[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Reductions in transfusion requirements/improvements in hematologic parameters have been associated with iron chelation therapy in transfusion-dependent patients, including those with myelodysplastic syndromes; data on there reductions/improvements have been limited to case reports and small studies. DESIGN AND METHODS: To explore this observation in a large population of patients, we report a post-hoc analysis evaluating hematologic response to deferasirox in a cohort of iron-overloaded patients with myelodysplastic syndromes enrolled in the Evaluation of Patients' Iron Chelation with Exjade(®) (EPIC) study using International Working Group 2006 criteria. RESULTS: Two-hundred and forty-seven, 100 and 50 patients without concomitant medication for myelodysplastic syndromes were eligible for analysis of erythroid, platelet and neutrophil responses, respectively. Erythroid, platelet and neutrophil responses were observed in 21.5% (53/247), 13.0% (13/100) and 22.0% (11/50) of the patients after a median of 109, 169 and 226 days, respectively. Median serum ferritin reductions were greater in hematologic responders compared with non-responders at end of study, although these differences were not statistically significant. A reduction in labile plasma iron to less than 0.4 μmol/L was observed from week 12 onwards; this change did not differ between hematologic responders and non-responders. Conclusions This analysis suggests that deferasirox treatment for up to 1 year could lead to improvement in hematologic parameters in some patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We evaluated the prognostic value of serum ferritin (SF) level at diagnosis in 318 newly diagnosed IPSS low and int 1 (lower) risk MDS patients included in the French MDS registry, who did not require RBC transfusions and had baseline SF level determination. Increased baseline SF level (>300 ng/ml) was correlated with male gender, more pronounced anaemia, and diagnosis of RARS but had no negative impact on progression to AML or survival.
Leukemia research 07/2011; 35(11):1530-3. · 2.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ESAs are increasingly used to treat anemia of lower risk MDS, even before RBC transfusion requirement. From a previously published patient cohort treated with ESAs, we selected 112 patients with de novo low or int-1 IPSS MDS with Hb<10 g/dl, serum EPO<500 UI/l and who had never been transfused. Erythroid response rate at 12 weeks was 63.1% (IWG 2006). In multivariate analysis, an interval between diagnosis and ESA onset<6 months, Hb level>9 g/dl, and serum EPO<100 UI/l predicted better response to ESA while shorter interval between diagnosis and ESA onset (p=0.01), lower serum EPO (p=0.04) and WHO diagnosis of RCMD-RS (p=0.03) were associated with longer response. Median interval from diagnosis to transfusion dependency was 80 months and 35 months, respectively, in patients with onset of ESA < 6 months and ≥ 6 months from diagnosis (p=0.007). Those results support early onset of ESA in lower risk MDS, to better avoid the consequences of anemia. Early introduction of ESA may also delay the need for RBC transfusions, hypothetically by slowing the disease course, but prospective studies are required to further assess this point.
Leukemia research 11/2010; 34(11):1430-6. · 2.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The prospective 1-year EPIC study enrolled 341 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS); although baseline iron burden was >2500ng/mL, approximately 50% were chelation-naïve. Overall median serum ferritin decreased significantly at 1 year (p=0.002). Decreases occurred irrespective of whether patients were chelation-naïve or previously chelated; changes were dependent on dose adjustments and ongoing iron intake. Sustained reductions in labile plasma iron were observed. Discontinuation rate (48.7%) and adverse event profile were consistent with previously reported deferasirox data in MDS. Alanine aminotransferase levels decreased significantly; change correlated significantly with reduction in serum ferritin (p<0.0001). This large dataset prospectively confirms the efficacy and well characterizes the safety profile of deferasirox in MDS.
Leukemia research 05/2010; 34(9):1143-50. · 2.36 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An open-label, phase II non-randomised trial was conducted with darbepoetin (DAR), an erythropoiesis-stimulating factor with prolonged half-life, at a weekly dose of 300 mug subcutaneously in 62 anaemic patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with an endogenous erythropoietin (EPO) level <500 mU/ml. Most of the patients were classified as low or intermediate 1 according to the International Prognostic Scoring System. After 12 weeks, 44 (71%) patients had an erythroid response (34 major and 10 minor), including eight of 13 patients who were previous non-responders to conventional EPO. Two additional responses (one minor and one major) occurred, in 10 non-responders, after the addition of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Thirty-six of the 46 total responders (31/35 major and 5/11 minor) continued to respond on maintenance DAR after a median of 40 weeks (range 4-84). Median dose of DAR required to maintain response was 300 microg every 14 d. The only prognostic factors of favourable response were low endogenous EPO level and low or absent red blood cell transfusion requirement. Those results suggest that high-dose DAR alone yields high erythroid response rates in anaemia of lower risk MDS, possibly equivalent to those obtained with conventional EPO + G-CSF, although this will need to be confirmed in larger and randomised trials.
British Journal of Haematology 07/2006; 133(5):513-9. · 4.94 Impact Factor