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ABSTRACT: This paper reports on a new strategy to coat fused silica capillaries through ionic adsorption of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on a polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) modified capillary wall. The coating was constructed in situ by alternating rinses with positively charged poly(diallydimethylammonium chloride), negatively charged poly(sodium-4-styrenesulfonate), and positively charged AuNPs. After self-assembly of n-octadecanethiol onto the surface of AuNPs, the modified capillary was investigated as a new medium for the separation of neutral analytes and proteins in open-tubular capillary electrochromatography (OT-CEC). The surface coverage of the capillary wall was increased using the high density of AuNPs which were dynamically capped with 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP). The chromatographic performance of the column coated with positively charged AuNPs was remarkably improved compared with a column modified with negatively charged AuNPs. The coating was robust over more than 810 runs in this study and also showed high stability against 0.01 M NaOH, 0.01 M HCl, and electrolyte concentrations up to 70 mM. The run-to-run, day-to-day, and capillary-to-capillary reproducibilities of electroosmotic flow were satisfying with relative standard deviation values of less than 1% in all cases. The AuNP-coated PEM modified capillary column not only showed good performance for neutral analytes but also was suitable for the analysis of both basic and acidic proteins.
Journal of Chromatography A 10/2010; 1217(42):6588-94. · 4.61 Impact Factor