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Article: Mechanism of insulin-induced activation of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase in isolated rat soleus muscle.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Insulin augments Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity in skeletal muscles. It has been proposed that the sequence of events is activation of Na(+)-H+ antiporter, increased intracellular Na+ concentration ( [Na+]i), and stimulation of Na(+)-K+ pump. We have used isolated rat soleus muscles to test this hypothesis. Insulin increased the ouabain-suppressible K+ uptake in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The maximal effect was observed at 50-100 mU/ml insulin. Stimulation of K+ uptake was accompanied by increased specific [3H]ouabain binding and lowered [Na+]i. The ionophore monensin, which promotes Na(+)-H+ exchange, also increased the rate of ouabain-suppressible K+ uptake in soleus muscle, with a maximal effect obtained at 10-100 microM ionophore. However, this increase was accompanied by an elevation of [Na+]i. In the presence of 10-100 microM monensin, addition of 100 mU/ml insulin further increased K+ uptake but reduced [Na+]i. The effect on K+ uptake was additive. Ouabain (10(-3) M) completely suppressed the effect of insulin on [Na+]i. Insulin had no effect on the magnitude or the time course of insulin stimulation of K+ uptake. Thus equal stimulation of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase by insulin was observed when [Na+]i was elevated (under monensin) or lowered (under amiloride). These data suggest that activation of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase in soleus muscle by insulin is not secondary to stimulation of Na(+)-H+ antiporter.The American journal of physiology 09/1991; 261(2 Pt 1):C224-30.