C P Schijf

UMC St. Radboud Nijmegen, Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands

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Publications (39)133.3 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study was to assess the diagnostic potential of serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) ratios obtained at different intervals after evacuation of hydatidiform mole to diagnose persistent trophoblastic disease (PTD) and to compare its diagnostic accuracy with the current FIGO 2000 criteria as a gold standard. We calculated hCG ratios from serum hCG concentrations of 204 patients (86 with and 118 without PTD) registered with the Dutch Central Registry for Hydatidiform Moles between 1977-2004. The hCG ratios obtained in week 1, 3, and 5 after evacuation identified, respectively, 20%, 52%, and 79% of patients with PTD (median: 3.0 weeks) at the 95% specificity level, while FIGO 2000 criteria identified, respectively, 0%, 16%, and 66% (median: 4.7 weeks). It is concluded that a serum hCG ratio identifies patients with PTD approximately 2 weeks earlier than the internationally accepted FIGO 2000 criteria and identifies more than 75% of patients who develop PTD by the fifth week after evacuation.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 01/2008; 18(2):318-23. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A generally accepted definition for resistance to first-line single-agent chemotherapy for persistent trophoblastic disease (PTD) is lacking. In the present study, a normogram for serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) from patients with normalization of serum hCG after first-line single-agent chemotherapy for PTD was constructed to identify patients resistant to this chemotherapy. Between 1987 and 2004, data from 2,132 patients were registered at the Dutch Central Registry for Hydatidiform Moles. A normal serum hCG regression corridor was constructed for 79 patients with low-risk PTD who were cured by single-agent methotrexate (MTX) chemotherapy (control group). Another group of 29 patients with low-risk PTD needed additional alternative therapies (dactinomycin and multiagent chemotherapy) for failure of serum hCG to normalize with single-agent chemotherapy (study group). Serum hCG measurement preceding the fourth and sixth single-agent chemotherapy course proved to have excellent diagnostic accuracy for identifying resistance to single-agent chemotherapy, with an area under the curve (AUC) for receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of 0.949 and 0.975, respectively. At 97.5% specificity, serum hCG measurements after 7 weeks showed 50% sensitivity. In the largest study to date, we describe the regression of serum hCG levels in patients with low-risk PTD successfully treated with MTX. At high specificity, hCG levels in the first few courses of MTX can identify half the number of patients who are extremely likely to need alternative chemotherapy to cure their disease and for whom further treatment with single-agent chemotherapy will be ineffective.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/2006; 24(1):52-8. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is widely used in the management of hydatidiform mole and persistent trophoblastic disease (PTD). Predicting PTD after molar pregnancy might be beneficial since prophylactic chemotherapy reduces the incidence of PTD. A retrospective study based on blood specimens collected in the Dutch Registry for Hydatidiform Moles. A group of 165 patients with complete moles (of which 43 had PTD) and 39 patients with partial moles (of which 7 had PTD) were compared with 27 pregnant women with uneventful pregnancy. Serum samples from patients with hydatidiform mole with or without PTD were assayed using specific (radio) immunoassays for free alpha-subunit (hCGalpha), free beta-subunit (hCGbeta) and 'total' hCG (hCG + hCGbeta). In addition, we calculated the ratios hCGalpha/hCG + hCGbeta, hCGbeta/hCG + hCGbeta, and hCGalpha/hCGbeta. Specificity and sensitivity were calculated and paired in receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, resulting in areas under the curves (AUCs). hCGbeta, hCGbeta/hCG + hCGbeta and hCGalpha/hCGbeta show AUCs ranging between 0.922 and 0.999 and, therefore, are excellent diagnostic tests to distinguish complete and partial moles from normal pregnancy. To distinguish partial from complete moles the analytes hCGbeta, hCG + hCGbeta and the ratio hCGalpha/hCGbeta have AUCs between 0.7 and 0.8. Although hCGalpha, hCGbeta and hCG + hCGbeta concentrations are significantly elevated in patients who will develop PTD compared with patients with spontaneous regression after evacuation of their moles, in predicting PTD, these analytes and parameters have AUCs <0.7. Distinction between hydatidiform mole and normal pregnancy is best shown by a single blood specimen with hCGbeta, but hCGbeta/hCG + hCGbeta and hCGalpha/hCGbeta are also excellent diagnostic parameters. To predict PTD, hCGalpha, hCGbeta, hCG + hCGbeta and hCGalpha/hCGbeta are moderately accurate tests, although they are not accurate enough to justify prophylactic chemotherapy treatment for prevention of PTD.
    European Journal of Endocrinology 10/2005; 153(4):565-75. · 3.14 Impact Factor
  • International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 09/2004; 14(5). · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report on a woman with malignant mesothelioma of the peritoneum. This is the first report of a subject with this disease who revealed a history of asbestos ingestion by asbestos-contaminated food. She presented with episodes of sweating and fever, ascites, and weight loss. At laparotomy, small tumor deposits were noted on the peritoneum. The omental cake was removed, together with the uterus, ovaries, and tubes which were all macroscopically normal. The diagnosis was established by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Postoperatively, her complaints of fever and sweating disappeared. She refused further chemotherapy. After questioning her for asbestos exposure, she told us that, years ago, she used to prepare vegetables for cooking in rain water collected from a roof made of asbestos.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 01/2004; 14(1):162-5. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The frequency of high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) genotypes in patients with adenocarcinoma in situ (ACIS) with coexisting cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), ACIS without coexisting CIN, and high-grade CIN (CIN II/III) was studied, in order to gain more insight into the relation between hr-HPV infections and the development of coexisting squamous and glandular lesions. The SPF(10) LiPA PCR was used to detect simultaneously 25 different HPV genotypes in biopsies obtained from 90 patients with CIN II/III, 47 patients with ACIS without coexisting CIN, and 49 patients with ACIS and coexisting CIN. hr-HPV was detected in 84 patients (93%) with CIN II/III, 38 patients (81%) with ACIS without CIN, and in 47 patients (96%) with ACIS and coexisting CIN. A total of 13 different hr-HPV genotypes were detected in patients with CIN II/III, and only five in patients with ACIS with/without coexisting CIN. HPV 31, multiple hr-HPV genotypes, and HPV genotypes other than 16, 18, and 45 were significantly more often detected in patients with CIN II/III, while HPV 18 was significantly more often detected in patients with ACIS with/without CIN. There were no significant differences in the frequency of specific hr-HPV genotypes between patients with ACIS with or without coexisting CIN. In conclusion, the frequency of specific hr-HPV genotypes is similar for patients with ACIS without CIN and patients with ACIS and coexisting CIN, but is significantly different for patients with CIN II/III without ACIS. These findings suggest that squamous lesions, coexisting with high-grade glandular lesions, are aetiologically different from squamous lesions without coexisting glandular lesions.
    British Journal of Cancer 10/2003; 89(5):886-90. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serum CA125 concentrations measured before and during chemotherapy may provide additional information for prognostic assessment of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), and enable discrimination between patients who are likely to benefit from further therapy and those who will not. Medical records of 40 patients with advanced EOC, treated at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University Hospital Nijmegen between July 1984 and April 1993, were examined. All patients had primary cytoreductive surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy. Serum samples were obtained before surgery and during chemotherapy. Follow-up information and patient and tumor characteristics were abstracted from medical records until December 1, 1994. By using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models for disease-free and overall survival it was evaluated whether outcome prediction was improved by inclusion of serum CA125 quantitations. Only FIGO stage and extent of residual tumor were significant independent prognostic factors before the start of chemotherapy. When such regression models were constructed after subsequent courses of chemotherapy, serum CA125 measurements conducted after each of the first three chemotherapy courses improved the prediction of disease-free survival. Prediction of overall survival was improved by inclusion of serum CA125 measurements after courses 1–6. Inclusion of serum CA125 measurements during chemotherapy improved prognostic assessment of patients with advanced EOC.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 06/2003; 7(2):127 - 133. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to assess the value of Loop Electrosurgical Conization (LEC) in the treatment of stage IA1 microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma (MIC) of the uterine cervix. Retrospectively, 82 patients with FIGO stage IA1 MIC, primarily treated with LEC on see and treat basis, were analyzed. After the initial LEC, 16 patients received cytologic and colposcopic follow-up only, 66 patients underwent a second procedure (repeat LEC, Cold Knife Conization (CKC), or hysterectomy), and four patients underwent a third procedure (hysterectomy). In 63 patients (77%) no residual CIN 3 or MIC was present after the initial LEC. Treatment of residual CIN 3 or MIC was equally effective with a repeat LEC as with CKC. One patient defaulted follow-up and developed a recurrence in the vaginal vault and was treated with a radical hysterectomy. LEC can be used as an alternative for CKC in treatment of patients with stage IA1 MIC. The advantage of LEC is that it can be performed as an outpatient procedure in addition to a diagnostic colposcopy and does not require a major anesthetic. Only a small number of patients will need a more extensive procedure.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 01/2002; 12(5):485-9. · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Papanicolaou-stained cervical smears (Pap smears) of post-menopausal women often present difficulties in distinguishing atrophic cervical epithelium from high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2-3). The aim of this study was to disclose differences in proliferative activity in normal cervical epithelium, cervical atrophy, and high-grade CIN lesions, in order to develop specific and sensitive classifiers to discriminate between cervical atrophy and high-grade CIN, both in cervical smears and in tissue sections. A case-control study was done on 83 patients. Proliferative activity was assessed in histological sections using the monoclonal antibody MIB1. An image analysis system was used to characterize different proliferation-associated features. Preceding Pap smears were restained with MIB1 and proliferative activity was measured by a point-counting procedure, carried out on a training set of 32 cases and a test set of 51 cases. In cervical atrophy, proliferative activity was significantly lower than in normal epithelium (p<0.001). Proliferative activity measured in both biopsies and cervical smears was considerably higher in high-grade CIN than in normal epithelium (p<0.001). Discriminant analyses resulted in four classifiers, based on proliferation parameters, to discriminate between cervical atrophy and high-grade CIN, and between CIN2 and CIN3, in biopsy specimens and cervical smears, respectively. The two classifiers for biopsy specimens resulted in 100% correct classification. Application of the classifier obtained from the training set of Pap smears resulted in 100% correct classification of the Pap smears in the test set. The classifier to discriminate between CIN2 and CIN3 in Pap smears, obtained from 36 patients, resulted in 87% and 90% correct classification, respectively.
    The Journal of Pathology 04/2000; 190(5):545-53. · 7.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Papanicolaou-stained cervical smears (Pap smears) of post-menopausal women often present difficulties in distinguishing atrophic cervical epithelium from high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2–3). The aim of this study was to disclose differences in proliferative activity in normal cervical epithelium, cervical atrophy, and high-grade CIN lesions, in order to develop specific and sensitive classifiers to discriminate between cervical atrophy and high-grade CIN, both in cervical smears and in tissue sections. A case–control study was done on 83 patients. Proliferative activity was assessed in histological sections using the monoclonal antibody MIB1. An image analysis system was used to characterize different proliferation-associated features. Preceding Pap smears were restained with MIB1 and proliferative activity was measured by a point-counting procedure, carried out on a training set of 32 cases and a test set of 51 cases. In cervical atrophy, proliferative activity was significantly lower than in normal epithelium (p<0.001). Proliferative activity measured in both biopsies and cervical smears was considerably higher in high-grade CIN than in normal epithelium (p<0.001). Discriminant analyses resulted in four classifiers, based on proliferation parameters, to discriminate between cervical atrophy and high-grade CIN, and between CIN2 and CIN3, in biopsy specimens and cervical smears, respectively. The two classifiers for biopsy specimens resulted in 100% correct classification. Application of the classifier obtained from the training set of Pap smears resulted in 100% correct classification of the Pap smears in the test set. The classifier to discriminate between CIN2 and CIN3 in Pap smears, obtained from 36 patients, resulted in 87% and 90% correct classification, respectively. Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    The Journal of Pathology 03/2000; 190(5):545 - 553. · 7.59 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Pathology - J PATHOL. 01/2000; 190(5):545-553.
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    ABSTRACT: Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) is a rare smooth muscle tumor. In the literature more than 100 cases have been described. LPD is characterized by multiple small nodules on the peritoneal surface, mimicking a malignant process with metastases, but generally demonstrates benign histologic features. Exposure to estrogen seems to play an etiologic role. Many patients have uterine leiomyomas as well. The diagnosis of LPD is easily made on biopsy. Reduction of estrogen exposure is generally sufficient to cause regression of LPD. Surgical castration or gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonists seem good alternatives in the case of progression or recurrence of LPD. In six patients a malignant leiomyosarcoma has been described shortly after the diagnosis of LPD was made. Five of these patients did not have uterine leiomyomas or exposure to exogenous or increased endogenous estrogen. The relationship with pregnancy in the sixth patient may be coincidental. Whether malignant transformation of LPD occurs remains uncertain. Characteristics of these patients differ from those of LPD patients and may indicate a high malignant potential, necessitating a different approach.
    Gynecologic Oncology 11/1999; 75(1):158-63. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: After menopause, declining levels of estrogens may cause vaginal discomfort, or so-called "vaginal atrophy." Evaluation of therapies for vaginal atrophy may be performed using the so-called "maturation index." The maturation index is expressed as the percentage of (para)-basal, intermediate, and superficial epithelial cells in a vaginal smear. Manual assessment of the maturation index is subject to inter- and intraobserver variations. In this study, assessment of the maturation of cells in vaginal smears using automated image analysis was investigated. Automated assessment, using a commercially available image analysis system, was performed on hematoxylin-eosin-stained cytospin specimens. A training set was constructed by an experienced cytotechnologist, based upon visual classification of stored grey value images. From this, two discriminant functions (DFs) were calculated capable of classifying cells in one of the three types. These cell classifiers were capable of classifying 97% of the cells correctly. Data from automated assessment were compared with those of classical manual counting. Specimens of 13 mature and 6 atrophic vaginal specimens were assessed in duplicate, both manually and by image analysis, using the DFs. No significant interobserver effect was found for image analysis, whereas a significant effect was found for manual counting. Both methods were able to distinguish between matured and atrophic specimens. It was concluded that for assessment of vaginal maturation, the use of automated image analysis systems is recommended. Besides increased reproducibility, image analysis systems yield additional data describing the size and shape of the cytoplasm and nucleus of cells, which might increase discriminating power.
    Cytometry 04/1999; 35(3):196-202.
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    ABSTRACT: Background:After menopause, declining levels of estrogens may cause vaginal discomfort, or so-called “vaginal atrophy.” Evaluation of therapies for vaginal atrophy may be performed using the so-called “maturation index.” The maturation index is expressed as the percentage of (para)basal, intermediate, and superficial epithelial cells in a vaginal smear. Manual assessment of the maturation index is subject to inter- and intraobserver variations. In this study, assessment of the maturation of cells in vaginal smears using automated image analysis was investigated.Materials and Methods:Automated assessment, using a commercially available image analysis system, was performed on hematoxylin-eosin-stained cytospin specimens. A training set was constructed by an experienced cytotechnologist, based upon visual classification of stored grey value images. From this, two discriminant functions (DFs) were calculated capable of classifying cells in one of the three types. These cell classifiers were capable of classifying 97% of the cells correctly. Data from automated assessment were compared with those of classical manual counting. Specimens of 13 mature and 6 atrophic vaginal specimens were assessed in duplicate, both manually and by image analysis, using the DFs.Results:No significant interobserver effect was found for image analysis, whereas a significant effect was found for manual counting. Both methods were able to distinguish between matured and atrophic specimens.Conclusions:It was concluded that for assessment of vaginal maturation, the use of automated image analysis systems is recommended. Besides increased reproducibility, image analysis systems yield additional data describing the size and shape of the cytoplasm and nucleus of cells, which might increase discriminating power. Cytometry 35:196–202, 1999. © 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Cytometry 02/1999; 35(3):196 - 202.
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    ABSTRACT: Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata (LPD) is a rare smooth muscle tumor. In the literature more than 100 cases have been described. LPD is characterized by multiple small nodules on the peritoneal surface, mimicking a malignant process with metastases, but generally demonstrates benign histologic features. Exposure to estrogen seems to play an etiologic role. Many patients have uterine leiomyomas as well. The diagnosis of LPD is easily made on biopsy. Reduction of estrogen exposure is generally sufficient to cause regression of LPD. Surgical castration or gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonists seem good alternatives in the case of progression or recurrence of LPD. In six patients a malignant leiomyosarcoma has been described shortly after the diagnosis of LPD was made. Five of these patients did not have uterine leiomyomas or exposure to exogenous or increased endogenous estrogen. The relationship with pregnancy in the sixth patient may be coincidental. Whether malignant transformation of LPD occurs remains uncertain. Characteristics of these patients differ from those of LPD patients and may indicate a high malignant potential, necessitating a different approach.
    Gynecologic Oncology. 01/1999;
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    ABSTRACT: In this study the potential of intraperitoneal (i.p.) and intravenous (i.v.) administration of chimeric iodine-131-labelled MOv18 IgG for radioimmunotherapy was determined. The dosimetry associated with both routes of administration of cMOv18 IgG was studied in patients. Eight patients suspected of having ovarian carcinoma received 150 MBq 131I-cMOv18 IgG i.p. Blood and urine were collected and serial gamma camera images were acquired. Another group of four patients received 7.5 MBq 131I-cMOv18 IgG i.v. For all patients, tissue biopsies were obtained at surgery. Activity in the blood after i.p. administration was described by a bi-exponential curve with a mean uptake and elimination half-life of 6.9+/-3.2 h and 160+/-45 h, respectively. For i.v. infusion the mean half-life for the elimination phase was 103+/-12 h. Cumulative excretion in the urine was 17%+/-3% ID and 21%+/-7% ID in 96 h for i.p. and i.v. administration, respectively. Scintigraphic images after i.p. administration showed accumulation in ovarian cancer lesions, while all other tissues showed decreasing activity with time. Tumour uptake determined in the ovarian cancer tissue specimens ranged from 3.4% to 12.3% ID/kg for i.p. administration and from 3.6% to 5.4% ID/kg for i.v. administration. Dosimetric analysis of the data indicated that 1.7-4.3 mGy/MBq and 1.7-2.2 mGy/MBq can be guided to solid or ascites cells after i.p. and i.v. administration, respectively. Assuming that an absorbed dose to the bone marrow of 2 Gy will be dose limiting, a total activity of 4.1 GBq 131I-cMOv18 IgG can be administered safely via the i.p. route and 3.5 GBq via the i.v. route. At this maximal tolerated dose, a maximum absorbed dose to 1-g tumours in the peritoneal cavity of 18 and 8 Gy can be reached after i.p. and i.v. administration, respectively. For the i. p. route of administration, dose estimates for the tumour are even higher when the electron dose of the peritoneal activity is also taken into account: total doses to the tumour of 30 Gy and 22 Gy will be absorbed at the tumour surface and at 0.2 mm depth, respectively. In conclusion, therapeutic tumour doses can be achieved with 131I-cMOv18 IgG in patients with intraperitoneal ovarian cancer lesions with no normal organ toxicity. The i.p. route of administration seems to be preferable to i.v. administration.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 12/1998; 25(11):1552-61.
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the value of deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy in the differential diagnosis and clinical follow-up of hydatidiform moles, the histopathologic features, deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy, and clinical follow-up were compared in 347 cases: 143 complete moles, 52 partial moles, and 152 abortions, of which 56 cases were hydropic abortions with histologic features of triploidy but lacked trophoblastic hyperplasia. In all cases deoxyribonucleic acid image cytometry was performed, and in 85 of these cases interphase cytogenetics was also performed. With use of deoxyribonucleic acid image cytometry and interphase cytogenetics, a bimodal polyploid deoxyribonucleic acid pattern was present in 97% of complete moles, 27% of partial moles, and 4% of abortions. All these cases of partial mole were reclassified to complete mole on the basis of this deoxyribonucleic acid pattern and the histopathologic features in spite of the presence of fetal blood cells, amnion, or yolk sac. Deoxyribonucleic acid triploidy was found in 95% of the remaining partial moles, in 77% of hydropic abortions with histologic features of triploidy, and in 14% of the remaining abortions. Reliable differentiation between deoxyribonucleic acid triploid partial moles and hydropic abortions with histologic features of triploidy was not possible on basis of the histopathologic features (trophoblastic hyperplasia) or 3.5c exceeding rates. Deoxyribonucleic acid diploidy was found in 1% of complete moles, 23% of hydropic abortions with features of triploidy, and 78% of the remaining abortions. Deoxyribonucleic acid tetraploidy was rarely found (1% of complete moles, 2% of partial moles, 1% of abortions). Persistent gestational trophoblastic disease developed in 33% of the bimodal deoxyribonucleic acid polyploid cases (all complete moles), in 1% of the diploid cases (concerning one of the two diploid complete moles), and in 1% of the triploid cases (partial moles). Deoxyribonucleic acid analysis is essential in the diagnosis of hydatidiform moles to decide on clinical follow-up.
    American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 12/1997; 177(5):1219-29. · 3.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Staging of cervical cancer is routinely performed by means of examination under anesthesia in combination with radiographic and/or endoscopic techniques. This "clinical" staging leads to 10-25% misclassification, mostly due to positive lymph nodes or lymph or blood vessel invasion. Determination of pretreatment squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC) and CA 125 serum levels may solve part of this staging problem and may improve the selection of the most appropriate individual therapy. Using 2.5 ng/ml (SCC) and 35 U/ml (CA 125) as cutoff levels, we studied 99 patients retrospectively. Elevated levels were found in 27% (SCC) and 23% (CA 125). In clinical stage IB or IIA disease 45/81 patients had positive nodes or lymph or blood vessel invasion at operation. Of these patients 49% had elevated serum levels of SCC or CA 125. Strongest correlation was found with blood vessel invasion (57%). Only 19% of low-stage patients without evidence of vascular spread of disease had positive levels. The positive predictive value of SCC and CA 125 for detection of vascular spread of disease in low-stage cervical cancer was 76%. In most centers surgery is the primary treatment of choice in low-stage cervical cancer. Nevertheless, with respect to patient survival, results of primary surgery and primary radiotherapy are comparable. Radiotherapy given in an adjuvant setting leads to a high incidence of severe complications. In order to overcome part of these complications one should consider radiotherapy as the primary therapy of choice in patients with clinical stage IB or IIA cervical cancer with elevated pretreatment SCC or CA 125 levels.
    Gynecologic Oncology 04/1997; 64(3):473-6. · 3.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To assess the value of deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy in the differential diagnosis and clinical follow-up of hydatidiform moles, the histopathologic features, deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy, and clinical follow-up were compared in 347 cases: 143 complete moles, 52 partial moles, and 152 abortions, of which 56 cases were hydropic abortions with histologic features of triploidy but lacked trophoblastic hyperplasia. Study Design: In all cases deoxyribonucleic acid image cytometry was performed, and in 85 of these cases interphase cytogenetics was also performed. Results: With use of deoxyribonucleic acid image cytometry and interphase cytogenetics, a bimodal polyploid deoxyribonucleic acid pattern was present in 97% of complete moles, 27% of partial moles, and 4% of abortions. All these cases of partial mole were reclassified to complete mole on the basis of this deoxyribonucleic acid pattern and the histopathologic features in spite of the presence of fetal blood cells, amnion, or yolk sac. Deoxyribonucleic acid triploidy was found in 95% of the remaining partial moles, in 77% of hydropic abortions with histologic features of triploidy, and in 14% of the remaining abortions. Reliable differentiation between deoxyribonucleic acid triploid partial moles and hydropic abortions with histologic features of triploidy was not possible on basis of the histopathologic features (trophoblastic hyperplasia) or 3.5c exceeding rates. Deoxyribonucleic acid diploidy was found in 1% of complete moles, 23% of hydropic abortions with features of triploidy, and 78% of the remaining abortions. Deoxyribonucleic acid tetraploidy was rarely found (1% of complete moles, 2% of partial moles, 1% of abortions). Persistent gestational trophoblastic disease developed in 33% of the bimodal deoxyribonucleic acid polyploid cases (all complete moles), in 1% of the diploid cases (concerning one of the two diploid complete moles), and in 1% of the triploid cases (partial moles). Conclusion: Deoxyribonucleic acid analysis is essential in the diagnosis of hydatidiform moles to decide on clinical follow-up.
    American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - AMER J OBSTET GYNECOL. 01/1997; 177(5):1219-1229.
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    ABSTRACT: DNA flow cytometry has shown a wider spectrum of DNA content in the complete hydatidiform mole (CM) than the originally reported diploidy. Conflicting results have been published about the relationship of DNA content and the occurrence of persistent gestational trophoblastic disease (PGTD). In the present study, 71 cases of CM and 4 cases of partial mole accompanied by PGTD and 100 cases of CM without PGTD were evaluated with DNA image cytometry for differences in DNA-ploidy pattern, expressed as the 2.5c and 5c exceeding rates. A pilot study of 20 cases of each group was performed using interphase cytogenetics to detect differences in the frequency of numerical chromosomal aberrations and in sex chromosome composition. For this purpose, DNA probes specific for the pericentromeric regions of chromosomes 1 and X and for the long arm of chromosome Y were incubated on 6-micron paraffin tissue sections. The results showed no differences between CMs with or without PGTD; DNA polyploidy occurred in 99% and 98% of cases, respectively; the 2.5c exceeding rate and 5c exceeding rate were 62.6 and 62.4, and 6.5 and 6.0, respectively. The frequency of numerical chromosomal aberrations as detected by interphase cytogenetics was 23.4 and 22.8%. An XY pattern was found in 3 of 20 cases of CM with PGTD and in 4 of 20 cases of CM without PGTD. The four cases of partial mole showed a DNA-ploidy pattern identical to that of a CM. For this reason, they would be better reclassified as CMs, despite the presence of nucleated red blood cells or amnion. Although nuclear atypia and corresponding increased DNA content is pronounced but variable in CMs, the occurrence of PGTD is not related to variations in quantitative DNA content nor to gross heterology or homology in sex chromosomes.
    Modern Pathology 11/1996; 9(10):1007-14. · 5.25 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

486 Citations
133.30 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1993–2005
    • UMC St. Radboud Nijmegen
      • Department of Human Genetics
      Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 1993–1997
    • Radboud University Nijmegen
      • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Nijmegen, Provincie Gelderland, Netherlands
  • 1996
    • Jreoen Bosch Hospital
      Hertogenbosch, North Brabant, Netherlands
    • Academisch Medisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam
      • Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands