Publications (2)4.77 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: The influence of allosteric effectors on the R-state (liganded) conformation of Tg-HbP (human hemoglobin Presbyterian expressed in transgenic pig) has been probed using a number of biophysical techniques, and the results have been compared with that of liganded of HbA (human normal adult hemoglobin) to gain insight into the molecular basis of Asn-108(beta)->Lys mutation-induced low-oxygen affinity of Hb. The nuclear magnetic resonance studies of Tg-HbP revealed that the conformation of the alpha1beta1 and alpha1beta1 interfaces of the protein in the deoxy state are indistinguishable from that of deoxy HbA, whereas the conformation of the microenvironment of His-103(alpha) of Tg-HbP, a residue of the alpha1beta1 interface, is distinct from that of HbA in the R-state. In addition, the Presbyterian mutation also influences the structure of oxy Hb in other regions of the molecule. First, it facilitates the generation of deoxy (T)-state marker at 14.2 ppm (from 2,2-dimethyl-s-silapentane-5-sulfonate) on the interaction of oxy Hb with inositol hexa-phosphate without changing the ligation state. Second, it increases the geminate yield of the 10 ns photoproduct of CO-Hb. Third, it enhances the propensity of phosphate to increase the geminate yield. Fourth, it potentiates the ability of phosphate to induce deoxy-like features at the heme environment in the R-state. Fifth, it induces T-state-like signatures at the switch and hinge regions of the alpha1beta2 interface. Finally, molecular modeling studies have indicated an increased affinity for the four anion binding sites mapped in the midcentral cavity of Hb caused by the presence of Lys-108(beta). In short, Lys-108(beta) in HbP induces a propensity for oxy Hb to access T-like conformational features in different regions of the oxy Hb molecule and also enhances the T-like signatures in the oxy state on interaction with allosteric effectors without changing its ligation. Interestingly, the intrinsic T-like conformational features of the R-state of HbP, in addition to those induced by the addition of allosteric effectors to liganded HbP, appear to be reminiscent of features of the B-state conformation of Hb found in rHb 1.1 (recombinant hemoglobin). We propose that the lowered oxygen affinity of Tg-HbP in the presence of allosteric effectors is a consequence of an altered R-state conformation of Hb, which reflects the facilitation of switching the R-state of HbP to the T-state compared with the normal R-state of HbA, thereby reducing HbA's affinity to oxygen.Journal of Protein Chemistry 05/2003; 22(3):221-30.
Article: Spectroscopically and kinetically distinct conformational populations of sol-gel-encapsulated carbonmonoxy myoglobin. A comparison with hemoglobin.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We have used sol-gel encapsulation protocols to trap kinetically and spectroscopically distinct conformational populations of native horse carbonmonoxy myoglobin. The method allows for direct comparison of functional and spectroscopic properties of equilibrium and non-equilibrium populations under the same temperature and viscosity conditions. The results implicate tertiary structure changes that include the proximal heme environment in the mechanism for population-specific differences in the observed rebinding kinetics. Differences in the resonance Raman frequency of nu(Fe-His), the iron-proximal histidine stretching mode, are attributed to differences in the positioning of the F helix. For myoglobin, the degree of separation between the F helix and the heme is assigned as the conformational coordinate that modulates both this frequency and the innermost barrier controlling CO rebinding. A comparison with the behavior of encapsulated derivatives of human adult hemoglobin indicates that these CO binding-induced conformational changes are qualitatively similar to the tertiary changes that occur within both the R and T quaternary states. Protein-specific differences in the time scale for the proposed F helix relaxation are attributed to variations in the intra-helical hydrogen bonding patterns that help stabilize the position of the F helix.Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/2002; 277(28):25783-90. · 4.77 Impact Factor