Florence Flamein

Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal Creteil, Créteil, Île-de-France, France

Are you Florence Flamein?

Claim your profile

Publications (10)30.48 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) of very preterm infants is a multifactorial chronic lung disease and its incidence has not decreased despite improvements in neonatal intensive care, including lung protective strategies. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) can complicate the course of BPD. Mortality in infants with BPD-associated PH is thought to be very high, but its incidence is unknown and a standard diagnostic and therapeutic strategy has not been well defined. In this article, we will first describe the current knowledge on the BPD-associated PH and the current treatments available for this pathology. We will then present the HTP-DBP Study, carried out in Paris (France) starting in 2012. The diagnosis of PH is suspected on echocardiographic criteria, but cardiac catheterization is considered the gold standard for diagnosis and evaluation of the severity of PH. Moreover, pulmonary vasoreactivity testing is used to guide the management of patients with PH. The pathogenesis of BPD-associated PH is poorly understood and even less is known about appropriate therapy. Today, optimizing ventilation and reducing the pulmonary vascular tone with specific pulmonary vasodilatator drugs are the main goals in treating HTP-associated DBP. Animal studies and a few clinical studies suggest that medications targeting the nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathway (NO inhalation, oral sildenafil citrate) could be effective treatments for BPD-associated PH, but they have not been approved for this indication. The HTP-DBP study is a French multicenter prospective observational study. The objective is to evaluate the frequency of BPD-associated PH, to describe its physiopathology, its severity (morbidity and mortality), and the effectiveness of current treatments.
    Archives de Pédiatrie. 01/2013; 20(1):44–53.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary surfactant is a unique mixture of lipids and specific proteins that reduces surface tension at the air-liquid interface, preventing collapse of the lung at the end of expiration. Recessive loss-of-function mutations of pulmonary surfactant protein B (SP-B) was initially described in infants who develop respiratory failure at birth. More recently, mutations in other constitutive surfactant proteins like surfactant protein C or implied in its metabolism like ATP-binding cassette, sub-family A, member 3 (ABCA3) or NK2 homeobox (NKX2-1) were identified in newborn with respiratory distress but also in children with diffuse infiltrative pneumonia. Intra-alveolar accumulation of protein related to surfactant dysfunction leads to cough, hypoxemia and radiological abnormalities including ground-glass opacities and lung cysts. The clinical and radiological features associated with these genetic disorders, along with their treatment and outcome, are reviewed.
    Revue de Pneumologie Clinique 01/2013; 69(4):183–189. · 0.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) of very preterm infants is a multifactorial chronic lung disease and its incidence has not decreased despite improvements in neonatal intensive care, including lung protective strategies. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) can complicate the course of BPD. Mortality in infants with BPD-associated PH is thought to be very high, but its incidence is unknown and a standard diagnostic and therapeutic strategy has not been well defined. In this article, we will first describe the current knowledge on the BPD-associated PH and the current treatments available for this pathology. We will then present the HTP-DBP Study, carried out in Paris (France) starting in 2012. The diagnosis of PH is suspected on echocardiographic criteria, but cardiac catheterization is considered the gold standard for diagnosis and evaluation of the severity of PH. Moreover, pulmonary vasoreactivity testing is used to guide the management of patients with PH. The pathogenesis of BPD-associated PH is poorly understood and even less is known about appropriate therapy. Today, optimizing ventilation and reducing the pulmonary vascular tone with specific pulmonary vasodilatator drugs are the main goals in treating HTP-associated DBP. Animal studies and a few clinical studies suggest that medications targeting the nitric oxide (NO) signaling pathway (NO inhalation, oral sildenafil citrate) could be effective treatments for BPD-associated PH, but they have not been approved for this indication. The HTP-DBP study is a French multicenter prospective observational study. The objective is to evaluate the frequency of BPD-associated PH, to describe its physiopathology, its severity (morbidity and mortality), and the effectiveness of current treatments.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 12/2012; · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lung diseases associated with surfactant metabolism disorders represent a significant but heterogeneous group of rare disorders. Intra-alveolar accumulation of protein related to surfactant dysfunction leads to cough, hypoxemia and radiological diffuse infiltration. Inherited deficiency of pulmonary surfactant protein B (SP-B) was initially described in term newborns who develop severe respiratory failure at birth. More recently, mutations in surfactant protein C (SP-C) or in proteins required for surfactant synthesis such as ATP-binding cassette, sub-family A, member 3 (ABCA3) or NK2 homeobox 1 (NKX2-1) were identified in newborns with respiratory distress but also in children with diffuse infiltrative pneumonia. The aim of this review is to describe the clinical presentation of these diseases but also the diagnostic tools and the treatments options available.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 02/2012; 19(2):212-9. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: ABCA3 (ATP-binding cassette subfamily A, member 3) is expressed in the lamellar bodies of alveolar type II cells and is crucial to pulmonary surfactant storage and homeostasis. ABCA3 gene mutations have been associated with neonatal respiratory distress (NRD) and pediatric interstitial lung disease (ILD). The objective of this study was to look for ABCA3 gene mutations in patients with severe NRD and/or ILD. The 30 ABCA3 coding exons were screened in 47 patients with severe NRD and/or ILD. ABCA3 mutations were identified in 10 out of 47 patients, including 2 homozygous, 5 compound heterozygous and 3 heterozygous patients. SP-B and SP-C expression patterns varied across patients. Among patients with ABCA3 mutations, five died shortly after birth and five developed ILD (including one without NRD). Functional studies of p.D253H and p.T1173R mutations revealed that p.D253H and p.T1173R induced abnormal lamellar bodies. Additionally, p.T1173R increased IL-8 secretion in vitro. In conclusion, we identified new ABCA3 mutations in patients with life-threatening NRD and/or ILD. Two mutations associated with ILD acted via different pathophysiological mechanisms despite similar clinical phenotypes.
    Human Molecular Genetics 11/2011; 21(4):765-75. · 7.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Chest 10/2011; 140(4):1104-5. · 5.85 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Determine high-resolution tomography (HRCT) scan characteristics in children with SFTPC mutation and correlate them to histological findings. This retrospective multicenter study included 15 children (7 females and 8 males) with SFTPC mutations. HRCT scans have been performed in all the children and lung biopsies in 8 children. From all signs assessed on initial HRCT scans, ground-glass opacities (n =14, 93%) and lung cysts (n = 6, 40%) were predominant. Interlobular septal thickening (n = 1, 7%), air space consolidation (n = 1, 7%), paraseptal emphysema (n = 2, 13%), and pulmonary nodules (n = 1, 7%) were also found. Histological analysis revealed accumulation of macrophages in the alveolar lumen, type II pneumocyte hyperplasia, and alveolar septal thickening. Dilatation of the respiratory bronchiole and alveolar duct associated with muscular hyperplasia were also described. Interestingly, lung cysts on HRCT scans were associated with dilatation of terminal bronchioli and alveolar duct in lung biopsies. In children with SFTPC mutations, HRCT scan finding was highly correlated to the histological findings and, as such, represent a useful tool to identify patients that may require SFTPC gene sequencing.
    Pediatric Pulmonology 10/2010; 45(10):1021-9. · 2.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To present diagnosis and treatment modalities of children with interstitial lung disease associated with frequent or rare surfactant protein C gene (SFTPC) mutation. Twenty-two children with chronic lung disease associated with SFTPC mutation in a heterozygous form. Mutations located in the BRICHOS domain ('BRICHOS domain' group) were identified in six children, whereas 16 children carried mutations located outside the BRICHOS domain ('non-BRICHOS domain' group). The median age of onset was 3 (0-24) months. Four patients had neonatal respiratory distress, and symptom onset was associated with acute bronchiolitis in nine patients. Cough, tachypnoea and failure to thrive were initially noticed in all the children. Physical examination at presentation revealed tachypnoea (n=22), clubbing (n=1) and crackles (n=5). Low oxygen saturation (<95%) was observed in 18 patients. The predominant findings on initial high-resolution CT (HRCT) scans were basal-predominant ground-glass opacity (n=21) and cystic spaces (n=3). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cell counts showed 379+/-56x10(3) cells/ml with increased neutrophil percentage (18+/-4%) independent of the mutation status. The median follow-up was 3.2 (1-18.3) years. Eighteen patients were treated by monthly methylprednisolone pulses associated with oral prednisolone (n=16), hydroxychloroquine (n=11) and/or azithromycin (n=4). Fifteen patients benefited from enteral nutrition. Initial diagnosis is based on clinical presentation, radiological features and BALF analysis, but the definitive diagnosis requires genetic analysis. Although progressive improvement was seen in most patients, the development of new therapeutic strategies with minimal side effects is needed.
    Archives of Disease in Childhood 06/2010; 95(6):449-54. · 3.05 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mutations in the surfactant protein C gene (SFTPC) have been recently associated with the development of diffuse lung disease, particularly sporadic and familial interstitial lung disease (ILD). We have investigated the prevalence and the spectrum of SFTPC mutations in a large cohort of infants and children with diffuse lung disease and suspected with surfactant dysfunction. 121 children were first screened for the common SFTPC mutation, p.Ile73Thr (I73T). Ten unrelated patients were shown to carry this mutation. The I73T mutation was inherited in six cases, and appeared de novo in four. The 111 patients without the I73T mutation were screened for the entire coding sequence of SFTPC. Of these, eight (seven unrelated) subjects were shown to carry a novel mutant allele of SFTPC. All these seven new mutations are located in the BRICHOS domain except the p.Val39Ala (V39A) mutation, which is in the surfactant protein C (SP-C) mature peptide. Our results confirm that SFTPC mutations are a frequent cause of diffuse lung disease, and that I73T is the most frequent SFTPC mutation associated with diffuse lung disease.
    Journal of Medical Genetics 06/2009; 46(7):490-4. · 5.70 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) comprise a group of lung disorders characterized by various levels of inflammation and fibrosis. The current understanding of the mechanisms underlying the development and progression of ILD strongly suggests a central role of the alveolar epithelium. Following injury, alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) may actively participate in the restoration of a normal alveolar architecture through a coordinated process of re-epithelialization, or in the development of fibrosis through a process known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Complex networks orchestrate EMT leading to changes in cell architecture and behaviour, loss of epithelial characteristics and gain of mesenchymal properties. In the lung, AECs themselves may serve as a source of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts by acquiring a mesenchymal phenotype. This review covers recent knowledge on the role of alveolar epithelium in the pathogenesis of ILD. The mechanisms underlying disease progression are discussed, with a main focus on the apoptotic pathway, the endoplasmic reticulum stress response and the developmental pathway.
    The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology 01/2009; 41(8-9):1643-51. · 4.89 Impact Factor