Daniel H O'Donovan

Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Leinster, Ireland

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Publications (4)14.72 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Depression has been linked to a selective increase in the high affinity conformation of the α2-adrenergic autoreceptors (α2-ARs) in the human brain as well as to an overexpression of α2-ARs in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex. Thus, the development of novel α2-AR antagonists represents an attractive source of new antidepressants. This paper describes the design, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of 30 new guanidinium and 2-iminoimidazolidinium as potential α2-AR antagonists. In order to design this new series of α2-AR antagonists, a pharmacophore model was developed using the GALAHAD software. This study suggested that increased substitution in the space surrounding the cationic guanidine moiety might lead selectively to antagonist activity. Following the preparation of compounds incorporating this feature and competitive radioligand binding, [(35)S]GTPγS functional assays revealed that this structural modification affords exclusively α2-AR antagonists, in contrast with the analogous unsubstituted compounds in which a mixture of antagonist/agonist activities was previously observed.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 05/2014; 82C:242-254. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The N-aryl- and N-acylguanidine structural motifs are essential for the function of several important classes of molecules, including pharmaceuticals, catalysts and natural products. Compounds combining both motifs can exist as different isomers due to tautomerism within the guanidine subunit, E/Z isomerism with reference to the guanidine double bond, and conformational isomerism. This complex phenomenon results in unresolved broad signal NMR spectra that strongly complicate the characterisation of these derivatives. Hence, the present study examines isomerism in N,N′-bis-aryl-N′′-acylguanidines using low temperature NMR spectroscopy in tandem with Density Functional Theory (DFT), Natural Bond Analysis (NBO) and the Gauge-Invariant Atomic Orbital (GIAO) approach for calculating the NMR chemical shifts associated with each isomer. It was found that the structural preference of these compounds is strongly influenced by intramolecular hydrogen bond (IMHB) effects.
    New Journal of Chemistry 06/2013; · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The synthesis and conformational analysis of a series of pyridin-2-yl guanidine derivatives using NMR, X-ray crystallography, and B3LYP/6-31+G** theoretical studies are reported. A remarkable difference was observed in the (1)H NMR spectra of the guanidinium salts as compared with their N,N'-di-Boc protected and neutral analogues. This difference corresponds to a 180° change in the dihedral angle between the guanidine/ium moiety and the pyridine ring in the salts as compared to the Boc-protected derivatives, a conclusion that was supported by theoretical studies, X-ray data, and NMR analysis. Moreover, our data sustain the existence of two intramolecular hydrogen-bonding systems: (i) between the pyridine N1 atom and the guanidinium protons in the salts and (ii) within the tert-butyl carbamate groups of the Boc-protected derivatives. To verify that the observed conformational control arises from these intramolecular interactions, a new series of N-Boc-N'-propyl-substituted pyridin-2-yl guanidines were also prepared and studied.
    The Journal of Organic Chemistry 11/2011; 76(22):9216-27. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Biophysical studies have been carried out on a family of asymmetric guanidinium-based diaromatic derivatives to assess their potential as DNA minor groove binding agents. To experimentally assess the binding of these compounds to DNA, solution phase biophysical studies have been performed. Thus, surface plasmon resonance, UV-visible spectroscopy and circular and linear dichroism have been utilized to evaluate binding constants, stoichiometry and mode of binding. In addition, the thermodynamics of the binding process have been determined by using isothermal titration calorimetry. These results show significant DNA binding affinity that correlates with the expected 1 : 1 binding ratio usually observed for minor groove binders. Moreover, a simple computational approach has been devised to assess the potential as DNA binders of this family of compounds.
    Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 12/2010; 8(24):5558-67. · 3.57 Impact Factor