ABSTRACT: To perform fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism (FAFLP) analysis on phage type (PT) reference strains of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis), and S. Enteritidis PT 6 and 6a recent clinical isolates to determine its usefulness for primary characterization of clinical S. Enteritidis isolates, and then to determine whether FAFLP is suitable for rapid characterization of strains in an outbreak situation.
Twenty-five PT reference strains of S. Enteritidis and 20 S. Enteritidis PT 6 and 6a clinical isolates were subjected to FAFLP analysis using the selective primer combinations Eco + 0-Mse + T and Eco + 0-Mse + TA.
FAFLP successfully separated each one of the 25 S. Enteritidis PT strains into distinct profiles, while macrorestriction and PFGE using XbaI identified 20 pulsed-field profiles. FAFLP also resolved cases and outbreaks due to S. Enteritidis PTs 6 and 6a.
The resolving power of FAFLP was higher than that of PFGE. FAFLP is a highly discriminatory genotyping method and, in conjunction with phage typing for primary subdivision of S. Enteritidis, provides a rapid and powerful tool for strain differentiation, both for outbreak investigation and for epidemiologic surveillance.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection 10/2001; 7(9):479-85. · 4.54 Impact Factor