Fátima Ferreirinha

University of Porto, Oporto, Porto, Portugal

Are you Fátima Ferreirinha?

Claim your profile

Publications (18)44.39 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms of the P2X7 receptor have been associated with increased risk of fractures in postmenopausal women. Although both osteoblasts and osteoclasts express P2X7 receptors, their function in osteogenesis remains controversial. Here, we investigated the role of the P2X7 receptor on osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) cultures from postmenopausal women (age 71±3 yr, n=18). We focused on the mechanisms related to intracellular [Ca(2+)]i oscillations and plasma membrane-dynamics. ATP, and the P2X7 agonist BzATP (100 μM), increased [Ca(2+)]i in parallel to the formation of membrane pores permeable to TO-PRO-3 dye uptake. ATP and BzATP elicited reversible membrane blebs (zeiosis) in 38 ± 1 and 70 ± 1% of the cells, respectively. P2X7-induced zeiosis was Ca(2+) independent, but involved phospholipase C, protein kinase C, and Rho-kinase activation. BzATP (100 μM) progressively increased the expression of Runx-2 and Osterix transcription factors by 452 and 226% (at d 21), respectively, alkaline phosphatase activity by 88% (at d 28), and mineralization by 329% (at d 43) of BMSC cultures in a Rho-kinase-dependent manner. In summary, reversible plasma membrane zeiosis involving cytoskeleton rearrangements due to activation of the P2X7-Rho-kinase axis promotes osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of BMSCs, thus providing new therapeutic targets for postmenopausal bone loss.-Noronha-Matos, J. B., Coimbra, J., Sá-e-Sousa, A., Rocha, R., Marinhas, J., Freitas, R., Guerra-Gomes, S., Ferreirinha, F., Costa, M A., Correia-de-Sá, P. P2X7-induced zeiosis promotes osteogenic differentiation and mineralization of postmenopausal bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.
    FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 08/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that there is a link between epinephrine synthesis and the development of β2-adrenoceptor-mediated effects, but it remains to be determined if this development is triggered by epinephrine. The aim of this study was to characterize the β-adrenoceptor-mediated relaxation and facilitation of norepinephrine release in the aorta of phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase-knockout (Pnmt-KO) mice. Catecholamines were quantified by reverse-phase HPLC-ED. Aorta rings were mounted in a myograph to determine concentration-response curves to selective β1- or β2-adrenoceptor agonists in the absence or presence of selective β1- or β2-adrenoceptor antagonists. Aortic rings were also preincubated with (3)H-norepinephrine to measure tritium overflow elicited by electrical stimulation in the presence of increasing concentrations of non-selective β or selective β2-adrenoceptor agonists. β2-adrenoceptor protein density was evaluated by western-blotting and β2-adrenoceptor localization by immunohistochemistry. Epinephrine is absent in Pnmt-KO mice. The potency and the maximal effect of β2-adrenoceptor agonist terbutaline were lower in Pnmt-KO than in WT mice. The selective β2-adrenoceptor antagonist ICI-118551 antagonized the relaxation caused by terbutaline in wild type (WT) but not in Pnmt-KO mice. Isoproterenol and terbutaline induced concentration-dependent increase in tritium overflow in WT mice only. β2-Adrenoceptor protein density was decreased in membrane aorta homogenates of Pnmt-KO mice and this finding was supported by immunofluorescence confocal microscopy. In conclusion, epinephrine is crucial for β2-adrenoceptor-mediated vasodilation and facilitation of norepinephrine release. In the absence of epinephrine, β2-adrenoceptor protein density was decreased in aorta cell membranes, thus potentially hindering its functional activity.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 08/2014; · 3.89 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adenosine fine-tuning regulates cardiovascular function. The negative chronotropic effect of adenosine depends on the activation of the most abundant adenosine receptor in the heart, the A1AR, leading to GIRK/Kir3.1/3.4 channels opening in the SA node. The A1AR-mediated responses in the atrial muscle also depend on KCa2/SK channel function (unpublished observations). Since these channels are involved in atrial repolarization and in human rhythm disturbances, we aimed at studying the interplay between A1AR and SK channels both in situ and single-cell preparations of rat atria.
    Cardiovascular research. 07/2014; 103(suppl 1):S18-S19.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background and purposeDespite the abundant expression of the UDP-sensitive P2Y6 receptor in urothelial cells and suburothelial myofibroblasts its role in the control of bladder function has been mostly neglected.Experimental approachWe compared the effects of UDP and of the selective P2Y6 receptor agonist, PSB0474, on bladder urodynamics in the anaesthetized rat; the voided fluid was tested for ATP bioluminescence. The isolated urinary bladder was used for in vitro myographic recordings and [3H]-acetylcholine overflow experiments.Key resultsInstillation of UDP or PSB0474 into the bladder increased the voiding frequency (VF) without affecting the amplitude (A) and the duration (Δt) of bladder contractions; an effect that was blocked by the P2Y6 receptor antagonist, MRS2578. Effectiveness of urothelial P2Y6 receptors required extrinsic neuronal circuitry as it was not detected in the isolated bladder in vitro. UDP-induced bladder hyperactvity was also prevented by blocking P2X3 and P2Y1 receptors respectively with A317491 and MRS2179 applied intravenously. UDP decreased [3H]-acetylcholine release from stimulated bladder strips containing the urothelium, but not in its absence. The inhibitory effect of UDP was converted into facilitation by the P2Y1 antagonist, MRS2179. The P2Y6 agonist increased by 3-fold the ATP levels in the voided fluid.Conclusions and ImplicationsData suggest that activation of P2Y6 receptors increases the voiding frequency indirectly by releasing ATP from the urothelium and activation of P2X3 receptors on suburothelial nerve afferents. Bladder hyperactivity may be partially counteracted by ATP hydrolysis into ADP by E-NTPDases, thereby restraining acetylcholine release from cholinergic nerves expressing P2Y1 receptors.
    British Journal of Pharmacology 04/2014; · 5.07 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Increased sympathetic activity has been implicated in hypertension. Adenosine has been shown to play a role in blood flow regulation. In the present study, the endogenous adenosine neuromodulatory role, in mesenteric arteries from normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats, was investigated.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(8):e105540. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purinergic signalling is remarkably plastic during gastrointestinal inflammation. Thus, selective drugs targeting the "purinome" may be helpful for inflammatory gastrointestinal diseases. The myenteric neuromuscular transmission of healthy individuals is fine-tuned and controlled by adenosine acting on A2A excitatory receptors. Here, we investigated the neuromodulatory role of adenosine in TNBS-inflamed longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus of the rat ileum. Seven-day postinflammation ileitis lacks adenosine neuromodulation, which may contribute to acceleration of gastrointestinal transit. The loss of adenosine neuromodulation results from deficient accumulation of the nucleoside at the myenteric synapse despite the fact that the increases in ATP release were observed. Disparity between ATP outflow and adenosine deficit in postinflammatory ileitis is ascribed to feed-forward inhibition of ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 by high extracellular ATP and/or ADP. Redistribution of NTPDase2, but not of NTPDase3, from ganglion cell bodies to myenteric nerve terminals leads to preferential ADP accumulation from released ATP, thus contributing to the prolonged inhibition of muscle-bound ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 and to the delay of adenosine formation at the inflamed neuromuscular synapse. On the other hand, depression of endogenous adenosine accumulation may also occur due to enhancement of adenosine deaminase activity. Both membrane-bound and soluble forms of ecto-5'-nucleotidase/CD73 and adenosine deaminase were detected in the inflamed myenteric plexus. These findings provide novel therapeutic targets for inflammatory gut motility disorders.
    Mediators of Inflammation 01/2014; 2014:254640. · 3.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In contrast to the well-known signaling role of urothelial ATP to control bladder function, the hypothesis that uracil nucleotides (UTP and/or UDP) also exert autocrine/paracrine actions only recently gained experimental support. Urothelial cells express UDP-sensitive P2Y6 receptors, yet their role in the control of bladder activity has been mostly neglected. This study was designed to investigate the ability of PSB0474, a stable UDP analogue which exhibits selectivity for P2Y6 receptors, to modulate urodynamic responses in the anaesthetized rat in vivo. Instillation of PSB0474 into the bladder increased the voiding frequency (VF) without affecting the amplitude (A) and the duration (Δt) of bladder contractions. PSB0474-induced bladder overactivity was prevented by the selective P2Y6 antagonist, MRS2578. The increase in the VF produced by PSB0474 was also blocked by inhibitors of pannexin-1 hemichannels, (10)Panx or carbenoxolone, when these drugs were applied inside the bladder lumen but not when they were administered intravenously. Reduction of hemichannels pore permeability with H1152 also prevented PSB0474-induced bladder overactivity, but the exocytosis inhibitor, Exo-1, was inactive. PSB0474 increased by 3-fold the urinary ATP content. Implication of hemichannels permeability on PSB0474-induced ATP release was demonstrated by real-time fluorescence videomicroscopy measuring the uptake of propidium iodide by intact urothelial cells in the absence and in the presence of MRS2578 or carbenoxolone. Confocal microscopy studies confirmed the co-localization of pannexin-1 and P2Y6 receptors in the rat urothelium. Data indicate that activation of P2Y6 receptors causes bladder overactivity in the anaesthetized rat indirectly by releasing ATP from the urothelium via pannexin-1 hemichannels.
    Biochemical pharmacology 11/2013; · 4.25 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic musculoskeletal pain involves connective tissue remodeling triggered by inflammatory mediators, such as bradykinin. Fibroblast cells signaling involve changes in intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i). ATP has been related to connective tissue mechanotransduction, remodeling and chronic inflammatory pain, via P2 purinoceptors activation. Here, we investigated the involvement of ATP in bradykinin-induced Ca2+ signals in human subcutaneous fibroblasts. Bradykinin, via B2 receptors, caused an abrupt rise in [Ca2+]i to a peak that declined to a plateau, which concentration remained constant until washout. The plateau phase was absent in Ca2+-free medium; [Ca2+]i signal was substantially reduced after depleting intracellular Ca2+ stores with thapsigargin. Extracellular ATP inactivation with apyrase decreased the [Ca2+]i plateau. Human subcutaneous fibroblasts respond to bradykinin by releasing ATP via connexin and pannexin hemichannels, since blockade of connexins, with 2-octanol or carbenoxolone, and pannexin-1, with 10Panx, attenuated bradykinin-induced [Ca2+]i plateau, whereas inhibitors of vesicular exocytosis, such as brefeldin A and bafilomycin A1, were inactive. The kinetics of extracellular ATP catabolism favors ADP accumulation in human fibroblast cultures. Inhibition of ectonucleotidase activity and, thus, ADP formation from released ATP with POM-1 or by Mg2+ removal from media reduced bradykinin-induced [Ca2+]i plateau. Selective blockade of the ADP-sensitive P2Y12 receptor with AR-C66096 attenuated bradykinin [Ca2+]i plateau, whereas the P2Y1 and P2Y13 receptor antagonists, respectively MRS 2179 and MRS 2211, were inactive. Human fibroblasts exhibited immunoreactivity against connexin-43, pannexin-1 and P2Y12 receptor. Bradykinin induces ATP release from human subcutaneous fibroblasts via connexin and pannexin-1-containing hemichannels leading to [Ca2+]i mobilization through the cooperation of B2 and P2Y12 receptors.
    Cell Communication and Signaling 09/2013; 11(1):70. · 5.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Changes in the regulation of connective tissue ATP-mediated mechano-transduction and remodeling may be an important link to the pathogenesis of chronic pain. It has been demonstrated that mast cell-derived histamine plays an important role in painful fibrosing diseases. Here we analyzed the involvement of ATP in the response of human subcutaneous fibroblasts to histamine. Acute histamine application caused a rise in intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) and ATP release from human subcutaneous fibroblasts via H1 receptor activation. Histamine-induced [Ca2+]i rise was partially attenuated by apyrase, an enzyme that inactivates extracellular ATP, and by blocking P2 purinoceptors with PPADS and RB-2. [Ca2+]i accumulation caused by histamine was also reduced upon blocking pannexin-1 hemichannels with 10Panx, probenecid or carbenoxolone, but not when connexin hemichannels were inhibited with mefloquine or 2-octanol. Brefeldin A, an inhibitor of vesicular exocytosis, also did not blocked histamine-induced [Ca2+]i mobilization. Prolonged exposure of human subcutaneous fibroblast cultures to histamine favored cell growth and type I collagen synthesis via the activation of H1 receptor. This effect was mimicked by ATP and its metabolite, ADP, whereas the selective P2Y1 receptor antagonist, MRS 2179, partially attenuated histamine-induced cell growth and type I collagen production. Expression of pannexin-1 and ADP-sensitive P2Y1 receptor on human subcutaneous fibroblasts was confirmed by immunofluorescence confocal microscopy and Western blot analysis. In conclusion, histamine induces ATP release from human subcutaneous fibroblasts via pannexin-1 hemichannels leading to [Ca2+]i mobilization and cell growth through the cooperation of H1 and P2 (probably P2Y1) receptors.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/2013; · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Understanding the biological activity profile of the snake venom components is fundamental for improving the treatment of snakebite envenomings and may also contribute for the development of new potential therapeutic agents. In this work, we tested the effects of BthTX-I, a Lys49 PLA(2) homologue from the Bothrops jararacussu snake venom. While this toxin induces conspicuous myonecrosis by a catalytically-independent mechanism, a series of in vitro studies support the hypothesis that BthTX-I might also exert a neuromuscular blocking activity due to its ability to alter the integrity of muscle cell membranes. To gain insight into the mechanisms of this inhibitory neuromuscular effect, for the first time, the influence of BthTX-I on nerve-evoked ACh release was directly quantified by radiochemical and real-time video-microscopy methods. Our results show that the neuromuscular blockade produced by in vitroexposure to BthTX-I (1 μM) results from the summation of both pre- and postsynaptic effects. Modifications affecting the presynaptic apparatus were revealed by the significant reduction of nerve-evoked [(3)H]-ACh release; real-time measurements of transmitter exocytosis using the FM4-64 fluorescent dye fully supported radiochemical data. The postsynaptic effect of BthTX-I was characterized by typical histological alterations in the architecture of skeletal muscle fibers, increase in the outflow of the intracellular lactate dehydrogenase enzyme and progressive depolarization of the muscle resting membrane potential. In conclusion,these findings suggest that the neuromuscular blockade produced by BthTX-I results from transient depolarization of skeletal muscle fibers, consequent to its general membrane-destabilizing effect, and subsequent decrease of evoked ACh release from motor nerve terminals.
    Toxicon 11/2012; · 2.92 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed at investigating the expression and function of uracil nucleotide-sensitive receptors (P2Y(2), P2Y(4), and P2Y(6)) on osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in culture. Bone marrow specimens were obtained from postmenopausal female patients (68 ± 5 years old, n = 18) undergoing total hip arthroplasty. UTP and UDP (100 µM) facilitated osteogenic differentiation of the cells measured as increases in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, without affecting cell proliferation. Uracil nucleotides concentration-dependently increased [Ca(2+)](i) in BMSCs; their effects became less evident with time (7 > 21 days) of the cells in culture. Selective activation of P2Y(6) receptors with the stable UDP analog, PSB 0474, mimicked the effects of both UTP and UDP, whereas UTPγS was devoid of effect. Selective blockade of P2Y(6) receptors with MRS 2578 prevented [Ca(2+)](i) rises and osteogenic differentiation caused by UDP at all culture time points. BMSCs are immunoreactive against P2Y(2), P2Y(4), and P2Y(6) receptors. While the expression of P2Y(6) receptors remained fairly constant (7∼21 days), P2Y(2) and P2Y(4) became evident only in less proliferative and more differentiated cultures (7 < 21 days). The rate of extracellular UTP and UDP inactivation was higher in less proliferative and more differentiated cell populations. Immunoreactivity against NTPDase1, -2, and -3 rises as cells differentiate (7 < 21 days). Data show that uracil nucleotides are important regulators of osteogenic cells differentiation predominantly through the activation of UDP-sensitive P2Y(6) receptors coupled to increases in [Ca(2+)](i) . Endogenous actions of uracil nucleotides may be balanced through specific NTPDases determining whether osteoblast progenitors are driven into proliferation or differentiation.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 09/2011; 227(6):2694-709. · 4.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adenosine plays a dual role on acetylcholine (ACh) release from myenteric motoneurons via the activation of high-affinity inhibitory A₁ and facilitatory A(2A) receptors. The therapeutic potential of adenosine-related compounds for controlling intestinal motility and inflammation, prompted us to investigate further the role of low-affinity adenosine receptors, A(2B) and A₃, on electrically-evoked (5 Hz, 200 pulses) [³H]ACh release from myenteric neurons. Immunolocalization studies showed that A(2B) receptors exhibit a pattern of distribution similar to the glial cell marker, GFAP. Regarding A₁ and A₃ receptors, they are mainly distributed to cell bodies of ganglionic myenteric neurons, whereas A(2A) receptors are localized predominantly on cholinergic nerve terminals. Using selective antagonists (DPCPX, ZM241385 and MRS1191), data indicate that modulation of evoked [³H]ACh release is balanced through tonic activation of inhibitory (A₁) and facilitatory (A(2A) and A₃) receptors by endogenous adenosine. The selective A(2B) receptor antagonist, PSB603, alone was devoid of effect and failed to modify the inhibitory effect of NECA. The A₃ receptor agonist, 2-Cl-IB MECA (1-10 nM), concentration-dependently increased the release of [³H]ACh. The effect of 2-Cl-IB MECA was attenuated by MRS1191 and by ZM241385, which selectively block respectively A₃ and A(2A) receptors. In contrast to 2-Cl-IB MECA, activation of A(2A) receptors with CGS21680C attenuated nicotinic facilitation of ACh release induced by focal depolarization of myenteric nerve terminals in the presence of tetrodotoxin. Tandem localization of excitatory A₃ and A(2A) receptors along myenteric neurons explains why stimulation of A₃ receptors (with 2-Cl-IB MECA) on nerve cell bodies acts cooperatively with prejunctional facilitatory A(2A) receptors to up-regulate acetylcholine release. The results presented herein consolidate and expand the current understanding of adenosine receptor distribution and function in the myenteric plexus of the rat ileum, and should be taken into consideration for data interpretation regarding the pathophysiological implications of adenosine on intestinal motility disorders.
    Neurochemistry International 09/2011; 59(7):1043-55. · 2.66 Impact Factor
  • Autonomic Neuroscience-basic & Clinical - AUTON NEUROSCI-BASIC CLIN. 01/2011; 163(1):49-50.
  • Autonomic Neuroscience-basic & Clinical - AUTON NEUROSCI-BASIC CLIN. 01/2011; 163(1):64-65.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purines are important modulators of bone cell biology. ATP is metabolized into adenosine by human primary osteoblast cells (HPOC); due to very low activity of adenosine deaminase, the nucleoside is the end product of the ecto-nucleotidase cascade. We, therefore, investigated the expression and function of adenosine receptor subtypes (A(1) , A(2A) , A(2B) , and A(3) ) during proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of HPOC. Adenosine A(1) (CPA), A(2A) (CGS21680C), A(2B) (NECA), and A(3) (2-Cl-IB-MECA) receptor agonists concentration-dependently increased HPOC proliferation. Agonist-induced HPOC proliferation was prevented by their selective antagonists, DPCPX, SCH442416, PSB603, and MRS1191. CPA and NECA facilitated osteogenic differentiation measured by increases in alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. This contrasts with the effect of CGS21680C which delayed HPOC differentiation; 2-Cl-IB-MECA was devoid of effect. Blockade of the A(2B) receptor with PSB603 prevented osteogenic differentiation by NECA. In the presence of the A(1) antagonist, DPCPX, CPA reduced ALP activity at 21 and 28 days in culture. At the same time points, blockade of A(2A) receptors with SCH442416 transformed the inhibitory effect of CGS21680C into facilitation. Inhibition of adenosine uptake with dipyridamole caused a net increase in osteogenic differentiation. The presence of all subtypes of adenosine receptors on HPOC was confirmed by immunocytochemistry. Data show that adenosine is an important regulator of osteogenic cell differentiation through the activation of subtype-specific receptors. The most abundant A(2B) receptor seems to have a consistent role in cell differentiation, which may be balanced through the relative strengths of A(1) or A(2A) receptors determining whether osteoblasts are driven into proliferation or differentiation.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 10/2010; 226(5):1353-66. · 4.22 Impact Factor
  • Purines 2010; 01/2010
  • Autonomic Neuroscience-basic & Clinical - AUTON NEUROSCI-BASIC CLIN. 01/2009; 149(1):100-101.
  • Frontiers in Neuroscience. 01/1970;