Fei Hao

Third Military Medical University, Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China

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Publications (78)277.49 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Allergen-specific immunotherapy (ASIT) is the main treatment for inducing long-term immunological and clinical tolerance in patients with IgE-mediated allergic diseases. Recent open-label and controlled studies on the efficacy of ASIT in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) have provided promising results. However, data about possible relationship between the improvement of clinical symptoms and changes of serum cytokines are limited.Methods Seventy-nine patients with moderate to severe AD sensitized to house dust mite (HDM) were enrolled. Fifty-eight patients were treated with ASIT and 11 controls received only symptomatic treatment. The disease activity in AD patients was evaluated by using the patient-oriented eczema measure (POEM) system. Serum interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, interferon (IFN)-γ, transforming growth factor (TGF) β1, total IgE, HDM-specific IgE (s-IgE) and HDM-specific IgG4 (s-IgG4) were measured before and after 2 years of therapy.ResultsThe mean patient-oriented eczema measure system (POEM) score of AD patients with ASIT significantly decreased after 2 years of treatment, compared to that in patients without ASIT. After ASIT, the serum levels of IL-10, TGF-β1, IFN-γ and s-IgG4 increased, while the level of IL-4 decreased. The change in the POEM score was negatively correlated with changes of serum concentration of TGF-β1, s-IgG4 and IFN-γ. Furthermore, s-IgG4 levels were positively correlated with changes in the IL-10 levels. No correlation between POEM score and serum IL-10 or IL-4 was observed.Conclusion Clinical symptoms and the quality of life of AD with HDM sensitization could be improved after 2 years of ASIT. Changes in serum IL-10, TGF-β1, s-IgG4 and IFN-γ might be considered as biomarkers to assist clinical evaluation of the therapeutic effects of ASIT in patients with AD.
    Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 11/2014; · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ascher syndrome is a rare, benign skin disorder characterized by a double upper lip, blepharochalasis, and nontoxic enlargement of the thyroid gland. The exact cause is unknown, but it is considered to be a hereditary disease with an autosomal dominant trait. We report here a case of forme fruste Ascher syndrome in a 29-year-old man.
    Dermatologica Sinica 10/2014; · 0.57 Impact Factor
  • European journal of dermatology: EJD 10/2014; · 1.95 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 09/2014; · 2.69 Impact Factor
  • Hong Guo, Na Luo, Fei Hao, Yun Bai
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    ABSTRACT: Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) is a typical presenile disorder, with mutation in the LMNA gene. Besides HGPS, mutations in LMNA gene have also been reported in atypical progeroid syndrome (APS). The objective of the study was to investigate the phenotype and molecular basis of APS in a Chinese family. LMNA gene mutations were also reviewed to identify the phenotypic and pathogenic differences among APS. Two siblings in a non-consanguineous Chinese family with atypical progeria were reported. The clinical features were observed, including presenile manifestations such as bird-like facial appearance, generalized lipodystrophy involving the extremities and mottled hyperpigmentation on the trunk and extremities. A heterozygous mutation c.11C>G (p.Pro4Arg) of the LMNA gene was detected in the two patients. 28 different variants of the LMNA gene have been reported in APS families, spreading over almost all the 12 exons of the LMNA gene with some hot-spot regions. This is the first detailed description of an APS family without metabolism abnormalities. APS patients share most of the clinical features, but there may be some distinct features in different ethnic groups.
    Gene 08/2014; 546(1):35–39. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Severe acne presents sexual dimorphism in its incidence in Chinese population. It is more prevalent in males. To assess the possible Y chromosomal contribution to severe acne risk in Han Chinese males, we analyzed 2041 Y chromosomal SNPs (Y-SNPs) in 725 severe acne cases and 651 controls retrieved from our recent genome-wide association study data. After data filtering, we assigned 585 cases and 494 controls into 12 Y chromosomal haplogroups based on 307 high-confidence Y-SNPs. No statistically significant difference in the distribution of Y chromosomal haplogroup frequencies was observed between the case and control groups. Our results showed a lack of association between the incidence of severe acne and the different Y chromosomal haplogroup in the Han Chinese population.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 10 July 2014; doi:10.1038/jhg.2014.53.
    Journal of Human Genetics 07/2014; · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Scarring is a very common complication of severe acne and is difficult to treat by conventional methods. 5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a novel treatment for improving acne lesions. Fractional laser resurfacing is a promising treatment for scar treatment because of its unique ability to stimulate the wound healing response and its depth of penetration. To evaluate the efficacy of combination therapies of ALA-PDT and ablative fractional Er:YAG laser (2,940 nm) for scarring lesions in severe acne patients. A prospective, single-arm, pilot study. Forty subjects with severe acne were treated with 15% ALA-PDT for four times at 10-day intervals. They then received ablative fractional Er:YAG laser treatment five times at 4-week intervals. Three independent investigators evaluated subject outcomes at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post-treatment (primary outcome); patients also provided self-assessments of improvement (secondary outcome). Significant reductions in acne score (P < 0.01) were obtained at follow-up visits after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. After 6 month, the lesions showed overall improvement in all of subjects (good to excellent in acne inflammatory lesions), 80% overall improvement in acne scars. After 12 months, most of subjects had improved hypertrophic/atrophic scars (good to excellent in 85%) and no one had recurrent acne inflammatory lesions. Patient self-evaluation also revealed good to excellent improvements (on average) in acne lesions and scarring, with significant improvements in self-esteem after 6 months post-treatment. PDT can control the inflammation and improve the severity of acne lesions. Fractional resurfacing is a promising new treatment modality for scars by stimulating wound healing and remodeling. The combination therapy is a promising option for severe acne to prevent and improve car formation. Lasers Surg. Med. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Lasers in Surgery and Medicine 01/2014; 46(3). · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is clear that the dermal papilla cell (DPC), which is located at the bottom of the hair follicle, is a special mesenchymal component, and it plays a leading role in regulating hair follicle development and periodic regeneration. Recent studies showed that the Wnt signaling pathway through β-catenin (canonical Wnt signaling pathway) is an essential component in maintaining the hair-inducing activity of the dermal papilla and growth of hair papilla cells. However, the intrinsic pathways and regulating mechanism are largely unknown. In the previous work, we constructed a cDNA subtractive library of DPC and first found that the TCF4 gene, as a key factor of Wnt signaling pathway, was expressed as the upregulated gene of the hair follicle in low-passage DPC. This study was to explore the role of TCF4 in regulating the proliferation and secretory activity of DPC. We constructed a pcDNA3.0-TCF4 expression vector and transfected it into DPC to achieve stable expression by bangosome 2000. Furthermore, we used the method of chemosynthesis to synthesize three pairs of TCF4 siRNA and transfected them into DPC. Meanwhile, we compared the transfection group and non-transfection group. We first proposed that there was expression difference in TCF4 in DPC under different biological condition. This study may have a high impact on the molecular mechanism of follicular lesions and provide a new vision for the treatment of clinic diseases.
    The Journal of Dermatology 12/2013; · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The epidemiologic profiles of chronic urticaria (CU) vary considerably among regions, and few such data are available from China. We performed a multicenter open questionnaire investigation about the clinical and laboratory features of CU, defined as recurrent wheals with/without angioedema lasting for ≥6 weeks, among 3027 patients. Female preponderance was observed (female/male ratio, 1.46 : 1). The mean age at diagnosis was 34.7 ± 13.8 years, and the mean disease duration was 18.5 ± 46.1 months (range, 1.5-127 months). Patients were classified as having chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU, 61.0% of patients), physical urticaria (PU, 26.2%), or other urticaria types (OU, 2.3%). Nocturnal attacks were reported by 60% of cases. The Urticaria Activity Score (UAS) in patients with CSU was 3.8 ± 1.4. The mean Dermatology Life Quality Index was 7.3 ± 3.4 (range 0-30). Induction or exacerbation of wheals with alcohol drinking was reported by 55.7% of patients. Chronic hepatitis B was less prevalent in our CU patients compared with the general Chinese population (2.7% vs 7%). Positive autologous serum skin tests (ASSTs) were observed in 66.9% of patients. Patients with positive ASST had higher UAS, greater angioedema frequencies, longer disease durations, and poorer QoL compared with patients with negative ASST (P < 0.05). In this Chinese population, CU usually affected youth, and CSU was the most common subtype. Autoreactivity and alcohol consumption were the top two triggers for CU, whereas latent infectious and chronic inflammatory diseases were not as common as in previous reports.
    Allergy 12/2013; · 6.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Rare case reports of allergic reactions to beer have been published, but the nature of the eliciting substances in beer ingredients is often unknown. Objective: It was the aim of this study to identify sensitization patterns against various beer ingredients in Chinese individuals with beer allergy. Methods: Twenty-seven Chinese individuals with a clear-cut history of beer allergy were prescreened to answer a specific questionnaire related to the history and symptoms of beer allergy. Twenty individuals underwent allergy diagnostics with different food allergens and extracts of beer ingredients using the skin prick test (SPT) and the open oral provocation test (OPT) with beer. Results: Fifteen patients (75%) showed positive reactions to one or more beer ingredients. Of these, 9 individuals, reactive to sorghum and/or sorghum malt also showed positive reactions to other ingredients. Seventeen individuals showed variable symptoms after the OPT. Cutaneous erythema and urticaria were the most common symptoms and usually persisted for over 2 h. There were no significant differences in SPT reactivity to beer ingredients between male and female individuals. Single patients reacted to barley, hops or yeast. Conclusions: Sensitization to sorghum and/or sorghum malt was the most common finding in Chinese individuals with beer allergy. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 12/2013; 163(2):135-141. · 2.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the association of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the TNIP1 gene and compare the expression of this gene in cases and controls from a Chinese Han population in this replication study. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry was used to genotype 19 SNP in TNIP1 in Chinese Han patients with SLE (n = 341) and controls (n = 356). Genotypes were analyzed by codominant, dominant, and recessive models. Analysis of allele frequencies and linkage disequilibrium was also performed. Western blotting and qRT-PCR were used to measure the expression of these genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of SLE cases and controls. Seven SNP loci were significantly associated with SLE in our population (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). Two TNIP1 gene haplotypes (ATTGCGC and GTCCTAT) were associated with SLE (p = 0.0246 and p = 0.0024, respectively). Western blotting and qRT-PCR results provide evidence that patients with SLE had significantly reduced expression of TNIP1/ABIN-1 relative to controls. Analysis of SNP in the TNIP1 gene and expression of this gene in peripheral blood lymphocytes indicated these SNP were associated with the occurrence of SLE in Han Chinese patients. Future studies should examine the roles of these SNP in the pathogenesis of SLE.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 07/2013; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a common skin disorder with etiology that is not well understood. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of autologous serum skin test (ASST) and skin prick testing (SPT) to house dust mite (HDM) in 862 CSU cases in China. Clinical features, courses and treatment responses were also recorded. The prevalence of positive ASST was 46.3%, and patients aged 30-39 years had the highest positive rate (52.1%). Positive SPT to HDM was seen in 153 patients (17.7%) with the highest positive rate (34.2%) in patients aged 20 or less. Patients with positive ASST had higher urticaria activity scores (UAS) (4.18±0.65 vs. 3.67±0.53) but lower positive rates of HDM (24.6% vs. 37.6%), as compared with those with negative ASST (odds ratio (OR) 1.84, 95% CI 1.38-2.47). Patients could be categorized into four groups based on the results of ASST and SPT to HDM and patients with positive ASST and positive SPT to HDM had the highest disease activity scores, experienced higher frequencies of angioedema, diseases duration, and required higher dosage of loratadine every month, compared with other subgroups (P<0.0001). Patients with CSU showed varied responses of positive ASST and varied sensitivity to HDM, Patients with positive ASST and/or positive SPT had more disease activity compared with patients with negative ASST and/or negative SPT. Further classification can be made based on the result of SPT and ASST.
    PLoS ONE 05/2013; 8(5):e64142. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dowling-Degos disease (DDD), or reticular pigmented anomaly of the flexures, is a type of rare autosomal-dominant genodermatosis characterized by reticular hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation of the flexures, such as the neck, axilla, and areas below the breasts and groin, and shows considerable heterogeneity. Loss-of-function mutations of keratin 5 (KRT5) have been identified in DDD individuals. In this study, we collected DNA samples from a large Chinese family affected by generalized DDD and found no mutation of KRT5. We performed a genome-wide linkage analysis of this family and mapped generalized DDD to a region between rs1293713 and rs244123 on chromosome 20p. By exome sequencing, we identified nonsense mutation c.430G>T (p.Glu144(*)) in POFUT1, which encodes protein O-fucosyltransferase 1, in the family. Study of an additional generalized DDD individual revealed the heterozygous deletion mutation c.482delA (p.Lys161Serfs(*)42) in POFUT1. Knockdown of POFUT1 reduces the expression of NOTCH1, NOTCH2, HES1, and KRT5 in HaCaT cells. Using zebrafish, we showed that pofut1 is expressed in the skin and other organs. Morpholino knockdown of pofut1 in zebrafish produced a phenotype characteristic of hypopigmentation at 48 hr postfertilization (hpf) and abnormal melanin distribution at 72 hpf, replicating the clinical phenotype observed in our DDD individuals. At 48 and 72 hpf, tyrosinase activities decreased by 33% and 45%, respectively, and melanin protein contents decreased by 20% and 25%, respectively. Our findings demonstrate that POFUT1 mutations cause generalized DDD. These results strongly suggest that the protein product of POFUT1 plays a significant and conserved role in melanin synthesis and transport.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 05/2013; · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The association between trauma and melanoma has been a controversial issue. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the profiles of melanoma, and to determine whether trauma is associated with development of acral melanoma in the Chinese population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 685 cases of cutaneous melanoma in the dermatology departments of Xijing Hospital in northwestern China and Xinan Hospital in southwestern China from 1982 to 2011. RESULTS: Of the 685 patients included in the study, 437 (63.8%) suffered from melanoma on the extremities. A total of 104 patients (15.2%) exhibited an association between trauma and melanoma. The primary anatomic sites of the tumours were the upper extremities (17, 16.3%), lower extremities (74, 71.2%) and other sites (13, 12.5%). Among these cases, the extremities were with remarkably higher risks of post-trauma melanoma than the other sites [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 3.968; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.267-5.592]. Notably, patients in the south part of China were with a stronger risk of post-trauma melanoma on the lower extremities than those in the north (adjusted OR 1.764; 95% CI 1.192-2.666) part. In addition, a significant higher risk of post-trauma melanoma on the extremities was observed in the male gender (adjusted OR 1.848; 95% CI 1.186-2.887). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide epidemiological evidence for a potential association between traumatic events and melanoma of the extremities, especially the lower limbs, where a history of trauma is more likely.
    Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 03/2013; · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microglia, the resident macrophages of the central nervous system (CNS), are activated by a myriad of signaling molecules including ATP, an excitatory neurotransmitter and neuron-glial signal with both neuroprotective and neurotoxic effects. The "microglial dysfunction hypothesis" of neurodegeneration posits that overactivated microglia have a reduced neuroprotective capacity and instead promote neurotoxicity. The chemokine fractalkine (FKN), one of only two chemokines constitutively expressed in the CNS, is neuroprotective in several in vivo and in vitro models of CNS pathology. It is possible, but not yet demonstrated, that high ATP concentrations induce microglial overactivation and apoptosis while FKN reduces ATP-mediated microglial overactivation and cytotoxicity. In the current study, we examined the effects of FKN on ATP-induced microglial apoptosis and the underlying mechanisms in the BV-2 microglial cell line. Exposure to ATP induced a dose-dependent reduction in BV-2 cell viability. Prolonged exposure to a high ATP concentration (3 mM for 2 h) transformed ramified (quiescent) BV-2 cells to the amoebic state, induced apoptosis, and reduced Akt phosphorylation. Pretreatment with FKN significantly inhibited ATP-induced microglial apoptosis and transformed amoebic microglia to ramified quiescent cells. These protective effects were blocked by chemical inhibition of PI3 K, strongly implicating the PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway in FKN-mediated protection of BV-2 cells from cytotoxic ATP concentrations. Prevention of ATP-induced microglial overactivation and apoptosis may enhance the neuroprotective capacity of these cells against both acute insults and chronic CNS diseases.
    Neurochemical Research 02/2013; 38(5). · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • Fei Hao, Qun Wu, Yan Xu
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    ABSTRACT: Tetramethylpyrazine (TTMP) is a widely used flavoring additive with a nutty and roasted taste. Solid-state fermentation (SSF) of wheat bran for producing TTMP was studied with Bacillus subtilis CCTCC M208157, which was an exogenous precursor-independent TTMP-producing strain. Factors influencing endogenous precursor supply and TTMP formation in this strain were investigated. According to the findings, glucose and diammonium phosphate contributed to TTMP production but excess salts caused an inhibition on cell growth and TTMP formation. Then a two-step supply strategy was applied: 10 % glucose was added at the beginning of the process to allow acetoin formation, which was the precursor of TTMP, while 3 % diammonium phosphate was added only after acetoin accumulation reached its maximum. By applying this strategy, acetoin increased from 5.44 to 13.2 g/kg dry substrate (kgds), and consequently the yield of TTMP increased by 6.8 folds from 0.44 to 3.01 g/kgds. This was the first report of using a two-step supply strategy for TTMP production by SSF, which proved to be conducive to TTMP production in this strain.
    Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 01/2013; · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototype autoimmune disease with a strong genetic involvement and ethnic differences. Susceptibility genes identified so far only explain a small portion of the genetic heritability of SLE, suggesting that many more loci are yet to be uncovered for this disease. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies on SLE in Chinese Han populations and followed up the findings by replication in four additional Asian cohorts with a total of 5,365 cases and 10,054 corresponding controls. We identified genetic variants in or near CDKN1B, TET3, CD80, DRAM1, and ARID5B as associated with the disease. These findings point to potential roles of cell-cycle regulation, autophagy, and DNA demethylation in SLE pathogenesis. For the region involving TET3 and that involving CDKN1B, multiple independent SNPs were identified, highlighting a phenomenon that might partially explain the missing heritability of complex diseases.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 12/2012; · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Altered hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis response involved in the pathogenesis of stress-associated alopecia areata (AA) has been reported. A novel polymorphism -2T>C of the adrenocorticotropin receptor (ACTHR) can result in an insufficient HPA response to stress; therefore, the functional polymorphism may underlie a role in stress-associated AA. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between psychosocial factors and the risk of developing AA and to detect the association between the -2T>C polymorphism of ACTHR and AA. METHODS: Stressful situations were evaluated using Holmes and Rahe's social readjustment rating scale. The ACTHR -2T>C polymorphism was examined in 263 patients with AA and 241 controls. RESULTS: Significant elevation of psychological stress experienced by some patients with AA compared with controls (Z = 6.628, P < 0.01). The frequency of the ACTHR C allele showed a significant difference between patients with AA and controls (P = 0.004). Allele C is the risk allele with a dominant model as the -2C allele occurred more often in patients with AA (P = 0.001). There were significant differences between patients with AA with a severe stress attack versus patients with AA with no obvious stress (P < 0.001), whereas the genotype frequencies were not correlated with the type, duration of disease, and age at onset. Notably, the C allele carrier was significantly associated with stress risk in both AA and controls (P = 0.002, OR = 1.576, 95% CI: 1.148-2.162; P = 0.042, OR = 1.529, 95% CI: 1.022-2.288). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest AA in some patients may be associated with stress. The ACTHR gene -2T>C variant may be one important factor that influences stress perception of patients with AA.
    International journal of dermatology 12/2012; · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify susceptibility loci for vitiligo, we extended our previous vitiligo genome-wide association study with a two-staged replication study that included 6,857 cases and 12,025 controls from the Chinese Han population. We identified three susceptibility loci, 12q13.2 (rs10876864, P(combined)=8.07 × 10(-12), odds ratio (OR)=1.18), 11q23.3 (rs638893, P(combined)=2.47 × 10(-9), OR=1.22), and 10q22.1 (rs1417210, P(combined)=1.83 × 10(-8), OR=0.88), and confirmed three previously reported loci for vitiligo, 3q28 (rs9851967, P(combined)=8.57 × 10(-8), OR=0.88), 10p15.1 (rs3134883, P(combined)=1.01 × 10(-5), OR=1.11), and 22q12.3 (rs2051582, P(combined)=2.12 × 10(-5), OR=1.14), in the Chinese Han population. The most significant single-nucleotide polymorphism in the 12q13.2 locus is located immediately upstream of the promoter region of PMEL, which encodes a major melanocyte antigen and has expression loss in the vitiligo lesional skin. In addition, both 12q13.2 and 11q23.3 loci identified in this study are also associated with other autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and systemic lupus erythematosus. These findings provide indirect support that vitiligo pathogenesis involves a complex interplay between immune regulatory factors and melanocyte-specific factors. They also highlight similarities and differences in the genetic basis of vitiligo in Chinese and Caucasian populations.Journal of Investigative Dermatology advance online publication, 6 September 2012; doi:10.1038/jid.2012.320.
    Journal of Investigative Dermatology 09/2012; · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD) and primary tolerability of an anti-CD11a monoclonal antibody (CMAB001) in Chinese healthy volunteers and psoriatic patients. Two open-label studies were conducted. One was a parallel-group, single-center, dose-escalation test, including 24 healthy adult volunteers from 18 to 45 years in age. All subjects randomly received a single subcutaneous injection dose of 0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 mg/kg. The other was a multiple-dose study: 10 adult psoriatic patients were administered weekly subcutaneous injections of 1.0 mg/kg for 7 weeks. CMAB001 was well tolerated in the single- and multiple-dose studies. Slow absorption was observed in both studies. In the single-dose study, the concentration of CMAB001 reached its highest level 2 d later after the injection, and the C(max) increased in an approximate dose-proportionate manner, while the area under curve (AUC) showed much greater than dose-proportionate increase. In the multiple-dose study, the steady-state serum concentration level was attained following the 4th injection. CMAB001 exhibited a nonlinear pharmacokinetic profile over the dose range from 0.5 to 2.0 mg/kg, and was well tolerated in healthy volunteers and psoriatic patients.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 07/2012; 33(8):1085-94. · 2.35 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

781 Citations
277.49 Total Impact Points


  • 2004–2014
    • Third Military Medical University
      • Institute of Pathology and Southwest Cancer Center
      Ch’ung-ch’ing-shih, Chongqing Shi, China
  • 2013
    • Jiangnan University
      • School of Biotechnology
      Wu-hsi, Jiangsu Sheng, China
    • Dalian Medical University
      • Department of Physiology
      Lü-ta-shih, Liaoning, China
  • 2009–2013
    • Southwest Hospital
      Nan-ching-hsü, Jiangxi Sheng, China
  • 2008–2012
    • Second Military Medical University, Shanghai
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2006
    • 307 Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army
      Peping, Beijing, China