Dawei Chen

China Agricultural University, Beijing, Beijing Shi, China

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Publications (4)7.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Protein Isl-1 RNA interference and over expression in early chicken embryo dorsal root ganglia (DRG) were used to investigate the function of Isl-1 in DRG cell proliferation. Isl-1 targeted shRNA expression vector and Isl-1 over-expression vector were transfected into chicken embryo DRG by in ovo electroporation. Then, the DRG proliferation rate was detected by BrdU immunohistochemistry. The rate of DRG cell proliferation increased after Isl-1 knock-down and decreased after Isl-1 over-expression. In this study, we found that Isl-1 negatively modulates DRG cell proliferation.
    Neuro endocrinology letters 02/2010; 31(1):67-72. · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The interaction of chronic alcohol consumption with estrogen has been recognized in various tissues; however, the potential mechanism has not been clearly defined. In this study, we made the following observations: (a) 0.01% (v/v) ethanol (corresponding to 1.7 mM) significantly elevated estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) protein content, stimulated activator protein-1 (AP-1)-dependent ERalpha transcriptional activities, and ultimately enhanced GH4C1 cells growth in vitro and (b) the same concentration of ethanol suppressed the stimulatory effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2; 10 nM) on both cell growth and cellular PRL accumulate through attenuation of ERalpha actions at both the estrogen response element and the AP-1 site. These observations raise the question as to what extent ethanol influences signal transduction pathways controlled by E2 in experimental medicine and biology.
    Cell Biology and Toxicology 08/2009; 26(3):265-77. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sex steroids can influence developmental processes and support the survival of neurons in the embryonic central nervous system. Recent studies have shown that estrogen receptors are also expressed in the peripheral nervous system, in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of chick embryos. However, no studies have examined the effects of sex steroids on development of embryonic DRG. In the present study, 0.2 microg, 1.0 microg, 5.0 microg 10 microg, 20 microg, 25 microg, and 40 microg doses of testosterone or estradiol were delivered to chick embryos at Hamburger and Hamilton stage 18 (E3). The actions of these doses of sex steroids on the development of the C5DRG (fifth cervical ganglion, a "normal" DRG) and C2DRG (a transient ganglion known as a "Froriep's DRG") were then evaluated by quantifying ganglionic volumes, cell number, proliferation, and apoptosis after 1 day of growth to stage 23. We found that both testosterone and estradiol promoted proliferation of cells in both normal DRG and the Froriep's ganglia. By contrast, estradiol significantly increased the number of apoptotic cells, while testosterone strongly inhibited apoptosis. These actions of sex steroids on DRG development were dose-dependent, and C5DRG and C2DRG showed different sensitivities to the applied sex steroids. In addition, the present results demonstrated that specific ER and AR inhibitors (tamoxifen and flutamide) did not influence the effects of 5 microg E2 and 5 microg T on C2 and C5DRG significantly. These results demonstrate that male and female sex steroids can modulate DRG development through an epigenetic mechanism, as had been shown for the central nervous system.
    Developmental Brain Research 04/2005; 155(1):14-25. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study first investigated the ontogeny of Islet-1 and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) expression and their co-localization in the DRG of sheep fetuses during gestation by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The results showed that Islet-1 and nNOS were located in the nuclei and cytoplasm of DRG neurons, respectively. The relative percentages of Islet-1-immunopositive (Islet-1(+)) neurons accounting for the total DRG neurons were 90%, 79%, 66%, and 53% at days 60, 90, and 120 of gestation and postnatally, respectively. The percentage of nNOS-immunopositive (nNOS(+)) neurons was 94% at day 60 and declined to approximately 30% at day 90, with no obvious further change until the postnatal period. Dual IHC showed that approximately 69% Islet-1(+) neurons express nNOS at day 60 of gestation. This proportion declined to approximately 24% at day 90, after which there was no significant change until birth. We also observed that most Islet-1(+) and nNOS(+) neurons belonged to small and medium-sized DRG neurons from day 90 of gestation to the postnatal period. These results suggest that both Islet-1 and nNOS are important for the differentiation and maintenance of some specific phenotypes of DRG neurons during late gestation of sheep fetuses, although the related mechanisms need to be further elucidated.
    Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 07/2004; 52(6):797-803. · 2.26 Impact Factor