E Lawrence

University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States

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Publications (4)35.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Genetic linkage analyses with genotypic data obtained from four CEPH reference families initially assigned 24 new PCR-based markers to chromosome 17 and located the markers at specific intervals of an existing genetic map of chromosome 17p. Each marker was additionally genotyped with an ordered set of obligate, phase-known recombinant chromosomes. The breakpoint-mapping panels for each family consisted of two parents, one sib with a nonrecombinant chromosome, and one or more sibs with obligate recombinant chromosomes. The relative order of markers was determined by sorting segregation patterns of new markers and ordered anchor markers and by minimizing double-recombination events. Consistency of segregation patterns with multiple flanking loci constituted support for order. A genetic map of chromosome 17p was completed with 39 markers in 23 clusters, with an average space of 3 cM between clusters. The collection of informative genotypes was highly efficient, requiring fivefold fewer genotypes than would be collected with all the CEPH families. Given the availability of large numbers of highly informative PCR-based markers, meiotic breakpoint mapping should facilitate construction of a human genomic map with 1-cM resolution.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 03/1995; 56(2):484-99. · 10.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chromosome 17q21 harbors a gene (BRCA1) associated with a hereditary form of breast cancer. As a step toward identification of this gene itself we developed a number of simple-sequence-repeat (SSR) markers for chromosome 17 and constructed a high-resolution genetic map of a 40-cM region around 17q21. As part of this effort we captured genotypes from five of the markers by using an ABI sequencing instrument and stored them in a locally developed database, as a step toward automated genotyping. In addition, YACs that physically link some of the SSR markers were identified. The results provided by this study should facilitate physical mapping of the BRCA1 region and isolation of the BRCA1 gene.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 04/1994; 54(3):516-25. · 10.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A locus on chromosome 17q, designated "BRCA1," has been identified as a predisposition gene for breast cancer. A panel of chromosome 17-specific radiation-reduced somatic cell hybrid clones has been assembled for high-resolution mapping of chromosome 17. A series of 35 markers, known to span the BRCA1 locus, were tested against this hybrid panel by PCR assays. Statistical analysis of these data yields a BRCA1 radiation hybrid map at a density sufficient to initiate YAC cloning and pulsed-field gel electrophoretic mapping of the candidate region. In addition, many of the markers reveal genetic polymorphisms and may be tested in breast cancer families and in loss-of-heterozygosity studies of sporadic breast cancers to better define the BRCA1 gene candidate region.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 04/1994; 54(3):526-34. · 10.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chromosome 20-specific simple-sequence-repeat (SSR) markers were developed from a flow-sorted phage library (LL20NS01), subcloned in Bluescript, and screened with a tetranucleotide repeat, (AAAG)6, to identify potentially polymorphic loci. Of 100 clones sequenced, 39 were selected to construct primers. Of these 39, 22 were polymorphic. Reference to the CEPH linkage database (version 5) permitted genetic mapping of 16 of the new markers to specific regions of chromosome 20. Ten of the SSRs showed heterozygosity indices (above 70%) that would qualify them as potential index markers.
    Genomics 05/1993; 16(1):56-62. DOI:10.1006/geno.1993.1140 · 2.79 Impact Factor