ABSTRACT: The results of pancreas transplantation have greatly improved in recent years. The path to further improvements goes through extensive experimental researches.
This study describes the effects of different procedures as hemodynamic asset and postoperative outcome. Twenty-nine swine underwent a total pancreatectomy, and were stratified into five groups. Group one (n = 5) served as control. Group two (n = 7) was autotransplanted. Group three (n = 6) and group four (n = 6) underwent allotransplantation; the first without immunosuppression and the second treated with cyclosporine and steroids. In group five (n = 5) Langerhans Islets transplantation was performed.
Survival was different depending on which methodology was applied. The postoperative survival was 7 +/- 2 days in group one, 24 +/- 16 days in group two, 17 +/- 7 days in group three, 27 +/- 8 days in group four and 12 +/- 6 days in group five.
The postoperative glucose control was normal in group two and group four while a severe diabetes appeared in group one (group 1 vs group 2: p < 0.05) and in group three during acute graft rejection after the 12th postoperative day (group 3 vs group 4: p < 0.05). Glycemia was slightly controlled in group five. The intraoperative hemodynamic status was evaluated at the time of pancreatectomy, harvesting, revascularization, and when surgery was over. Among the different parameters studied (mean arterial and pulmonary pressure, pulmonary wedge pressure, central venous pressure, cardiac output, oxygen extraction ratio, systemic vascular resistance, oxygen delivery and oxygen consumption), a statistically significant difference between group one and group five (p < 0.05) was observed.
Minerva chirurgica 07/1999; 54(6):375-88. · 0.77 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Recent studies have demonstrated that IGF-I has several biological activities that correlate with the GH axis, by acting as a cell protecting factor and a promoting compound in different tissues and organs. Our latest findings have demonstrated a potential application of IGF-I in the treatment of postischemic renal injury, which frequently appears after a kidney transplant. The beneficial effect of the renal postoperative recovery probably correlates with the regulation of the vascular tone, in which IGF-I plays a role with other cytokines. However, this rises the question whether IGF-I has any effect on the general hemodynamic status. This study was designed to underline the intraoperative hemodynamic effect of exogenous IGF-I in an experimental setting of renal transplantation in swine.
Twelve female swine underwent a left renal autotransplantation. At the reperfusion the animals were separated in two groups. Group one served as control. Group two received 400 micrograms of IGF-I (added to the flushing solution). The animals were kept under complete hemodynamic monitoring over the operation.
Among the different parameters studied (mean arterial pressure, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary wedge pressure, central venous pressure, cardiac output, oxygen extraction ratio, systemic vascular resistance, oxygen delivery and oxygen consumption), any statistically significant difference between group one and two were observed.
While the clinical administration of IGF-I requires further studies, the in vivo administration of this peptide is apparently well tolerated, and does not cause any hemodynamic instability to the operation.
Minerva chirurgica 10/1998; 53(9):691-9. · 0.77 Impact Factor
Transplantation Proceedings 09/1998; 30(5):2019-23. · 1.00 Impact Factor