Elif Bahat

Karadeniz Technical University, Atrabazandah, Trabzon, Turkey

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Publications (16)39.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) overdose is one of the common causes of drug poisoning and it has cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological side effects. An 18-month male infant was admitted to our pediatric emergency service due to poisoning with amitriptyline. The infant was unconscious. Tachycardia, irregular and shallow breathing, and tonic-clonic seizures were observed on physical examination. An electrocardiogram displayed a narrow complex tachycardia that was consistent with re-entrant supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). Although antiarrhythmic and anticonvulsive agents were administrated, SVT and seizures persisted. Charcoal hemoperfusion (HP) was performed for 4 hours. The infant's clinical condition has improved after the charcoal HP, seizures and SVT were not observed. It is concluded that charcoal HP can be used efficiently in patients with severe amitriptyline intoxication.
    Human & Experimental Toxicology 03/2011; 30(3):254-6. DOI:10.1177/0960327110369822 · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Turkish Renal Tubular Disorders Working Group aimed to form a patient registry database and gathered demographic, clinical, and laboratory data in various hereditary renal tubular disorders (HRTDs). A questionnaire comprising HRTDs was sent to the centers. The cohort was composed of 226 patients (109 girls, 117 boys). The distribution of patients according to HRTD was as follows: 45.6% distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA), 26.6% proximal RTA (pRTA), 3.5% type IV RTA, 21.7% Bartter's syndrome, and 2.6% Gitelman's syndrome. Cystinosis was the most common cause for renal Fanconi syndrome. Age at diagnosis was between 1 month and 16 years. Overall consanguinity rate was as high as 72%. Rate of affected siblings was 28.5%. pRTA and type IV RTA were more common in males. Most common presenting symptoms were failure to thrive, lack of appetite, and vomiting. Nephropathic cystinosis was the most common HRTD leading to renal failure, followed by dRTA. Hearing loss was present in 23% of patients with dRTA and 6.3% of patients with Bartter's syndrome. No other patient had hearing loss. Convulsions were noted in Bartter's syndrome patients with failure to thrive, especially in those with height below 3%. Polyuria and nephrocalcinosis were more common in dRTA patients with deafness compared with patients without deafness. This data reflected a high number of HRTDs as a result of high consanguinity rate in Turkey. Our data serve as a database of demographic, clinical, and laboratory features of this rare disease group.
    Clinical and Experimental Nephrology 02/2011; 15(1):108-13. DOI:10.1007/s10157-010-0367-z · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment options for Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) are limited and based on general supportive managements. Thrombocytopenia is the major risk factor of CCHF. We report our experience with high-dose methylprednisolone (HDMP). This study included five patients with CCHF. Patients were given HDMP if there were findings compatible with virus-associated haemophagocytic syndrome and the effects of HDMP were evaluated. Following this, HDMP fever subsided and platelet counts increased within 24 hours. Leukocyte counts began to increase and visceral bleedings were improved. HDMP treatment was discontinued within approximately five days. After HDMP, only one patient required blood products. HDMP is effective in CCHF, especially on fever and platelet counts. Dependency on blood products was decreased. Further controlled randomized studies with large series are needed in order to analyse the timing and duration of HDMP treatment and its effect on outcome.
    Tropical Doctor 01/2010; 40(1):27-30. DOI:10.1258/td.2009.090069 · 0.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Rhabdomyolysis is a rare presentation of hypokalemia, although muscle weakness is a well known manifestation of marked hypokalemia. Here, we report a case of primary hyperaldosteronism due to unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma in a 14 year-old girl who developed rhabdomyolysis following hypokalemia. To our knowledge, this is the first case of adrenocortical adenoma presenting with rhabdomyolysis in a child.
    Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism: JPEM 11/2009; 22(11):1087-90. DOI:10.1515/JPEM.2009.22.11.1087 · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Listeria monocytogenes is an uncommon cause of bacterial meningitis beyond the neonatal period. Patients with immunosuppression or neoplastic disease are at increased risk of developing serious invasive disease, particularly meningitis. L. monocytogenes meningitis in two previously healthy, immunocompetent children aged 7 years and 18 months is described. One of them was successfully treated with ampicillin and amikacin. In the other there was resistance to ampicillin, and meropenem, vancomycin and amikacin were given. One patient developed unilateral abducens paralysis and inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. L. monocytogenes should be suspected in children with bacterial meningitis who fail to respond to empirical antibiotic therapy.
    Annals of Tropical Paediatrics International Child Health 10/2009; 29(3):225-9. DOI:10.1179/027249309X12467994694058 · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyse the epidemiological and clinical features of children with Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in north-eastern Turkey. A retrospective study of demographic features and physical and laboratory findings in 21 children with CCHF is described. Clinical course, treatment modalities and outcome were analysed. Most patients were admitted in June and July 2008; most were from the Gumushane and Kelkit valleys and half of them lived in rural areas. Mean (SD) age was 10.3 (3.9) years and the disease was more common in males (71.4%). Approximately 70% had a history of tick bite. The main symptoms were fever (17, 80.9%), nausea (11, 52.3%), malaise (10, 47.6%) and headache (7, 33.3%). At initial examination, approximately 70% of patients had leukopenia and 65% had thrombocytopenia. Anaemia developed during follow-up in six patients. Liver involvement was seen in 12 patients and one patient had acute tubular necrosis. Six patients had haemophagocytosis. Patients were hospitalised for a median 8 days (range 3-22) and nine patients had bleeding from various sites approximately 3-5 days after hospitalisation. Subcutaneous haematoma (6), especially epistaxis and at venepuncture sites (6) were the most common sites of bleeding. Pulmonary haemorrhage developed in two patients and they required ventilatory support. Overall mortality related to CCHF was 4.7% (one patient). Early diagnosis of CCHF and early referral to specialised centres are important for outcome. Exceptional epidemics may be seen in future owing to ecological and environmental changes.
    Annals of Tropical Paediatrics International Child Health 04/2009; 29(1):23-8. DOI:10.1179/146532809X401999 · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiologic studies about the prevalence of adverse drug reactions in children are scarce compared to reports in adults. To assess the prevalence of parental-reported drug allergy in 6- to 9-yr-old urban school children, we performed a cross-sectional study of 6- to 9-yr-old urban children from the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey during the year 2004, using a self-administered questionnaire by parents. Response rate was 81.6% (2855/3500). The prevalence of parental-reported drug allergy was 2.8% (81/2855). The most common parental-reported drugs were penicillins and other beta-lactams (59.3%), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (11.1%), and acetylsalicylic acid and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (9.9%). The most commonly reported clinical manifestations were cutaneous (n = 76, 93.8%) followed by gastrointestinal (n = 17, 21%) symptoms. In 19 (23.5%) children, the reaction involved more than one organ system. Of these 19 children, 14 used beta-lactams. Systemic reactions were not reported with NSAIDs. Medications were taken by mouth in 88.9% of the reactions. Most of the reported allergic reactions occurred in the first day of treatment (61.7%). The reported time to reaction after the last intake of the drug was <2 h in 35 (43.2%) children and 2-24 h in 45 (55.6%). Oral reactions occurred later than reactions to parentally administered drugs. Parents of 58 children (71.6%) reported that they completely avoided the suspected culprit drug following the reaction. Relapse occurred after re-administration of the drug in 21 (25.9%) children. A diagnostic approach for drug allergy was not undertaken in any of the children. This study may provide some information about the prevalence of drug allergy, although it is based on parental perception and results are unlikely to conform well to true prevalence.
    Pediatric Allergy and Immunology 03/2008; 19(1):82-5. DOI:10.1111/j.1399-3038.2007.00592.x · 3.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a large consanguineous family of Turkish origin, genome-wide homozygosity mapping revealed a locus for recessive nonsyndromic hearing impairment on chromosome 14q24.3-q34.12. Fine mapping with microsatellite markers defined the critical linkage interval to a 18.7 cM region flanked by markers D14S53 and D14S1015. This region partially overlapped with the DFNB35 locus. Mutation analysis of ESRRB, a candidate gene in the overlapping region, revealed a homozygous 7 bp duplication in exon 8 in all affected individuals. This duplication results in a frame shift and premature stop codon. Sequence analysis of the ESRRB gene in the affected individuals of the original DFNB35 family and in three other DFNB35-linked consanguineous families from Pakistan revealed four missense mutations. ESRRB encodes the estrogen-related receptor beta protein, and one of the substitutions (p.A110V) is located in the DNA-binding domain of ESRRB, whereas the other three are substitutions (p.L320P, p.V342L, and p.L347P) located within the ligand-binding domain. Molecular modeling of this nuclear receptor showed that the missense mutations are likely to affect the structure and stability of these domains. RNA in situ hybridization in mice revealed that Esrrb is expressed during inner-ear development, whereas immunohistochemical analysis showed that ESRRB is present postnatally in the cochlea. Our data indicate that ESRRB is essential for inner-ear development and function. To our knowledge, this is the first report of pathogenic mutations of an estrogen-related receptor gene.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 02/2008; 82(1):125-38. DOI:10.1016/j.ajhg.2007.09.008 · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present paper was to investigate the effects of vitamin A supplementation on recurrent lower urinary tract infections (RUTI). Twenty-four patients with non-complicated RUTI were included in a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study. Twelve patients received a single dose of 200,000 IU vitamin A in addition to antimicrobial therapy. Patient and control groups (each containing 12 patients) were followed for up to 1 year and were evaluated for eradication and frequency of lower urinary tract infections (UTI). Serum levels of vitamin A and beta-carotene were determined periodically. During the first 6 months follow-up period the infection rate of the vitamin A-supplemented group reduced from 3.58 to 0.75 per 6 months, and in the subsequent 6 months the infection rate was 1.75 per 6 months. These values were calculated as 2.75, 2.83 and 2.66, respectively, in the placebo group. Vitamin A supplementation may have an adjuvant effect on the treatment of RUTI.
    Pediatrics International 07/2007; 49(3):310-3. DOI:10.1111/j.1442-200X.2007.02370.x · 0.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There has been no controlled study comparing efficacy of pulse versus oral steroid therapy in childhood membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN). This study aimed to compare these therapies and renal outcome over a long-term period for MPGN. Outcome measures in 11 patients with MPGN treated with pulse methylprednisolone (MP) were compared with 8 patients with MPGN treated with oral prednisolone (P). Nineteen children with idiopathic MPGN (mean age 9.75 years, range 3.7-14 years) were followed for a mean period of 68.21 months (range 4-124 months). Both treatment groups were similar in demographic, clinical, laboratory and histopathological characteristics on presentation. In the pulse MP group, only 1 patient out of 11 progressed to end-stage renal failure (ESRF), compared with 4 patients out of 8 in the oral P group (p=0.041). For long-term renal survival, those patients with more than 8 years of follow-up were further evaluated. Twelve patients had completed 8 years of follow-up; in the pulse MP group, 1 of 7 patients, compared with 4 of 5 patients in the oral P group progressed to ESRF (p=0.039). Chronic damage in the presentation biopsy and lack of remission in patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS) were positively associated with adverse renal outcome (p=0.02, p=0.006, respectively). Pulse MP therapy may be superior to oral P therapy in children with MPGN in preserving renal function without any increase in steroid-related side effects. Chronic damage in the presentation biopsy and lack of remission of NS are adverse features.
    Journal of nephrology 01/2007; 20(2):234-45. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the diagnosis of children with coexisting pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) and vesico-ureteric junction (VUJ) obstruction, and the management of such patients, as having these two anomalies in the same ureter creates serious diagnostic difficulties, but any delay in diagnosis might cause a deterioration of renal function and affect the success of surgery to correct either anomaly. We assessed the diagnostic difficulties and approach to 14 patients with coexistent PUJ and VUJ obstruction, who were treated surgically in our clinic between 1994 and 2005; we also review related published reports in English. Surgery was used in all 14 patients over the 11-year period; only five patients had an accurate diagnosis before surgery. Six patients were diagnosed with uroradiological techniques immediately after pyeloplasty; three were diagnosed on investigating an associated anomaly later. In children with coexisting PUJ and VUJ obstruction there are serious diagnostic problems; to prevent any deterioration in renal function due to obstruction, these anomalies require early diagnosis and treatment. For an early and accurate diagnosis, the coexistence of these two anomalies in the same ureter should be considered.
    BJU International 08/2006; 98(1):177-82. DOI:10.1111/j.1464-410X.2006.06187.x · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the effects of melatonin combined with antibiotic administration on the suppression of renal scarring in an experimental pyelonephritis model. The control group underwent a sham operation without infection. In the other groups, treatment began 72 hours after direct bacterial inoculation. In the no-treatment group, rats received daily intraperitoneal injections of saline. In the antibiotic-only group, the rats were treated only with ceftriaxone intramuscularly at a dose of 50 mg/kg once daily for 5 days. In the melatonin-only group, only 20 mg/kg of melatonin once daily was given by intraperitoneal injection for 5 days. In the antibiotic plus melatonin group, melatonin and ceftriaxone were administered at the same dosages and duration as for the single-modality treatment groups. After 6 weeks, the kidneys were removed for malondialdehyde measurements and histopathologic examination (inflammatory response and cicatrization). Melatonin only (134.25 +/- 13.42) and antibiotic plus melatonin treatment (122.62 +/- 8.91) caused a marked reduction in the mean malondialdehyde values compared with no treatment (214.12 +/- 17.77) and antibiotic-only treatment (161.37 +/- 16.03), with no significant difference compared with that of the control group (120.75 +/- 9.83). Histopathologically, in the no-treatment group, the severity of scarring correlated directly with the severity of inflammation (r = 0.93). No significant differences were found in the renal scarring scores in rats receiving no treatment and those treated only with antibiotic or melatonin. In the antibiotic plus melatonin treatment group, the cicatrization score was not statistically different from that of the control group. When combined with antibiotics, melatonin causes a significant inhibition of malondialdehyde production and neutrophil infiltration caused by acute pyelonephritis in an experimental rat model, and these are responsible for the protective effect of melatonin against renal damage, preventing renal scarring formation.
    Urology 07/2006; 67(6):1315-9. DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2005.12.013 · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nephrotic children are at increased risk for pneumococcal infections. Antibody responses to the currently recommended pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine have been variable and maintenance of adequate antibody levels over time has not been well documented. In this study, we determined total IgG antibody levels against pneumococcal polysaccharides before and 1, 6, 12 and 36 months after 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) administration in nine children with steroid-responsive nephrotic syndrome during remission while off corticosteroids. The baseline antibody levels were between 4 and 86 mg/l. Four weeks after vaccination, the titer increased at least twofold in all patients with a mean arithmetic value of 165.4 mg/l. At the 6th month, the levels decreased in six out of nine subjects to a mean of 94.6 mg/l. At the 36th month, the control antibody levels were below the baseline or below the early postvaccination values in four out of nine subjects. Only two patients had stable high concentrations through the study period. Our data show that nephrotic patients may not retain their antibody levels despite reasonably good initial responses to the pneumococcal vaccine and that susceptibility to infections may continue in vaccinated children.
    Pediatric Nephrology 02/2004; 19(1):61-5. DOI:10.1007/s00467-003-1331-x · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) has increased in solid organ transplantation recipients. This type of KS tends to be aggressive, involving lymph nodes, mucosa and visceral organs in about half of patients, sometimes in the absence of skin lesions. Brain involvement of KS has rarely been reported. A 16-yr-old Turkish boy underwent renal transplantation from his mother. The immunosuppressive regimen included prednisolone, cyclosporin A and azathioprine. Fourteen months later the azathioprine was changed to cyclophosphamide (3 mg/kg/day) because of the development of a nephrotic syndrome. After 12 weeks, the cyclophosphamide was changed to mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) to control the nephrotic syndrome. At this time his serum creatinine level rose to 2.1 mg/dL. Polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies were never given. Multiple intra-abdominal lymphadenopathy was detected on abdominal tomography at the 32nd month after renal transplantation. Kaposi's sarcoma was diagnosed via laparotomy and biopsy. He had a generalized tonic and clonic seizure and contrast enhanced cranial tomography showed two intracranial masses which had an abundant vascular component which caused a mild shift. One of the masses was removed via a burr-hole with the aim of diagnosis and treatment of the shift. A pathologic examination of the intracranial lesion was also reported as Kaposi's sarcoma. Herpes virus-8 DNA was detected by PCR in the intracranial lesion.
    Pediatric Transplantation 01/2003; 6(6):505-8. DOI:10.1034/j.1399-3046.2002.00023.x · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 4-year-old Turkish girl was referred to our hospital with the findings of encephalopathy and pancytopenia. She had a history of severe abdominal cramps and gastrointestinal bleeding. A confused state, muscle pain and weakness, erythema-bullous and erythema-nodosum-like skin lesions, and alopecia were observed at her hospitalization. All of these symptoms resolved on follow-up. On laboratory investigation severe thrombocytopenia and leukopenia, mild anemia, a moderate increase in aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels were detected. After reevaluating her medical history, it was learned that she had accidentally taken 1.3 to 1.5 mg/kg of colchicine 3 to 4 days before her first hospitalization. The possibility of misdiagnosis of colchicine intoxication should be borne in mind, and pediatricians must be aware of its toxic effects, especially in areas where patients with familial Mediterranean fever are present.
    PEDIATRICS 06/2002; 109(5):971-3. DOI:10.1542/peds.109.5.971 · 5.30 Impact Factor