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ABSTRACT: Regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) plays an important role in the inflammatory process. This study is aimed at evaluating the potential association of the -403G/A (rs2107538) and -28C/G (rs2280788) polymorphisms of the RANTES gene promoter with the risk of atherothrombotic cerebral infarction (ACI) in Northern Han Chinese.
A total of 314 patients with ACI and 389 unrelated aged-matched healthy controls were recruited. Their genotypes of the RANTES gene promoter -403G/A (rs2107538) and -28C/G (rs2280788) were analyzed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (multiplex PCR) and multiplex SNaPshot analysis. The potential association of genotyping and allele frequencies with ACI in this population was assessed statistically.
The frequencies of -403AA genotype and A allele in ACI male patients were significantly higher than that in healthy controls (P=0.007, P=0.009, respectively). Female patients were not different. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the -403AA genotype in males was significantly associated with an increased risk of ACI, even after adjusting for confounding factors (OR=4.344; 95% CI=1.969-9.582; P<0.001). Although there was no significant association of the -28C/G polymorphism with ACI, the A-(403)C-(28) haplotype was significantly associated with an increased risk of ACI in Han Chinese [OR=1.56, 95% CI=1.23-1.98, P<0.001].
Our data suggest that the -403AA genotype and A allele of the RANTES promoter were associated with increased risk for the development of ACI in male Northern Han Chinese.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 03/2011; 412(11-12):1112-5. · 2.54 Impact Factor