Elias Fernandes de Sousa

Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Publications (45)10.97 Total impact

  • Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia 01/2014; 29(1):47-54.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was carried out to describe the water needs of okra at each stage of its development, through the determination of crop evapotranspiration and crop coefficient (kc) providing subsidies to irrigated agriculture. The experiment was conducted at Station evapotranspirometers Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro in Campos State, Brazil. The cultivar used was the Santa Cruz 47, planted in a spacing of 0.25 mx 1.00 m in an area of 1024 m2, irrigated by sprinkler. Area was done to determine the evapotranspiration and Kc, using a lysimeter 6 m2 with an electronic scale with weight change of 0,58 kg. The results allowed to quantify the crop evapotranspiration during the period under 314 mm. The Kc of okra in the first stage of development varied between values of 0.8 and 0.5, obtaining the average value of 0.68, the second stage ranged from 0.5 to 1.0, with a mean of 0,79,and the third stage Kc ranged from 1.0 to 0.3, the average being 0.54.
    Revista Ciencia Agronomica 06/2012; 43(2):256-261.
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    ABSTRACT: Images from the MODIS and SEBAL algorithm were used to evaluate two proposals for estimating sensible heat flux (H) based on the selection of anchor pixels used to determine the surface temperature difference (dT). The proposition in which pixels with extreme temperatures were used was called H-CLASSIC. The other one H-PESAGRO adopted for cold pixels the lowest temperature and for the hot pixels the value of H as a residue of the equation of Penman-Monteith FAO 56, using observed data from agrometeorological station. The results showed that the H-PESAGRO required a smaller number of interactions for the stabilization of the aerodynamic resistance (rah) values. H- CLASSIC estimated values were 58.35% higher than the estimated by H-PESAGRO. The estimated H values using Bowen ratio when compared with the sugar cane pixels presented correlation coefficients of r = 0.54 and r = 0.71 for the Propositions H-CLASSIC and H-PESAGRO, respectively.
    Revista Brasileira de Meteorologia 03/2012; 27(1):85-94.
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    Evapotranspiration - Remote Sensing and Modeling, 01/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-307-808-3
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    ABSTRACT: The knowledge of crop water demand is basic for irrigation management. In recent years, the Heat Dissipation Method (HDM) has received attention for this purpose because its relatively simple physical principles and applicability in field conditions. This study aimed to perform calibration of the HDM for sap flow determination in green-dwarf coconut plants. For calibration, the probe was inserted in a segment of the leaf petiole of a dwarf coconut tree. A steady stream of water was established in the segment of petiole. Measurements of flow rate, volume per unit time and temperature, were taken with the probe. After calibrating HDM in laboratory, field experiments were carried out in the Norte Fluminense, Brazil, where the calibrated model were well coupled to the atmospheric demand. It is concluded that the mathematical model obtained in the HDM calibration is suitable for obtaining the transpiration to green dwarf coconut.
    Bragantia 12/2011; 71(4):558-562.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate sugarcane growth dynamics occupation in land cultivated at six major cities of the North Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro, from 1984 to 2007. Eighteen images of Landsat TM sensor, visual interpretation and linear spectral mixing model (MLME) were used to generate thematic maps of sugar cane plantation spatial distribution and quantification. Based on these maps was possible to analyze the sugarcane field spatial distribution quantifying them in each municipality. The results indicated that between the years 2004 to 2007, there was a decrement in the total area occupied by the culture in 43,308.33 ha and, from 2000 to 2007 and increase of 24,422.72 ha, mainly in the Campos dos Goytacazes, São Francisco de Itabapoana and Cardoso Moreira municipalities. The MLME used allowed a real live mapping of the sugarcane areas.
    Engenharia Agrícola 06/2011; 31(3):561-571. · 0.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper was to determine the economic viability and cultivation risk in northern Espírito Santo State and compare the economic indices with experimental irrigation data and ammonium sulfate doses. The experiment was carried out at Calima Agricola S.A. farm, in Linhares, ES. Two varieties were evaluated separately, Golden and UENF Caliman 01, in five irrigation levels, combined with four ammonium sulfate doses. The determination of indices and risks of papaya cultivation utilized the calculation of net present value, internal rate of return, sensitivity analysis and Monte Carlo method. The irrigation treatments showed significant statistical differences (p < 0.05) in relation to productivity. The ammonium sulfate and its interactions with applied irrigation depths did not present significant differences (p < 0.05) for the same variable. By means of a Monte Carlo simulation (triangular simulation), the probability of obtaining negative net present value is 63.2 and 81.4% for Golden and UENF Caliman 01, respectively.
    Acta Scientiarum Agronomy 09/2010; 32(3):547-554. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, different methods of determination of pan coefficient (Kp) for a daily estimation of referential evapotranspiration (ETo) using the "Class A" pan method (TCA) were analyzed. Methodologies proposed by Allen et al. (1998), Bernardo et al. (1996), Cuenca (1989) and Snyder (1992) were evaluated, and values of daily ETo estimated using TCA were compared to ones estimated by Penman-Monteith (FAO-56). A ten years historical series of data collected from an automatic station, Thies Clima model, was used installed at evapotranspiration station of Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense (UENF). A good fulfillment of Class A pan to estimate daily values of ETo by different ways to calculate Kp (R² > 0.79 and D > 0.90) was verified, with Cuenca (1989), Bernardo et al. (1996), and Allen (1998) methods showing the same concordance index (D = 0.95). The smallest absolute mean error (0.50) was showed by Cuenca (1989) method, which also presented the highest efficiency (EF = 0,81).
    Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 03/2010; 14(3):274-278. · 0.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper was to determine the economic viability and cultivation risk in northern Espírito Santo State and compare theeconomic indices with experimental irrigation data and ammonium sulfate doses. The experiment was carried out at Calima Agricola S.A. farm, in Linhares, ES. Two varieties were evaluated separately, Golden and UENF Caliman 01, in five irrigation levels, combined withfour ammonium sulfate doses. The determination of indices and risks of papaya cultivation utilized the calculation of net present value, internal rate of return, sensitivity analysis and Monte Carlo method. The irrigation treatments showed significant statistical differences (p < 0.05) in relation to productivity. The ammonium sulfate and its interactions with applied irrigation depths did not present significant differences (p < 0.05) for the same variable. By means of a Monte Carlo simulation (triangular simulation), the probability of obtaining negative net present value is 63.2 and 81.4% for Golden and UENF Caliman 01, respectively.
    Acta Scientiarum Agronomy 01/2010; · 0.37 Impact Factor
  • Acta Scientiarum-agronomy - ACTA SCI-AGRON. 01/2010; 32(3).
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the response coefficient to water stress in the commercial and total yield of papaya fruits grown in the northern region of the State of Rio de Janeiro. The experiment was conducted in an area of UENF/PESAGRO-RIO in the municipality of Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, from 25/04/2006 to 18/05/2007, using the papaya cultivar Hybrid UENF/CALIMAN01. The experiment had a randomized block design with five treatments [replacement of reference evapotranspiration (ETo) by 50% (T1), 75% (T2), 100% (T3), 125% (T4) and 150% (T5)], with four replications. The highest real commercial yield of the crop after 13 months of growth and four harvest months was 38.78 t ha-1 (T3) and the highest total real yield was 49.42 t ha-1 (T5). After 13 months of growth and 4 harvest months of the papaya cultivar Hybrid UENF/CALIMAN01 the response coefficient for commercial fruit yield (ky) was 1.4581 and 0.5674 for total yield.
    Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 04/2009; 13(2):158-164. · 0.66 Impact Factor
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    Fabrício de Oliveira Reis, Eliemar Campostrini, Elias Fernandes de Sousa
    Bragantia 01/2009; 68(2).
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    01/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: Leaf area estimation is an important feature in physiological research involving predominantly photosynthesis, transpiration and growth. This study was carried out to develop a practical and nondestructive empirical mathematical model to estimate the area of one leaf and the total leaf area for papaya trees (Carica papaya L.). Two irrigated commercial orchards were evaluated over a period of 50 to 550 days after transplanting, during which the length of the leaf midrib (LM) varied from 0.04 to 0.60 m. A mathematical model was developed to estimate the area of one leaf for the papaya tree, taking into account LM and the age of the plant measured in days after transplanting. The model was considered satisfactory. Based on the average length of the last two leaves of the crown and the total leaf number of the plant, it was possible to satisfactorily estimate the total leaf area of the papaya tree.
    Scientia Agricola 01/2009; 66(4). · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    Fabrício de Oliveira Reis, Eliemar Campostrini, Elias Fernandes de Sousa
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    ABSTRACT: Irrigation management and the use of plants adapted to water stress conditions have been very important to the success of plant production. It is now recognized that fine-tuning irrigation can improve crop water-use efficiency, creating positive impact on quality of products, and on cost of production. The water stress in fruit crops is generally caused by the deficit of water in the soil, in the atmosphere or in both. The environmental variables control the plant water loss. However, high values of leaf to air vapor pressure deficit (VPDleaf-to-air) can cause the stomatal closure and can reduce the transpiration process, mainly in large trees. In this experiment, it was used the heat dissipation method developed by GRANIER (1985) to sap flow measurements. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between xylem sap flow and reference evapotranspiration (ET0) in papaya plants cultivated with and without microspray irrigation over canopy and under field conditions. It was also investigated the relationship between xylem sap flow, photosynthetic photons flux density (PPFD) and air vapor pressure deficit (VPDair) values. There was a delay between the loss of water through the leaves and the movement of water through the trunk (lag phase). From January to March, there was a better relation between xylem sap flow and VPDair, which was not observed from June to August, probably because of this lag phase. From January to March, plants cultivated with microaspersion showed an increase in xylem sap flow, in relation to plants cultivated without microaspersion when, at this stage, the ET0 was higher.
    Bragantia 12/2008; 68(2):285-294.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine the crop evapotranspiration (ETc) and the crop coefficient (Kc) for of UENF/CALIMAN01 papaya hybrid (Carica papaya L.). The experiment was conducted in an area of UENF/PESAGRO-RIO, in Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, Brazil, from 4-25-2006 to 8-20-2007. To determine the ETc and Kc, a weighing lysimeter (6 m2) was used. The reference evapotranspiration (ETo) was determined by the Penmam-Monteith (FAO) method. The maximum crop evapotranspiration was of 2.9 mm day-1, 229 days after the transplant (DAT), and the medium crop evapotranspiration during the experiment was of 1.8 mm day-1. The value of crop coefficient (Kc) varied linearly from 0.63 to 1.05, the transplant to 206 DAT. After this period, the variation of Kc presented inversely relation with the canopy diameter, being reduced to a value medium minimum of 0.81, to 300 DAT. Considering the whole period of study, it was obtained an average Kc of 0.87.
    Engenharia Agrícola 12/2008; 28(4):681-690. · 0.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work aimed to study the effects of different irrigation depths and potassium doses on yield and fruit quality of papaya cv Golden. The experiment was carried out in an area of commercial and agricultural production situated in Linhares - ES, Brazil. The design employed was randomized blocks, arranged in subdivided parcels and having three replications. The treatments consisted of five irrigation depths in the parcel and four potassium doses in the subparcel, totalizing 20 treatments. The five programmed irrigation depths were 50; 70; 90; 110 and 130% of the reference evapotranspiration and the four potassium doses were 30; 42; 54 and 66 g of K2O plant-1month-1. The high rainfall rates in the experimental period (February-2005 to June-2006), greatly overcame the plant water requirements, interfering in the treatments, not allowing significant variation in the variables analyzed, particularly in function of the applied depths. During the 11 months and 21 days of harvest, the average yield was 79.41 t ha-1, with an average of 96 fruits per plant which, in the first stage of ripening, presented a mass of 404 g, average total soluble solids content (SST) of 10.11 ºBrix and pulp and fruit firmness of 79.80 N and 126.19 N, respectively.
    Engenharia Agrícola 09/2008; 28(3):417-426. · 0.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work was performed with the aim of proposing an artificial neural network (ANN) to estimate the reference evapotranspiration (ETo) as a function of geographic position coordinates and air temperature in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Data used for the network training were collected from 17 historical time series of climatic elements located in the State of Rio de Janeiro. The daily ETo calculated by Penman-Monteith (FAO-56) method was used as a reference for network training. ANNs of multilayer perceptron type were trained to estimate ETo as a function of latitude, longitude, altitude, mean air temperature, thermal daily amplitude and day of the year. After training with different network configurations, the one showing best performance was selected, and was composed by only one intermediary layer (with twenty neurons and sigmoid logistic activation function) and one output layer (with one neuron and linear activation function). According to the results obtained it can be concluded that, considering only geographical positioning coordinates and air temperature, it is possible to estimate daily ETo in 17 places of Rio de Janeiro State by using an ANN.
    Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 04/2008; 12(2):174-180. · 0.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) are currently being used as successful biological control agents of soil-dwelling insect pests. Previous field and greenhouse studies demonstrated that application techniques and non-biotic factors (temperature and pressure) have a significant effect on EPNs efficacy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of an irrigation spray application system on the viability, infectivity and host search capability of Heterorhabditis baujardi LPP7 (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae) infective juveniles (IJ). Two assays were proposed. Their viability was evaluated under the microscope after the IJ passed through the irrigation system. Infectivity on Galleria mellonella larvae, and host search capability, as evidenced by larval mortality, were evaluated in containers (Experiment 1). In the field (Experiment 2), mortality of G. mellonella larvae was evaluated under different nematode concentrations (0, 100,000, 300,000 and 500,000 IJ per tree). No differences were recorded on the viability, infectivity and host search capability of the IJ in Experiment 1. In Experiment 2, differences were recorded among the different concentrations used (p < 0.05), and a higher mortality was observed at the highest nematode concentration (28.3% and 37% in each one of the two experiment repetitions). This irrigation system did not affected adversely the viability, infectivity and host search capability of H. baujardi LPP7.
    Scientia Agricola 01/2008; 65(4). · 0.80 Impact Factor