[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To test the involvement of histone deacetylases (HDACs) activity in endothelial lineage progression, we investigated the effects of HDAC inhibitors on endothelial progenitors cells (EPCs) derived from umbilical cord blood (UCB). Adherent EPCs, that expressed the endothelial marker proteins (PCAM-1, CD105, CD133, and VEGFR(2)) revealed by flow cytometry were treated with three HDAC inhibitors: Butyrate (BuA), Trichostatin A (TSA), and Valproic acid (VPA). RT-PCR assay showed that HDAC inhibitors down-regulated the expression of endothelial genes such as VE-cadherin, CD133, CXCR4 and Tie-2. Furthermore, flow cytometry analysis illustrated that HDAC inhibitors selectively reduce the expression of VEGFR(2), CD117, VE-cadherin, and ICAM-1, whereas the expression of CD34 and CD45 remained unchanged, demonstrating that HDAC is involved in endothelial differentiation of progenitor cells. Real-Time PCR demonstrated that TSA down-regulated telomerase activity probably via suppression of hTERT expression, suggesting that HDAC inhibitor decreased cell proliferation. Cell motility was also decreased after treatment with HDAC inhibitors as shown by wound-healing assay. The balance of acethylation/deacethylation kept in control by the activity of HAT (histone acetyltransferases)/HDAC enzymes play an important role in differentiation of stem cells by regulating proliferation and endothelial lineage commitment.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2012; 13(11):15074-85. · 2.46 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Promise of cell therapy has advanced the use of adult stem cells towards the development of novel approaches to promote regeneration
of injured endothelium. The aim of this study was to stimulate endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) with lectin isolated from
Solanum tuberosum (potato) shoot and Calendula officinalis (marigold) extracts, in order to increase EPCs proliferation and gene expression of molecules with roles in chemotaxis and adhesion
for a better attachment to injured vascular tissue. EPCs were differentiated from umbilical cord blood-derived mononuclear
cells and characterized by light microscopy, flow cytometry, and vascular tube-like structures formation on Matrigel. Cell
proliferation was determined by MTS assay, and gene expression of molecules involved in EPCs adhesion (VCAM-1, VE-cadherin,
ICAM-1, PECAM-1, P-selectin) and chemotaxis was determined (CXCR4, Tie-2) by RT-PCR. For the assessment of cell motility,
wound-healing assay was employed. Both potato shoot lectin and marigold extracts stimulated EPCs proliferation in a concentration dependent manner and were able to increase expression of adhesion
and chemotactic molecules. Marigold flower extract proved to be more efficient. This study demonstrates the usefulness of potato lectin and marigold extracts to increase EPCs proliferation and modulate gene expression of chemotactic and adhesion molecules, which may facilitate
EPCs attachment to injured endothelium.
Central European Journal of Biology 01/2011; 6(3):330-341. · 0.82 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Wharton's jelly (WJ) is a rich source of multiple-lineage differentiating cells, recently proposed for cell replacement therapy. However, their ability to integrate into the cardiac tissue has not been elucidated, yet. We employed in vitro cardiac transplantation models to investigate the capacity of a novel population of human WJ-derived mesenchymal stem cells (nMSCs) to integrate into both living and ischemic cardiac tissue. NMSCs were characterized for the expression of stem/progenitor cell genes and proteins, as well as for multi-lineage differentiation potential. To assess their integration properties, nMSCs were cocultured with either living or ischemic embryonic murine ventricular slices. Immunohistochemical analyses were performed on cryosections of cocultured preparations to allow human cells tracking within the cocultures. Results showed that nMSCs shared MSC and endothelial colony-forming cell characteristics at gene, protein, and functional levels. NMSCs were markedly chemoattracted towards the ventricular slices, integrating robustly into the depth of both living and ischemic cardiac tissue. In conclusion, the functional ability of WJ-derived cells to populate the cardiac tissue could be validated in vitro. The transplantation models described could be further used to depict the mechanisms of WJ-derived cells integration into the cardiac tissue, contributing to optimization of reliable cell therapies for cardiac repair.
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 01/2011; 28(1):63-76. · 3.42 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The umbilical cord blood derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to vascular regeneration in experimental models of ischaemia. However, their ability to participate in cardiovascular tissue restoration has not been elucidated yet. We employed a novel coculture system to investigate whether human EPCs have the capacity to integrate into living and ischaemic cardiac tissue, and participate to neovascularization. EPCs were cocultured with either living or ischaemic murine embryonic ventricular slices, in the presence or absence of a pro-angiogenic growth factor cocktail consisting of VEGF, IGF-1, EGF and bFGF. Tracking of EPCs within the cocultures was performed by cell transfection with green fluorescent protein or by immunostaining performed with anti-human vWF, CD31, nuclei and mitochondria antibodies. EPCs generated vascular tube-like structures in direct contact with the living ventricular slices. Furthermore, the pro-angiogenic growth factor cocktail reduced significantly tubes formation. Coculture of EPCs with the living ventricular slices in a transwell system did not lead to vascular tube-like structures formation, demonstrating that the direct contact is necessary and that the soluble factors secreted by the living slices were not sufficient for their induction. No vascular tubes were formed when EPCs were cocultured with ischaemic ventricular slices, even in the presence of the pro-angiogenic cocktail. In conclusion, EPCs form vascular tube-like structures in contact with living cardiac tissue and the direct cell-to-cell interaction is a prerequisite for their induction. Understanding the cardiac niche and micro-environmental interactions that regulate EPCs integration and neovascularization are essential for applying these cells to cardiovascular regeneration.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine 10/2010; 15(9):1914-26. · 4.75 Impact Factor