C P Schijf

UMC St. Radboud Nijmegen, Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands

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Publications (28)96.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to assess the diagnostic potential of serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) ratios obtained at different intervals after evacuation of hydatidiform mole to diagnose persistent trophoblastic disease (PTD) and to compare its diagnostic accuracy with the current FIGO 2000 criteria as a gold standard. We calculated hCG ratios from serum hCG concentrations of 204 patients (86 with and 118 without PTD) registered with the Dutch Central Registry for Hydatidiform Moles between 1977-2004. The hCG ratios obtained in week 1, 3, and 5 after evacuation identified, respectively, 20%, 52%, and 79% of patients with PTD (median: 3.0 weeks) at the 95% specificity level, while FIGO 2000 criteria identified, respectively, 0%, 16%, and 66% (median: 4.7 weeks). It is concluded that a serum hCG ratio identifies patients with PTD approximately 2 weeks earlier than the internationally accepted FIGO 2000 criteria and identifies more than 75% of patients who develop PTD by the fifth week after evacuation.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 03/2008; 18(2):318-23. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A generally accepted definition for resistance to first-line single-agent chemotherapy for persistent trophoblastic disease (PTD) is lacking. In the present study, a normogram for serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) from patients with normalization of serum hCG after first-line single-agent chemotherapy for PTD was constructed to identify patients resistant to this chemotherapy. Between 1987 and 2004, data from 2,132 patients were registered at the Dutch Central Registry for Hydatidiform Moles. A normal serum hCG regression corridor was constructed for 79 patients with low-risk PTD who were cured by single-agent methotrexate (MTX) chemotherapy (control group). Another group of 29 patients with low-risk PTD needed additional alternative therapies (dactinomycin and multiagent chemotherapy) for failure of serum hCG to normalize with single-agent chemotherapy (study group). Serum hCG measurement preceding the fourth and sixth single-agent chemotherapy course proved to have excellent diagnostic accuracy for identifying resistance to single-agent chemotherapy, with an area under the curve (AUC) for receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of 0.949 and 0.975, respectively. At 97.5% specificity, serum hCG measurements after 7 weeks showed 50% sensitivity. In the largest study to date, we describe the regression of serum hCG levels in patients with low-risk PTD successfully treated with MTX. At high specificity, hCG levels in the first few courses of MTX can identify half the number of patients who are extremely likely to need alternative chemotherapy to cure their disease and for whom further treatment with single-agent chemotherapy will be ineffective.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2006; 24(1):52-8. · 17.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is widely used in the management of hydatidiform mole and persistent trophoblastic disease (PTD). Predicting PTD after molar pregnancy might be beneficial since prophylactic chemotherapy reduces the incidence of PTD. A retrospective study based on blood specimens collected in the Dutch Registry for Hydatidiform Moles. A group of 165 patients with complete moles (of which 43 had PTD) and 39 patients with partial moles (of which 7 had PTD) were compared with 27 pregnant women with uneventful pregnancy. Serum samples from patients with hydatidiform mole with or without PTD were assayed using specific (radio) immunoassays for free alpha-subunit (hCGalpha), free beta-subunit (hCGbeta) and 'total' hCG (hCG + hCGbeta). In addition, we calculated the ratios hCGalpha/hCG + hCGbeta, hCGbeta/hCG + hCGbeta, and hCGalpha/hCGbeta. Specificity and sensitivity were calculated and paired in receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, resulting in areas under the curves (AUCs). hCGbeta, hCGbeta/hCG + hCGbeta and hCGalpha/hCGbeta show AUCs ranging between 0.922 and 0.999 and, therefore, are excellent diagnostic tests to distinguish complete and partial moles from normal pregnancy. To distinguish partial from complete moles the analytes hCGbeta, hCG + hCGbeta and the ratio hCGalpha/hCGbeta have AUCs between 0.7 and 0.8. Although hCGalpha, hCGbeta and hCG + hCGbeta concentrations are significantly elevated in patients who will develop PTD compared with patients with spontaneous regression after evacuation of their moles, in predicting PTD, these analytes and parameters have AUCs <0.7. Distinction between hydatidiform mole and normal pregnancy is best shown by a single blood specimen with hCGbeta, but hCGbeta/hCG + hCGbeta and hCGalpha/hCGbeta are also excellent diagnostic parameters. To predict PTD, hCGalpha, hCGbeta, hCG + hCGbeta and hCGalpha/hCGbeta are moderately accurate tests, although they are not accurate enough to justify prophylactic chemotherapy treatment for prevention of PTD.
    European Journal of Endocrinology 10/2005; 153(4):565-75. · 3.69 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 09/2004; 14(5). · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a woman with malignant mesothelioma of the peritoneum. This is the first report of a subject with this disease who revealed a history of asbestos ingestion by asbestos-contaminated food. She presented with episodes of sweating and fever, ascites, and weight loss. At laparotomy, small tumor deposits were noted on the peritoneum. The omental cake was removed, together with the uterus, ovaries, and tubes which were all macroscopically normal. The diagnosis was established by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Postoperatively, her complaints of fever and sweating disappeared. She refused further chemotherapy. After questioning her for asbestos exposure, she told us that, years ago, she used to prepare vegetables for cooking in rain water collected from a roof made of asbestos.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 01/2004; 14(1):162-5. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The frequency of high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) genotypes in patients with adenocarcinoma in situ (ACIS) with coexisting cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), ACIS without coexisting CIN, and high-grade CIN (CIN II/III) was studied, in order to gain more insight into the relation between hr-HPV infections and the development of coexisting squamous and glandular lesions. The SPF(10) LiPA PCR was used to detect simultaneously 25 different HPV genotypes in biopsies obtained from 90 patients with CIN II/III, 47 patients with ACIS without coexisting CIN, and 49 patients with ACIS and coexisting CIN. hr-HPV was detected in 84 patients (93%) with CIN II/III, 38 patients (81%) with ACIS without CIN, and in 47 patients (96%) with ACIS and coexisting CIN. A total of 13 different hr-HPV genotypes were detected in patients with CIN II/III, and only five in patients with ACIS with/without coexisting CIN. HPV 31, multiple hr-HPV genotypes, and HPV genotypes other than 16, 18, and 45 were significantly more often detected in patients with CIN II/III, while HPV 18 was significantly more often detected in patients with ACIS with/without CIN. There were no significant differences in the frequency of specific hr-HPV genotypes between patients with ACIS with or without coexisting CIN. In conclusion, the frequency of specific hr-HPV genotypes is similar for patients with ACIS without CIN and patients with ACIS and coexisting CIN, but is significantly different for patients with CIN II/III without ACIS. These findings suggest that squamous lesions, coexisting with high-grade glandular lesions, are aetiologically different from squamous lesions without coexisting glandular lesions.
    British Journal of Cancer 10/2003; 89(5):886-90. · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serum CA125 concentrations measured before and during chemotherapy may provide additional information for prognostic assessment of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), and enable discrimination between patients who are likely to benefit from further therapy and those who will not. Medical records of 40 patients with advanced EOC, treated at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University Hospital Nijmegen between July 1984 and April 1993, were examined. All patients had primary cytoreductive surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy. Serum samples were obtained before surgery and during chemotherapy. Follow-up information and patient and tumor characteristics were abstracted from medical records until December 1, 1994. By using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models for disease-free and overall survival it was evaluated whether outcome prediction was improved by inclusion of serum CA125 quantitations. Only FIGO stage and extent of residual tumor were significant independent prognostic factors before the start of chemotherapy. When such regression models were constructed after subsequent courses of chemotherapy, serum CA125 measurements conducted after each of the first three chemotherapy courses improved the prediction of disease-free survival. Prediction of overall survival was improved by inclusion of serum CA125 measurements after courses 1–6. Inclusion of serum CA125 measurements during chemotherapy improved prognostic assessment of patients with advanced EOC.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 06/2003; 7(2):127 - 133. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to assess the value of Loop Electrosurgical Conization (LEC) in the treatment of stage IA1 microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma (MIC) of the uterine cervix. Retrospectively, 82 patients with FIGO stage IA1 MIC, primarily treated with LEC on see and treat basis, were analyzed. After the initial LEC, 16 patients received cytologic and colposcopic follow-up only, 66 patients underwent a second procedure (repeat LEC, Cold Knife Conization (CKC), or hysterectomy), and four patients underwent a third procedure (hysterectomy). In 63 patients (77%) no residual CIN 3 or MIC was present after the initial LEC. Treatment of residual CIN 3 or MIC was equally effective with a repeat LEC as with CKC. One patient defaulted follow-up and developed a recurrence in the vaginal vault and was treated with a radical hysterectomy. LEC can be used as an alternative for CKC in treatment of patients with stage IA1 MIC. The advantage of LEC is that it can be performed as an outpatient procedure in addition to a diagnostic colposcopy and does not require a major anesthetic. Only a small number of patients will need a more extensive procedure.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 09/2002; 12(5):485-9. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) is a rare smooth muscle tumor. In the literature more than 100 cases have been described. LPD is characterized by multiple small nodules on the peritoneal surface, mimicking a malignant process with metastases, but generally demonstrates benign histologic features. Exposure to estrogen seems to play an etiologic role. Many patients have uterine leiomyomas as well. The diagnosis of LPD is easily made on biopsy. Reduction of estrogen exposure is generally sufficient to cause regression of LPD. Surgical castration or gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonists seem good alternatives in the case of progression or recurrence of LPD. In six patients a malignant leiomyosarcoma has been described shortly after the diagnosis of LPD was made. Five of these patients did not have uterine leiomyomas or exposure to exogenous or increased endogenous estrogen. The relationship with pregnancy in the sixth patient may be coincidental. Whether malignant transformation of LPD occurs remains uncertain. Characteristics of these patients differ from those of LPD patients and may indicate a high malignant potential, necessitating a different approach.
    Gynecologic Oncology 11/1999; 75(1):158-63. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study the potential of intraperitoneal (i.p.) and intravenous (i.v.) administration of chimeric iodine-131-labelled MOv18 IgG for radioimmunotherapy was determined. The dosimetry associated with both routes of administration of cMOv18 IgG was studied in patients. Eight patients suspected of having ovarian carcinoma received 150 MBq 131I-cMOv18 IgG i.p. Blood and urine were collected and serial gamma camera images were acquired. Another group of four patients received 7.5 MBq 131I-cMOv18 IgG i.v. For all patients, tissue biopsies were obtained at surgery. Activity in the blood after i.p. administration was described by a bi-exponential curve with a mean uptake and elimination half-life of 6.9+/-3.2 h and 160+/-45 h, respectively. For i.v. infusion the mean half-life for the elimination phase was 103+/-12 h. Cumulative excretion in the urine was 17%+/-3% ID and 21%+/-7% ID in 96 h for i.p. and i.v. administration, respectively. Scintigraphic images after i.p. administration showed accumulation in ovarian cancer lesions, while all other tissues showed decreasing activity with time. Tumour uptake determined in the ovarian cancer tissue specimens ranged from 3.4% to 12.3% ID/kg for i.p. administration and from 3.6% to 5.4% ID/kg for i.v. administration. Dosimetric analysis of the data indicated that 1.7-4.3 mGy/MBq and 1.7-2.2 mGy/MBq can be guided to solid or ascites cells after i.p. and i.v. administration, respectively. Assuming that an absorbed dose to the bone marrow of 2 Gy will be dose limiting, a total activity of 4.1 GBq 131I-cMOv18 IgG can be administered safely via the i.p. route and 3.5 GBq via the i.v. route. At this maximal tolerated dose, a maximum absorbed dose to 1-g tumours in the peritoneal cavity of 18 and 8 Gy can be reached after i.p. and i.v. administration, respectively. For the i. p. route of administration, dose estimates for the tumour are even higher when the electron dose of the peritoneal activity is also taken into account: total doses to the tumour of 30 Gy and 22 Gy will be absorbed at the tumour surface and at 0.2 mm depth, respectively. In conclusion, therapeutic tumour doses can be achieved with 131I-cMOv18 IgG in patients with intraperitoneal ovarian cancer lesions with no normal organ toxicity. The i.p. route of administration seems to be preferable to i.v. administration.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 12/1998; 25(11):1552-61.
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    ABSTRACT: Staging of cervical cancer is routinely performed by means of examination under anesthesia in combination with radiographic and/or endoscopic techniques. This "clinical" staging leads to 10-25% misclassification, mostly due to positive lymph nodes or lymph or blood vessel invasion. Determination of pretreatment squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) and CA 125 serum levels may solve part of this staging problem and may improve the selection of the most appropriate individual therapy. Using 2.5 ng/ml (SCC) and 35 U/ml (CA 125) as cutoff levels, we studied 99 patients retrospectively. Elevated levels were found in 27% (SCC) and 23% (CA 125). In clinical stage IB or IIA disease 45/81 patients had positive nodes or lymph or blood vessel invasion at operation. Of these patients 49% had elevated serum levels of SCC or CA 125. Strongest correlation was found with blood vessel invasion (57%). Only 19% of low-stage patients without evidence of vascular spread of disease had positive levels. The positive predictive value of SCC and CA 125 for detection of vascular spread of disease in low-stage cervical cancer was 76%. In most centers surgery is the primary treatment of choice in low-stage cervical cancer. Nevertheless, with respect to patient survival, results of primary surgery and primary radiotherapy are comparable. Radiotherapy given in an adjuvant setting leads to a high incidence of severe complications. In order to overcome part of these complications one should consider radiotherapy as the primary therapy of choice in patients with clinical stage IB or IIA cervical cancer with elevated pretreatment SCC or CA 125 levels.
    Gynecologic Oncology 04/1997; 64(3):473-6. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To examine ovarian cancer incidence and mortality in the Netherlands, and to relate trends in mortality to changes in parity and use of oral contraceptives. Methods: Age-standardized and age-specific incidence and mortality rates are presented using incidence data from the Netherlands Cancer Registry, 1989-1991, and mortality data from the Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics, 1954-1993. Results: In the period 1989-1991, age-standardized incidence of ovarian cancer was 14.9 per 105 woman-years. The majority (89%) of these tumors had an epithelial origin. Two-thirds of all newly diagnosed ovarian cancers already showed extension to the pelvis or beyond at diagnosis. From the period 1954-1958 to 1969-1973, age-standardized mortality rates increased from 10.6 to 13.1 per 105 woman-years. Thereafter, a decline was noted to 11.4 per 105 woman-years in the period 1989-1993. Age-specific mortality rates showed a pattern of rising mortality in the elderly, whereas mortality in the younger age categories was declining. The number of live births has declined gradually, and oral contraceptive use has increased. Conclusion: Incidence of ovarian cancer is high in the Netherlands, but comparable to other countries in north-western Europe and North America. Mortality rates are rising in the elderly and declining in the young. Further research is needed concerning the effects of oral contraceptives, fertility drugs, and hormone replacement therapy on the incidence and mortality of ovarian cancer. (C) 1996 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
    Obstetrics and Gynecology 08/1996; 88(3). · 4.37 Impact Factor
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    Annals of Oncology 08/1996; 7(5):521-4. · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The bispecific monoclonal antibody (biMAb) OC/TR combines the anti-ovarian-cancer reactivity of the MOv18 monoclonal antibody (MAb) with the reactivity of an anti-CD3 MAb. Pre-clinical studies have indicated that this biMAb is able to redirect the cytolytic activity of T cells towards tumour cells, resulting in efficient tumour-cell lysis. To assess the clinical potential of systemic biMAb-based cancer therapy we initiated a study in ovarian-cancer patients. Five patients suspected of ovarian cancer received 123I-OC/TR F(ab′)2 i.v. Unexpectedly, the first patient developed side effects (grade III–IV toxicity) starting 30 min after infusion (p.i.) of 1 mg of OC/TR F(ab′)2. After approval of the Ethical Committee, the study was continued at lower dose levels (0.1 mg; 0.2 mg). However, at the 0.2-mg dose level similar side effects were observed. FACS analysis indicated that all peripheral T cells were coated with biMAb immediately following the infusion. The cytokines tumour necrosis factor-, interferon- and interleukin-2 showed maximum serum concentrations 2 h p.i. Tumour uptake ranged from 0.8 to 1.9% ID/kg, resulting in tumour/background ratios of 3 to 8. Our results suggest that at higher antibody dose levels OC/TR F(ab′)2 causes T-cell activation with acute release of cytokines. Only low doses of biMAb can be administered safely. Despite the interaction with T cells, OC/TR F(ab′)2 preferentially localizes in tumours following i.v. administration, thus offering therapeutic perspectives. © 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    International Journal of Cancer 05/1996; 66(4):477 - 483. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) response was determined in the serum of patients suspected of having ovarian cancer who underwent radioimmunoscintigraphy with either 99Tcm-OV-TL 3 Fab' (n = 20) or 111In-DTPA-OV-TL 3 F(ab')2 (n = 73). Blood samples were collected prior to and at several time points post-intravenous injection. The detection of HAMA was performed with an in-house OV-TL 3 F(ab')2-based sandwich-type immunoradiometric assay (IRMA). The homologous IRMA demonstrated that 8 of 20 (40%) patients had developed HAMA responses after injection of Fab' fragments and that 14 of 73 (19%) patients had developed HAMA responses after F(ab')2 administration. The subclass of the measured HAMA was analysed in a limited number of samples, showing IgG or IgM as well as mixed responses. The kinetics of the HAMA responses varied greatly. Our study showed the relevance of the sampling time and frequency: HAMA responses can be easily underestimated with a low sampling frequency. The homologous IRMA described in this study was able to quantify the OV-TL 3-specific HAMA responses. With additional assays, the subclass of the HAMA could be further analysed. Remarkably, the fraction of HAMA responders after injection of OV-TL 3 Fab' fragments was in the same range as the proportion of HAMA responders after F(ab')2 administration.
    Nuclear Medicine Communications 11/1995; 16(10):853-9. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compared the improved Abbott IMx cancer antigen (CA) 125 assay (cat. no. 7A89) with the Abbott CA 125 RIA. Serum specimens were from healthy perimenopausal women (n = 124) and from patients with benign gynecologic and nongynecologic diseases (n = 124), ovarian carcinoma (n = 104), or other malignancies (n = 193). The IMx assay detected as little as 0.193 kAU/L CA 125 (AU = arbitrary Abbott unit), demonstrated up to 29% overestimation upon serum dilution, low within-assay (2.7-5.6%) and between-assay (4.8-8.2%) CVs, and no high-dose hook effect < or = 46,000 kAU/L nor influence from human anti-mouse antibodies in serum of women injected with OC 125 F(ab')2. Values by IMx were 20% lower than by RIA for healthy perimenopausal women (n = 100; IMx = 0.80 RIA - 2.5 kAU/L), and at least 50% higher for those with benign or malignant ovarian disorders at concentrations < 100 kAU/L. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis of ovarian neoplasma vs perimenopausal controls indicated a gain of specificity and sensitivity with the improved IMx assay over the RIA, but ROC performance was the same with either assay if patients with benign ovarian disorders were used as controls.
    Clinical Chemistry 02/1995; 41(2):211-6. · 7.77 Impact Factor
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    Clinical Chemistry - CLIN CHEM. 01/1995;
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    ABSTRACT: Fifty-four healthy women were studied during the follicular and the luteal phase of one menstrual cycle to determine possible cyclic influences on several parameters. After a 12-h overnight fast, blood samples were obtained between 08.00 h and 09.30 h and processed for total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoproteins A-I and B and total triglycerides. In the same samples we also measured serum concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, 17 beta-oestradiol, progesterone, sex hormone binding globulin and testosterone. Serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the related apolipoprotein B were decreased significantly with 0.35 mmol/l, 0.44 mmol/l and 15 mg/l, respectively, during the luteal phase as compared to the follicular phase (p < or = 0.01). The ratios of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and of total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were also significantly lower (p < 0.01) in the luteal phase because high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and its major carrier apolipoprotein A-I as well as serum triglycerides remained unchanged in the two cycle phases compared. Sex hormone binding globulin was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in the luteal phase than in the follicular phase of the investigated cycles, whereas serum testosterone remained unchanged in the two cycle phases compared. Therefore, the free androgen index decreased in the luteal phase (p < 0.01). These results indicate the necessity to define the cycle phase in which blood has been collected during control cycles in studies concentrating on possible effects of oral contraceptives or other administered sex steroids on serum lipids, lipoproteins and androgen metabolism.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Acta endocrinologica 09/1993; 129(2):130-3.
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    ABSTRACT: Serum CA 125 regression after cytoreductive surgery and during the first three courses of chemotherapy was studied in 60 ovarian cancer patients and compared to known prognostic factors. Various methods reported in the literature to calculate a CA 125 half-live value were compared. Using two exponential regression models (Van der Burg et al., 1988; Buller et al., 1991), mean half-lives in stage I-II patients after complete cytoreductive surgery were respectively 10.7 days (range: 5-23) and 9.8 days (range: 7-15). Within stage III-IV patients, a significant positive correlation was seen between survival and (a) stage III (P = 0.002), (b) residual tumour < or = 1 cm (P = 0.02), (c) CA 125 normalisation after three courses (P = 0.003) and (d) CA 125 half-life < or = 20 days (P = 0.02-0.004, depending on the method used for half-life calculation). The median survival times of patients with and without a CA 125 normalisation after three courses were 27 and 14 months respectively (P = 0.003). When using the model of Buller et al. patients with a CA 125 half-life < or = 20 days had a median survival of 28 months compared to a median survival of 19 months for patients with CA 125 half-lives > 20 days (P = 0.004). Half-life calculations only showed a significant correlation with survival, if pre-surgery CA 125 levels were used as a baseline. In a survival analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model, stage of disease was the most predictive variable for survival (P = 0.006). The only additional independent prognostic factor for survival was the CA 125 half-life calculated according to Buller [derived from the formula: CA 125 = exp. [i-s x (days after surgery)], in which i is the y-axis intercept and s is the slope of the CA 125 regression curve]. A CA 125 half-life < or = 20 days vs > 20 days calculated using this formula, provides an independent prognostic factor for survival in stage III-IV patients early in the course of therapy (P = 0.04).
    British Journal of Cancer 07/1993; 67(6):1361-7. · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Data from the Dutch Central Registry of Hydatidiform Mole were used to establish a reference human chorionic gonadotropin regression curve after molar pregnancy. A normal serum human chorionic gonadotropin regression corridor was constructed after fitting data from 130 patients with uneventful human chorionic gonadotropin regression after evacuation of a complete hydatidiform mole. Retrospectively, data from 77 patients with persistent trophoblastic disease were analyzed by means of this normal corridor. Measurements were performed with a radioimmunoassay for both native and free human chorionic gonadotropin beta-subunits. Human chorionic gonadotropin disappearance curves showed a biphasic decline with median serum half-lives of 1.8 and 12.8 days. Median time until normalization was 74 days (range 28 to 430). With the 95th percentile line, 71 of 77 patients (92%) with persistent trophoblastic disease could be identified. In > 50% of cases this could be achieved within 6 weeks from evacuation. The normal regression corridor allows identification of patients with persistent trophoblastic disease and an expectant attitude within the limits of the corridor.
    American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 03/1993; 168(3 Pt 1):787-92. · 3.97 Impact Factor