D E Hughes

Howard University, Вашингтон, West Virginia, United States

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Publications (4)8.14 Total impact

  • D Bowen · W M Southerland · D H Johnson · M Hawkins · D E Hughes
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    ABSTRACT: The cytotoxicity of high-dose methotrexate (MTX), 10 and 100 microM, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) combinations is independent of sequence in human MDA-MB-436 breast carcinoma cells. The growth inhibitory effects of 10 and 100 microM MTX are 22.54+/-1.56% and 16.20+/-0.74%, respectively, of the control rate. When the MTX and 5-FU concentrations are 10 microM, antiproliferative effects of MTX 2 hr before 5-FU (MTX/5-FU) and 5-FU 2 h before MTX (5-FU/MTX) are 25.17+/-1.23% and 25.60+/-1.28% of the control rate, respectively. The percentage of control rates for 5-FU alone is 94.89+/-1.35%. The growth rates of MDA-MB-436 cells in 100 microM MTX and 10 microM 5-FU are 15.19+/-0.62% (MTX/5-FU) and 16.53+/-0.85% (5-FU/MTX) of the control rate. The growth of cancer cells in the presence of 5-FU alone is 93.82+/-1.69% of the control rate. A comparison of the cell-killing effects of MTX and the nonpolyglutamable antifolate trimetrexate (TMQ) alone and in combination with 5-FU was performed to indirectly explore the role of polyglutamylation in breast cancer and bone marrow cells. The comparisons were made in equitoxic concentrations (10 microM) of MTX and TMQ and the time of exposure was the same. The inhibitory effects of TMQ, TMQ/5-FU, and 5-FU/TMQ in breast cancer cells were identical, but significantly less than MTX, MTX/5-FU, and 5-FU/MTX. The interaction between TMQ and MTX, TMQ/5-FU and MTX/5-FU, and 5-FU/TMQ and 5-FU/MTX was quantitatively similar in bone marrow. (Significant protection occurred in bone marrow cells exposed to 5-FU/TMQ and 5-FU/MTX.) Because the effects of 5-FU/MTX and 5-FU/TMQ on bone marrow were the same, it is unlikely that polyglutamylation plays a significant role in the protective effects of 5-FU. However, the greater inhibitory effect of MTX or MTX and 5-FU combinations, when compared with TMQ or TMQ and 5-FU, suggests that polyglutamylation of MTX may contribute to the cytotoxicity of this antifolate to breast cancer cells. Hence, these studies suggest that a priming and nontoxic dose of 5-FU before high-dose MTX sustains MTX cytotoxicity in breast cancer and protects against MTX toxicity to bone marrow progenitor cells.
    Cancer Detection and Prevention 02/2000; 24(5):452-8. · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • D Bowen · D H Johnson · W M Southerland · D E Hughes · M Hawkins
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    ABSTRACT: The growth inhibitory effect of trimetrexate (TMQ) is maintained in MCF-7 breast cancer but is decreased in Hs 824.T human bone marrow cells by a priming- and non-toxic 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) dose. Incubation of MCF-7 breast cells with 10 microM TMQ alone or in combination with 10 M 5-FU (TMQ 2 h prior to 5-FU [TMQ/5-FU] or 5-FU 2 h prior to TMQ[5-FU/TMQ]) resulted in similar inhibitory effects but dissimilar effects occurred in Hs 824.T bone marrow. In breast cancer, the percentage differences among TMQ and TMQ/5-FU, TMQ and 5-FU/TMQ, and TMQ/5-FU and 5-FU/TMQ on growth rates, respectively, were 3.56%, 2.35%, and 1.68%. The percentage differences on growth rates of TMQ and TMQ/5-FU, TMQ and 5-FU/TMQ, and TMQ/5-FU and 5-FU/TMQ in bone marrow, respectively, were 5.76%, 30.03% (significant protection by 5-FU, i.e. the inhibitory effect of 5-FU/TMQ < or = TMQ), and 35.78% (sequence dependent). The growth rates of breast cancer and bone marrow cells in the presence of 5-FU were 96.03 +/- 1.17% and 94.59 +/- 1.15%, respectively, of control rates. These studies suggest that (a) TMQ and 5-FU combinations on the growth of MCF-7 breast cancer cells are independent of sequence of administration and best related to TMQ and (b) a priming- and non-toxic 5-FU dose protects against TMQ toxicity in human bone marrow while not affecting the maximum inhibitory effect of TMQ in breast cancer.
    Anticancer research 01/1999; 19(5B):3837-40. · 1.87 Impact Factor
  • D Bowen · W M Southerland · C D Bowen · D E Hughes
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    ABSTRACT: The kinetics of inhibition of metastasis by the immunomodulator swainsonine (SW) is effective 1 to 3 days after administration. It is likely that SW's prolonged antimetastatic effect is due to its mitogenic property (spleenocytes isolated from animals treated with SW for 42-72 hours stimulated DNA synthesis that remained elevated for up to 3 days after removal of the drug from the drinking water). An analysis of SW in lymphoid (spleen and thymus) and highly perfused tissues was undertaken to determine if SW's sustained antimetastatic effect could be correlated to its retention. C57BL/6 mice received [3H]SW in drinking water for 24-72 hours and thereafter, received SW-free drinking for 24, 48, and 72 hours. Lymphoid and highly perfused tissues were analyzed for [3H]SW. At 24, 48, and 72 hours, spleen SW levels are, respectively, at least 2.33, 2.25, and 2.00 times greater than the perfused tissue; and thymus are, respectively, 1.44, 1.50, and 1.77 as great as the perfused tissue (kidney) with the highest SW level. These studies suggest that SW is predominantly retained for at least 72 hours, in lymphoid tissue. The targeting and retention of SW for lymphoid tissue days after removal of SW from animal drinking water is consistent with a) the immunomodulatory/mitogenic property and b) the sustained antimetastatic effect attributed to SW.
    Anticancer research 11/1997; 17(6D):4345-6. · 1.87 Impact Factor
  • D Bowen · D H Johnson · W M Southerland · D E Hughes · M Hawkins
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    ABSTRACT: High-dose methotrexate (MTX) cytotoxicity is maintained in MCF-7 breast cancer cells but reduced in Hs824.T human bone marrow by a priming and nontoxic 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) dose. When MCF-7 breast or Hs824.T bone marrow cells are incubated with 10 microM 5-FU and 10 microM MTX for 48 h, the growth rates of breast cancer cells were 97.59 +/- 0.97% and 21.81 +/- 3.33% of the control rate, respectively, and the growth rates of bone marrow cells were 90.61 +/- 3.71% and 29.58 +/- 2.99% of the control rate. The combinations of 5-FU 2 h prior to MTX or MTX 2 h prior to 5-FU followed by a 48 h incubation, respectively, gave growth rates of 20.96 +/- 2.44% and 19.86 +/- 2.56% of the control rate for MCF-7 cells. In bone marrow cells, the combinations of 5-FU 2 h prior to MTX or MTX 2 h prior to 5-FU followed by a 48 h incubation, respectively, gave growth rates of 79.66 +/- 7.41% (protection) and 31.39 +/- 1.77% of the control rate. Similar patterns to bone marrow emerges in platelets. These studies suggest that: a) MTX and 5-FU combination on the growth of human MCF-7 breast cancer cells is independent of sequence; and b) a priming-dose of 5-FU will protect bone marrow from MTX cytotoxicity but not breast cancer cells. Therefore, a priming and non-toxic dose of 5-FU and MTX may have maximum antineoplastic activity while at the same time provide protection to the hematopoietic system.
    Anticancer research 19(2A):985-8. · 1.87 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

13 Citations
8.14 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997
    • Howard University
      • College of Medicine
      Вашингтон, West Virginia, United States