[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite extensive functional screening of the bacterial RNA polymerase (RNAP) over the past years, very few novel inhibitors have been reported. We have, therefore, decided to screen with a radically different, non-enzymic, protein-protein interaction assay. Our target is the highly conserved RNAP-sigma interaction that is essential for transcription.
Small molecule inhibitors of the RNAP-sigma interaction were tested for their activity on transcription and on bacteria.
These compounds have antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria including multiresistant clinical isolates.
This is, to our knowledge, the first example of a small molecule inhibitor of this interaction.
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 03/2006; 57(2):245-51. · 5.34 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have recently isolated a monoclonal antibody directed against Escherichia coli RNA polymerase that does not inhibit transcription. This antibody is a useful tool to immobilize this enzyme for transcription assays or protein-protein interaction studies. The epitope of this monoclonal antibody was precisely located by a combination of protein deletion and synthetic peptide scanning. The amino acids of the epitope were also determined. We conclude that this antibody binds an epitope shared by several bacterial species and therefore can be used to characterize or purify other related enzymes.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transcription of bacteriophage T4 late genes requires concomitant DNA replication. T4 late promoters, which consist of a single 8-bp -10 motif, are recognized by a holoenzyme containing Escherichia coli RNA polymerase core and the T4-encoded promoter specificity subunit, gp55. Initiation of transcription at these promoters by gp55-holoenzyme is inefficient, but is greatly activated by the DNA-loaded DNA polymerase sliding clamp, gp45, and the coactivator, gp33. We report that gp33 attaches to the flap domain of the Escherichia coli RNA polymerase beta-subunit and that this interaction is essential for activation. The beta-flap also mediates recognition of -35 promoter motifs by binding to sigma(70) domain 4. The results suggest that gp33 is an analogue of sigma(70) domain 4 and that gp55 and gp33 together constitute two parts of the T4 late sigma. We propose a model for the role of the gp45 sliding clamp in activation of T4 late-gene transcription.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 01/2005; 101(50):17365-70. · 9.74 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have developed a multiwell assay for the detection of modulators of prokaryotic transcription based on the quantification of protein-protein interaction. This assay consists of three steps: (a) the immobilization of the Escherichia coli protein sigma70 in the well, (b) the incubation of the immobilized protein with core RNA polymerase and a potential inhibitor, and (c) washing and quantification of the binding of core to sigma70 with a monoclonal antibody conjugated to horseradish peroxidase. We show that this assay is sensitive, reproducible, and robust, and is able to discriminate between control competitors with different affinities. We demonstrate the usefulness of the assay to screen for microbial RNA polymerase inhibitors as potential new drugs for the treatment of emerging antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Assay and Drug Development Technologies 01/2005; 2(6):629-35. · 1.90 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Due to the development of chemical genomics, the screening of chemical libraries is used more and more by research laboratories to identify small molecule inhibitors or activators of cell functions. To facilitate the treatment and archiving of screening data, we developed a multiuser web application called Elisa Data Exchanger (EDE). The program is able to automatically identify which chemical compounds were tested. Several data exchange formats can be generated for visualization, printing, charting, or exporting to chemical analysis software. These data exchange functions allow for a comparison of results obtained from screening several targets in order to select the most specific compounds. EDE is freely available online at https://ibph.pharma.univ-montpl.fr/ede/ (login: evalede, password: loginede).