E. A. Pleteneva

Mechnikov Research Institute of Vaccines and Sera, Moskva, Moscow, Russia

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Publications (24)12.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Results of studying the novel virulent phage phiPMG1 active on Pseudomonas aeruginosa are pre�sented. It is shown that phiPMG1 exhibits significant homology and the similarity in the overall structure with the genome of a temperate phage converts D3. Phage phiPMG1 differs from D3 in that it fails to stably lysogenize bacteria and can grow on strains carrying plasmids that cause growth inhibition of phage D3 and some other phages. This significantly diminishes the probability of horizontal gene transfer with phage phiPMG1 and suggests the possible employment of this phage inphage therapy. A comparison of phages phiPMG1 and D3 structures of genomes in demonstrated not only high homology of 65 genes, but also the presence of 16 genes in the phiPMG1 genome that were not included in the in NCBI database. Apparently, the evolution of genomes in phages of this species is mostly associated with migrations into other species of bacteria, and recombinations with phages of other species (for example, F116). A detailed analysis of structure of one region genomes, which significant nonhomology for the three D3�like phages (D3, phiPMG1 and PAJU2), revealed that the phiPMG1 genome possible closest to a hypothetical genome of ancestral phage of this spe�cies.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 01/2012; 48(9):902-911. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The properties of the isolated Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteriophage phiPMG1 include the lytic infection cycle, and the formation of a broad halo (semi-transparent zone) around the plaques. We consider phiPMG1 as a potential member of therapeutic cocktails of live phages, and as a source of peptidoglycan and lipopolysaccharide degrading enzymes. Partial sequencing of phiPMG1 genome has revealed high similarity with known temperate P. aeruginosa phage D3. An open reading frame encoding lytic transglycosilase was identified in the genome. This enzyme PMG MUR was obtained in recombinant form, and its activity and substrate specificity has been studied.
    Bioorganicheskaia khimiia 01/2011; 37(6):807-14.
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    ABSTRACT: The properties of new virulent bacteriophage TL of Pseudomonas aeruginosa belonging to the family Podoviridae (genome size of 46 kb) were investigated. This bacteriophage is capable of lysogenizing the bacterial lawn in halo zones around negative colonies (NC) of other bacteriophages. TL forms large NC, that are hardly distinguishable on the lawn of P. aeruginisa PAO1. At the same time, on the lawns of some phage-resistant PAO1 mutants, as well as on those produced by a number of clinical isolates, TL forms more transparent NC. It is suggested that more effective growth of the bacteriophage TL NC is associated with the differences in outer lipopolysaccharide (LPS) layer of the cell walls of different bacterial strains, as well as of the bacteria inside and outside of the halos. This TL property was used to optimize selection of bacteriophages producing halos around NC on the lawn of P. aeruginosa PAO1. As a result, a group of bacteriophages differing in the patterns of interaction between their halos and TL bacteriophage, as well as in some characters was identified. Taking into consideration the importance of cell-surfaced structures of P. aeruginosa in manifestation of virulence and pathogenicity, possible utilization of specific phage enzymes, polysacchadide depolymerases, for more effective treatment of P. aeruginosa infections is discussed.
    Genetika 01/2011; 47(1):5-9. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the selection and amplification of the broad-host-range Salmonella phage phi PVP-SE1 in an alternative nonpathogenic host. The lytic spectrum and the phage DNA restriction profile were not modified upon replication in Escherichia coli Bl21, suggesting the possibility of producing this phage in a nonpathogenic host, contributing to the safety and easier approval of a product based on this Salmonella biocontrol agent.
    Applied and environmental microbiology 11/2010; 76(21):7338-42. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of infection of natural isolates of Salmonella enterica with lytic (nonlysogenic) phages on the expression of resident cryptic or defective prophages in host bacteria was studied. The induction of defective/cryptic phages after infection with nonlysogenic phages and packaging of bacterial chromosomal fragments in capsids of defective phages is demonstrated. This may lead to migration and wide distribution of both the genomes of defective phages per se and various fragments of the bacterial chromosome (including pathogenic islands) in new bacterial strains with concomitant change of their properties, the acquired new features of pathogenicity among them.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 04/2010; 46(4):497-500. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Some properties of bacteriophages with large (200 kb and more) sequenced genomes have been compared. In contrast to other large bacteriophages from different families, bacteriophages active on pseudomonads of various species (phiKZ-like bacterio phages) have some common features, which suggests their phylogenetic relationship and independence of their evolution as a result of migration among bacteria of this family. Among such common features are the absence in the genomes of these phages of sites sensitive to endonuclease PstI, the absence of genes encoding DNA polymerases that are similar to the known enzymes of this type, possible dependence of replication of the phage genome on bacterial DNA polymerase, and a considerably larger average gene size as compared to that for other phages. Criteria are suggested for searching for novel phiKZ-like bacteriophages: the size of a phag e particle, production by bacteria infected with such phages of a large amount of highly viscous mucus. Taking into account the use of these bacteriophages in therapeutic preparations (due to a broad spectrum of lytic activity) and a poor knowledge of a majority of their gene products, it seems necessary to perform a more comprehensive genetic analysis of phages of this genus or their mutants for selecting those adequate for phage therapy.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 02/2010; 46(2):138-145. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this work, a final piece of evidence proving that bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa are capable of transition to the pseudolysogenic state after infection with φKZ-like phages has been produced. It was shown that the decisive factor in this process is multiple infection of bacteria with bacteriophages belonging to this genus. In the course of this work, stable clinical isolates of bacteria liberating novel bacteriophages of this genus (Che2/2 and Che21/5) were detected and attributed to species φKZ and EL, respectively, according to their phenotypic characters and the results of DNA analysis. For three bacteriophages belonging to species EL (EL, RU, and Che21/5), mutants with disorders in the capability for pseudolysogenization were isolated. One of the mutants of phage EL possesses properties of virulent mutants of typical temperate phages (vir mutant). This mutant fails to form pseudolysogens and, moreover, provides the effect of dominance upon coinfection of bacteria with the wild-type phage EL, but however is unable to exhibit this effect upon joint infection of bacteria with wild-type phages of species φKZ and Lin68. It is assumed that the effect of pseudolysogeny may be connected with functioning of φKZ and EL genes that control the products similar to repressors of other phages. Because earlier wild-type φKZ-like phages were shown to be present in commercial phage-therapeutic preparations (which represents certain problems), it is expedient to use virulent mutants of phages belonging to this genus rather than phages of the wild type.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 01/2010; 46(1):20-25. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Comparison of Pseudomonas putida group of phages attributed to five species (af, ϕ15, ϕ27, ϕ2F, and pf16) with their common property of halo-formation (formation of lightening zones) around phage plaques was conducted. The halo around phage plaques appears as a result of reduction or disappearance of bacterial polysaccharide capsules. The concentration of viable bacteria remains unchanged within the halo. A comparison of specificities of halo-formation products from various phages was conducted by a simple method. These products were shown to be highly specific and inactive on other species of pseudomonads. Phage-resistant P. putida mutants scored with respect to various phages, which lost phage adsorption ability, were tolerant to the effect of halo-formation products in most cases. Apparently, the capsular polysaccharides, which serve as a substrate for depolymerases and are the primary phage receptors, may be often lost. Results of partial sequencing of the af phage genome revealed an open reading frame that encodes the enzyme transglycosylase similar rather to transglycosylases of oligotrophic bacteria belonging to different species than to lysozymes of other phages. Possibly, it is a polyfunctional enzyme combining functions of lysozyme and an enzyme that executes the penetration of phage particle across extracellular slime and capsule.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 02/2009; 45(2):161-170. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A group of 12 Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulent bacteriophages of different origin scored with regard to the plaque phenotype are assigned to PB1-like species based on the similarity in respect to morphology of particles and high DNA homology. Phages differ in restriction profile and the set of capsid major proteins. For the purpose of studying adsorption properties of these phages, 20 random spontaneous mutants of P. aeruginosa PAO1 with the disturbed adsorption placed in two groups were isolated. Mutants of the first group completely lost the ability to adsorb all phages of this species. It is assumed that their adsorption receptors are functionally inactive or lost at all, because the attempt to isolate phage mutants or detect natural phages of PB1 species capable of overcoming resistance of these bacteria failed. The second group includes five bacterial mutants resistant to the majority of phages belonging to species PB1. These mutants maintain the vigorous growth of phage SN and poor growth of phage 9/3, which forms turbid plaques with low efficiency of plating. In the background of weak growth, phage 9/3 yields plaques that grew well. The examination of the progeny of phage 9/3, which can grow on these bacteria, showed that its DNA differed from DNA of the original phage 9/3 by restriction profile and is identical to DNA of phage PB1 with regard to this trait. Data supported a suggestion that this phage variant resulted from recombination of phage 9/3 DNA with the locus of P. aeruginosa PAO1 genome encoding the bacteriocinogenic factor R. However, this variant of phage 9/3 did not manifest the ability to grow on phage-resistant mutants of the first group. Possible reasons for the difference between phages 9/3 or SN and the remaining phages of PB1 species are discussed. A preliminary formal scheme of the modular structure for adsorption receptors on the surface of P. aeruginosa PAO1 bacteria was constructed based on the analysis of growth of some other phage species on adsorption mutants of the first type.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 02/2008; 44(2):150-158. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genome sizes of Pseudomonas aeruginosa phages ϕKZ and EL earlier determined by sequence analysis were shown to correspond to sizes of their DNAs assessed by pulse-electrophoresis (PFGE). Putative “redundant” genes in ϕKZ phage genome are supposed to control functions promoting vigorous growth of the phage belonging to this species, compared to phages of EL species.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 01/2008; 44(5):620-622. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Study of two recently isolated giant bacteriophages Lu11 and OBP that are active on Pseudomonas putida var. Manila and Pseudomonas fluorescens, respectively, demonstrated their similarity in morphology, genome size, and size of phage particles, with giant bacteriophages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa assigned to the supergroup of phiKZ-like phages of the family Myoviridae designated in this manner according to the best studied phage phiKZ that belongs to the species of this group widely distributed in nature. Comparison of major polypeptide sizes of mature particles suggests the similarity of certain proteins in the phages examined. In OBP particles visualized with an electron microscope, an "inner body" was detected, which points to the specific DNA package intrinsic to phages of phiKZ group. In the meantime, phages Lul11 and OBP do not exhibit resemblance among themselves or with any of earlier described phiKZ-like phages in respect to other traits; particularly, they have no detectable DNA homology. Note that phage Lu11 of P. putida var. Manila exhibits very slight homology with phage Lin68 of the family of P. aeruginosa phiKZ-like phages detected only in blot hybridization. This suggests the possible involvement of these phages in interspecies recombination ("gene shuffling") between phages of various bacterial species. Results of partial sequencing of phage genomes confirmed the phylogenetic relatedness of phage OBP to phages of the phiKZ-supergroup, whereas phage Lu11 most probably belongs to a novel species that is not a member of supergroup phiKZ composition. The results of the study are discussed in terms of the evolution of these phages.
    Genetika 09/2006; 42(8):1065-74. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The T7-like phiKMV bacteriophage active on Pseudomonas aeruginosa was previously isolated by us and shown to have DNA resistant to many endonucleases. A loss of sensitive sites might be a consequence of a long phiKMV evolution on different hosts. To elucidate, whether this trait is shared by other similar phages, several new phiKMV-like phages were isolated from different sources and compared. All studied phiKMV-like phages formed three groups, insignificantly differing in the number and localization of endonuclease-sensitive DNA sites. This confirms that the present-day phages of this species have highly conserved genomes. Mutational "restoration" of the lost sites may be restricted by a lethal effect. The phiKMV-like phages were shown for the first time to increase the rate of in vitro accumulation of giant phiKZ-like phages of P. aeruginosa. This effect is characteristic only of phiKMV-like phages.
    Genetika 02/2006; 42(1):33-8. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Study of two recently isolated giant bacteriophages Lu11 and OBP that are active on Pseudomonas putida var. Manila and Pseudomonas fluorescens , respectively, demonstrated their similarity in morphotype, genome size, and size of phage particles, with giant bacteriophages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa assigned to the supergroup of φ KZ-like phages of the family Myoviridae. This supergroup was designated in this manner according to the best studied phage φ KZ that belongs to the species of this group widely distributed in nature. Comparison of major polypeptide sizes of mature particles suggests similarity of certain proteins in the phages examined. In OBP particles visualized with an electron microscope, an “inner body” was detected, which points to specific DNA package intrinsic to phages of φ KZ group. In the meantime, phages Lul1 and OBP do not exhibit resemblance among themselves or with any of earlier described φ KZ-like phages in respect to detectable DNA homology. Note that phage Lu11 of P. putida var. Manila exhibits very slight homology with phage Lin68 of the family of P. aeruginosa φ KZ-like phages detected only in blot hybridization. This suggests the possible involvement of these phages in interspecies recombination (“gene shuffling”) between phages of various bacterial species. Results of partial sequencing of phage genomes confirmed the phylogenetic relatedness of phage OBP to phages of the φ KZ supergroup, whereas phage Lu11 most probably belongs to a novel species that is not a member of supergroup φKZ composition. The results of the study are discussed in terms of the evolution of these phages.
    Russian Journal of Genetics. 01/2006; 42(8):877-885.
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    ABSTRACT: Study of two recently isolated giant bacteriophages Lu11 and OBP that are active on Pseudomonas putida var. Manila and Pseudomonas fluorescens, respectively, demonstrated their similarity in morphotype, genome size, and size of phage particles, with giant bacteriophages of Pseudomonas aeruginosa assigned to the supergroup of ϕKZ-like phages of the family Myoviridae. This supergroup was designated in this manner according to the best studied phage ϕKZ that belongs to the species of this group widely distributed in nature. Comparison of major polypeptide sizes of mature particles suggests similarity of certain proteins in the phages examined. In OBP particles visualized with an electron microscope, an “inner body” was detected, which points to specific DNA package intrinsic to phages of ϕKZ group. In the meantime, phages Lu11 and OBP do not exhibit resemblance among themselves or with any of earlier described ϕKZ-like phages in respect to detectable DNA homology. Note that phage Lu11 of P. putida var. Manila exhibits very slight homology with phage Lin68 of the family of P. aeruginosa ϕKZ-like phages detected only in blot hybridization. This suggests the possible involvement of these phages in interspecies recombination (“gene shuffling”) between phages of various bacterial species. Results of partial sequencing of phage genomes confirmed the phylogenetic relatedness of phage OBP to phages of the ϕKZ supergroup, whereas phage Lu11 most probably belongs to a novel species that is not a member of supergroup ϕKZ composition. The results of the study are discussed in terms of the evolution of these phages.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 01/2006; 42(8):877-885. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The T7-like ΦKMV bacteriophage active on Pseudomonas aeruginosa was previously isolated by us and shown to have DNA resistant to many endonucleases. A loss of sensitive sites might be a consequence of a long ΦKMV evolution on different hosts. To elucidate, whether this trait is shared by other similar phages, several new ΦKMV-like phages were isolated from different sources and compared. All studied ΦKMV-like phages formed three groups, insignificantly differing in the number and localization of endonuclease-sensitive DNA sites. This confirms that the present-day phages of this species have highly conserved genomes. Mutational “restoration” of the lost sites may be restricted by a lethal effect. The ΦKMV-like phages were shown for the first time to increase the rate of in vitro accumulation of giant KZ-like phages of P. aeruginosa. This effect is characteristic only of ΦKMV-like phages.
    Russian Journal of Genetics 12/2005; 42(1):27-31. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the genome diversity of bacteriophages from geographically distant natural populations, new giant phi KZ-like Pseudomonas aeruginosa phages isolated in two different regions were compared with earlier known phages of three species (phi KZ, Lin68, EL). A broad spectrum of lytic activity was demonstrated for all phi KZ-like phages. Phages of the phi KZ species proved to be common in natural populations of various regions, while IL- and Lin68-related phages were extremely rare. Most phi KZ-related phages had unique DNA restriction patterns, but the differences between these were only minor, and the genomes did not contain nonhomologous fragments. The spectrum of capsid polypeptides proved to be conserved in each species, and was proposed as a character necessary and sufficient for express classification of phages with an accuracy of species. Phages isolated in different geographical regions showed no substantial difference. Some phages only slightly differing in DNA restriction pattern from phi KZ may be used to study the origin of phi KZ genes coding for orthologs of proteins of unrelated species (other phages, pathogenic bacteria, eukaryotes).
    Genetika 05/2004; 40(4):462-8. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the genome diversity of bacteriophages from geographically distant natural populations, new giant KZ-like Pseudomonas aeruginosa phages isolated in two different regions were compared with earlier known phages of three species (KZ, Lin68, EL). A broad spectrum of lytic activity was demonstrated for all KZ-like phages. Phages of the KZ species proved to be common in natural populations of various regions, while EL- and Lin68-related phages were extremely rare. Most KZ-related phages had unique DNA restriction patterns, but the differences between these were only minor, and the genomes did not contain nonhomologous fragments. The spectrum of capsid polypeptides proved to be conserved in each species, and was proposed as a character necessary and sufficient for express classification of phages with an accuracy of species. Phages isolated in different geographical regions showed no substantial difference. Some phages only slightly differing in DNA restriction pattern from KZ may be used to study the origin of KZ genes coding for orthologs of proteins of unrelated species (other phages, pathogenic bacteria, eukaryotes).
    Russian Journal of Genetics 01/2004; 40(4):363-368. · 0.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A comparative study was made of a group of Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulent giant DNA bacteriophages similar to phage phi KZ in several genetic and phenotypic properties (particle size, particle morphology, genome size, appearance of negative colonies, high productivity, broad spectrum of lytic activity, ability to overcome the suppressing effect of plasmids, absence of several DNA restriction sites, capability of general transduction, pseudolysogeny). We have recently sequenced the phage phi KZ genome (288,334 bp) [J. Mol. Biol., 2002, vol. 317, pp. 1-19]. By DNA homology, the phages were assigned to three species (represented by phage phi KZ, Lin68, and EL, respectively) and two new genera (phi KZ and EL). Restriction enzyme analysis revealed the mosaic genome structure in four phages of the phi KZ species (phi KZ, Lin21, NN, and PTB80) and two phages of the EL species (EL and RU). Comparisons with respect to phage particle size, number of structural proteins, and the N-terminal sequences of the major capsid protein confirmed the phylogenetic relatedness of the phages belonging to the phi KZ genus. The origin and evolution of the phi KZ-like phages are discussed. Analysis of protein sequences encoded by the phage phi KZ genome made it possible to assume wide migration of the phi KZ-like phages (wandering phages) among various prokaryotes and possibly eukaryotes. Since the phage phi KZ genome codes for potentially toxic proteins, caution must be exercised in the employment of large bacteriophages in phage therapy.
    Genetika 12/2002; 38(11):1470-9. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have isolated several new temperate bacteriophages for rhizosphere pseudomonads Pseudomonas putida. Examination of these phages, along with two previously isolated temperate phages PP56 and PP71 of P. putida PpG1 (biovar A), allowed us to classify them into four species on the basis of DNA cross-homology; relative genomic size; and, to a certain extent, the morphology of phage particles. Two of these species are represented by nonidentical variants. No transposable phages were found among these two new species. Three phage species cause various-types of lysogenic conversion manifested in growth suppression of other phage species. This seems to account for the fact that the temperate phage of rhizosphere pseudomonads are seldom encountered. The new phages described can be used for selection of phage-resistant bacterial forms exhibiting antifungal activity that are commercially produced and used for treatment of seeds of cultivated plants.
    Genetika 08/2000; 36(7):915-9. · 0.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Characteristics of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Transposable Phage D3112 carrying mutation x811 are described. x811 is a recessive mutation with pleiotropic effect. It determines a deteriorated lysis of infected or induced bacteria, a delayed replication, and a considerably decreased replication rate. In addition, the x811 mutation is expressed as the Kil phenotype, since high-temperature induction of prophage D3112 cts15 x811 does not cause an immediate decrease in the ability of bacteria to form colonies at 42 degrees C. Restriction analysis of DNA of D3112 cts15 x811 and its segregants has not revealed extended insertions or deletions. The characteristics of segregants of the D3112 cts15 x811 phage agree with the suggestion that the x811 mutation has emerged in a regulatory element (a gene or a site) that controls both expression of the entire early operon, including the "pre-early" function Kil, and the regulation of the repressor synthesis.
    Genetika 04/1999; 35(2):297-302. · 0.37 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

101 Citations
12.31 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Mechnikov Research Institute of Vaccines and Sera
      Moskva, Moscow, Russia
  • 1999–2011
    • State Research Institute of Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms
      Moskva, Moscow, Russia