D Popović

Klinički centar Srbije, Beograd, Central Serbia, Serbia

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Publications (81)42.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Calprotectin is a cytoplasmatic protein of neutrophilic granulocytes and it is an established marker for the assessment of localized intestinal inflammation. To explore correlation between values of fecal calprotectin and degree of liver cirrhosis and hepatic encephalopathy. We included 60 patients with liver cirrhosis and 37 healthy patients as controls. Patients revealing other causes of abnormal calprotectin results (gastrointestinal bleeding or inflammatory bowel disease) were excluded. The degree of liver insufficiency was assessed according to the Child-Pugh classification and Model of End Stage Liver Disease (MELD), and degree of hepatic enceph- alopathy by West-Haven criteria, serum concentration of ammonium ion and the number connection test. The mean value of fecal calprotectin in patients with liver cirrhosis was 189.1 ± 168.0 μg/g, and 35.0 ± 26.0 μg/g in the control group, respectively. We have confirmed significantly higher fecal calprotectin in patients with cirrhosis (p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in values of fecal calprotectin between the patients with different stages of liver cirrhosis according to Child-Pugh classification and MELD score (p > 0.05). We observed statistically significant difference comparing fecal calprotectin by West-Haven criteria of hepatic encephalopathy (p < 0.001), while there were no correlation with the number connection test and serum concentration of ammonium ion (p > 0.05). We confirmed significantly higher values of fecal calprotectin in patients with liver cirrhosis, especially in hepatic encephalopathy according to West-Haven criteria.
    Acta gastro-enterologica Belgica 09/2014; 77(3):302-5. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Morbidity and mortality of continous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients is still very high. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions (standard vs biocompatible) on long-term patients' and the techique survival. A total of 42 stable patients on CAPD participated in this cross-sectional study. They were prospectively followed-up during the twelve years. Patients with severe anemia (Hb < 10 g/L) and malignant disease ware excluded. Twenty one (50%/0) patients were treated with the standard PD solutions (CAPDP-1) while the other 21 (500/0) were treated with biocompatible PD solutions [(lower level of glucose degradation products, lower concentration of Ca(2+) and neutral pH (CAPDP-2)]. All patients were analyzed for a presence of vascular calcification, nutrition status, and parameters of inflammation after 2.5 +/- 0.6 years of starting CAPD, and these variables considered in the analysis as risk factors. The patients from the group CAPDP-2 compared to those from the group CAPDP-1 had lower level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (p = 0.003), and better nutritional status as confirmed by the mid-arm circumference (p = 0.015), and mid-arm muscle circumference (p = 0.002) and subjective global assessment (p = 0.000). Also, they had lower vascular calcifications as confirmed by intima media thickness (IMT) (p = 0.003), degree of carotid narrowing (p = 0.001) and calcified plaques of common carotid arteries (CCA) (p = 0.008). Kaplan-Meier analysis confirmed better survival of patients from the group CAPDP-2 than those from the group CAPDP-1 (1-, 5-, and 10-year patients survival rate was: 100%, 61.9% and 14.3% for the group CAPDP-1, and 100%, 85.7%, and 52.4% for the group CAPDP-2, respectively; p = 0.0345). The 1-, 5-, and 10-year technique survival rate was: 100%, 71.4%, and 38.1% for the group CAPDP-1, and 100%, 85.7%, and 76.2% for the group CAPDP-2, respectively; (p = 0.0719). Duration of dialysis, serum triglyceride and cardiovascular score (quantitative scoring system consisting of: ejection fraction (EF) of left ventricle < 50%; IMT > 1 mm; carotid narrowing degree > 50%, presence of carotid plaques in both common carotide, ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular event and peripheral vascular disease with or without amputation) were independent predictors of overall patient survival. Duration of dialysis was only independent predictor of overall technique survival. Although patients treated with biocompatible solutions showed significantly better survival, the role of biocompatibility of CAPD solutions in patients and technique survival have to be confirmed. Namely, multivariate analysis confirmed that duration of dialysis, serum triglyceride and cardiovascular score significantly predicted overall CAPD patients survival, while only duration of dialysis was found to be independent predictor of overall techique survival.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 04/2013; 70(4):352-62. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Portal hypertension and development of esophageal varices is one of the major complications of liver cirrhosis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possibility of the presence of esophageal varices and their size using biochemical and ultrasonography parameters in patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis. We included in our study 86 patients (74 males, mean age 55±7) with alcoholic liver cirrhosis. The control group consisted of 102 patients with cirrhosis of other etiologies. All patients underwent a complete biochemical workup, upper digestive endoscopy and ultrasonography examination. The right liver lobe diameter/albumin and platelet count/spleen diameter ratios were calculated. The correlation of the calculated ratios with the presence and degree of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis was also determined. The mean value of right liver lobe diameter-albumin ratio was 6.15±1.77, and statistically significantly differed from values determined in the control group (4.97±1.68). The mean platelet count-spleen diameter ratio was 972.5±599.0 in alcoholic liver cirrhosis and 1055.9±821.3 in controls (p>0.05). In patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis, none of the analyzed noninvasive markers was shown to be a good predictor of the presence and size of esophageal varices. Despite the important role of noninvasive markers in providing information pertinent to determination of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis, these markers have limited relevance in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis.
    The Turkish journal of gastroenterology: the official journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology 06/2012; 23(3):239-46. · 0.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic, progressive liver disease with elevated serum lipids. It remains unclear if hyperlipidemia increases the risk for atherosclerosis in PBC patients. Metabolic syndrome (MS) promotes the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease due to abdominal obesity and insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to assess incidence and parameters of MS, as well as subcutaneous and visceral fat using noninvasive ultrasonographic measurement in patients with PBC in our population. We included 55 patients with PBC and 44 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (CG-control group). Anthropometric measurements (weight, height, and waist circumference), age, sex, and body mass index were recorded for patients and controls. Laboratory tests for assessing MS and liver function tests were analyzed. We used ultrasonography to determine subcutaneous and visceral fat diameter and area (SF, VF and SA, VA, respectively), as well as perirenal fat diameter (PF). Patients with PBC had significantly higher levels of cholesterol and liver function tests. There were no statistically significant difference in serum insulin and HOMA levels, as well as incidence of MS was diagnosed in 30.9 % (17/55) PBC patients and 43.2 % (19/44) controls. We registered lower amount of VF (PBC:10.92 ± 3.63 mm, CG:16.84 ± 5.51 mm,p < 0.001), VA (PBC:403.64 ± 166.97 mm(2), CG:720.57 ± 272.50 mm(2),p < 0.001), and PF (PBC:7.03 ± 1.82 mm, CG 10.49 ± 2.70 mm,p < 0.001) in patients with PBC. MS is not more frequent in patients with PBC compared with healthy volunteers in our population. Lower amount of VF could be related to lower risk for cardiovascular events in PBC patients.
    Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 04/2012; 124(7-8):251-5. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Dysregulation of antimicrobial response may trigger inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). This study analyzed specificity of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) in IBD patients and its clinical significance. Data from 52 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients with 32 Crohn's disease (CD) patients were compared. Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) was present in 12/84 patients. ANCA, ANA and anti-smooth muscle antibodies (ASMA) were detected by IIF. ANCA were tested by ELISA for proteinase 3 (PR3), myeloperoxidase, bactericidal/permeability increasing protein, elastase, cathepsin G, lysozyme and lactoferrin. pANCA were more frequently present in UC than in CD patients (p<0.001). ANCA titer correlated with the disease activity only in UC patients (p<0.05). UC patients more frequently had two or more ANCA specificities compared to CD patients (p<0.01). Multi-specific ANCA in medium and/or high concentrations were associated with long-lasting (p<0.05) and left-sided UC (p<0.001). Multi-specific ANCA with ANA and ASMA had sensitivity of 67% for PSC. Higher concentrations of multi-specific ANCA in long-lasting, left-sided UC suggest an influence of bacterial stimulation on the break of tolerance. Multi-specific ANCA with ANA and ASMA could be markers for PSC. ANCA specific to several antigens may worsen inflammation by reducing antimicrobial capacity of neutrophil proteases and cationic proteins.
    Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 11/2011; 50(3):503-9. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic inflammation, malnutrition and atherosclerosis (MIA syndrome) are important predictors of high mortality in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. We aimed to evaluate the effects of PD solutions (standard vs. biocompatible) on some parameters of MIA syndrome in patients undergoing CAPD. 42 stable patients who were on CAPD at least 2.5 years participated in this cross-sectional study. Patients who had severe anemia (Hb < 10 g/l), immunomodulatory therapy, peritonitis or any inflammatory conditions for at least 3 months before the analysis, malignant disease and acute exacerbation of heart failure, were excluded. 21 (50%) patients were treated with standard PD solutions (CAPDP-1), while the remaining 21 (50% of patients) were treated with biocompatible PD solutions (neutral solutions with lower level of glucose degradation products and lower concentration of calcium, CAPDP-2). All patients underwent echocardiography and B-mode ultrasonography of common carotid arteries together with assessments of nutrition status and parameters of systemic and local inflammation. There were no significant differences between the groups concerning age, gender, underlying disease, residual renal function, peritoneal transport characteristics, comorbidity or therapy applied. Patients from group CAPDP-2 had a significantly lower serum level of hs-CRP (3.7 ± 2.6 mg/l vs. 6.3 ± 4.5 mg/l; p = 0.023) and significantly better nutritional status confirmed by mid-arm circumference (p = 0.015), mid-arm muscle circumference (p = 0.002) and subjective global assessment (14.28% of patients in CAPDP-2 vs. 71% of patients in CAPDP-1 were malnourished; p = 0.000). Group CAPD-2 had less frequent left ventricular hypertrophy (p = 0.039), thinner intima-media thickness (p = 0.005), smaller carotid narrowing (p = 0.000) and fewer calcified plaques of common carotide arteries (p = 0.003). No significant difference between the CAPDP groups was observed in serum and effluent levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α) and CA-125 effluent level. Logistic regression analysis did not confirm that biocompatibility of PD solutions was an independent predictor of any parameter of MIA syndrome. According to the present study and logistic regression analysis, the effect of biocompatible CAPD solutions on parameters of malnutrition, inflammation and atherosclerosis have to be confirmed by well-designed and controlled studies in a higher number of patients.
    Clinical nephrology 10/2011; 76(4):314-22. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a progressive, chronic liver disease with elevated serum lipids, but it is unclear whether hyperlipidemia in PBC patients is associated with atherosclerosis. Metabolic syndrome promotes development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease related to abdominal type obesity and insulin resistance. The aim of our study was to assess abdominal adiposity in patients with PBC. The study included 40 patients with PBC and 50 healthy controls. Age, sex and anthropometric measurements (weight, height, body mass index and waist circumference) were registered for all patients and controls. We used ultrasonography to measure subcutaneous (SF) and visceral fat (VF) diameter, subcutaneous area (SA) and visceral area (VA), as well as perirenal fat diameter (PF). Values of SF, VF and PF thicknesses in PBC patients were 19.23 +/- 5.85 mm, 10.92 +/- 3.63 mm, and 7.03 +/- 1.82 mm, respectively. In controls these measurements were 22.73 +/- 6.70 mm, 16.84 +/-5.51 mm and 10.50 +/- 2.70 mm respectively. In PBC patients SA and VA were calculated to 983.64 +/- 322.68 mm2 and 403.64 +/- 166.97 mm2 and in controls 1124.89 +/- 366.01 mm2 and 720.57 +/- 272.50 mm2 respectively. Significant difference was found for VF, VA and RF values. Considering that the amount of visceral fat plays an important role in development of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases, we concluded that the lower amount of visceral fat in PBC patients could be related to lower incidence of cardiovascular events, despite hyperlipidemia.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 09/2011; 68(9):739-43. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism and to investigate its role as a potential risk factor in patients with chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. Deletion polymorphism of the 287-bp fragment of intron 16 of the ACE gene results in higher levels of circulating enzyme and therefore may represent a risk factor for disease development. The study included 55 patients with chronic pancreatitis, 45 patients with pancreatic cancer and 128 healthy subjects. The presence of I and D variants in the ACE gene was analyzed by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. Distribution of ACE ID genotypes was analyzed by means of logistic regression. When chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer groups were compared in the univariate analysis, the following factors were identified as statistically significant predictors of pancreatic disease: age, gender, smoking, fat intake, ACE II genotype and ACE DD genotype. However, in the multivariate analysis, only age, gender and smoking were singled out as predictors for the occurrence of pancreatic disease. Our findings indicate that the ACE I/D polymorphism could play a role in the development of chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer through interaction with other genetic and environmental factors.
    Digestive surgery 06/2011; 28(4):258-62. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cited By (since 1996):1, Export Date: 18 October 2014
    Journal of Medical Biochemistry 01/2011; 30(2):121-125. · 1.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in the CFTR gene may be associated with various types of pancreatic pathology and result in higher risk of pancreatic disorders. While delta F508 is the most common mutation in cystic fibrosis patients, the allel 5T is associated with atypical forms of cystic fibrosis. The aim of this study was to establish the frequencies of F508del mutation and 5T allele in the CFTR gene in patients with chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, as well as to investigate whether these genetic variants represent risk factors for pancreatic diseases. The study has encompassed 50 patients with chronic pancreatitis and 50 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, as well as 124 healthy individuals. The analysis of F508del mutation and alleles 5T, 7T and 9T of the polythymidine tract was performed on DNA extracted from periferal blood by PCR-mediated site-direted mutagenesis (PSM) method. The frequency of F508del mutation in the group of patients with chronic pancreatitis (3.0%) was significantly increased (p = 0.032) in comparison to the group of healthy individuals (0.4%), while other analyzed differences were not statistically significant. The results of this study indicate that F508del mutation in the CFTR gene respresents a risk factor for the development of chronic pancreatitis.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2011; 58(3):43-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Available literature states that the incidence of colorectal adenomas and cancer is more common in men, however, lately has been observed increasing number of patients among women. to analyze the frequency and clinical characteristics of colorectal adenomas and cancer in women. We performed a retrospective study in which data of 695 patients with colorectal adenomas and carcinomas have been analyzed from a total of 10,659 patients who underwent colonoscopy. Colonoscopy and colorectal neoplasms were more frequently diagnosed in man (71.88%/67.4%) than women (28.12%/32.65%), so the results must be interpreted with caution. The increase in the number of women who suffer from colorectal adenoma and carcinoma can be explained by balancing lifestyle and increasing the number of women who are examined, given up the initial resistance that women had to colonoscopy, which is a potentially painful and embarrassing.
    Acta chirurgica iugoslavica 01/2011; 58(4):51-4.
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    ABSTRACT: Cameron lesions are linear gastric ulcers or erosions positioned on the crests of mucosal folds at the diaphragmatic impression, in patients with large hiatal hernia, and can cause iron deficiency anaemia. We present a case of a 56-year-old woman who was referred to our institution for further investigation after she was examined in gastroenterology emergency room (GER) for signs and symptoms of severe hypochromic microcytic anemia without signs of acute gastrointestinal bleeding and with no obvious cause of chronic blood loss. Endoscopy showed linear ulceration at the level of diaphragm-Cameron lesions with large hiated hernia. She was treated with proton pump inhibitors and iron supplements. The laparoscopic fundoplication was done. Six months later she was asymptomatic. Large hiatus hernia may cause iron deficiency anemia due to occult bleeding from Cameron erosions. The current therapy concept includes the surgical reconstruction of the hiatus together with gastric fundoplication in combination with the proton pump inhibitor therapy.
    Medicinski pregled 01/2010; 63(5-6):423-6.
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    ABSTRACT: One of the key points in research of pancreatic disease pathology is further elucidation of the role of proteases and antiproteases, since their imbalance can lead to pancreatic injury. Alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) is one of the most important serum inhibitors of proteolytic enzymes, including pancreatic enzymes trypsin, chymotrypsin and elastase. It is speculated that mutations in the AAT gene may influence the onset and the development of pancreatic disease. The presence of the most common AAT mutations Z and S was analyzed in 160 patients with pancreatic diseases (50 patients with pancreatic cancer, 50 patients with chronic pancreatitis and 60 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus) and 129 healthy individuals by PCR-mediated site-directed mutagenesis (PSM) method. One patient with pancreatic cancer was found to be a carrier of Z mutation, as well as one patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus. One patient with chronic pancreatitis was found to be a carrier of S mutation. The common AAT mutations were statistically significantly over-represented in patients with pancreatic diseases (3 of 160 patients, allelic frequency 0.9%) than in the control group (1 of 129 individuals, allelic frequency 0.4%). The results of this study, requiring confirmation, suggest that common AAT mutations Z and S may be associated with a modest increase in susceptibility to the development of pancreatic disease.
    Genetika. 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: Immunity to food antigens (gliadin, cow's milk proteins) is in the centre of the attention of modern medicine focused on the prevention of diseases, prevention which is based on the use of appropriate restriction diet. Detection of the enhanced levels of the immune reactions to antigen(s) present in food is from this point of view of great importance because there are reports that some of health disturbances, like celiac disease (CD) and some premalignant conditions, like monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), were vanished after the appropriate restriction diets. It is well known that gliadin is toxic to small bowel mucosa of relatively small population of genetically predisposed individuals, who under this toxic action develop celiac disease (CD). As the quantity of immunogenic gliadin could vary between different wheat species, the first aim of this work was to determine the percentage of immunogenic gliadin in ten bread wheat cultivars and in three commercially grown durum wheat cultivars. The second part of the study was initiated by results of previous publication, reporting that sera of some of multiple myeloma (MM) patients showed the presence of elevated levels of anti-gliadin IgA, without the enhanced levels of antigliadin IgG antibodies, determined with commercial ELISA test. It was designed to assess is it possible to reveal is there any hidden, especially anti-gliadin IgG immunoreactivity, in serum of mentioned group of patients. For this purpose we tested MM patients sera, as well as celiac disease (CD) patients sera for the immunoreaction with the native gliadin isolated from wheat species used for bread and pasta making in corresponding geographic region.
    BMC Immunology 05/2009; 10:32e. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunity to food antigens (gliadin, cow's milk proteins) is in the centre of the attention of modern medicine focused on the prevention of diseases, prevention which is based on the use of appropriate restriction diet. Detection of the enhanced levels of the immune reactions to antigen(s) present in food is from this point of view of great importance because there are reports that some of health disturbances, like celiac disease (CD) and some premalignant conditions, like monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), were vanished after the appropriate restriction diets. It is well known that gliadin is toxic to small bowel mucosa of relatively small population of genetically predisposed individuals, who under this toxic action develop celiac disease (CD). As the quantity of immunogenic gliadin could vary between different wheat species, the first aim of this work was to determine the percentage of immunogenic gliadin in ten bread wheat cultivars and in three commercially grown durum wheat cultivars. The second part of the study was initiated by results of previous publication, reporting that sera of some of multiple myeloma (MM) patients showed the presence of elevated levels of anti-gliadin IgA, without the enhanced levels of anti-gliadin IgG antibodies, determined with commercial ELISA test. It was designed to assess is it possible to reveal is there any hidden, especially anti-gliadin IgG immunoreactivity, in serum of mentioned group of patients. For this purpose we tested MM patients sera, as well as celiac disease (CD) patients sera for the immunoreaction with the native gliadin isolated from wheat species used for bread and pasta making in corresponding geographic region. Gliadin was isolated from wheat flour by two step 60% ehanolic extraction. Its content was determined by commercial R5 Mendez Elisa using PWG gliadin as the standard. Results obtained showed that immunogenic gliadin content varies between 50.4 and 65.4 mg/g in bread wheat cultivars and between 20 and 25.6 mg/g in durum wheat cultivars. Anti-gliadin IgA and IgG immunoreactivity of patients' sera in (IU/ml) was firstly determined by commercial diagnostic Binding Site ELISA test, and then additionally by non-commercial ELISA tests, using standardized ethanol wheat extracts -gliadin as the antigen. In both patients groups IgA immunoreactivity to gliadin from different cultivars was almost homogenous and in correlation with results from commercial test (except for one patient with IgA(lambda) myeloma, they were more then five times higher). But, results for IgG immunoreactivity were more frequently inhomogeneous, and especially for few MM patients, they were more then five times higher and did not correlate with results obtained using Binding Site test. Results obtained showed different content of immunogenic gliadin epitopes in various species of wheat. They also point for new effort to elucidate is there a need to develop new standard antigen, the representative mixture of gliadin isolated from local wheat species used for bread production in corresponding geographic region for ELISA diagnostic tests.
    BMC Immunology 05/2009; 10:32. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate different biochemical markers and their ratios in the assessment of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) stages. This study included 112 patients with PBC who underwent a complete clinical investigation. We analyzed the correlation (Spearman's test) between ten biochemical markers and their ratios with different stages of PBC. The discriminative values were compared using areas under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. The mean age of patients included in the study was 53.88 +/- 10.59 years, including 104 females and 8 males. We found a statistically significant correlation between PBC stage and Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) to platelet ratio (APRI), ALT/platelet count, AST/ALT, ALT/AST and ALT/Cholesterol ratios, with the values of Spearman's rho of 0.338, 0.476, 0.404, 0.356, 0.351 and 0.325, respectively. The best sensitivity and specificity was shown for AST/ALT, with an area under ROC of 0.660. Biochemical markers and their ratios do correlate with different sensitivity to and specificity of PBC disease stage. The use of biochemical markers and their ratios in clinical evaluation of PBC patients may reduce, but not eliminate, the need for liver biopsy.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2009; 15(5):591-4. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction A toxic effect of drugs, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, may be one of aetiological factors for the occurrence of acute hepatitis. Nimesulide is a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, whose adverse effects on the liver range from acute hepatitis to more serious conditions, involving the development of acute liver failure and fatal outcome. Case Outline A female patient, aged 73, was admitted to the Gastroenterology and Hepatology Clinic of the Clinical Centre of Serbia in Belgrade because of liver failure. Due to the pain in the right knee, she received a therapy of 100 mg nimesulide in tablets, two times a day, for two months before admission to the Clinic. The analysis of the results of clinical, laboratory and radiographic examinations, and of histopathological findings of the liver biopsy showed that acute hepatitis was associated with the administration of nimesulide. Once the patient discontinued the intake of this drug, she fully convalesced. Conclusion The patient who received nimesulide over a period of two months developed acute hepatitis. In view of the similar cases described in literature and the fact that the use of nimesulide has been discontinued in a number of European countries and restricted by the European Medicines Agency, restriction or ban on the use of nimesulide on the Serbian market should be considered.
    Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo 01/2009; · 0.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. In the past two decades, the increased frequency of distal esophageal adenocarcinoma, esophagogastric junction and proximal gastric adenocarcinoma has been observed. The vast majority of these tumours are diagnosed in advanced stages, when the prognosis is poorer than in other gastric cancers. Objective. The aim of our study was to analyze the demographic and clinicopathological characteristics of patients operated on for Barrett&apos;s, cardia and distal gastric adenocarcinomas, as well as to study the influence of manifestations of each cancerogenetic indication on the studied clinicopathological parameters and to analyze the 5-year survival rate of patients surgically treated for cardia adenocarcinoma in relation to the patients operated on for distal gastric adenocarcinoma. Methods. We analyzed gender and age, tumour type, depth of tumour invasion, involvement of blood and lymph vessels in 66 patients surgically treated at the Centre for Oesophageal Surgery of the Institute for Digestive Diseases of the Belgrade Clinical Centre. Results. Except for significant differences in the depth of tumour invasion during surgery, there were no other statistically significant differences between the studied groups of patients. In the patients operated on for Barrett&apos;s and cardia cancers, the tumours invaded more deeply the wall layers, i.e. they were significantly more invasive than the distal gastric tumour. The lymph node involvement was present in 87.5% of patients with Barrett&apos;s cancer, in 80% with cardia cancer and in 87% with distal gastric cancer. The 3-year survival rate of patients operated on for cardia cancer was 47.4% and the 5-year survival rate was 31.6%, while the 3-year survival rate of patients operated on for distal gastric cancer was 46.2% and the 5-year survival rate was 34.6%. These differences were not statistically significant (Wilcoxon 0,036; p=0,85). Singly, the patients&apos; gender, cancer type and the degree of tumour differentiation had no influence on the length of patients&apos; postsurgical survival rate. Conclusion. At the time of diagnosis cardia cancer and cancers developed at the location of the Barrett&apos;s oesophagus, developed significant deeper per continuitatem than gastric cancer. There were no other differences in regard to the analyzed clinicopathological parameters among the tumours of these three locations, and there was no difference between the 3-year and 5-year survival rate between the patients operated on for gastric cancer and cardia cancer. Each studied clinicopathological parameter had no influence on the illness course.
    Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo. 01/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: Cystic dystrophy in heterotopic pancreas (CDHP) is a rare condition. It has been recently reported as one of the etiologic obstructive factors of chronic pancreatitis. The aim of our study was to evaluate diagnosis and management of CDHP in the duodenal wall in a surgical series. We retrospectively reviewed 13 patients with available clinical data. There were 11 male and 2 female patients, median age 42 years. The average duration of symptoms was 7.5 months. 6 of them (46%) were alcoholics, and 10 (75%) had signs of chronic pancreatitis. Almost all of them (12/13; 92%) revealed disabling pain, while 4 (31%) had associated jaundice. In 4 of 7 patients (57%), weight loss was observed. Most often the patients were suspected of having pancreatic head mass with or without signs of chronic pancreatitis. All patients underwent surgical treatment. Pathological examination showed the presence of cysts surrounded by inflammation and fibrosis in the duodenal wall, as well as the presence of chronic pancreatitis in the pancreas proper. Cystic dystrophy of the duodenal wall represents a significant proportion of patients undergoing surgery for chronic pancreatitis. Pancreatoduodenectomy is the best therapeutic option.
    Digestive surgery 08/2008; 25(4):262-8. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients have an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the cardiovascular changes in patients undergoing chronic PD and the eventual existing differences depending on biocompatibility of dialysis solutions. After 3 +/- 2 years of starting PD, 21 PD patients on the treatment with bioincompatible dialysis solutions (conventional glucose- based solutions: PDP-1), average age 47.43 +/- 12.87 years, and 21 PD patients on the treatment with biocompatible dialysis solutions (neutral solutions with lower level of glucose degradation products, lower concentration of Ca2+ and neutral pH: PDP-2), average age 68.62 +/- 13.98 years, participated in the longitudinal study. The average number of episodes of peritonitis was similar in both groups: 1 episode per 36 months of the treatment. The control group included 21 patients with preterminal phase of chronic renal failure (Glomerular Filtration Rate: 22.19 +/- 10.73 ml/min), average age 65.29 +/- 13.74 years. All the patients underwent transthoracal echocardiography (in order to detect: eject fraction (EF), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and valvular calcification (VC) and B-mode ultrasonography of common carotid artery (CCA): IMT, lumen narrowing, and plaque detection. The values of EF were: in PDP-1 group 62.05 +/- 5.65%, in PDP-2 group 53.43 +/- 7.47%, and in the control group 56.71 +/- 8.12% (Bonferroni test, p = 0.001). The recorded LVH was: in PDP-1 group in 47.6% of the patients; in PDP-2 group in 61.9% of the patients; and in control the group in 52.4% (chi2 test; p = 0.639). The detected VC was: in PDP-1 in 52.4% of the patients, in PDP-2 group in 42.9% of the patients, and in the control group in 23.8% of the patients (chi2 test; p = 0.776). The IMT was: in PDP-1 group 1.26 +/- 0.54 mm, in PDP-2 group 1.23 +/- 0.32, and in the control group 1.25 +/- 0.27 mm (Bonferroni test; p = 0.981). An average lumen narrowing was: in PDP-1 group 13.78 +/- 18.26%, in PDP-2 group 18.57 +/- 22.98%, and in the control group 25.00 +/- 28.02% (Kruskal Wallis test; p = 0.413). Calcified plaques of CCA were detected in PDP-1 group in 61.9% of the patients, in PDP-2 group in 85.7%, of the patients and p = 0.159). Generally, PD had a significant influence on cardiovascular morbidity in the treated patients, especially on the left ventricular function and peripheral atherosclerosis. The age of the patients had more influence on acceleration of atherosclerosis than the length of dialysis or biocompatibility of dialysis solutions.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 04/2008; 65(3):221-8. · 0.21 Impact Factor