D D Buss

Barnes Jewish Hospital, San Luis, Missouri, United States

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Publications (6)18.16 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine cases of patients with impingement syndrome secondary to an unfused, unstable, os acromiale. Retrospective case series. Twelve consecutive patients (13 shoulders) presented with impingement symptoms in the presence of an os acromiale. The os acromiale, at the meso-acromion level, was seen on standard radiographs. The patients were all treated conservatively with rotator cuff strengthening, stretching, anti-inflammatory medications, and steroid injections. All patients underwent an impingement test with lidocaine, resulting in complete relief of their pain. After failure of the conservative management, the 12 patients (13 shoulders) underwent an extended arthroscopic subacromial decompression. The goal of the modified arthroscopic acromioplasty was resection of adequate bone to remove the mobile anterior acromial tip. In general, this consisted of more bony resection than the typical arthroscopic acromioplasty. Postoperatively, the patients began a rehabilitation program emphasizing early range of motion followed by isolated free-weight rotator cuff strengthening exercises. Five shoulders had a partial-thickness tear of the rotator cuff. Four involved less than 50% of the thickness of the rotator cuff. These 4 partial-thickness tears underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff debridement. One partial-thickness tear was greater than 50% and repair was performed with a mini-open deltoid-splitting technique. Results were evaluated using UCLA shoulder scoring. Preoperatively, the score averaged 17. The 3-month postoperative score was 27, and at 6 and 12 months, averaged 28. The final follow-up score averaged 31. There were 11 satisfactory results with UCLA scores >/=28. Two unsatisfactory results showed UCLA scores in the fair category. Full strength of the anterior deltoid and rotator cuff muscles was achieved in all patients by 6 months postoperatively as evaluated by manual muscle testing. Twelve of the 13 shoulders were rated by the patients as having a satisfactory result. All of the patients rated their cosmetic results as acceptable. There was no evidence of postoperative deltoid detachment. No patient developed pain at the pseudarthrosis point. Given the previously reported poor results with attempts at fusion of an unstable os acromiale and open complete excision of meso-acromial fragments, the authors conclude that an extended arthroscopic subacromial decompression results in a reasonable outcome for patients with impingement syndromes secondary to an unstable os acromiale.
    Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 10/2000; 16(6):595-9. · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This prospective study was designed to measure the costs and benefits of using a laser rather than electrocautery for soft tissue resection during arthroscopic shoulder decompression. Forty-nine shoulders with refractory Neer stage II impingement (persistent fibrosis and tendinitis) were divided into 2 groups. The composition of the 2 groups was similar with regard to sex, worker's compensation status, dominant arm involvement, duration of symptoms, and length of conservative treatment. In one group, electrocautery was used to ablate the bursa and periosteum, release the coracoacromial ligament, and maintain hemostasis. In the other group, a laser was used in place of electrocautery. Patients had been evaluated preoperatively with 2 functional scoring systems. The patients were reexamined at 1 week and at 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. There were no differences between the groups with regard to functional outcome or satisfaction. There was also no difference in terms of estimated blood loss or operative time. However, there was a statistically significant difference in total hospital charges between groups, with the laser group having a 23% higher hospital bill. On the basis of these results, it is concluded that there was no medical benefit to laser-assisted arthroscopic subacromial decompression but there was an increased monetary cost.
    Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 05/1999; 8(3):275-8. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the appropriate minimum waiting time between an impingement test with subacromial injection and subsequent MR imaging to avoid misinterpretation if the injected fluid is still present. CONCLUSION: MR imaging should be delayed a minimum of 24 hr after a subacromial injection. Fluid in the subacromial space 24 hr after subacromial injection is unrelated to an impingement test.
    American Journal of Roentgenology 10/1998; 171(3):769-73. · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Twenty-two cases of suprascapular nerve entrapment caused by supraglenoid cyst compression were reviewed. Pain and weakness were the presenting symptoms in 14 shoulders and pain alone in 8. Twenty of the cysts were diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging, and two were confirmed at surgical exploration. Electromyography of 20 shoulders was positive for neurologic involvement for both the infraspinatus and supraspinatus in 4 cases, for the infraspinatus only in 12, and negative in 4. Sixteen shoulders were treated by open excision, arthroscopy, or both. Superior labral lesions were diagnosed in 11 of 12 patients who underwent arthroscopy. At follow-up 10 of the patients who underwent surgery had complete resolution of symptoms, 5 had occasional pain or weakness, and 1 recurrence required a second surgery. Of six patients treated without surgery, two improved and four had no change. Supraglenoid ganglion cysts are common and can easily be diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging. For patients with symptoms arthroscopy with repair of the superior labral lesion and either arthroscopic debridement or direct open decompression and excision of the cyst is recommended.
    Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 09/1997; 6(5):455-62. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging has been said to be highly reliable for diagnosis of acute posterior cruciate ligament insufficiency. In the present study, 13 patients whose posterior cruciate ligament insufficiency had been documented by magnetic resonance imaging within 10 weeks of the acute injury were recalled for a followup examination and magnetic resonance imaging. The followup interval ranged from 5 months to 4 years. In only 23% of the cases did the posterior cruciate ligament still appear discontinuous on followup magnetic resonance imaging. In the remaining 77%, the posterior cruciate ligament was continuous from tibia to femur, although it appeared abnormally arcuate or hyperbuckled. Conventional interpretation of these magnetic resonance images would suggest that the posterior cruciate ligament had healed. Nevertheless, by clinical examination results, these same patients all were judged to have posterior cruciate ligament insufficiency. Thus, it was concluded that although magnetic resonance imaging may be reliable for evaluation of acute posterior cruciate ligament injury, magnetic resonance imaging findings should not be used to infer functional status in chronic cases.
    Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 03/1997; · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compared open and arthroscopic stabilizations of true Bankart lesions in patients with traumatic, unidirectional anterior glenohumeral dislocations. The 27 patients were men (age range, 18 to 56 years) who were involved in recreational sports. One group (15 patients) had elected an arthroscopic Bankart repair; the other group (12 patients) had chosen open stabilization with a standard deltopectoral approach. Patients were followed up 17 to 42 months after surgery by examination, radiographs, and interviews. In the open repair group, 1 of the 12 patients experienced a subluxation in the follow-up period, but no patients had dislocations or reoperations. In the arthroscopic group, 5 of 15 patients had experienced subluxation or dislocation; of these 5 patients, 2 underwent reoperation. The arthroscopic group had significantly worse results in satisfaction, stability, apprehension, and loss of forward flexion in the operated limb. In summary, the arthroscopic procedure did not significantly improve function; instead, it produced an increased failure rate compared with the open procedure. Therefore, we believe that open stabilization remains the procedure of choice for patients with true Bankart lesions.
    The American Journal of Sports Medicine 03/1996; 24(2):144-8. · 4.70 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

216 Citations
18.16 Total Impact Points


  • 2000
    • Barnes Jewish Hospital
      San Luis, Missouri, United States
  • 1998
    • St. Luke's Hospital (MO, USA)
      Saint Louis, Michigan, United States
  • 1997
    • University of Minnesota Twin Cities
      • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      Minneapolis, MN, United States