion.
    Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation 01/2010; 44(2):125-36. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The indication of surgical treatment in lower limb compartment syndrome mostly depends on the clinical signs which can be often uncertain, resulting in delayed insufficient intervention. The aim of the study was to evaluate the progression of compartment syndrome by measuring of intracompartmental pressure and monitoring of decreased tissular oxygenation, indicating an insufficient secondary microcirculation. 16 patients were examined in our study (12 males, 4 females, mean age: 62.7+/-9.5 years), who underwent acute lower limb revascularization surgery for a critical (lasting more than 4 hours) limb ischemia. The indications were: 5 iliac artery embolizations and 11 femoral artery occlusions. After revascularization, on the second postoperative day, we detected significant lower limb edema and swelling of several grade. To monitor the elevated intracompartmental pressure (ICP) and to evaluate the extremital circulation, we used KODIAG pressure meter and the tissular oxygen saturation (StO2) was measured by near-infrared-spectroscopy. In 12 cases the ICP exceeded the critical 40 mmHg. In these patients the average StO2 was 50-53%, in spite of complete recanalization. In these cases we made urgent, semi-open fasciotomy. In 4 cases, where the clinical aspect showed compartment syndrome, the measured parameters did not indicate a surgical intervention (ICP: 25-35 mmHg, StO2: around normal). A novel approach in our examination is that, besides empirical therapeutic guidelines generally applied in clinical practice, we established an objective, parameter-based ("evidence based medicine") surgical indication strategy for the lower limb compartment syndrome. Our parameter results produced by the above pressure and saturation measurements help the clinicians to decide between conservative and operative treatment of the disease.
    Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation 02/2009; 41(1):1-8. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We studied the protective effects of ischaemic postconditioning (PS) on ischemia-reperfusion injury of the lower extremities in a rat model of abdominal aortic intervention. We aimed to examine the evoked oxidative stress, cytokine expression and leukocyte activation after revascularisation surgery. Anesthetized animals (48 Whistar rats) underwent a 60 min infrarenal aorta cross-clamping. After the ischaemic period, an intermittent 4 times 15 s reperfusion--15 seconds ischaemic episodes--were applied (ischaemic postconditioning: group PS). Then we started a 120 min reperfusion in the aorta. In untreated group animals underwent a long ischaemia (60 min) and the following reperfusion (group IR). Peripherial blood samples were collected before operation, and in early (5, 10, 15, 30, 60 and 120 min) reperfusion periods. Serum peroxide level, TNF-alpha concentration, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and PMA-induced leukocyte ROS production were measured. In PS group, plasma peroxide level elevation was significantly lower in very early reperfusion (5-30 min) comparing to non-conditioned IR group (10.04+/-1.9 microM/l vs. 16.91+/-3.67 microM/l, p<0.05). PS also reduced serum TNF-alpha concentration (167.41+/-31.26 microg/ml vs. 116.55+/-12.04 microg/ml, p<0.05), MPO activity (1.759+/-0.239 microM/ml vs. 1.22+/-0.126 microM/ml, p<0.05) and leukocyte activation detected by PMA-induced leukocyte ROS production (5.7+/-0.96 AU/10(3) cells vs. 4.63+/-0.69 AU/10(3) cells). Ischaemic postconditioning could reduce ROI production after IR in early reperfusion period, thus limiting ROI mediated tissue lesion, cytokine-leukocyte activation and inflammatory responses. PS seems to be an effective tool in vascular surgery to reduce reperfusion injuries after revascularization interventions.
    Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation 02/2008; 40(2):133-42. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The indication for the surgical treatment of lower limb compartment syndrome mostly depends on the clinical signs, which can be uncertain and often delayed, resulting in a late and insufficient intervention. In this study, the progression of compartment syndrome was monitored with the measurement of intracompartmental pressure and tissue oxygen saturation. 16 patients (12 male and 4 female; mean age: 62,7 years) underwent acute lower limb revascularization surgery due to critical (more than 4 hour) limb ischaemia. The indications were the following: 5 iliac artery embolisms and 11 femoral artery occlusions. After revascularization, significant lower limb oedema and swelling were detected. To monitor the elevated intracompartmental pressure (ICP), KODIAG pressure meter was used. Tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) was measured with near-infrared-spectroscopy. In 12 cases the IPC exceeded the critical 40 mmHg. In these patients, StO2 was 50-53%, in spite of the successful re-canalisation. An urgent, semi-open fasciotomy was performed in these cases. In four patients, the clinical picture suggested compartment syndrome. However, the measured parameters did not indicate surgical intervention (ICP: 25-35 mmHg, StO2: normal). In addition to the empirical guidelines, we describe an evidence based surgical intervention strategy for lower limb compartment syndrome. Our results and advised parameter intervals help the clinicians to decide between conservative and operative treatment of the disease.
    Magyar Sebészet (Hungarian Journal of Surgery) 01/2008; 60(6):301-6.
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    ABSTRACT: During ischemia, the glycolytic pathway is up-regulated to anaerobically produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP). However, this is short-lived, due to negative feedback on phosphofructokinase from accumulating lactate. Since fructose-1,6-diphosphate (FDP) enters glycolysis distal to this inhibitory site, exogenously administered FDP may yield ATP-independent lactate accumulation and thus ameliorate ischemic injury. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to investigate whether the improved myocardial preservation by FDP could be attributed to improved intermediary metabolism in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Thirty-eight patients scheduled for elective CABG were studied. During operation, aortic and coronary sinus blood were collected at different timepoints and analysed by chromatography. Ten patients received 250 mg/kg FDP and 10 received 5% dextrose (control) as intravenous pretreatment prior to cardiopulmonary bypass. In the second stage, 9 patients received 2.5 mM (1.4 g/L) FDP and 9 patients 5% dextrose with the cardioplegic solution. Myocardial metabolism was quantified by measuring nucleotide catabolites including inosine and hypoxanthine. The release of inosine-hypoxantine was increased in both the FDP and the control groups; however, compared to baseline, inosine-hypoxantine levels were significantly elevated at 0, 1, 5 and 10 minutes following reperfusion in the control group. This was in contrast to the earlier recovery to baseline levels (after 5 minutes following reperfusion) in the FDP group. These data suggest that FDP may contribute to myocardial cytoprotection during cardiopulmonary bypass. Moreover, myocardial nucleotide metabolite levels showed no evidence for a protective effect of FDP on nucleotide degradation between the treated and the control groups.
    The Journal of cardiovascular surgery 01/2008; 48(6):751-6. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the possibility that repeated ischemic preconditioning or N-acetylcysteine (NAC) could prevent ischemia-reperfusion injury as determined by indocyanine green plasma disappearance rate (ICG-PDR) or has favorable hemodynamic effects during reperfusion in an in vivo canine liver model. Under general anesthesia, 3 groups of mongrel dogs (n = 5 per group) were subjected to (1) 60-min hepatic ischemia, (2) same ischemia preceded by intravenous administration of 150 mg kg(-1) NAC, and (3) three episodes of IPC (10-min ischemia followed by 10-min reperfusion) prior to same ischemia. Hepatic reperfusion was maintained for a further 180 min, with hemodynamic and hepatic function parameters monitored throughout. Plasma disappearance rate of indocyanine green and serum levels of aspartate transferase and alanine transferase showed no significant differences between groups. Although liver injury was obvious, reflected by hemodynamic, blood gas, and liver function tests, NAC and IPC failed to prevent decay in hepatic function in this canine model. The results do not support the hypothesis that short-term use of NAC and IPC is beneficial in hepatic surgery.
    European Surgical Research 01/2008; 41(2):226-30. · 1.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: After revascularization of an acute arterial occlusion the development of a serious ischaemic-reperfusion injury is a menacing challenge and a hard task in peripheral vascular surgery. A whale of evidences point to oxidative stress, as an important trigger, in the complex chain of events leading to reperfusion injury. In the present study authors aimed to examine oxidative stress parameters, antioxidant-prooxidant state and leukocyte adhesion molecules (CD11a and CD18) expression following acute revascularization surgery of lower limb.10 patients were examined in the prospective randomized study. Peripheral blood sample was collected in ischaemic period, and after reperfusion in the 2nd and 24th hours, and on 7th day. Superoxide-dismutase activity, reduced glutathion concentration and leukocytes free radical production were measured. The degree of lipidperoxidation was marked with the quantity of malondialdehyde. The expressions of adhesion molecules were measured with flowcytometry.The speed and rate of free radical production significantly increased in the early reperfusion (p<0.05). The level of antioxidant enzymes decreased after revascularization. The CD11a and CD18 expression of the granulocytes significantly (p<0.05) decreased right after the revascularization, but with a gradual elevation until the 7th day they exceed the ischaemic value. Our results showed a time specific turnover of the sensitive antioxidant-prooxidant balance after revascularization operation.
    Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation 01/2008; 39(1-4):79-85. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The molecular structure and vibrational characteristics of monomeric and dimeric tin diiodide, SnI2 and Sn2I4, were determined by high-level computational methods. For the dimer molecule two low-energy geometries were found, one with C s and the other with C 2v symmetry, the former with somewhat lower energy; their relative energy is strongly dependent on the computational method. Thermodynamic functions for both species and their dimerization reaction were calculated based on the computed structures.
    Structural Chemistry 09/2007; 18(5):641-648. · 1.90 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 06/2007; 42(6). · 5.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the study the authors aimed to demonstrate the expression and protective effect of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in the delayed preconditioning (PC) on cultured myocardiac cells. Neonatal rat cardiac myocytes were exposed to ischemic (ischemic medium [IM] for 20 min) and pharmacological (adenosine, epinephrine, opioid) PC. Twenty-four hours later cells were subjected to a simulated ischemia (SI)--culturing for 3 h in IM, followed by 2-h reperfusion in normal medium--and then lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), live/death ratio, and apoptosis were measured. For demonstrating the protective role of HO-1, its enzymatic activity was competitively inhibited by administration of zinc protoporphyrin IX (ZnPPIX), and HO-1 synthesis was blocked with HO-1 siRNA. Cells in control group were cultured under normoxic conditions. In SI group, cells underwent only an SI without PC. HO-1 expression in all of the groups was demonstrated with immunostaining. Our results showed a significant decrease of LDH release, apoptosis, and cell death in PC groups versus SI group, which has been risen in ZnPPIX- and HO-1 siRNA-treated groups. HO-1 immunostaining showed an appreciable HO-1 expression in PC groups, which was abolished with HO-1 siRNA administration, but not in ZnPPIX group. The results therefore suggest that HO-1 expression increases in both ischemic and pharmacological PC, and HO-1 has cellular protective effect against cell death and apoptosis in ischemia-reperfusion-induced oxidative injury.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 01/2007; 1095:251-61. · 4.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pre- and postconditioning are powerful endogenous adaptive phenomenon of the organism whereby different stimuli enhance the tolerance against various types of stress. Urocortin (Ucn), member of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) family has potent effects on the cardiovascular system. The aim of this article was to investigate the action of Ucn on cultured cardiomyocytes in the process of pre- and postconditioning. Isolated neonatal rat ventricular myocytes were preconditioned with adenosine, simulated ischemia, and Ucn (10-min treatment followed by 10-min reperfusion/recovery). For detecting the effect of alternative types of preconditioning, necrosis enzyme (lactate dehydrogenase [LDH]) release, vital staining (trypan blue), and ratio of apoptosis/necrosis were examined after cardiac cells were exposed to 3-h sustained ischemia and 2-h reperfusion. Same parameters were measured in the postconditioned groups (30- or 60-min ischemia followed by postconditioning with 10-min ischemic stimulus or Ucn and 2-h reperfusion). Cells exposed to 3-h ischemia followed by 2-h reperfusion were shown as control. Our results show that LDH release a number of trypan blue-stained dead cells and the ratio of apoptotized and necrotized cells was decreased in all preconditioned groups compared with control group. In postconditioned groups LDH content of culture medium, trypan blue-positive cardiomyocytes, and the rate of apoptotic/necrotic cells was reduced contrasted with non-postconditioned group. We can conclude that preconditioning with Ucn induced such a powerful cell protective effect as adenosine and ischemia. Furthermore, postconditioning with Ucn after 60-min ischemia was more cardioprotective than ischemic postconditioning.
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 01/2007; 1095:228-39. · 4.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In addition to the well-investigated proinflammatory cytokine expression, there is an ever increasing interest in the field of anti-inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Evidence suggests that myocardium serves as an important source of cytokines during reperfusion and application of CPB. The effect of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) without CPB on myocardial cytokine production has not as yet been investigated. Cardiopulmonary bypass can cause long-term disturbance in pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine balance, which may impede a patient's recovery following surgery. Therefore, the effect of CPB on the balance of the pro-/anti-inflammatory cytokines network and myocardial cytokine outflow was assessed throughout a longer period after surgery. Twenty patients were scheduled for CABG with CPB and 10 had off-pump surgery. Blood samples were taken before, during, and over the first week following surgery. Coronary sinus blood samples were collected during surgery. The ratio of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines was calculated and the cytokine concentration of peripheral and coronary sinus blood were compared in both groups. Pro-/anti-inflammatory cytokine ratio decreased early after CPB followed by a delayed and marked increase. A more balanced ratio was present following off-pump surgery. Coronary sinus levels of certain cytokines exceeded the concentration of systemic blood in the course of CPB but not during off-pump operation. Patients show pro-inflammatory predominant cytokine balance at a later stage after CPB in contrast to those without CPB. The heart produces a remarkable amount of cytokines only in the course of surgery with CPB.
    Clinical Cardiology 08/2006; 29(7):311-5. · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 06/2006; 40(6):959-959. · 5.22 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 06/2006; 40(6):959-960. · 5.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

160 Citations
74.71 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2014
    • University of Pécs
      • • Institute of Surgical Research and Techniques
      • • Department of Vascular Surgery
      Fuenfkirchen, Baranya county, Hungary
  • 2008
    • Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust
      Harefield, England, United Kingdom
  • 2006
    • Allgemeines Krankenhaus Linz
      Linz, Upper Austria, Austria
  • 2004
    • Eötvös Loránd University
      Budapeŝto, Budapest, Hungary